President of Paraguay

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President of the
Republic of Paraguay
Presidente de la República del Paraguay
Flag of the President of Paraguay.svg
Standard of the President of the Republic
Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg
Incumbent
Horacio Cartes

since 15 August 2013
Style Excelentísimo Señor
Residence Mburuvichá Roga
Seat Palacio de los López
Appointer Direct Popular Election
Term length Five years, non-renewable
Inaugural holder Fulgencio Yegros (First head of state)
Carlos Antonio López (First President)
Deputy Vice President of Paraguay
Website www.presidencia.gov.py
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Paraguay

The President of Paraguay (Spanish: Presidente de la República del Paraguay) is according to the Constitution of Paraguay the head of the executive branch of the Government of Paraguay, both head of state and head of government. His honorific title is Excelentísimo Señor.

The Presidential seat is the Palacio de los López, in Asunción. The Presidential residence is the Mburuvichá Roga, also in Asunción.

Once Presidents leave office, they are granted by the Constitution of Paraguay the speaking-but-non-voting position of Senator for life.[1]

List of heads of state of Paraguay (1811–present)[edit]

Term of Office President
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Party
Presidents of the Superior Governing Junta
14 May 1811 –
17 June 1811
Junta [2] Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
19 June 1811 –
12 October 1813
Fulgencio Yegros
(1780–1821)
Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Independent
Consuls of the Republic
12 October 1813 –
12 February 1814
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840)
Dr francia.JPG Independent
12 February 1814 –
12 June 1814
Fulgencio Yegros
(1780–1821)
Fulgencio Yegros.jpg Independent
12 June 1814 –
3 October 1814
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840)
Dr francia.JPG Independent
Supreme Dictator
3 October 1814 –
20 September 1840
José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia
(1766–1840) [3]
Dr francia.JPG Independent
Presidents of the Provisional Junta
20 September 1840 –
22 January 1841
Manuel Antonio Ortiz [4] Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
22 January 1841 –
9 February 1841
Juan José Medina Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
9 February 1841 –
14 March 1841
Mariano Roque Alonzo
(–1853)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
Consuls of the Republic [5]
14 March 1841 –
13 March 1844
Carlos Antonio López
(1792–1862)
Carlos Antonio López.jpg Independent
Mariano Roque Alonzo
(–1853)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
Presidents of the Republic
14 March 1844 –
10 September 1862
Carlos Antonio López
(1792–1862)
Carlos Antonio López.jpg Independent
10 September 1862 –
15 August 1869
Francisco Solano López
(1827–1870) [6]
Solano Lopez 1867.png Independent
15 August 1869 –
31 August 1870
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
(1836–1878)
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola.jpg Independent
31 August 1870 –
1 September 1870
Facundo Machaín
(1845–1877) [7]
Facundo Machaín.jpg Independent
1 September 1870 –
18 December 1871
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola
(1836–1878) [8]
Cirilo Antonio Rivarola.jpg Independent
18 December 1871 –
25 November 1874
Salvador Jovellanos
(1833–1881) [7]
Salvador Silvestre del Rosario Jovellanos Guanes.jpg Independent
25 November 1874 –
12 April 1877
Juan Bautista Gill
(1840–1877)
Juan Bautista Gill Picture.jpg Independent
12 April 1877 –
25 November 1878
Higinio Uriarte
(1843–1909) [7]
José Higinio Uriarte del Barrio.jpg Independent
25 November 1878 –
4 September 1880
Cándido Bareiro
(1833–1880)
Cándido Bareiro.jpg Independent
4 September 1880 –
25 November 1886
Bernardino Caballero
(1839–1912) [9]
Bernardino Caballero.jpg Colorado
25 November 1886 –
25 November 1890
Patricio Escobar
(1843–1912)
Patricio escobarpy.jpg Colorado
25 November 1890 –
9 June 1894
Juan Gualberto González
(1851–1912)
Juan Gualberto González.jpg Colorado
9 June 1894 –
25 November 1894
Marcos Morínigo
(1848–1901) [7]
Marcos Antonio Morínigo Fleytas.jpg Colorado
25 November 1894 –
25 November 1898
Juan Bautista Egusquiza
(1845–1902)
Juan Bautista Luis Egusquiza Isasi.jpg Colorado
25 November 1898 –
9 January 1902
Emilio Aceval
(1853–1931)
Emiliace.jpg Colorado
9 January 1902 –
25 November 1902
Andrés Héctor Carvallo
(1862–1934) [7]
Andrés Héctor Carvallo Acosta.jpg Colorado
25 November 1902 –
19 December 1904
Juan Antonio Escurra
(1859–1929)
Juan Antonio Escurra.jpg Colorado
19 December 1904 –
9 December 1905
Juan Bautista Gaona
(1845–1932) [7]
Juan Bautista Gaona Figueredo.jpg Liberal
9 December 1905 –
25 November 1906
Cecilio Báez
(1862–1941) [7]
CECILIO BAEZ.jpg Liberal
25 November 1906 –
4 July 1908
Benigno Ferreira
(1846–1920)
General BenignoFerreira7.jpg Liberal
4 July 1908 –
25 November 1910
Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934) [7]
Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Liberal
25 November 1910 –
17 January 1911
Manuel Gondra
(1871–1927)
ManuelGondra1920.jpg Liberal
17 January 1911 –
5 July 1911
Albino Jara
(1877–1912) [7]
Albino Jara Benegas.jpg Liberal
5 July 1911 –
28 February 1912
Liberato Marcial Rojas
(1870–1922) [7]
Liberatorojas.jpg Liberal
28 February 1912 –
22 March 1912
Pedro Peña
(1864–1943) [7]
Pedro Pablo Peña Cañete.jpg Liberal
22 March 1912 –
15 August 1912
Emiliano González Navero
(1861–1934) [7]
Emiliano González Navero, presidente de la República del Paraguay.JPG Liberal
15 August 1912 –
15 August 1916
Eduardo Schaerer
(1873–1941)
Schaerer 5496663999 e31a295834 o.jpg Liberal
15 August 1916 –
5 June 1919
Manuel Franco
(1871–1919)
Manuel Franco.jpg Liberal
5 June 1919 –
15 August 1920
José Pedro Montero
(1878–1927) [7]
José Pedro Montero Candia.jpg Liberal
15 August 1920 –
7 November 1921
Manuel Gondra
(1871–1927)
ManuelGondra1920.jpg Liberal
7 November 1921 –
12 April 1923
Eusebio Ayala
(1875–1942) [7]
EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Liberal
12 April 1923 –
17 March 1924
Eligio Ayala
(1879–1930) [7]
Eligio ayala.jpg Liberal
17 March 1924 –
15 August 1924
Luis Alberto Riart
(1880–1953) [7]
LUIS RIART.jpg Liberal
15 August 1924 –
15 August 1928
Eligio Ayala
(1879–1930)
Eligio ayala.jpg Liberal
15 August 1928 –
15 August 1932
José Guggiari
(1884–1957)
1904 jose patricio guggiari.jpg Liberal
15 August 1932 –
17 February 1936
Eusebio Ayala
(1875–1942)
EUSEBIO AYALA.jpg Liberal
20 February 1936 –
15 August 1937
Rafael Franco
(1896–1973) [7]
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Revolutionary Febrerista
16 August 1937 –
15 August 1939
Félix Paiva
(1877–1965) [10]
Félix Paiva.jpg Liberal
15 August 1939 –
7 September 1940
José Estigarribia
(1888–1940)
Jose Estigarribia.jpg Liberal
7 September 1940 –
3 June 1948
Higinio Moríñigo
(1897–1983)
Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Independent
3 June 1948 –
15 August 1948
Juan Manuel Frutos
(1879–1960) [7]
Juan Manuel Frutos Escurra.jpg Colorado
15 August 1948 –
30 January 1949
Juan González
(1897–1966)
E6b8091cebd681ba027c4655cb610046 600x600.jpg Colorado
30 January 1949 –
27 February 1949
Raimundo Rolón
(1903–1981) [7]
Raimundo Rolón Villasanti.jpg Colorado
27 February 1949 –
10 September 1949
Felipe Molas
(1901–1954) [11]
Felipe Benigno Molas López.jpg Colorado
10 September 1949 –
5 May 1954
Federico Chávez
(1882–1978) [12]
Ederico Chaves Careaga.jpg Colorado
5 May 1954 –
15 August 1954
Tomás Romero
(1886–1982) [7]
Tomás Romero Pereira.jpg Colorado
15 August 1954 –
3 February 1989
Alfredo Stroessner
(1912–2006) [13]
Alfredo Stroessner2.jpg Colorado
3 February 1989 –
15 August 1993
Andrés Rodríguez
(1923–1997) [14]
Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti.jpg Colorado
15 August 1993 –
15 August 1998
Juan Carlos Wasmosy
(1938–)
Wasmosy 1990 (cropped).jpg Colorado
15 August 1998 –
28 March 1999
Raúl Cubas
(1943–)
Raúl Alberto Cubas Grau.jpg Colorado
28 March 1999 –
15 August 2003
Luis González
(1947–)
Gonzalez Macchi 2003.jpg Colorado
15 August 2003 –
15 August 2008
Nicanor Duarte
(1956–)
Paraguay.NicanorDuarte.02.jpg Colorado
15 August 2008 –
22 June 2012
Fernando Lugo
(1951–)
Fernando Lugo Mendez Py (Copyred).jpg Patriotic Alliance for Change
(until 2010)
Guasú Front
(from 2010)
22 June 2012 –
15 August 2013
Federico Franco
(1962–)
Federico Franco.jpg Authentic Radical Liberal
15 August 2013 –
present
Horacio Cartes
(1956–)
Horacio Cartes con banda.jpg Colorado

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Paraguay, 1992, Article 189 (subsection 1): "(1) Former presidents of the Republic who were democratically elected will be national senators for life, except for those who were impeached from office.
    (2) They will not count toward a quorum. They will have the right to speak, but not to vote."
  2. ^ Composed of the following leaders: Vicente Ignacio Iturbe Domínguez; Juan Valeriano de Zevallos; Fulgencio Yegros; Pedro Juan Caballero and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia.
  3. ^ Styled as "Perpetual Supreme Dictator" from 6 June 1816.
  4. ^ Formally sworn into office on 25 September 1840.
  5. ^ López and Alonzo would rule jointly, but were occasionally styled First Consul and Second Consul.
  6. ^ Acting President before 16 October 1862; continued to act as de facto President after deposition until his death on 1 March 1870.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Acting.
  8. ^ Acting President until 25 November 1870.
  9. ^ Acting President until 25 November 1882.
  10. ^ Acting President until 12 October 1938.
  11. ^ Acting President until 14 May 1949.
  12. ^ Acting President until 15 August 1953.
  13. ^ Served eight terms. Elected by presidential elections in 1954, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1973, 1978, 1983 and 1988.
  14. ^ Acting President until 15 May 1989.

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 April 2013 Paraguayan presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara Colorado Party 1,104,169 48.48
Pedro Efraín Alegre Sasiain Authentic Radical Liberal Party 889,451 39.05
Mario Aníbal Ferreiro Sanabria Avanza País¹ RFP 141,716 6.22
Aníbal Enrique Carillo Iramain Guasú Front PCS² 79,573 3.49
Miguel Garrizosa Galiano Beloved Fatherland Party 27,026 1.19
Lino César Oviedo Sánchez National Union of Ethical Citizens 19,416 0.85
Roberto Carlos Ferreira Franco Paraguayan Humanist Party 4,264 0.19
Lilian Susana Soto Badaui Kuña Pyrenda Movement 3,925 0.17
Eduardo María Arce Schaerer Workers' Party 3,011 0.13
Ricardo Martín Almada Pérez White Party 2,767 0.12
Atanasio Galeano Free Homeland Party 2,416 0.11
Invalid/blank votes 131,703
Total 2,409,437 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,516,275 68.52
Source: Justicia Electoral

External links[edit]