Nicknames of New York City

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A sculpture of a red apple with the New York Mets logo on it rises above a black pedestal with the words "Home Run" in large letters.
A literal big apple is located outside of Citi Field, the New York Mets' ballpark.

New York City has been known by a variety of nicknames, both officially and unofficially, now and in the past. City nicknames can help in establishing a civic identity, helping outsiders recognize a community or attracting people to a community because of its nickname; promote civic pride; and build community unity.[1] Nicknames and slogans that successfully create a new community "ideology or myth"[2] are also believed to have economic value.[1] Their economic value is difficult to measure,[1] but there are anecdotal reports of cities that have achieved substantial economic benefits by "branding" themselves by adopting new slogans.[2]

New York City is frequently shortened to simply "New York," "NY," or "NYC." New York City is also known as "The City" in much of the eastern United States.[3] Other nicknames take the form of "The City with Everything", "The Big Apple" or "Hong Kong on the Hudson," a reference in different cases to the city's prominence or its immigrant groups.[4]

Major Nicknames[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Muench, David "Wisconsin Community Slogans: Their Use and Local Impacts", December 1993, accessed April 10, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Alfredo Andia, Branding the Generic City :), MU.DOT magazine, September 10, 2007
  3. ^ Hickey, Walter (June 5, 2013). "22 Maps That Show How Americans Speak English Totally Differently From Each Other". Business Insider. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  4. ^ Popik, Barry (January 19, 2005). "The Big Apple: 98 Nicknames". Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ Nigro, Carmen (January 25, 2011). "So, why do we call it Gotham anyway?". New York Public Library. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ Daniels, Les (April 1, 2004). Superman:The Complete History. Chronicle Books. p. 26. ISBN 0-8118-4231-2. 
  7. ^ a b "Why is New York City known as "the Big Apple" and "Gotham?""., LLC. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  8. ^ "About New York City". The City of New York. 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2013. 
  9. ^ Eugene J. Sherman. "FORWARD New York – Capital of the Modern World". The Weissman Center for International Business Baruch College/CUNY 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-28. 
  10. ^ a b c d Flannigan, Jenna; Miscone, Michael (January 18, 2011). "A history of NYC nicknames". Time Out New York. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  11. ^ Sarah Moore (March 22, 2011). "Explore Manhattan Neighborhoods: The Center of the Universe (aka Times Square)". Her Campus Media. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Times Square The Crossroads of the World". October 30, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  13. ^ Popik, Barry (July 18, 2004). "New York, New York—so nice, they named it twice". Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  14. ^ Gollust, Shelley (April 28, 2013). "Nicknames for New York City". Voice of America. Retrieved July 7, 2013. 
  15. ^ Medina, Miriam (May 22, 2012). "The Five Boroughs of the City of New York: A Brief Historical Description". The History Box. Retrieved September 3, 2014.