Olavo de Carvalho

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Olavo de Carvalho

Olavo de Carvalho em 2019 (cropped).jpg
Carvalho in 2019
Olavo Luiz Pimentel de Carvalho

(1947-04-29)29 April 1947
Died24 January 2022(2022-01-24) (aged 74)
OccupationAuthor, former astrologer, former journalist
Roxane Andrade de Souza
(m. 1986)

Olavo Luiz Pimentel de Carvalho[a] GCRB (29 April 1947 – 24 January 2022)[1][2][3][4] was a Brazilian polemicist, self-proclaimed philosopher,[5][6][7] political pundit, former astrologer, journalist, and far-right conspiracy theorist.[8][9] From 2005 until his death, he lived near Richmond, Virginia, in the United States.[10][11][12][13][2]

While publishing about politics, literature and philosophy since the 1980s, he made himself known to wider Brazilian audiences from the 1990s onwards, mainly writing columns for some of Brazil's major media outlets, such as the newspaper O Globo. In the 2000s, he began to use personal blogs and social media to convey his conservative and anti-communist ideas.[14][15][16] In the late 2010s, he rose to prominence in the Brazilian public debate, being dubbed the "intellectual father of the new right"[17] and the ideologue of Jair Bolsonaro,[18] a label that he came to reject.[19]

As a polemicist, Carvalho did not comply with political correctness and was criticized for often resorting to obscene ad hominem attacks.[20] His books and articles have spread conspiracy theories and false information,[21][22][23][24][25] and he has been accused of fomenting hate speech[26] and anti-intellectualism.[27] He positioned himself as a critic of modernity. His interests included historical philosophy, the history of revolutionary movements, the Traditionalist School[28][29] and comparative religion.[30] His views were rejected by philosophers.[31][32][33]

Professional career[edit]

Carvalho acted as an astrologer in the 1980s,[34] having learned it from, among others, the Argentine psychologist Juan Alfredo César Müller.[35] From the 1970s to the 2000s, he wrote for several Brazilian magazines and newspapers, such as Bravo!, Primeira Leitura, Claudia, O Globo, Folha de S.Paulo (starting in February 1977 with an article about The Magic Flute in the "Folhetim" literary supplement[36]), Época and Zero Hora.[37]

In 2002, Carvalho founded the website Maskless Media (Mídia Sem Máscara). It presents itself as an observatory of the news media.[38] He was the host of the show True Outspeak on BlogTalkRadio, which aired from 2006 to 2013.[39] As of 2019, he wrote a weekly column for the Brazilian newspaper Diário do Comércio and taught philosophy in an online course to over 2,000 students.[17] He is said to have introduced to Portuguese-speaking readers works of important conservative philosophers of the 20th century, such as Eric Voegelin.[40][41] In addition to newspaper articles and many blog and social media posts, he authored 32 books, many of them collections of previously published texts.[42]

Carvalho founded the Inter-American Institute for Philosophy, Government, and Social Thought in 2009, and served as its president.[43] He collaborated with Ted Baehr, Paul Gottfried, Judith Reisman,[44][45] Alejandro Peña Esclusa, and Stephen Baskerville through the Inter-American Institute.[46] The institute closed down in 2018, possibly due to complaints made by Olavo's former students to the Institute's board that, among other complaints, he never concluded the secondary education, and was not, as his profile in the Institute claimed, a former senior lecturer in the Catholic University of Paraná.[47]

Role in the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro[edit]

Dinner at the Brazilian embassy in Washington, D.C. in March 2019, Carvalho between Bolsonaro (right) and Araújo (left).

Carvalho became one of the most influential individuals in the administration of Jair Bolsonaro.[48][49] According to one account, Bolsonaro got interested in Carvalho's ideas in 2013.[50] In 2014, Bolsonaro and Carvalho started transmitting their live video chats through politically conservative YouTube channels.[51][52][53] In 2017, Carvalho was depicted as the "ideologue" of Bolsonaro,[18][54] a title he has refuted.[19]

In his first live speech on Facebook after being elected, Bolsonaro was pictured next to one of the books written by Carvalho, in what was interpreted as a sign of his influence over the newly elected president.[55] It was claimed[by whom?] that Carvalho influenced the nomination of two prominent Ministers by Bolsonaro: Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez (Education) and Ernesto Araújo (Foreign Affairs).[56][57]

In November 2018, after the Brazilian presidential election, Carvalho declared that, if nominated by President-elect Jair Bolsonaro, he would accept the role of Brazilian ambassador to the United States. However, in February 2019, Carvalho clashed with some key figures of the Bolsonaro administration, including the Vice-President, Hamilton Mourão, whom he accused of being a "traitor" and an "idiot" who is "pro-abortion, pro-disarmament and pro-Nicolas Maduro."[58] Mourão dismissed the criticisms.[59]


Olavo's family announced his death on social media, on January 24, 2022, eight days after he tested positive for COVID-19.[4] His family's statement did not specify his cause of death, but his daughter Heloísa said that it was from coronavirus.[2][3] His personal doctor denied it was COVID-19 and stated officially that his death was caused by respiratory stress associated with emphysema, heart failure, bacterial pneumonia, and a generalised infection.[60] Olavo was known for his vaccine hesitancy and often questioned the severity of COVID-19 pandemic, spreading COVID-19 misinformation on his social media.[61] According to his family, he died at a hospital outside of Richmond, Virginia.[62] He is buried at St. Joseph's Cemetery in Petersburg, Virginia.[63]


Basic sciences[edit]

Carvalho propagated disinformation about prominent ideas and figures of modern science.[64][65] He contested ideas of physicists Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein, and mathematician Georg Cantor. He said Newton introduced a self-contradictory thesis and spread the virus of "formidable stupidity".[66] Olavo also said Einstein's theory of general relativity was plagiarized.[67] Carvalho contradicted Georg Cantor's work on transfinite numbers, accusing him of confusing "numbers with their mere signs", seeing his work as a "play with words" and a "false logic".[68]

He also claimed that there are no proofs of heliocentrism[69] and that geocentrism was as valid as heliocentrism "since you can use different points of reference."[70] In 2018, on Facebook, he stated that he had no "definitive answer" to many "questions", such as whether the Earth is spherical or flat.[71]

Olavo strongly disagreed with several figures who occupy a prominent place in the history of the sciences, such as Isaac Newton, and Giordano Bruno, who according to him "did not make any discoveries... He did not even study modern sciences, physics, astronomy, biology or mathematics, he was not condemned for defending scientific theories, but for practicing witchcraft, which at the time was a crime".[68] The opposition extends to Galileo, of whom he writes:

A background of charlatanism appears to have already been introduced into physics by Galileo, when he proclaimed that he had overturned the notions of ancient science, according to which an object not propelled by an external force stands still—an illusion of the senses, he said. In fact, he pontificated, an object in such conditions remains stationary or in uniform and rectilinear motion. But, after having thus overthrown the old physics, he discreetly clarified that rectilinear and uniform movement does not really exist, but is a fiction conceived by the mind to facilitate measurements. Now if the object not moved from without stands still or has a fictitious movement, it means, strictly speaking, that it stands still in every case, just as ancient physics said, and that Galileo, by means of a new system of measurements, could only explain why it stands still. That is to say, Galileo did not dispute ancient physics, he merely invented a better way of proving that it was correct, and that the testimony of the senses, being true enough, does not have in itself proof of its veracity, which was well known since the time of Aristotle. It was this episode that inaugurated the craze of modern scientists to take simple changes of methods as if they were "proofs" of a new constitution of reality.[68]

Fetuses as sweetener[edit]

Carvalho also spread the hoax of Pepsi using cells from aborted fetuses to sweeten soft drinks.[72][73]

Climate change[edit]

Carvalho claimed that global warming is a hoax produced by a global conspiracy. He based his claims on the Climategate episode in which hackers, on the eve of the Copenhagen Conference, disseminated thousands of e-mails from University of East Anglia climatologists in order to undermine the credibility of the conference. Carvalho claimed Climategate to be the work of a conspiracy led by the Rockefeller family, the Council of Foreign Relations, the Bilderberg Club, and the New World Order, indicating them also as leaders of the "global abortion and gay ... campaigns of the new bionic global religion, and of the Obama administration's proposal for universal control of the movement of capital."[74]


In a 2016 Twitter post, Carvalho claimed that "vaccines either kill you or drive you crazy. Never vaccinate your children."[75]

He falsely declared that AIDS does not pose a risk to heterosexuals, basing his arguments on journalist Michael Fumento's book The Myth of Heterosexual Aids.[76][74]

On 22 March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, a disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, he stated in a livestream on YouTube that there was no confirmed case of death from the virus in the world and that the pandemic would be "an invention" and "the most extensive manipulation of public opinion that has ever happened in human history".[77][78] At that date, according to the World Health Organization, there were more than 294,000 cases of the disease and 12,784 deaths from it.[79]


Carvalho spread the debunked conspiracy theory that Barack Obama was not born in the United States.[80] Furthermore, he claimed that Foro de São Paulo "is the largest political organization that has ever existed in Latin America and undoubtedly one of the largest in the world."[81] He also made up the fake information that a book written by Fernando Haddad, the opponent of Jair Bolsonaro during the 2018 Brazilian general election, promoted incest.[82]

On 17 March 2019, Carvalho criticised the presence of military personnel in Bolsonaro's administration, stating: "He didn't choose two hundred generals. Two hundred generals chose him. Those people want to restore the 1964 regime under a democratic aspect. They're ruling and using Bolsonaro as a condom [sic]. I'm not saying that it is the reality, but it is what they want. Mourão said that they would return to power democratically. If it is not a coup, it is a coup mentality."[83]

Sleeping Giants started a campaign to reduce his influence on Brazilian politics and convinced advertisers to remove their media buying from his online newspaper and YouTube channel. Also PayPal decided to cancel their contract and removed their services from his online seminars due to violation of terms of use.[84]

On a January 2021 interview, Carvalho falsely claimed that election fraud took place in the 2020 American presidential election, stating "Everything in this election has been fraudulent.” During the same interview Carvalho falsely asserted that Joe Biden had Parkinson’s disease and that Biden and Kamala Harris were working for the Chinese government.[85]


Carvalho advocated a revisionist view of the Inquisition, claiming it is a myth spread by Protestants.[86][87]


In 2020, Carvalho was ordered to pay 2.8 million Brazilian reais in libel charges after accusing musician Caetano Veloso of sexual crimes against children.[88][89]

Personal life[edit]

At his death Olavo de Carvalho left his widow, eight children, and eighteen grandchildren.[4]

His eldest daughter, Heloisa de Carvalho Martins Arriba, accused her father of occasional maltreatment of his children. All content was wrapped in a letter that was later shared on Facebook. According to the letter, Olavo had even pointed a gun to the head of one of his children. She made other accusations including that Olavo kept a polygamous relationship living with three wives at the same time.[90] The accusations were denied by her siblings and by Olavo himself, who initiated a lawsuit against her citing that in her letter she "distances herself from any contact with reality by spreading outrageous lies and vile insults".[91]

According to his daughter, Carvalho was a member of Tariqa, an order of Sufism, but that was never verified.[92]

Olavo de Carvalho reportedly confessed his sins to a Roman Catholic priest and received the last rites before his death.[93]



  • (1980). A Imagem do Homem na Astrologia. São Paulo: Jvpiter.
  • (1983). O Crime da Madre Agnes ou A Confusão entre Espiritualidade e Psiquismo. São Paulo: Speculum.
  • (1983). Questões de Simbolismo Astrológico. São Paulo: Speculum.
  • (1983). Universalidade e Abstração e outros Estudos. São Paulo: Speculum.
  • (1985). Astros e Símbolos. São Paulo: Nova Stella.
  • (1986). Astrologia e Religião. São Paulo: Nova Stella.
  • (1986). Fronteiras da Tradição. São Paulo: Nova Stella.
  • (1992). Símbolos e Mitos no Filme "O Silêncio dos Inocentes". Rio de Janeiro: Instituto de Artes Liberais.
  • (1993). Os Gêneros Literários: Seus Fundamentos Metafísicos. Rio de Janeiro: IAL & Stella Caymmi.
  • (1993). O Caráter como Forma Pura da Personalidade. Rio de Janeiro: Astroscientia Editora.
  • (1994). A Nova Era e a Revolução Cultural : Fritjof Capra & Antonio Gramsci. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto de Artes Liberais & Stella Caymmi [São Paulo: Vide Editorial, 2014].[94]
  • (1994). Uma Filosofia Aristotélica da Cultura. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto de Artes Liberais.
  • (1995). O Jardim das Aflições : De Epicuro à Ressurreição de César, Ensaio sobre o Materialismo e a Religião Civil. Rio de Janeiro: Diadorim [São Paulo: É Realizações, 2000; Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial, 2015].[68]
  • (1994). O Imbecil Coletivo : Atualidades Inculturais Brasileiras. Rio de Janeiro: Faculdade da Cidade [São Paulo: É Realizações, 2007; Rio de Janeiro: Record, 2018[96]].[97]
  • (1997). O Futuro do Pensamento Brasileiro: Estudos sobre o Nosso Lugar no Mundo. Rio de Janeiro: Faculdade da Cidade Editora [É Realizações, 2007].
  • (1998). A Longa Marcha da Vaca Para o Brejo & Os Filhos da PUC : O Imbecil Coletivo II. Rio de Janeiro: Topbooks [São Paulo: É Realizações, 2008; São Paulo: Record (forthcoming)[96]].
  • (2002–2006). Coleção História Essencial da Filosofia, 32 vol. São Paulo: É Realizações.
  • (2007). A Dialética Simbólica : Ensaios Reunidos. São Paulo: É Realizações [Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial, 2015].
  • (2011). Maquiavel, ou A Confusão Demoníaca. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2012). A Filosofia e seu Inverso. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2012). Os EUA e a Nova Ordem Mundial: Um Debate entre Olavo de Carvalho e Aleksandr Dugin. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial. 2012. (with Aleksandr Dugin).[98]
  • (2013). O Mínimo que Você Precisa Saber para não Ser um Idiota. Edited by Felipe Moura Brasil. Rio de Janeiro: Record.[99][100][101]
  • (2013). Apoteose da vigarice. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2013). Visões de Descartes : entre o gênio mau e o espírito da verdade. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2014). O mundo como jamais funcionou : Cartas de um terráqueo ao planeta Brasil - Volume II. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2014). A Fórmula para Enlouquecer o Mundo: Cartas de um Terráqueo ao Planeta Brasil, vol. 3. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2015). A Inversão Revolucionária em Ação: Cartas de um Terráqueo ao Planeta Brasil, vol. 4. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2016). O Império Mundial da Burla: Cartas de um Terráqueo ao Planeta Brasil, vol. 5. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2016). O Dever de Insultar: Cartas de um Terráqueo ao Planeta Brasil, vol. 6. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2017). Breve Retrato do Brasil: Cartas de um Terráqueo ao Planeta Brasil, vol. 7. Campinas, SP: Vide Editorial.
  • (2022). O Imbecil Coletivo III: O Imbecil Juvenil. Campinas, SP: VIDE Editorial.
  • (2022). O Foro de São Paulo: A ascensão do comunismo latino-americano. Campinas, SP: VIDE Editorial.

Other publications[edit]

  • (1973). Tabu, by Alan Watts. São Paulo: Editora Três (translation and preface, with Fernando de Castro Ferreira).
  • (1981). A Metafísica Oriental, by René Guénon. São Paulo: Escola Júpiter (translation).
  • (1984). Comentários à “Metafísica Oriental” de René Guénon, by Michel Veber. São Paulo: Speculum (introduction and notes).
  • (1997). Como Vencer um debate sem precisar ter Razão : em 38 estratagemas : dialética erística. by Arthur Schopenhauer. Rio de Janeiro: Topbooks (introduction, notes and explanatory comments).
  • (1997). O Espírito das Revoluções, by J.O. de Meira Penna. Rio de Janeiro: Faculdade da Cidade Editora (preface).
  • (1998). O Exército na História do Brasil, 3 Vol. Rio de Janeiro/Salvador: Biblioteca do Exército & Fundação Odebrecht (editor).
  • (1998). Teatro Oficina: Onde a Arte não Dormia, by Ítala Nandi. Rio de Janeiro: Faculdade da Cidade Editora (preface).
  • (1999). Ensaios Reunidos, 1942–1978, by Otto Maria Carpeaux. Rio de Janeiro: UniverCidade & Topbooks (introduction and notes).
  • (1999). A Sociedade de confiança: ensaios sobre as origens e a natureza do desenvolvimento. by Alain Peyrefitte. Rio de Janeiro: Topbooks (introduction).
  • (1999). Aristóteles, by Émile Boutroux. Rio de Janeiro: Record (introduction and notes).
  • (2001). As Seis Doenças do Espírito Contemporâneo, by Constantin Noica. Rio de Janeiro: Record (introduction and notes).
  • (2001). Admirável Mundo Novo, by Aldous Huxley. São Paulo: Editora Globo (preface).
  • (2001). A Ilha, by Aldous Huxley. São Paulo: Editora Globo (preface).
  • (2001). A Coerência das Incertezas, by Paulo Mercadante. São Paulo: É Realizações (introduction and notes).
  • (2001). A Sabedoria das Leis Eternas, by Mário Ferreira dos Santos. São Paulo: É Realizações (introduction and notes).
  • (2002). A Origem da Linguagem, by Eugen Rosenstock-Huessy. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record (edition and notes, with Carlos Nougué).
  • (2004). Escolha e Sobrevivência, by Ângelo Monteiro. São Paulo: É Realizações (preface).
  • (2008). O Eixo do Mal Latino-americano e a Nova Ordem Mundial, by Heitor de Paola. São Paulo: É Realizações (preface).
  • (2011). O Enigma Quântico, by Wolfgang Smith. Campinas, SP: VIDE Editorial (preface).
  • (2014). Ponerologia: Psicopatas no Poder, by Andrzej Łobaczewski. Campinas, SP: VIDE Editorial (preface).
  • (2015). A Tomada do Brasil, by Percival Puggina. Porto Alegre: Editora Concreta (preface).
  • (2015). Cabo Anselmo: Minha Verdade, by José Anselmo dos Santos. São Paulo: Matrix (preface).
  • (2017). 1964: O Elo Perdido; O Brasil nos Arquivos do Serviço Secreto Comunista, by Mauro "Abranches" Kraenski and Vladimir Petrilák. Campinas, SP: VIDE Editorial (preface).
  • (2019). A Vida Intelectual, by A.-D. Sertillanges. São Paulo: Kírion (preface).
  • (2019). Traição Americana: O Ataque Secreto aos Estados Unidos, by Diana West. São Paulo: Sophia Perennis (preface)

Works in English[edit]

  • (2000). "Otto Maria Carpeaux." Portuguese Literary & Cultural Studies. Special Issue, No. 4. João Cezarde Castro Rocha (org.), University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth.
  • (2005). "From Poetics to Logic: Exploring Some Neglected Aspects of Aristotle's Organon," in Handbook of the First World Congress and School on Universal Logic, UNILOG'05, ed. Jean-Yves Beziau and Alexandre Costa-Leite. pp. 57–59.

Translated works[edit]

  • (2016). Statele Unite și Noua Ordine Mondială: O Dezbatere între Olavo de Carvalho și Aleksandr Dughin. Translated by Simina Popa and Cristina Nițu. Bucharest: Editura Humanitas. Translation of Os EUA e a Nova Ordem Mundial (with Alexander Dugin).


  1. ^ Nicas, Jack (26 January 2022). "Olavo de Carvalho, Bolsonaro's Far-Right Guru, Dies at 74". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Phillips, Tom (25 January 2022). "Covid denialist and Bolsonaro ally Olavo de Carvalho died of virus, says daughter". The Guardian.
  3. ^ a b "Filha de Olavo de Carvalho comenta morte do pai: 'Deus perdoe as maldades'" [Olavo de Carvalho's daughter comments on her father's death: 'May God forgive his evil deeds']. Estado de Minas (in Portuguese). 25 January 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Perfil oficial de Olavo de Carvalho anuncia seu falecimento". Noticias.uol.com.br. 25 January 2022.
  5. ^ Barreto, Marcelo Menna (2018). "Olavo de Carvalho: o guru autodidata de Bolsonaro". Extraclasse.org.br (in Portuguese).
  6. ^ Dantas, Dimitrius (10 February 2019). "Olavo de Carvalho está errado e não entendeu Kant, dizem três nomes de destaque da academia brasileira". O Globo (in Portuguese). Olavo é um anti-iluminista. Uma das características da modernidade é que, de fato, você tem a perda da centralidade da Igreja como fonte do que é a verdade. É lógico que temos que tomar muito cuidado ao analisar um texto do século 18, mas se a gente pensa numa atualização do que diz Kant, podemos explorar várias questões. O texto de Kant nasce no século 18 a partir de um debate sobre o casamento civil. Poderíamos interpretá-lo para analisar a questão hoje do casamento homoafetivo. Nesse sentido, o pensamento de Kant é visto como algo perigoso pelos conservadores.
  7. ^ Peres, Daniel Tourinho (2 December 2019). "Quão obscurantista é o emplasto filosófico de Olavo de Carvalho?" (in Portuguese). Le Monde Diplomatique. Mais interessante do que saber, porém, se a interpretação A ou B é a correta, é saber por que esta questão ocupa tanto espaço. Não que Olavo de Carvalho ofereça um interpretação. Não. O que ele fornece é uma simples e pura falsificação, afirmações absurdas sobre o filósofo que não encontram nenhuma sustentação. Nenhuma, zero. Mas ele oferece isso a pessoas que querem saber, ou seja, milhares de jovens que chegaram até ele e que foram por ele acolhidos. Olavo de Carvalho existe porque existe uma demanda legítima, da parte dos jovens, por orientação, por uma explicação sobre o que está acontecendo. Se ele faz isso, e se atinge o público enorme que atinge, é porque há procura e ele acabou ocupando esse espaço. Nós, que trabalhamos seriamente com filosofia, precisamos reconhecer: deixamos o espaço aberto para que uma figura sem qualquer escrúpulo ou honestidade o ocupasse.
  8. ^ Duarte, Letícia (28 December 2019). "Meet the Intellectual Founder of Brazil's Far Right". The Atlantic. ISSN 1072-7825.
  9. ^ "After Capitol Hill Fury, Bolsonaro 'Guru' in US Spreads Conspiracy Theories". POLYGRAPH.info. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Folha de S.Paulo - Diálogos impertinentes: A abrangência da moral - 25/10/98". www1.folha.uol.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  11. ^ McCoy, Terrence. "He's the Rush Limbaugh of Brazil. He has Bolsonaro's ear. And he lives in rural Virginia". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  12. ^ Betim, Carla Jiménez, Felipe (23 November 2018). ""Anti-marxista" indicado por Olavo de Carvalho será ministro da Educação". EL PAÍS (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Vélez Rodríguez: indicado por guru dos Bolsonaro e pró-Escola sem Partido". VEJA.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  14. ^ Monica Grin. "Raça": Debate Público no Brasil (1997-2007). Rio de Janeiro, Mauad X/FAPERJ, 2010
  15. ^ (in Portuguese)Luísa Roxo Barja. A face obscura da política: governo e eleições no Mídia Sem Máscara. Aurora. Revista de Arte, Mídia e Política. n. 4 (2009)
  16. ^ (in Portuguese)Gabriel Castro, "Olavo de Carvalho: Esquerda Ocupou Vácuo Pós-ditadura," Veja, 3 de Abril de 2011
  17. ^ a b "O Curso Online de Filosofia – Seminário de Filosofia". www.seminariodefilosofia.org.
  18. ^ a b FLECK, ISABEL (10 October 2017). "Ideólogo de Bolsonaro, Olavo de Carvalho critica nova direita". Folha de S.Paulo (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  19. ^ a b "Olavo diz que não é ideólogo de Bolsonaro". O Antagonista. 10 October 2017.
  20. ^ Magalhães, Mário (28 November 2018). "A estranha obsessão de Olavo de Carvalho pelo furico alheio". theintercept.com (in Portuguese).
  21. ^ Antonio, José. "Corram, os comunistas estão chegando" [Run, the communists are coming]. CartaCapital (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  22. ^ de Carvalho, Olavo (16 February 2014). "Posts tagged marxismo cultural - Difamação por osmose". Olavo de Carvalho - Website Oficial (in Brazilian Portuguese). Diário do Comércio.
  23. ^ Molyneux, Stefan; de Carvalho, Olavo (26 July 2017). "Why Cultural Marxism Matters | Olavo de Carvalho and Stefan Molyneux". YouTube. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  24. ^ Carvalho, Olavo (8 June 2002). "Do marxismo cultural". O Globo. Archived from the original on 14 May 2017.
    Siqueira, Vinicius (24 November 2014). "O que é marxismo cultural? Uma abordagem à esquerda". Colunas Tortas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  25. ^ Jiménez, Carla (23 November 2018). ""Anti-marxista" indicado por Olavo de Carvalho será ministro da Educação". El Pais (in Portuguese). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  26. ^ Sponholz, Liriam; Christofoletti, Rogério (23 December 2018). "From preachers to comedians: Ideal types of hate speakers in Brazil". Global Media and Communication. 15: 67–84. doi:10.1177/1742766518818870. ISSN 1742-7665. S2CID 149709581. Olavo de Carvalho represents this kind of hate speaker. Carvalho is an anti-communist writer living in the United States. He catches media attention through his books, texts, videos and audio on the Internet in order to criticize left-wing people, homosexuals and those who he considers to be ‘idiots’
  27. ^ "Brasil, um país do passado". DW.com. 28 November 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  28. ^ Fellet, João (15 December 2016). "Olavo de Carvalho, o 'parteiro' da nova direita que diz ter dado à luz flores e lacraias". BBC News Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  29. ^ Teitelbaum, Benjamin R. (21 April 2020). "20-Deep States". War for Eternity: Inside Bannon's Far-Right Circle of Global Power Brokers. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-297847-9. I was beginning to understand why a reader of Guénon would become a champion of Bolsonaro. Olavo’s focus on Traditionalism’s opposition to modern science, though seemingly an apolitical subject, may have been more relevant to his analysis of political and social life than I first thought. In writing and in conversation he waxes seamlessly from disagreement with the scientific process to dismissal of modern knowledge to criticism of the institutions whose authority rests obliquely on modernist knowledge. It is in that final step when Traditionalism and populism can come together, when we can draw a line between astrology, alchemy, and the president. Not only are Brazil’s media, education system, and government corrupted by money and self-interests in his mind, but they are purveyors of ignorance, too, because of their blind investment in modern science and its inability to account for, let alone value, spirituality. The only immateriality they will admit is the abstractions of mathematics, which themselves serve to confuse as well, Olavo contends. Like Bannon, Olavo finds a trace of solace among the poor and uneducated, those most distanced from institutionalized education and knowledge production. In Brazil as in the United States, they are the keepers of spirit, those who have achieved a measure of community and context otherwise elusive in modernity. They are neither mathematical abstractions nor the bearers of hollow titles granted by hollow modern institutions. They are reality. They are the core.
  30. ^ PATSCHIKI, Lucas. Anais do V Simpósio Internacional Lutas Sociais na América Latina. Fascismo e internet, uma possibilidade de análise social através das redes extrapartidárias: o caso do "Mídia Sem Máscara" (2011)
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  1. ^ In this Portuguese name, the first or maternal family name is Pimentel and the second or paternal family name is de Carvalho.

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