Carroll County, New Hampshire

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Carroll County
Carroll County Court House
Map of New Hampshire highlighting Carroll County
Location within the U.S. state of New Hampshire
Map of the United States highlighting New Hampshire
New Hampshire's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°49′21″N 71°10′54″W / 43.822605°N 71.181587°W / 43.822605; -71.181587
Country United States
State New Hampshire
Founded1840
Named forCharles Carroll of Carrollton
SeatOssipee
Largest townConway
Area
 • Total993.5 sq mi (2,573 km2)
 • Land931.9 sq mi (2,414 km2)
 • Water61.6 sq mi (160 km2)  6.2%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total50,107
 • Density53.8/sq mi (20.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.carrollcountynh.net

Carroll County is a county in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. As of the 2020 census, the population was 50,107,[1] making it the third-least populous county in New Hampshire. Its county seat is Ossipee.[2] The county was created in 1840 and organized at Ossipee from towns removed from Strafford County. It was named in honor of Charles Carroll of Carrollton,[3] who had died in 1832, the last surviving signer of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 992 square miles (2,570 km2), of which 931 square miles (2,410 km2) is land and 61 square miles (160 km2) (6.2%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county in New Hampshire by total area. Northern Carroll County is known for being mountainous. Several ski areas, including Cranmore Mountain, Attitash, King Pine, and Black Mountain, are located here. A salient along the northwestern margin of the county runs through Crawford Notch; the northern portion of the salient is within Crawford Notch State Park.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
185020,157
186020,4651.5%
187017,332−15.3%
188018,2245.1%
189018,124−0.5%
190016,895−6.8%
191016,316−3.4%
192015,017−8.0%
193014,277−4.9%
194015,5899.2%
195015,8681.8%
196015,829−0.2%
197018,54817.2%
198027,93150.6%
199035,41026.8%
200043,66623.3%
201047,8189.5%
202050,1074.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2018[9]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 43,666 people, 18,351 households, and 12,313 families living in the county. The population density was 18/km2 (47/sq mi). There were 34,750 housing units at an average density of 14/km2 (37/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.22% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 0.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.5% were of English, 15.6% Irish, 10.5% American, 9.7% French, 6.7% German, 5.8% Italian and 5.2% Scottish ancestry. 96.5% spoke English and 1.6% French as their first language.

There were 18,351 households, out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.60% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,990, and the median income for a family was $46,922. Males had a median income of $31,811 versus $23,922 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,931. About 5.50% of families and 7.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.00% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,818 people, 21,052 households, and 13,569 families living in the county.[11] The population density was 51.4 inhabitants per square mile (19.8/km2). There were 39,813 housing units at an average density of 42.8 per square mile (16.5/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 97.5% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.0% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry,[13]

The largest ancestry group in Carroll County are people of English ancestry, who make up 29.3% of people in the county. The second largest ancestry group in the county are people of Irish ancestry who make up 24.7%. The third largest group is people of French ancestry who make up 13.8% of people in the county.[14]

Of the 21,052 households, 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.72. The median age was 48.3 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,897 and the median income for a family was $60,086. Males had a median income of $41,634 versus $32,402 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,411. About 6.1% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.6% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Politics and government[edit]

The county is historically Republican, but in 2008 Barack Obama received 52.39% of the county's vote.[16] This made him the first Democratic presidential nominee to win the county since 1912 and the first Democratic presidential nominee to win an absolute majority in the county since 1884. Joe Biden later repeated this feat in 2020. However, despite the recent Democratic trend, the county has not voted more Democratic than the nation since 1888 in terms of two-party vote.

The county is politically divided between the more conservative southern half, home to several seasonal communities along the north shore of Lake Winnipesaukee including Moultonborough, Tuftonboro, and Wolfeboro, and the more liberal northern half, with several ski towns and resort towns such as Bartlett and Conway. In both the 2012 Presidential and gubernatorial elections in New Hampshire, Democratic candidates easily won the northern half of the county, and Republican candidates easily won the southern half of the county.[17]

Carroll County is one of only thirteen counties to have voted for Obama in 2008, Romney in 2012, Trump in 2016, and Biden in 2020.[a]

United States presidential election results for Carroll County, New Hampshire[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 16,150 48.50% 16,649 50.00% 498 1.50%
2016 14,635 49.42% 12,987 43.85% 1,994 6.73%
2012 14,207 49.67% 13,977 48.87% 418 1.46%
2008 13,387 46.07% 15,221 52.39% 448 1.54%
2004 14,614 51.78% 13,319 47.19% 289 1.02%
2000 12,597 52.75% 9,852 41.26% 1,430 5.99%
1996 9,168 44.16% 8,881 42.77% 2,714 13.07%
1992 8,715 40.16% 7,258 33.44% 5,730 26.40%
1988 12,983 70.78% 5,153 28.09% 208 1.13%
1984 11,891 75.43% 3,806 24.14% 67 0.43%
1980 9,980 67.25% 3,119 21.02% 1,742 11.74%
1976 8,561 70.18% 3,374 27.66% 263 2.16%
1972 8,525 77.01% 2,395 21.64% 150 1.36%
1968 6,795 72.93% 2,163 23.22% 359 3.85%
1964 4,957 54.99% 4,058 45.01% 0 0.00%
1960 7,487 79.61% 1,918 20.39% 0 0.00%
1956 7,527 85.38% 1,281 14.53% 8 0.09%
1952 7,498 82.61% 1,578 17.39% 0 0.00%
1948 6,127 76.11% 1,869 23.22% 54 0.67%
1944 5,251 68.08% 2,461 31.91% 1 0.01%
1940 5,656 66.34% 2,870 33.66% 0 0.00%
1936 5,521 66.32% 2,769 33.26% 35 0.42%
1932 5,269 64.56% 2,873 35.20% 19 0.23%
1928 5,509 77.41% 1,592 22.37% 16 0.22%
1924 4,372 65.40% 2,213 33.10% 100 1.50%
1920 4,214 64.73% 2,279 35.01% 17 0.26%
1916 2,259 52.61% 2,003 46.65% 32 0.75%
1912 1,454 34.45% 1,820 43.12% 947 22.44%
1908 2,562 60.74% 1,591 37.72% 65 1.54%
1904 2,594 59.78% 1,683 38.79% 62 1.43%
1900 2,626 57.26% 1,859 40.54% 101 2.20%
1896 2,800 65.88% 1,214 28.56% 236 5.55%
1892 2,253 48.82% 2,267 49.12% 95 2.06%
1888 2,338 47.39% 2,434 49.33% 162 3.28%
1884 2,286 46.95% 2,443 50.17% 140 2.88%
1880 2,426 47.46% 2,639 51.62% 47 0.92%
1876 2,016 44.87% 2,474 55.06% 3 0.07%

County Commission[edit]

The executive power of Carroll County's government is held by three county commissioners, each representing one of the three commissioner districts within the county.

District Commissioner Hometown Party
1 Terry McCarthy (Chair) Conway Republican
2 Kimberly Tessari (Clerk) Ossipee Republican
3 Matthew Plache (Vice Chair) Wolfeboro Republican

In addition to the County Commission, there are five directly elected officials: they include County Attorney, Register of Deeds, County Sheriff, Register of Probate, and County Treasurer.[19]

Office Name
County Attorney Michaela O’Rourke Andruzzi (D)
Register of Deeds Lisa Scott (R)
County Sheriff Domenic Richardi (R)
County Treasurer Joseph Costello (R)
Register of Probate Meg Lavender (R)

[20]

Legislative branch[edit]

The legislative branch of Carroll County is made up of all of the members of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the county. In total, as of January 2021 there are 15 members from 8 different districts.

Affiliation Members Voting share
Democratic Party 5 33.3%
Republican Party 10 66.7%
Total 15 100%

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Township[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Villages[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census - Geograpahy Profile: Carroll County, New Hampshire". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 70.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 27, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 22, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2013.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 17, 2010.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "David Leip's Presidential Election Database". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  17. ^ "President of the United States - 2012 General Election - NHSOS". sos.nh.gov. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  19. ^ "Departments | Carroll County NH".
  20. ^ "General Election Winners - 11/03/2020" (PDF). New Hampshire Secretary of State's Office. November 11, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°52′N 71°13′W / 43.87°N 71.21°W / 43.87; -71.21