Panyassis

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Panyassis
Bust of Panyassis.
Bust of Panyassis.
Native name Πανυάσις
Born 5th-century BC
Halicarnassus
Died 454 BC
Halicarnassus
Cause of death Executed
Ethnicity Greek
Occupation Poet
Notable work
  • Heracleia
  • Ionica
Relatives Herodotus (nephew or cousin)

Panyassis of Halicarnassus, sometimes known as Panyasis (Ancient Greek: Πανύασις), was a 5th-century BC Greek epic poet from Halicarnassus in Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey).

Life[edit]

Panyassis wrote in the Ancient Greek language, but is thought to have been of mixed Greek and Carian heritage because his name is linguistically Carian.[citation needed] In any case, his family was an educated and notable one - the pioneering historian Herodotus was either his nephew or his cousin. In 454 BC, Panyassis was executed for political activities by the tyrant of Halicarnassus and grandson of Artemisia, Lygdamis ΙΙ (Λύγδαμις), after an unsuccessful uprising against him.[1]

Works[edit]

Panyassis enjoyed relatively little critical appreciation during his lifetime, but was posthumously recognised as one of the greatest poets of archaic Greece. His most famous works are: the Heracleia about the hero Herakles, written in epic hexameter, and the Ionica about the histories of the Ionian cities of Asia Minor, reportedly written in pentameter. These works are preserved today only in fragments. It is believed that he also wrote other works which have since been lost.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica 1911 - Panyasis
  2. ^ Matthews, V. J. (1974). Panyassis of Halikarnassos: text and commentary. Leiden: Brill.