Mountain Home, Arkansas
Mountain Home, Arkansas
Location of Mountain Home in Baxter County, Arkansas.
|• Total||11.90 sq mi (30.83 km2)|
|• Land||11.90 sq mi (30.83 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||817 ft (249 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,056.04/sq mi (407.75/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0077766|
Mountain Home is a city in, and the county seat of, Baxter County, Arkansas, United States, in the southern Ozark Mountains near the northern state border with Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 12,448. A total of 41,307 persons lived within the city and micropolitan area combined, which encompasses the majority of Baxter County.
Mountain Home is located in northern Arkansas at  It is the center of the Twin Lakes area, with Norfork Lake 15 minutes to the east and Bull Shoals Lake 20 minutes to the northwest. It is located within the Ozarks mountain range, in the Salem Plateau region.(36.336248, -92.382279).
The city is located within 15 to 20 minutes of three rivers: the Buffalo National River, the White River and the North Fork River, which features the world-renowned Norfork Tailwater. These make the Mountain Home area one of the nation's top freshwater fishing destinations. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.7 square miles (30.4 km2), all land.
Founding and early days
Mountain Home was originally known as Rapp's Barron. The land was owned by Simeon "Rapp" Talburt, who built the first home in the area in the early 1830s. Rapp and many of his family members are buried in a small cemetery in the Indian Creek subdivision of Mountain Home. The original cabin was found in 1990 and is on display in Cooper Park in Mountain Home with other homes of historic value. The name of the town was changed to Mountain Home in 1856. A post office was established in 1857. The Mountain Home Male and Female Academy was opened in 1853 and provided much needed education in the absence of accessible public schools.
When Baxter County was incorporated on March 24, 1873, Mountain Home was named as the county seat. Court was held in a local store and prisoners were held in the homes of respected citizens until a proper courthouse could be built. A former boardinghouse was purchased for the purpose, but was deemed unfit for county business during the renovation process, so a new wood frame building was built on a donated lot in the middle of the town square. This building burned to the ground in the 1890s and was replaced with a stone courthouse. It was suspected that an arsonist set fire to the building due to the location of the start of the fire and the timing. In just a few days, the fireproof safe would have been completed and all county records, including indictments, would have been protected from fire. In 1912, a local town, Cotter, was booming while growth in Mountain Home had slowed, and there was talk of moving the County Seat to the riverfront town. Mountain Home added a third floor to their existing court house due to an Arkansas law that prevented county seats from being moved away from a three story building. The current court house was completed in 1943 and is still in use today.
Mountain Home men participated in the war on the confederate side. No major battles were fought in Mountain Home, but because of its proximity to Missouri, members of the union army would often raid the area for supplies and both sides participated in guerilla warfare. During this time, the Mountain Home Male and Female Academy was closed. In October of 1862, the 14th regiment of the Missouri State Militia was ordered to advance to Yellville, Arkansas a town not far away, to attack confederate troops stationed there and to take any supplies they could along the way. When they heard that a larger force of confederate soldiers were also heading for Yellville, and facing the rising waters of the White River, they decided to content themselves with stealing approximately 50 horses and other supplies from local settlers in the Mountain Home area and then retreat. The rear guard was cut off by a battalion of confederate soldiers and a skirmish ensued where the Union Army lost no soldiers and the Confederate Army lost approximately 10. 
In April of 1864, Mountain Home was again involved with Civil war violence when a group of jayhawkers attacked the town. Much of the town was damaged or destroyed, including the Mountain Home Male and Female Academy. 
Post Civil War through The 1920s
In 1893, the Mountain home Baptist college, known as "The Gem of the Ozarks" opened. It operated for 40 years, offering education in French, Greek, Shorthand and typing as well as teacher training. Most of the money required to open it was raised locally. It closed occasionally due to lack of funds. In 1901, it became part of the Ouachita Baptist University system. In 1916 it became the flagship of the schools operated in Arkansas by the Southern Baptist Convention. By 1927 there were 265 students and a 7000 volume library. In 1927, funding was withdrawn to support a more centralized school in Conway and by 1933, the school was closed. The library was donated to the local public library and public schools and the dormitories became housing for the Dam builders.  In 1901, the Baxter Bulletin was established and continues to operate today.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression hit the area hard, causing many local farmers to lose their land and leave. A series of natural disasters also caused hardship in the area including the Flood of 1927 and the drought of 1930-31. Cotton had been one of the main crops in the area before this, but the drought ended production of cotton in Baxter county and it never truly resumed. Residents received some relief from New Deal programs such as the Federal Emergency Relief Agency (FERA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps. The Works Progress Administration transformed transportation in the area throughout the 1930s and 1940s. 
The New Deal
The programs of the New Deal era allowed Mountain Home to modernize its courthouse. The decision to do this was hotly contested and in a vote to decide if the funds should be approved, 731 voted for the new courthouse and 592 voted against. Most of those against the new courthouse were from the Cotter area which had tried several times to move the county seat to their town.  The current courthouse was completed and dedicated on August 13th, 1943, the old building having been destroyed two years earlier.  The WPA also built two dams in the area during this time. The Norfork Dam was built in the town of Norfork about 18 miles south east of Mountain Home. This dam was completed by 1944. An average of 815 were employed building the dam, providing a much needed economic boost to Mountain home and the surrounding area.  In addition to flood control, the Norfork Dam boosted tourist interest in Baxter County and made Mountain Home a more attractive destination than Cotter for the first time, and Mountain Home began to surpass its riverfront neighbor in population and industry. A second dam had been built in the town of Bull Shoals in nearby Marion County.  This meant Mountain Home was situated between two large lakes and within an easy drive to one of the most famous destinations for fishing in the country at that time. Tourism would shape the economy of Mountain Home moving forward. Present Harry Truman was the keynote speaker at the dedication of the dams on July 2nd, 1952. 
The construction of these two dams was a time of tremendous growth for the formerly isolated community of Mountain Home. Streets were paved and Electricity became common in average households. A trout fishery was build at the base of the Norfork Dam, attracting still more tourists.
Highways in Mountain Home:
The city is served by Ozark Regional Airport, a county-owned, public-use airport with a few commercial flights.
No railroads pass through Mountain Home, but the Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad passes through the nearby community of Cotter, 10 miles (16 km) to the west. The line encompasses 506 miles of track from Carthage, Missouri to Diaz Junction, Arkansas. The line has about five trains a day, with most being mixed freight or empty coal trains.
Mountain Home has been served by local newspaper The Baxter Bulletin since 1901. The Bulletin also publishes Living Well Magazine, a general interest magazine featuring people, places, and things in the Ozarks.
There is also a woman's business and local interest magazine that covers Mountain Home called Marvelous Magazine.
Several local radio stations serve Mountain Home. KTLO AM 1240 was the first, established in 1953. Other local stations include KTLO Radio (which includes 99.7 FM The Boot, KCTT Classic Hits 101.7 FM, and KTLO 1240 AM Real Country) and Twin Lakes Radio (which includes KOMT The Eagle 93.5 FM, KPFM Country 105.5 FM, and KKTZ Hit 107.5 FM. KCMH 91.5 FM (a Christian radio) is also licensed to the city of Mountain Home. Several other stations are licensed to surrounding communities and serve Baxter County.
K26GS-D operates KL7 in Mountain Home on public access and provides local interest pieces and news.
Mountain Home has a live theater known as the Twin Lakes Playhouse, which opened in 1971 and has operated continuously since then. 
|U.S. Decennial Census|
According to the 2010 census, the population of Mountain Home was 12,448.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,012 people, 5,175 households, and 3,151 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,035.7 people per square mile (400.0/km2). There were 5,612 housing units at an average density of 527.8 per square mile (203.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.69% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,175 households, out of which 19.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.59.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 17.7% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 36.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,869, and the median income for a family was $34,895. Males had a median income of $26,800 versus $19,702 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,789. About 7.5% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
ASU – Mountain Home
Arkansas State University-Mountain Home is a public, open-access, two-year campus of Arkansas State University located on a campus on the west side of the city. The campus became part of the ASU system in 1995. The campus architecture is styled after the University of Virginia.
Mountain Home school district
The public school district, Mountain Home Public Schools, encompasses some 330 square miles (850 km2) and serves more than 4,000 students from kindergarten through 12th grade. The public school consists of seven campuses, which includes the Mountain Home High School (grades 10-12), Mountain Home-Baxter Junior High (grades 8 & 9), Pinkston Middle School (grades 6-7), Hackler Intermediate (grade 3-5), Nelson-Wilks-Herron Elementary school (grades 1-2), the Kindergarten center, and the Guy Berry College and Career Academy (alternative school setting).
The Mountain Home School System, with the mascot the Bombers, plays in the 6A/7A East Athletic Conference in basketball, football, baseball, softball, track and field, soccer, wrestling, cross country, volleyball and swimming. The cross country teams have won multiple state championships in recent years and the swim and volleyball teams have competed for state championships recently.
Additionally, Mountain Home High School has a highly reputable band program, which has been invited to, and participated in, many different well known events. The marching band was invited to perform in the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympics, as well as the 2010 St. Patrick's Day Parade in Dublin, Ireland. The band was unable to attend those events for technical reasons. Most notably, the band marched in the 2006 Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, the 2010 Citrus Bowl Parade, and competed at Disneyworld in 2019. They have also had a Jazz Band that has performed before shows in Branson, Missouri.
The districts robotics program is also very reputable, and highly successful. The program's team number 16 "Bomb Squad" placed in the top three of the FIRST Championship (FRC) multiple times, and won the FRC world championship in 2012.
Independence Eve Fireworks
Begun in 1985, The Norfork Lake Fireworks take place each July 3rd. Originally sponsored by local banks, the fireworks are now sponsored by the Lake Norfork Fireworks Association which is a nonprofit that exists for this purpose. The fireworks are set off at one of the beaches between the Hwy 62 and the Hwy 101 bridges and attract thousands of spectators in cars on both the Henderson and Mountain Home side of the lake and the two bridges as well as thousands of boats on the lakes. The fireworks are entirely funded by sponsors and donations. Local Radio Stations air corresponding music  Because observers were mostly able to remain in their own vehicles or separated on boats, this display was not affected by COVID in 2020. 
Twin Lakes Thunder Rally
In 2016, The Twin Lakes Chamber of commerce sponsored the first Twin Lakes Thunder Rally, a bike festival and show. In addition to encouraging tourism, the event serves as a fundraiser for local veterans' programs. 
- Richard Antrim, rear admiral in the U.S. Navy; World War II veteran.
- Paul Vernon Galloway (1904-1990), born in Mountain Home, became Methodist pastor and bishop;
- Johnny R. Key, Republican, member of the Arkansas State Senate from Baxter County from 2009
- Richard A. Knaak, author; wrote the Minotaur Wars and other contributions to Dragonlance including Minotaur Wars
- Jennifer Wiseman, Astronomer, discoverer of Comet Wiseman-Spliff
- Shawn Womack, Republican former member of both houses of the Arkansas State Legislature; circuit judge of Arkansas' 14th Judicial District
- C. D. Wright, poet
- Scott Flippo, businessman and politician representing part of North Central Arkansas in the Arkansas Senate since 2015
- Nelda Speaks, politician representing Baxter County in the Arkansas House of Representatives since 2015
- Hillrey Adams, Mayor of Mountain Home Arkansas since 2019
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