Pakistani dramas (Urdu: پاکستانی ڈرامہ) refers to televised dramas produced in Pakistan, mostly in telenovela and miniseries formats, with distinctive features that set it apart from regular Western television series or soap operas. Pakistani dramas can be set in contemporary times or in historical settings. Different genres apply to these two types, from romantic comedies and action series to fusion science fiction dramas. Pakistani dramas are hugely popular in Pakistan as well as in the Middle East and India. They are also popular among the Pakistani diaspora. Majority of the Pakistani dramas are produced in Urdu, however an increasing number of them are being produced in other Pakistani languages as well such as Sindhi and Pashto.
Pakistani dramas are known for being relatively short and usually end after a run of less than one year. This makes them shorter than soap operas, but still much longer than serials. Most Pakistani dramas are based on Urdu novels, however sometimes the story tends to deviate away from the novel in order to be television compatible. They have also been used repeatedly to transmit sociocultural messages, by incorporating them into story lines. Traditionally, Pakistani dramas have been more appealing to women rather than men, however the newer action dramas have slowly attracted younger male audiences in recent years and has overall helped in attracting a wide audience across the country. Recent Pakistani dramas have evolved in the structure of their plots and in the themes they address. For instance, women are now seen having more non-traditional roles. Moreover, previously taboo themes such as divorce, sexual abuse and racism are now beginning to appear. Kissing on screen however is still considered unacceptable for Pakistani TV.
Pakistani dramas tend to fall within these six categories:
- Middle-class melodrama set in urban regions and usually features a woman or man falling in love with one another and the hardships that follow.
- Rural drama set in rural regions and tends to me more traditional and tends to portray a poor woman or man who falls in love with a rich man or woman. This genre is usually noted for its simplicity and strong dialogues.
- Comedy drama have elements of comedy and drama, having both humorous and sometimes serious content.
- Historical drama usually portrays the life of a famous Pakistani in the past.
- Teen drama is a new genre which portrays the lives of teenagers and features coming-of-age related issues.
- Mystery/Thriller drama typically portray a major problem (death, disappearance, stolen money, kidnapping) which may tear couples and families apart.
List of Pakistani dramas
Original soundtracks (OSTs) are explicitly made for each series and plays an important role in Pakistani dramas. They are generally recorded by professional playback singers and tend to enhance the reputation and popularity of dramas - OSTs help towards heightening a situation, accentuating a mood, providing relief and serving as interior monologues.
Actors and Actresses
List of Pakistani television series
Pakistani television series are mostly based on Novels. Most hit Pakistani dramas that also aired internationally are Humsafar,Kankar, Zindagi Gulzar Hai,Durr-e-Shahwar, Shehr-e-Zaat, Dayar-e-Dil, Tanhaiyaan, Aunn Zara, Daam , Dastaan, Dil e Muztar, Khuda Aur Muhabbat, Shanakht , Meray Dard Ko Jo Zuban Miley,Maat, Main Abdul Qadir Hoon, Meri Zaat Zarra-e-Benishan, Rehaai Pyaray Afzal,Mohabat Subh Ka Sitara Hai, Mere Qatil Mere Dildar", Bunty I Love You, Roshan Sitara, Mere Hamrahi, Chup Raho, Sadqay Tumhare and Aseerzadi
|Award||Year of Inception||Network|
|Lux Style Awards||2002||ARY|
|Pakistan Media Awards||2010||None|
|Hum Awards||2012||Hum TV|
Popularity outside Pakistan
The Pakistani drama Humsafar was dubbed into Arabic and broadcast by MBC in the Middle East, under the name Rafeeq-Al-Rooh.[when?]The show immediately gained immense popularity and after airing its first few episodes, became the most watched drama on the channel. Before this Pakistani dramas were not as popular in the Middle East due to language barriers and also due to the popularity of Latin dramas. Following Humasafar, other shows such as Malaal and Zindagi Gulzar Hai (aired as Asrar Al Hob by MBC) were also dubbed into Arabic and broadcast by MBC.[when?]
Pakistani dramas have been popular in India for a decades, even though the Indian government has imposed a ban on the airing of Pakistani television channels in India for over 20 years now. In the late 1980s, Indians were noted for queuing up outside video shops to get their hands on Pakistani dramas like Dhoop Kinare and Tanhaiyaan. Many Indians even installed television antennas in a bid to access PTV to watch other popular shows such as Deewarein, Alpha Bravo Charlie, Waris and Jungle. In 2009, Pakistan Senate standing committee, on information and broadcasting, appealed to the Indian Parliament to ensure airing of Pakistani television channels in India. In 2012, due to increased pressure from civil society, India began debating whether it should reverse the ban on Pakistani government as well as private television channels, both news and non-news. India assured Pakistan that it will consider a proposal to lift the ban on Pakistani television channels. This was a consequence of a strong pitch by the Pakistani foreign secretary, Jalil Abbas Jilani, who proposed the same. However, as of yet, nothing has happened regarding the ban. On 23 June 2014, Zee Entertainment Enterprises (ZEEL) launched its new entertainment television channel, Zindagi. The channel airs syndicated television shows from Pakistan. The channel and its content has been very well received by Indians. The channel has aired many notable Pakistani television shows such as Aunn Zara, Humsafar, Kitni Girhain Baaki Hain, Maat, Meri Zaat Zarra-e-Benishan, Mere Qatil Mere Dildar and Zindagi Gulzar Hai. Zindagi Gulzar Hai became so popular that due to immense popularity and public demand it went on a re-run just nearly one month after it ended its premier run in India.
Pakistani dramas and television shows are also popular among the Pakistani diaspora. Pakistani television shows are aired on certain television channels in various countries such as the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada.
- Pakistani dramas in India
- Pakistani television
- Pakistani television channels
- Pakistani theatre
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