Pilibhit Tiger Reserve

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Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area
Tiger Reserve Area
Skyline of Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area is located in Uttar Pradesh
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area is located in India
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area
Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Area (India)
Coordinates: 28°41′31″N 79°51′11″E / 28.692°N 79.853°E / 28.692; 79.853Coordinates: 28°41′31″N 79°51′11″E / 28.692°N 79.853°E / 28.692; 79.853
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictPilibhit, Lakhimpur and Bahraich
Established2008
Area
 • Total730.24 km2 (281.95 sq mi)
Elevation
172 m (564 ft)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Nearest cityPilibhit
IUCN categoryIV
Visitation5,000 (2004)
50,000 expected in 2015
Governing bodyUttar Pradesh Forest Departmant, National Tiger Conservation Authority[1]
Precipitation780 millimetres (31 in)
Avg. summer temperature36.8 °C (98.2 °F)
Avg. winter temperature14.5 °C (58.1 °F)
Websitewww.tigerreservepilibhit.com

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is located in Pilibhit district, Lakhimpur Kheri District and Bahraich District of Uttar Pradesh state in India. It lies along the India-Nepal border in the foothills of the Himalayas and the plains of the ‘terai’ in Uttar Pradesh. It is one of India's 50 Project Tiger Tiger reserves.[2]

Pilibhit is one of the few well forested districts in Uttar Pradesh. According to an estimate of year 2004, Pilibhit district has over 800 km2 (310 sq mi) forests, constituting roughly 23% of the district’s total area. Forests in Pilibhit have at least 36 tigers and a good prey base for their survival.[3]

History[edit]

With Corbett Tiger Reserve going to Uttrakhand, Uttar Pradesh always wanted to develop the Pilibhit forests area as a home for the striped cats. A proposal, created in 2005, to make a home for the endangered cats in Pilibhit forests was sent to the government of India in April 2008.[4] Pilibhit Tiger Reserve was declared in September 2008 on the basis of its special type of ecosystem with vast open spaces and sufficient feed for the elegant predators.[5]

Geography[edit]

The northeastern boundary of the reserve is the River Sharda (Nepali:Mahakali River) which defines the Indo-Nepal border, while the southwest boundary is marked by the River Sharda and the River Ghaghara. The reserve has a core zone area of 602.79 km2 (232.74 sq mi) and buffer zone area of 127.45 km2 (49.21 sq mi). Elevation ranges from 168 to 175 meters above MSL[6]

Flora[edit]

This reserve is one of the finest examples of the highly diversified and productive Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands eco-system. The Terai forests and grasslands constitute habitat for over 127 animals, 556 bird species and 2,100 flowering plants. They are also home to around 6 million people who depend on them for their livelihoods.[3]

Fauna[edit]

Pilibhit Tiger Reserve is home to a large number of rare and threatened species, which include Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, swamp deer, hispid hare and Bengal floricans.

The Dudhwa tigers are distributed in one major and three smaller populations. Major population is constituted by Dudhwa reserve which includes Dudhwa National Park, Kishenpur and Katarniaghat wildlife sanctuaries, Pilibhit forests and north and south Kheri forests. Smaller tiger populations are present in Bijnor forests in west and Suhelwa and Sohagibarwa wildlife sanctuaries in east.

According to a study by Wildlife Institute of India (WII), the Dudhwa-Pilibhit tiger population has high conservation value since it is the only population having the ecological and behavioural adaptations of the tiger unique to the Tarai region.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

For complete information

References[edit]

  1. ^ Four new Tiger reserves in the making, 23 May 2008
  2. ^ "Pilibhit Tiger Reserve", Reserve Guide - Project Tiger Reserves In India, National Tiger Conservation Authority, retrieved 29 February 2012
  3. ^ a b http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2008-05-17/lucknow/27757661_1_tiger-reserve-new-reserve-sanctuary-and-khutar-range
  4. ^ http://www.pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=39098
  5. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2008-09-11/lucknow/27936945_1_tiger-reserve-dudhwa-reserve-dudhwa-tigers
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 May 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ http://bigcatnews.blogspot.com/2008/05/up-to-get-new-tiger-reserve-in-pilibhit.html

External links[edit]