List of ancient Macedonians

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This is a list of the ancient Macedonians.

Mythology[edit]

Kings[edit]

Argead dynasty[edit]

|Antipater|| 334–323 BC || Regent of Macedonia during the reign of Alexander III.
Argead Rulers
King Reign (BC) Comments
Caranus 808–778 BC Founder of the Argead dynasty and the first king of Macedon.
Koinos 778–750 BC
Tyrimmas 750–700 BC
Perdiccas I 700–678 BC
Argaeus I 678–640 BC
Philip I 640–602 BC
Aeropus I 602–576 BC
Alcetas I 576–547 BC
Amyntas I 547–498 BC
Alexander I 498–454 BC
Alcetas II 454–448 BC
Perdiccas II 448–413 BC
Archelaus 413–399 BC
Orestes and Aeropus II 399–396 BC
Archelaus II 396–393 BC
Amyntas II 393 BC
Pausanias 393 BC
Amyntas III 393 BC
Argaeus II 393–392 BC
Amyntas III 392–370 BC Restored to the throne after one year.
Alexander II 370–368 BC
Ptolemy I 368–365 BC
Perdiccas III 365–359 BC
Amyntas IV 359 BC
Philip II 359–336 BC Expanded Macedonian territory and influence to achieve a dominant position in the Balkans, unified most of the Greek city-states in the League of Corinth under his hegemony.
Alexander III 336–323 BC Alexander the Great, the most notable Macedonian king and one of the most celebrated strategists and rulers of all time. Alexander at the top of his reign was simultaneously King of Macedonia, Pharaoh of Egypt, King of Persia and King of Asia.
Philip III Arrhidaeus 323–317 BC Only titular king after the death of Alexander III.
Alexander IV 323–310 BC Son of Alexander the Great and Roxana. Served only as a titular king and was murdered at a young age before having the chance to rise to the throne of Macedon.

Antipatrid Dynasty[edit]

Antigonid Dynasty[edit]

Non-Dynastic Kings[edit]

Antipatrid Dynasty[edit]

Antigonid Dynasty[edit]

Aeacid Dynasty[edit]

Antigonid Dynasty[edit]

Antigonid Rulers
King Reign (BC) Consort(s) Comments
Demetrius I Poliorcetes (Macedon) 294-288 BC Deidamia I of Epirus, Phila, Eurydice of Athens, Lanassa, Ptolemais Son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus
Lysimachus (Thrace) (Asia Minor) (Macedon) 306-281 (Thracian reign), 301-281 (Asian reign), 288-281 (Macedonian reign) BC Nicaea, Amastris, Arsinoe Lysimachus was one of Alexander's generals who fought in the Diadochi.
Ptolemy II Ceraunus (Macedon) (Thrace) 281-279 BC Unknown woman (possibly daughter of Lysimachus), Arsinoe II of Egypt Ptolemy II, the son of Ptolemy I Soter, he was the murderer of Seleucus I Nicator, and then was invited to the throne of the dead Lysimachus's kingdom of Macedonia and Thrace. Ptolemy II finally died fighting the Celtic Gauls (Galatians) led by Bolgius.
Meleager (Macedon) 279 BC Unknown woman Meleager, who lost Thrace by the Galatians, was forced to resign his throne to the Antipatrids.
Antigonus II Gonatas (Macedon) 276–239 BC Phila Son of Demetrius Poliorcetes and Phila, grandson of Antigonus I Monophthalmus. His wife, Phila, was the daughter of his sister, Stratonice. Only one known legitimate child, Demetrius II Aetolicus. He defeated Ptolemy II's rivals, the Gauls, at the Battle of Lysimachia, leading him to the kingship of Macedonia.
Demetrius II Aetolicus (Macedon) 239–229 BC Stratonice of Macedon
Phthia of Epirus
Nicaea of Corinth
Chryseis
Son of Antigonus II and Phila. Stratonice of Macedon was a daughter of Antiochus I Soter and Stratonice. Phthia of Epirus was a daughter of Alexander II of Epirus and Olympias II of Epirus. Nicaea of Corinth was the widow of Demetrius' cousin, Alexander of Corinth. Chryseis was a former captive of Demetrius.[3] Only known son, Philip by Chryseis, also had a daughter by Stratonice of Macedon, Apama III.
Antigonus III Doson (Macedon) 229–221 BC Chryseis Son of Demetrius the Fair and Olympias of Larissa. Children unknown.
Philip V of Macedon BM.jpg
Philip V (Macedon)
221–179 BC Polycratia of Argos Son of Demetrius II and Chryseis.[3] At least four children: Perseus of Macedon, Apame, Demetrius and Philippus.
Perseus of Macedon BM.jpg
Perseus (Macedon)
179–168 BC
(died 166 BC)
Laodice V The last king of Macedon. Laodice V was a daughter of the Seleucid king, Seleucus IV Philopator. At least two sons, Philip and Alexander.

Non-Dynastic Kings[edit]

Coin of Andriscus. Greek inscription reads ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (King Philip).

The Macedonian rebel against Rome and last King of Macedonia, Andriscus,(or Pseudo-Philip VI) Ἀνδρίσκος 150–148 BC, claimed to be the son of Perseus.

  • Pseudo-Alexander, 148 BC
  • Pseudo-Philip VII or Pseudo-Perseus, 143/142 BC

Military personnel[edit]

High generals[edit]

Somatophylakes[edit]

Cavalry[edit]

Hipparchoi[edit]

Infantry[edit]

Taxiarchs of Pezhetairoi[edit]

Navy[edit]

Navarchoi[edit]

Trierarchs of Nearchus[edit]

Various[edit]

Civilization[edit]

Athletes[edit]

Horse race Olympic Victors as recorded in recent discovered epigrams of Posidippus of Pella (c. 3rd century BC)[13]

Writers[edit]

Scientists[edit]

Artists[edit]

Priests[edit]

Theorodokoi[edit]

Naopoioi[edit]

Naopoios (Temple-builder), an elected Archon by Hieromnemones, responsible for restoring the temple of Apollo in Delphi

  • Philippus Φίλιππος Μακεδών
  • Timanoridas (son of Cordypion) Τιμανορίδας Κορδυπίωνος Μακεδών c. 361–343 BC[22]
  • Leon (son of Hegesander) Λέων Ἡγησάνδρου Μακεδών 331 BC[23]

Women[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demetrius was proclaimed King in 306 BC with his father, but his reign in Macedonia only became effective after he ousted the Antipatrids in 294, and his power there ended after he was in turn expelled by Pyrrhus and Lysimachus in 286. His death in 283 is often given as marking the end of his reign.
  2. ^ Antigonus claimed the kingship upon his father's death in 283, but it was only effective after 276.
  3. ^ a b Eusebius, Chronicle 1.237-8; Syncellus Chronicle 535.19
  4. ^ Elizabeth Donnelly Carney (7 May 2019). Eurydice and the Birth of Macedonian Power. Oxford University Press. pp. 125–. ISBN 978-0-19-028054-3.
  5. ^ A History of Macedonia. Volume 2 Review: John Cole
  6. ^ Justin7.2.14. (He contended for the prize in various species of exercises at the Olympics)
  7. ^ Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry [1] by Simon Hornblower – SEG 30:648
  8. ^ Aspects of Ancient Macedonian Costume [2]-Μακεδόνες και Παναθήναια [3][permanent dead link], [4] -Epigraphical Database SEG 49:842, SEG 45:801
  9. ^ BoeotiaAmphiareion- Epigr. tou Oropou 520.10
  10. ^ a b c d Chronicon (Eusebius)
  11. ^ ArkadiaLykaionIG V,2 550.17
  12. ^ Pausanias a Guide to Greece [5]
  13. ^ Posidippus, Epigrams www.chs.harvard.edu
  14. ^ Phokis — Delphi Syll.³ 424.42
  15. ^ Boiotia — Oropos: Amphiareion — c. 80–50 BC Epigr. tou Oropou 528.12
  16. ^ Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 Bc-Ad 363 By Duncan B. Campbell
  17. ^ Phokis — Delphi FD III 1:477.13
  18. ^ Phokis — Delphi BCH 1928:259.26
  19. ^ Epidauros — c. 365–311 BC IG IV²,1 94 frg b.col I.1 -9
  20. ^ Martial, Buch VI: Ein Kommentar by Farouk Grewing
  21. ^ Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings Page 211 By Miltiadēs V. Chatzopoulos ISBN 960-7094-89-1
  22. ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedonFD III 5:19.74
  23. ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedonFD III 5:58.29-30