Your Movement

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Your Movement
Twój Ruch
LeaderMarzenna Karkoszka Kamil Żebrowski
FounderJanusz Palikot
Founded1 June 2011 (RP)
6 October 2013 (TR)
Headquartersul. Nowy Świat 39
00-029 Warsaw
IdeologySocial liberalism
Anti-clericalism
Pro-Europeanism
Political positionCentre to centre-left
National affiliationThe Left (Affiliate)
ColoursOrange and blue
Sejm
0 / 460
Senate
0 / 100
European Parliament
0 / 52
Website
twojruch.eu

Your Movement (Polish: Twój Ruch, which can also be translated as Your Move,[1] TR) is a social-liberal and anti-clerical political party in Poland.[2] The party was founded by Janusz Palikot, a former Civic Platform MP, in October 2010[3] as Palikot's Movement (Polish: Ruch Palikota, RP). The party adopted its current name and programme on 6 October 2013.[1][4]

History[edit]

In July 2010, Palikot—then still a member of Civic Platform (PO)—suggested that the late President Lech Kaczyński was himself to blame for the Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash in Smolensk, Russia. In the aftermath of the resulting controversy, Palikot announced plans to create his own social movement.[5] On 2 October he organized the "Modern Poland" congress in Warsaw, attended by several thousand. At the congress, Palikot announced his 15-point program.[6] On 6 October, Palikot resigned from PO,[7] along with Kazimierz Kutz.

On 9 January 2011, Palikot gave his MP ID card to the Great Orchestra of Christmas Charity to be auctioned off.[8]

On 1 June 2011, Palikot formally registered his movement as a political party called Palikot Movement (RP).

In the October 2011 parliamentary election, the party received 10 percent of the vote and won 40 seats in the Sejm,[9] making it the third party in the chamber behind Civic Platform and Law and Justice (PiS), one of the best debut performances for a party since the end of communism.[10] After the election, one of the MPs of Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), Sławomir Kopyciński, decided to leave his party and join Palikot Movement.[11]

Anna Grodzka, the first ever transsexual MP in European history, was elected from the party lists in 2011.[12] Also, Robert Biedroń became the first openly gay MP in Polish political history. One parliamentarian, Roman Kotliński, is a former priest of the Catholic Church.

On 8 March 2012, Łukasz Gibała, head of the Cracow structures of the governing PO, joined Palikot Movement, becoming the 43rd MP of the party. His transfer was somewhat significant in that he is the nephew of the Minister of Justice Jarosław Gowin.

On 3 February 2013, Palikot Movement and Racja PL started collaboration with Social Democracy of Poland, Labour United and Union of the Left to form an electoral alliance named Europa Plus to contest the upcoming European Parliament elections.[13][14] The project was led by Marek Siwiec, Aleksander Kwasniewski and Janusz Palikot.

On 6 May 2013, Palikot Movement registered its first local party committee abroad, which had been formed by Poles residing in Brussels, Belgium.[15]

On 25 May 2014, in the 2014 European election, Europa Plus received 3.6% of the vote, below the 5% electoral threshold, thus failed to elect any MEPs.[4][16] On 29 May 2014, Europa Plus was disbanded.[17]

On 6 October 2013, the party was renamed and refounded as Your Movement (TR).[1]

In July 2015 TR and the SLD, Labour United (UP) and The Greens (PZ) formed the United Left (ZL) electoral alliance to contest the upcoming parliamentary election.[18][19]

In the 2015 parliamentary election 25 October 2015, the United Left list was led by Your Movement's Barbara Nowacka and received only 7.6% of the vote, below the 8% threshold, leaving TR without parliamentary representation.

In the 2019 Polish parliamentary election the party stood under the banner of The Left.

Ideology[edit]

Sources described Palikot Movement as liberal,[20][21] anti-clerical,[20][21][22] and pro-European.[23] Media variously described Palikot Movement as libertarian,[24][25] liberal,[26][27][28] anti-clerical,[29] populist[30][31] and left-wing.[32][33] The British Financial Times newspaper described the economic views of the Palikot Movement membership as heterogenous, ranging from libertarianism to social democracy.[34]

Palikot Movement wanted to end religious education in state schools, end state subsidies of churches, legalize abortion on demand, lower the voting age to 16,[35] give out free condoms,[36] allow same-sex marriages,[3] switch to the mixed-member proportional representation system,[citation needed] reform the Social Security Agency, abolish the Senate,[37] legalize cannabis[38] and implement flat taxes.[39]

Your Movement has been described as social-liberal,[40] anti-clerical[41] and pro-European.[41] The party places an emphasis upon supporting LGBT rights.[42]

Election Results[edit]

Sejm[edit]

Election Leader(s) Votes % Seats Change Government
2011 Janusz Palikot 1,439,490 10.0
40 / 460
n/a PO-PSL
2015 Janusz Palikot
Barbara Nowacka
1,147,102 7.6
0 / 460
Decrease 40 PiS
As part of the United Left, which did not win any seats
2019 Marzenna Karkoszka
Kamil Żebrowski
2,319,946 12.6
0 / 460
Steady PiS
As part of The Left, which won 49 seats in total.

European Parliament[edit]

Election Leader Votes % Seats Change
2014 Janusz Palikot 252,699 3.6
0 / 51
n/a
As part of the Europa Plus-Your Movement, which did not win any seats.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Gowin, Palikot form new political groups". wbj.pl. Warsaw Business Journal. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Poland". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b "10 percent support for rebel MP's party?". TheNews.pl. Polskie Radio. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  4. ^ a b Tom Lansford (2015). Political Handbook of the World 2015. SAGE Publications. pp. 4973–4974. ISBN 978-1-4833-7155-9.
  5. ^ Wybranowski, Wojciech. "Wirtualny Ruch Poparcia Janusza Palikota". rp.pl.
  6. ^ Gądek, Jacek (2 October 2010). "Kabaret eksperymentalny Janusza P. z biskupami pasibrzuchami w tle". onet.pl.
  7. ^ Palikot, Janusz. "I Resign (Janusz Palikot's blog)".
  8. ^ "Palikot przed kamerami oddaje legitymację poselską na aukcję WOŚP". gazeta.pl. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  9. ^ Elena Semenova; Michael Edinger; Heinrich Best (13 December 2013). Parliamentary Elites in Central and Eastern Europe: Recruitment and Representation. Routledge. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-317-93533-9.
  10. ^ "Elections 2011 - Election results". National Electoral Commission. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Poseł Kopyciński z SLD przeszedł do Ruchu Palikota" (in Polish). .dziennik.pl. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Transgender woman poised for seat in Poland's new parliament". The Daily Telegraph. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2012.
  13. ^ "The Warsaw Voice".
  14. ^ "Palikot: RP i SDPL razem do europarlamentu".
  15. ^ "Tak sie zmienia swiat". blog pl. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  16. ^ "Pkw | Pkw". Pe2014.pkw.gov.pl. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  17. ^ Veröffentlicht von Lars Leschewitz (29 May 2014). "Bündnis Europa Plus am Ende". Polen-heute.de. Retrieved 16 July 2014.
  18. ^ "Polish left to unite for general election".
  19. ^ "United Left to unveil programme in mid-August".
  20. ^ a b Corrine Deloy (2012). "A Summary of Political and Legal Europe". In Thierry Chopin; Foundation Schuman; Michel Foucher (eds.). Schuman Report on Europe: State of the Union 2012. Springer. p. 119. ISBN 978-2-8178-0318-0. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  21. ^ a b Roger Schoenman (2014). Networks and Institutions in Europe's Emerging Markets. Cambridge University Press. p. 190. ISBN 978-1-107-03134-0.
  22. ^ Wayne C. Thompson (2012). Nordic, Central and Southeastern Europe 2012. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 340. ISBN 978-1-61048-891-4. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
  23. ^ Wayne C. Thompson (2013). Nordic, Central, and Southeastern Europe 2013. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 328. ISBN 978-1-4758-0489-8.
  24. ^ "From goggle box to ballot box". The Economist. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  25. ^ "Palikot's surprise". Warsaw Business Journal. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  26. ^ Borowski, Chris (10 October 2011). "Liberal maverick to push for secular Poland after win". Reuters. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  27. ^ "Palikot moves into third in race for parliament".
  28. ^ http://www.wbj.pl/article-61566-palikot-founds-europa-plus-movement.html
  29. ^ "Anti-Clerical protest in Gdansk". .demotix.com. 4 November 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  30. ^ Kulish, Nicholas (10 October 2011), "Provocateur's Strong Showing Is a Sign of a Changing Poland", New York Times, retrieved 13 October 2011
  31. ^ A glance at main parties in Poland's elections, Associated Press (AP), 9 October 2011, retrieved 13 October 2011
  32. ^ AP: Polish PM Begins Building New Government After Win
  33. ^ Gera, Vanessa (7 October 2011). "AP Interview: New Polish party on the rise". The Associated Press. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  34. ^ http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/681003bc-355a-11e1-84b9-00144feabdc0.html
  35. ^ https://ruchpalikota.org.pl/popieram-poselskie-projekty-ustaw-ruchu-palikota
  36. ^ Strybel, Rob (3 October 2010). "Polish maverick MP launches anti-clerical party". Reuters. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
  37. ^ "Modern Poland's postulates on their website" (PDF) (in Polish). 15 January 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
  38. ^ http://wolnekonopie.pl/idealistka/relacje-z-akcji/771.html
  39. ^ "What does Palikot's big win mean for Poland?". Warsaw Business Journal. 10 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  40. ^ Pytlas, Bartek; Kossack, Oliver (2015). "Lighting the fuse: The impact of radical right parties on party competition in Central and Eastern Europe". In Minkenberg, Michael (ed.). Transforming the Transformation? The East European Radical Right in the Political Process. Routledge. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-317-54939-0. …[T]he left-liberal end of the political spectrum…has been occupied by the Palikot Movement (recently renamed Your Movement, Twój Ruch)…
  41. ^ a b Adam Jarosz (2015). "Regionale politische Kulture in Polen". In Nikolaus Werz; Martin Koschkar (eds.). Regionale politische Kultur in Deutschland: Fallbeispiele und vergleichende Aspekte. Springer-Verlag. p. 284. ISBN 978-3-658-10468-9.
  42. ^ Phillip Ayoub (2016). When States Come Out. Cambridge University Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-107-11559-0.

External links[edit]