Parag Agrawal

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Parag Agrawal
Agrawal in 2005
Born (1984-05-21) May 21, 1984 (age 39)
EducationIndian Institute of Technology, Bombay (BTech)
Stanford University (MS, PhD)
Known forFormer CEO, Twitter, Inc.
PredecessorJack Dorsey
SuccessorElon Musk[1]
SpouseVineeta Agarwala
Scientific career
ThesisIncorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration (2012)
Doctoral advisorJennifer Widom

Parag Agrawal (Hindi pronunciation: [pəˈɾaːɡ əɡɾəˈʋaːl]; born May 21, 1984)[2] is an Indian-American software engineer and businessman who was the CEO of Twitter, Inc. from November 2021 to October 2022.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Agrawal was born in Ajmer, Rajasthan.[4][5] His father was a senior official in the Indian Department of Atomic Energy and his mother is a retired Economics professor from Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute in Mumbai.[6]

In 2001, he completed his final year of higher secondary education at Atomic Energy Junior College, Mumbai.[7] In the same year, he secured a gold medal in the International Physics Olympiad held in Antalya, Turkey.[8][9]

In 2005, Agrawal obtained his Bachelor of Technology degree in computer science and engineering from IIT Bombay.[10] That year, he moved to the United States to pursue a PhD in computer science at Stanford University under the guidance of Jennifer Widom.[11][12][13] His Stanford doctoral thesis, published in 2012, is titled "Incorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration".[14][15]


Agrawal held research internships at Microsoft Research and Yahoo! Research before joining Twitter as a software engineer in 2011.[16] In October 2017, Twitter announced the appointment of Agrawal as chief technology officer following the departure of Adam Messinger.[17] In December 2019, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that Agrawal would be in charge of Project Bluesky, an initiative to develop a decentralized social network protocol.[18]

In an interview discussing the rise of misinformation on Twitter with MIT Technology Review in November 2020, while still Twitter CTO, when asked about freedom of speech regarding Twitter, Agrawal said: "Our role is not to be bound by the First Amendment, but our role is to serve a healthy public conversation ... [and to] focus less on thinking about free speech, but thinking about how the times have changed."[19]

On November 29, 2021, Dorsey announced that he was resigning as CEO of Twitter and that Agrawal was replacing him immediately.[20][21][22] As CEO, Agrawal was awarded annual compensation of $1 million as well as stock compensation worth $12.5 million.[11] Agrawal was fired as CEO once Elon Musk completed his acquisition of the company on October 27, 2022.[23][24]

Personal life[edit]

Agrawal is married to Vineeta Agarwala,[11][25] general partner at the venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz.[26] They have two children, born in 2018 and 2022.


  1. ^ "Elon Musk officially becomes Twitter CEO and dissolves board of directors". Euronews. November 1, 2022.
  2. ^ "Parag Agrawal: Ajmer Celebrates a Son 'More Powerful than PMs, Presidents'". The Times of India. November 30, 2021.
  3. ^ Conger, Kate; Hirsch, Lauren (October 27, 2022). "Elon Musk Completes $44 Billion Deal to Own Twitter". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2022.
  4. ^ "अजमेर के रहने वाले हैं ट्विटर के नए CEO:किराए पर रहता था परिवार, 4 दिसंबर को घर आएंगे पराग के मम्मी-पापा" [The new CEO of Twitter is from Ajmer:The family used to live on rent, Parag's parents will come home on 4 December]. Dainik Bhaskar (in Hindi). November 30, 2021.
  5. ^ Isaac, Mike; Conger, Kate; Met, Cade (November 29, 2021). "Who Is Parag Agrawal, Twitter's New C.E.O.?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.
  6. ^ "THIS is why Twitter's new CEO Parag Agrawal kept his son's name Ansh". MSN. February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ "Twitter CEO Parag Agrawal's teachers call him 'typical topper' with special calibre". The Indian Express. December 2, 2021. Retrieved April 20, 2022.
  8. ^ Damle, Manjiri (August 13, 2001). "Indians bag 5 medals at physics Olympiad". The Times of India. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  9. ^ "IPhO: India - Individual Results". Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  10. ^ "Bright Student, Well Organized: How Teachers Remember IIT Bombay Alumnus, Twitter CEO Parag Agarwal". News18. November 30, 2021.
  11. ^ a b c "Parag Agrawal becomes Twitter CEO: Who is Parag Agrawal? Here is a brief profile of this IITian in 5 points". India Today. November 29, 2021.
  12. ^ Rajghatta, Chidanand (November 30, 2021). "IIT-Bombay alumnus Parag Agrawal is Twitter CEO after Dorsey exit". The Times of India.
  13. ^ Chhapia, Hemali; Doval, Pankaj (November 30, 2021). "When Parag Agrawal regretted wasting time tying IIT-JEE supplements". The Times of India.
  14. ^ Agrawal, Parag (2012). "Incorporating Uncertainty in Data Management and Integration". Stanford University.
  15. ^ Spangler, Todd (November 29, 2021). "Who Is Parag Agrawal? A Look at Twitter's New CEO". Variety.
  16. ^ Novet, Jordan (March 9, 2018). "Twitter taps distinguished engineer Parag Agrawal as new CTO". CNBC.
  17. ^ "Things To Know About New Twitter CEO, Parag Agrawal, From IIT Bombay". News18. November 30, 2021.
  18. ^ Mathews, Eva (November 30, 2021). "Who is Parag Agrawal, Twitter's new CEO?". The Times of India. Reuters.
  19. ^ "EmTech Stage: Twitter's CTO on misinformation". MIT Technology Review. November 18, 2020.
  20. ^ Huddleston Jr., Tom (November 30, 2021). "Twitter's new 37-year-old CEO went from Twitter engineer to CEO in just 10 years". CNBC. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  21. ^ Molina, Brett (November 29, 2021). "Jack Dorsey steps down as Twitter CEO, Parag Agrawal named as successor, sends stock surging". USA Today.
  22. ^ Feiner, Lauren; Bursztynsky, Jessica (November 29, 2021). "Twitter CTO Parag Agrawal will replace Jack Dorsey as CEO". CNBC.
  23. ^ Dang, Sheila; Roumeliotis, Greg (October 27, 2022). "Musk starts his Twitter ownership with firings, declares the 'bird is freed'". Reuters. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  24. ^ Vanian, Jonathan. "Elon Musk now in charge of Twitter, CEO and CFO have left, sources say". CNBC. Retrieved October 28, 2022.
  25. ^ "Vineeta Agarwala (@vintweeta) / Twitter".
  26. ^ Akhtar, Allana (November 29, 2021). "Meet Twitter's new CEO: a 37-year-old machine learning and AI expert". Business Insider.

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