Jack Dorsey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Jack Dorsey
Jack Dorsey 2014 (cropped).jpg
Dorsey in 2014
Born
Jack Patrick Dorsey

(1976-11-19) November 19, 1976 (age 43)
Alma materUniversity of Missouri–Rolla (transferred)
New York University (dropped out)
Occupation
  • Programmer
  • internet entrepreneur
Known forCo-founding Twitter & Square, Inc.
Net worthIncrease US$10 billion (Sep 2020)[1]
TitleCEO of Twitter and Square, Inc.
Board member of

Jack Patrick Dorsey (born November 19, 1976)[5] is an American technology entrepreneur and philanthropist who is the co-founder and CEO of Twitter, and the founder and CEO of Square, a financial payments company.[6][7]

Early life[edit]

Dorsey was born and raised in St. Louis, Missouri,[8][9] the son of Tim and Marcia (née Smith) Dorsey.[10][11][12] He is of English, Irish, and Italian descent.[13] His father worked for a company that developed mass spectrometers and his mother was a homemaker.[14] He was raised Catholic, and his uncle is a Catholic priest in Cincinnati.[15] He attended the Catholic Bishop DuBourg High School. In his younger days, Dorsey worked occasionally as a fashion model.[16][17][18][19][20] By age fourteen, Dorsey had become interested in dispatch routing. Some of the open-source software he created in the area of dispatch logistics is still used by taxicab companies.[10] Dorsey attended the University of Missouri–Rolla for two-plus years (1995–97)[15] before transferring to New York University, but he dropped out in 1999,[21] one semester short of graduating.[15] He came up with the idea that he developed as Twitter while studying at NYU.[15][22]

While working on dispatching as a programmer, Dorsey moved to California.[23][24] In 2000, Dorsey started his company in Oakland to dispatch couriers, taxis, and emergency services from the Web.[25] His other projects and ideas at this time included networks of medical devices and a "frictionless service market".[25] In July 2000, building on dispatching[10] and inspired in part by LiveJournal and by AOL Instant Messenger, he had the idea for a Web-based realtime status/short message communication service.[25]

When he first saw implementations of instant messaging, Dorsey wondered whether the software's user status output could be shared easily among friends.[10] He approached Odeo, which at the time happened to be interested in text messaging.[10] Dorsey and Biz Stone decided that SMS text suited the status-message idea, and built a prototype of Twitter in about two weeks.[10] The idea attracted many users at Odeo and investment from Evan Williams,[10] a co-founder of that firm in 2005 who had left Google after selling Pyra Labs and Blogger.

Career[edit]

Twitter[edit]

Dorsey in 2008

Williams, Stone and Noah Glass co-founded Obvious Corporation, which then spun off Twitter, Inc., with Dorsey as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO).[10][26] As CEO, Dorsey saw the startup through two rounds of funding by venture capitalists.[27] He reportedly lost his position for leaving work early to enjoy other pursuits, such as yoga and fashion design.[28]

As the service began to grow in popularity, Dorsey chose the improvement of uptime as top priority,[29] even over creating revenue—which, as of 2008, Twitter was not designed to earn.[30] Dorsey described the commercial use of Twitter and its API as two things that could lead to paid features.[30] He says his three guiding principles, which he says the company shares, are simplicity, constraint and craftsmanship.[30]

On October 16, 2008,[31] Williams took over as CEO, while Dorsey became chairman of the board.[32][33] During his time as chairman, Dorsey joined several State Department delegations, including a trip to Iraq in April 2009, led by Jared Cohen.[34][35][36] In November, when Iranians took to the streets in the Green Revolution, Twitter was scheduled to conduct maintenance of its site, which would entail temporarily shutting down Twitter's servers. Dorsey responded to a request from Cohen to delay the maintenance so that it would not affect the revolution in Iran, because Iranians were using Twitter to communicate and coordinate.[37] Since President Obama had announced that there would be no meddling in Iran, the move sparked controversy.[38][39][40] In February 2010, Dorsey was part of another State Department delegation, this time to Russia.[41][42] On March 28, 2011, he returned to Twitter as executive chairman after Dick Costolo replaced Williams as CEO.[43] On June 10, 2015, Costolo announced his resignation as CEO, effective July 1, 2015. Dorsey assumed the post of interim CEO upon Costolo's departure.[44] He was named permanent CEO on October 5, 2015.[45] On the day after the controversy about Twitter's new algorithms for tweets, Dorsey said it was a hoax.[46]

Dorsey and President Barack Obama at Twitter Town Hall in July 2011

In May 2016, Dorsey announced that Twitter would not count photos and links in the 140-character limit to free up more space for text. This was an attempt to entice new users, since the number of tweets per day had dropped to about 300 million in January 2016 from about 500 million in September 2013 and its peak of 661 million in August 2014.[47]

On November 22, 2016, Dorsey was briefly suspended from his own Twitter account with 3.9 million followers. After restoring the account, Dorsey tweeted that the suspension was due to an "internal mistake".[48]

In February 2017, Dorsey and Executive Chairman Omid Kordestani matched a $530,000 donation to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) raised by Twitter staffers. Their match brought the total donation to $1.59 million.[49]

In March 2018, Dorsey announced that an improved version of the verification system would be coming to Twitter. The purpose of redesigning verification was to let people verify more facts about themselves, emphasizing proof of identity.[50] The overhaul was not in place before the U.S midterm election of 2018 to help in verifying the identities of the candidates.[51]

In September 2018, Dorsey testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee alongside Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg about meddling in the 2016 presidential election. Following this testimony, Twitter shares fell 6 percent.[52]

President Donald Trump with Dorsey in the Oval Office of the White House on April 23, 2019

Dorsey met privately with U.S. President Donald Trump at the White House and discussed Trump's concerns that Twitter had limited or removed some of his Twitter followers, and those of conservatives. After the meeting, Dorsey tweeted that their discussion included making Twitter "healthier and more civil".[53] A week earlier, Dorsey took part in a TED talk about the social media platform's spread of abuse and misinformation, which has brought him criticism.[54]

On August 30, 2019, Dorsey's personal Twitter account was allegedly breached for nearly an hour by a group calling itself the Chuckling Squad, posting and retweeting numerous racist tweets.[55][56]

On October 23, 2019, Twitter's stock price fell by nearly 24 percent, from $38.83 to $30.75. The reason was an earnings miss off a third-quarter report, which Twitter blamed on ad targeting problems. Dorsey had been making a concerted effort to dampen the effect that Twitter had on political elections, which entailed banning all political ads. This was also seen as a large contributor to the drop. Dorsey announced that, as of November 22, 2019, Twitter would ban all political advertising. The policy applies globally to all marketing campaigns about political issues.[57]

On February 29, 2020, it was announced[58] that activist hedge fund Elliott Management led by billionaire Paul Singer was looking to oust Dorsey and nominate four directors to Twitter's board, including Elliott's senior portfolio manager Jesse Cohn.[59] Dorsey received support from entrepreneurs Elon Musk and Ethereum co-founder Vitalik Buterin, among others.[60] The two parties reached an agreement days later, with Dorsey remaining CEO.[61][62]

In October 2020, Dorsey was one of several tech firm CEOs subpoenaed by the US Senate Commerce Committee. Republican Roger Wicker, who chairs the committee, led the charge to force the CEOs of Twitter, Facebook and Google to testify about the legal immunity the tech platforms receive under Section 230 of the Communications Act of 1934.[63]

Square, Inc.[edit]

Dorsey in 2018

Dorsey, along with co-founder Jim McKelvey, developed a small business platform to accept debit and credit card payments on a mobile device called Square, released in May 2010. The small, square-shaped device attaches to iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, or Android devices via the headphone jack, and as a mini card reader, allows a person to swipe their card, choose an amount to transfer to the recipient and then sign their name for confirmation. Square is also a system for sending paperless receipts via text message or email, and is available as a free app for iOS and Android OS.[64][65] The company grew from 10 employees in December 2009[66] to over 100 by June 2011. Square's office is on Market Street in San Francisco.[67] In September 2012, Business Insider magazine valued Square Inc. at US$3.2 billion.[68] Dorsey is CEO of Square, Inc.[69] On October 14, 2015, Square filed for an IPO to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[70] As of that date, Dorsey owned 24.4 percent of the company.[71] In March 2020 the FDIC permitted Square to open a bank. It announced plans to launch Square Financial Services in 2021.[72]

In May 2020, Dorsey extended to Square employees the same offer he made to those at Twitter, the option to work from home permanently.[73]

In 2020, Square began withholding for months up to 30 percent of the funds that merchants collected from customers using its Cash App.[74]

Other projects[edit]

In 2013, talking to CNN, Dorsey expressed admiration for Michael Bloomberg and his reinvention through design and simple interfaces of what it means to be mayor.[75] Dorsey thinks becoming mayor of New York City is an aspiration that would raise the bar for him.[75] He served as a judge for New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg's NYC BigApps competition in 2011.[76] Dorsey is an on-record donor to Democratic Party candidates.[77]

Dorsey was announced as a new member of the board of directors of The Walt Disney Company on December 24, 2013.[78] In January 2018, it was reported that Dorsey would not seek reelection at Disney's March annual meeting, due to increased difficulty with conflicts of interest.[79]

Dorsey is a board member of the Berggruen Institute's Governance Center.[80]

Personal life[edit]

In 2012, Dorsey moved to the Sea Cliff neighborhood of San Francisco.[81] He walks five miles to work each morning and calls it a "very clearing time".[82] He is a fan of Kendrick Lamar's music[83] and of French radio station FIP.[84] In late 2017, Dorsey completed ten days of meditation known as Vipassanā taught by followers of S. N. Goenka.[85][86] Dorsey said he was "aware of the human rights atrocities" in Myanmar.[87] Dorsey has contributed financially to the campaigns of Democratic presidential candidates Tulsi Gabbard and Andrew Yang.[88]

Philanthropy[edit]

In March 2016, Dorsey fully funded about 600 Missouri public school projects registered at DonorsChoose.[89]

In October 2019, Dorsey donated $350,000 to #TeamTrees, a nonprofit started by YouTuber MrBeast that pledged to plant 20 million trees by the end of 2019.[90][91]

On April 7, 2020, Dorsey announced that he will move about $1 billion of his equity in Square, Inc., just under a third of his total wealth, to Start Small, LLC, and to relief programs related to the coronavirus.[92][93] He committed to funding COVID-19 relief, girls' education and health, and universal basic income.[94] Dorsey has donated $24 million to over 40 different grantees for relief efforts.[95]

In August 2020, Dorsey donated $10 million to Boston University's Center of Antiracist Research, founded by Ibram X. Kendi.[96]

Awards and recognition[edit]

long view of stage with Stone and Dorsey speaking in front of a slide presentation
Biz Stone and Dorsey accepting a Crunchie award for best mobile startup
  • In 2008, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR35 as one of the top 35 innovators in the world under the age of 35.[97]
  • In 2012, The Wall Street Journal gave him the "Innovator of the Year Award" for technology.[98][99]
  • At the 5th Annual Crunchies Awards in 2012, hosted by TechCrunch, Dorsey was named Founder of the Year.[100]
  • In 2013, he was considered by Forbes the world's most eligible bachelor.[101]
  • Dorsey was ranked by Fox Business as the #4 Worst CEO of 2016, citing stagnant growth, falling stock prices, and his part-time commitment to Twitter.[102]
  • In 2017, 24/7 Wall Street listed Dorsey among the 2017 Worst CEOs in America.[103][104]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jack Dorsey Profile". Forbes. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Board of directors – About". Twitter. Archived from the original on October 14, 2016. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  3. ^ "About Square". Square. Retrieved January 31, 2017.
  4. ^ Ward, Vicky (May 11, 2016). "Why Nicolas Berggruen is Creating an Institute for Geniuses". Town & Country. Retrieved April 17, 2017. Another wing of the Berggruen Institute has technologists like Elon Musk and Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey, as well as former treasury secretary Larry Summers
  5. ^ Dorsey, Marcia [@marciadorsey] (November 19, 2013). "This date/day is one of the BEST days of my LIFE! I am SO BLESSED...🎈Happy Birthday Jack Patrick Dorsey, (aka) @jack!" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  6. ^ Strange, Adario (April 20, 2007). "Flickr Document Reveals Origin Of Twitter". Wired News. CondéNet. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  7. ^ "Twitter names Jack Dorsey as CEO". CNN Money. October 5, 2015. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  8. ^ Profile Twitter founders: Jack Dorsey, Biz Stone and Evan Williams. Telegraph. Retrieved on January 14, 2014.
  9. ^ Taste of St. Louis first major event to use Square : Business. Stltoday.com (September 29, 2010). Retrieved on January 14, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Glaser, Mark (May 17, 2007). "Twitter Founders Thrive on Micro-Blogging Constraints". MediaShift. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  11. ^ Jack Dorsey, creador de twitter: 'En 140 caracteres la gente se siente más libre al escribir' | CIENCIA&TECNOLOGÍA. latercera.com. Retrieved on January 14, 2014.
  12. ^ The Virginian-Pilot Archives. Nl.newsbank.com (November 26, 2009). Retrieved on January 14, 2014.
  13. ^ Jack Dorsey Believes That Eating Purple Food Makes You Healthier. Vanity Fair (March 21, 2012). Retrieved on January 14, 2014.
  14. ^ Robehmed, Natalie (September 30, 2014). "The youngest billionaires on the Forbes 400: 11 under 40". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d Barker, Tim (November 15, 2009). "Native son sets St. Louis atwitter". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  16. ^ Dorsey, Jack [@jack] (September 3, 2013). "Me in my (very) short-lived days as a vintage clothing model: flic.kr/p/hG5x5" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  17. ^ Dorsey, Jack [@jack] (May 15, 2015). "@ScottLucas86 @LizFiandaca @jeremys did it include my modeling days? m.flickr.com/#/photos/jackd…" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  18. ^ Dorsey, Jack (July 13, 2006). "I read Gray's Anatomy". Flickr.
  19. ^ Dorsey, Jack (July 13, 2006). "Noele took pictures of me". Flickr.
  20. ^ Dorsey, Jack (July 13, 2006). "Who needs a nosering?". Flickr.
  21. ^ Rampton, John (September 22, 2016). "12 of the most successful entrepreneurs who dropped out of college". Mashable. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  22. ^ Bussgang, Jeffrey (April 27, 2010). "When Jack Dorsey Met Fred Wilson, And Other Twitter Tales (Book Excerpt)". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 23, 2018. Jack ... moved to New York, transferred to NYU, and started writing dispatch software ... 'They're all reporting constantly where they are and what work they're doing ... I thought that abstraction was so cool that I wanted that same thing for my friends.'
  23. ^ BusinessWeek (March 26, 2007). "Tech's Next Gen: The Best and Brightest". BusinessWeek. The McGraw-Hill Companies. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  24. ^ Dorsey, Jack (April 8, 2009). "To be clear: I didn't attend Cornell (and didn't invent Twitter there)". Twitter. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
  25. ^ a b c Dorsey, Jack (March 24, 2006). "twttr sketch". Flickr. Yahoo!. Retrieved November 7, 2008.
  26. ^ Hoge, Patrick (December 23, 2011). "Executive of the Year: Jack Dorsey". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  27. ^ Miller, Claire Cain (October 16, 2008). "Twitter Sidelines One Founder and Promotes Another". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  28. ^ "The Approval Matrix". Entertainment. New York magazine. October 21, 2013. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  29. ^ Wagner, Mitch (June 24, 2008). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey: Improved Uptime Is Top Priority". InformationWeek. Archived from the original on July 17, 2020. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  30. ^ a b c Wagner, Mitch (June 24, 2008). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey Talks About Its Business Model". InformationWeek. United Business Media. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  31. ^ Miller, Claire Cain (October 20, 2008). "Popularity or Income? Two Sites Fight It Out". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  32. ^ McCarthy, Caroline (October 16, 2008). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey steps down". CNET News. CBS Interactive. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  33. ^ "Jack Dorsey Tells David Kirkpatrick How It Felt to Be Ousted from Twitter and Discusses His Big New Idea: Square". Vanity Fair. March 3, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  34. ^ https://www.wired.com/2009/07/ff-iraq/
  35. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/twitter/5204148/Founder-of-Twitter-sent-to-save-Iraq.html
  36. ^ http://content.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1893244,00.html
  37. ^ Keller, Jared (June 18, 2010). "Evaluating Iran's Twitter Revolution". The Atlantic. The Atlantic. Retrieved May 25, 2020.
  38. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/17/world/middleeast/17media.html
  39. ^ https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2011/05/02/the-consequentialist
  40. ^ https://www.dissentmagazine.org/online_articles/will-the-revolution-be-tweeted
  41. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/24/world/europe/24russia.html
  42. ^ https://fortune.com/2010/02/24/getting-punkd-in-russia/
  43. ^ "Jack Dorsey Officially Returns to Twitter". Mashable. March 28, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  44. ^ Primack, Dan (June 11, 2015). "Twitter CEO Dick Costolo is Out, Jack Dorsey Back In". Retrieved April 30, 2017. Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  45. ^ Koh, Yoree (October 5, 2015). "Twitter Names Jack Dorsey CEO". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  46. ^ "Jack on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
  47. ^ "Jack Dorsey is moving too slowly to save Twitter". Business Insider. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  48. ^ Seetherman, Deepa (November 22, 2016). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey's Account Briefly Suspended". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  49. ^ Russell, Jon (February 1, 2017). "Twitter staff donate $1.59M to the ACLU to fight Trump on immigration". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
  50. ^ Barron, Laignee (March 9, 2018). "Twitter Wants to Open Verification to All Users". Fortune. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  51. ^ Guynn, Jessica (March 8, 2018). "Jack Dorsey pledges Twitter will improve blue check mark verification system". USA Today. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  52. ^ Lucas, Amelia (September 5, 2018). "Twitter shares fall 6% as CEO Jack Dorsey testifies before Senate". CNBC. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  53. ^ Romm, Tony (April 23, 2019). "Trump met with Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey – and complained about his follower count". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  54. ^ Bendix, Aria (April 17, 2019). "Jack Dorsey says Twitter makes it 'super easy' to harass and abuse others, and addressing the problem is his biggest worry". BBusiness Insider. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  55. ^ Thayer, Eric (August 30, 2019). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorseys Account Hacked". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
  56. ^ Lee, Dave (August 31, 2019). "Twitter's Jack Dorsey has his own account hacked". BBC News. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
  57. ^ Wong, Julia Carrie (October 30, 2019). "Twitter to ban all political advertising, raising pressure on Facebook". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
  58. ^ "Twitter: CEO Jack Dorsey At Risk From Activist Investor - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  59. ^ English, Carleton. "Twitter Is Gaining Because an Activist Investor Just Put a Floor Under the Stock". www.barrons.com. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  60. ^ "Vitalik Buterin joins Elon Musk in backing Jack Dorsey as Twitter CEO". Invezz. March 6, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  61. ^ Newton, Casey (March 10, 2020). "Jack Dorsey bought himself more time as Twitter CEO, but it might not matter". The Verge. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  62. ^ English, Carleton. "Jack Dorsey Stays Twitter CEO After Company Reaches Agreement With Elliott Management". www.barrons.com. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  63. ^ "Senate committee votes to subpoena CEOs of Facebook, Google and Twitter to testify". CNBC. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  64. ^ "Square". Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  65. ^ Hempel, Jessi (June 2, 2011). "Jack Dorsey: The man with two brains". Fortune. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  66. ^ Pollock, Jennifer (June 30, 2011). "CH+D Office Space: Square in San Francisco's Chronicle Building". California Home + Design. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
  67. ^ "Square opens new headquarters in San Francisco, announces plans for expanded offices in New York and Kitchener-Waterloo" (Press release). Square, Inc. October 7, 2013. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  68. ^ Shontell, Alyssa (October 3, 2012). "THE DIGITAL 100: The World's Most Valuable Private Tech Companies". Business Insider. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  69. ^ Strugatz, Rachel (January 16, 2014). "Jack Dorsey Looks to Simplify Commerce With Square". WWD. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  70. ^ Soper, Alex Barinka alexbarinka Spencer. "Square Files for IPO as CEO Dorsey Juggles Twitter Revamp". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  71. ^ Rao, Leena (October 14, 2015). "Who owns what at Square". Fortune. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
  72. ^ Fuscaldo, Donna (March 18, 2020). "Square Gets The Nod To Operate A Bank". Forbes. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  73. ^ Kelly, Jack (May 19, 2020). "After Announcing Twitter's Permanent Remote-Work Policy, Jack Dorsey Extends Same Courtesy To Square Employees". Forbes. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
  74. ^ "Square, Jack Dorsey's Pay Service, Is Withholding Money Merchants Say They Need". Respect Investment. June 23, 2020. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  75. ^ a b Tapper, Jake; Pham, Sherisse (March 21, 2013). "Jack Dorsey on his desire to be mayor of New York City, Steve Jobs, and being a bachelor". CNN. Turner Broadcasting. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
  76. ^ "MAYOR BLOOMBERG ANNOUNCES WINNERS OF NYC BIGAPPS 2.0 COMPETITION". NYC.gov. March 31, 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  77. ^ "Donor Lookup: Jack Dorsey". OpenSecrets.org. The Center for Responsive Politics. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  78. ^ Anthony Ha (December 24, 2013). "Jack Dorsey Joins Disney's Board Of Directors". TechCrunch. AOL Inc. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  79. ^ Palmeri, Christopher (January 12, 2018). "Sheryl Sandberg, Jack Dorsey to Leave Disney's Board". Bloomberg. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  80. ^ Ward, Vicky (May 11, 2016). "Why Nicolas Berggruen is Creating an Institute for Geniuses". Town & Country. Retrieved April 17, 2017. Another wing of the Berggruen Institute has technologists like Elon Musk and Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey, as well as former treasury secretary Larry Summers
  81. ^ Thomas, Owen (June 18, 2012). "We Hear Twitter Cofounder Jack Dorsey Now Lives In A $10 Million House". Business Insider. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  82. ^ "Jack Dorsey walks 5 miles to work every day—and he says it's the best investment he can make". CNBC. July 11, 2018. Retrieved August 14, 2018.
  83. ^ Swartz, Jon (August 10, 2018). "Jack Dorsey is a Double-Duty CEO for Twitter and Square. Here's How He Revived Them Both". Barron's. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  84. ^ Belsoeur, Camille (September 17, 2017). "Oui, FIP est bien la meilleure radio au monde". Slate.fr (in French). Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  85. ^ Robinson, Melia (January 3, 2018). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey tried the meditation craze that requires no sex, drugs, or talking for 10 days". Business Insider. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  86. ^ "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey criticised for 'tone deaf' Myanmar tweets". BBC News. December 9, 2018.
  87. ^ "Twitter's Jack Dorsey answers critics of Myanmar meditation retreat". BBC News. December 12, 2018.
  88. ^ Miller, Katherine (July 16, 2019). "Twitter's Jack Dorsey Donated $5,600 To Tulsi Gabbard". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  89. ^ Crouch, Elisa (March 11, 2016). "Classroom wishes come true at hundreds of Missouri schools, thanks to Jack Dorsey". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved November 23, 2019.
  90. ^ "Help Us Plant 20 Million Trees - Join #TeamTrees". teamtrees.org. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  91. ^ MrBeast (October 29, 2019). "The CEO of Twitter just planted 150,000 trees!!!!! AM I DREAMING?? :))))))pic.twitter.com/8CrSQlCvIr". @MrBeastYT. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  92. ^ Dorsey, Jack [@Jack] (April 7, 2020). "I'm moving $1B of my Square equity (~28% of my wealth) to #startsmall LLC to fund global COVID-19 relief. After we disarm this pandemic, the focus will shift to girl's health and education, and UBI. It will operate transparently, all flows tracked here:" (Tweet). Retrieved April 7, 2020 – via Twitter.
  93. ^ Cuccinello, Hayley C. "Jack Dorsey, Bill Gates And At Least 75 Other Billionaires Donating To Pandemic Relief". Forbes. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  94. ^ Isaac, Mike (April 7, 2020). "Jack Dorsey Vows to Donate $1 Billion to Fight the Coronavirus". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  95. ^ Gandhi, Jamila (May 12, 2020). "Top 10 Highest Private Donations By Billionaires For COVID-19 Relief". Forbes Middle East. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  96. ^ Ward, Marguerite (August 21, 2020). "Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey donates $10 million to Ibram X. Kendi's center on antiracism at Boston University". Business Insider. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
  97. ^ "TR35 Young Innovator". Technology Review. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 2008. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  98. ^ "Innovator of the Year Awards". WSJ. Magazine. Dow Jones. 2012. Archived from the original on January 23, 2013. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  99. ^ "Columbia to host Square and Twitter Founder Jack Dorsey on September 16". Columbia College. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  100. ^ TV, TechCrunch. "Founder of the Year: Jack Dorsey (Square, Twitter)". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  101. ^ Durgy, Edwin (March 6, 2013). "The World's 12 Most Eligible Billionaire Bachelors". Forbes. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
  102. ^ Tobak, Steve (December 21, 2016). "The Worst CEOs of 2016". Fox Business. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  103. ^ "20 Worst CEOs in America 2017". 247wallst.com. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
  104. ^ Mirabella, Lorraine. "Under Armour founder Kevin Plank lands on a 'Worst CEOs' list". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved January 16, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Max, D. T. (October 21, 2013). "Two-hit wonder". Profiles. The New Yorker. 89 (33): 48–59. Cite has empty unknown parameters: |1= and |authormask= (help)

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Company founded
Twitter CEO
2006–2008
Succeeded by
Evan Williams
Preceded by
Dick Costolo
Twitter CEO
2015–present
Succeeded by
incumbent