Public image of Sarah Palin
|This article is part of a series
Sarah Palin, while serving as Governor of Alaska, was nominated as the first female candidate of the Republican Party for Vice President of the United States. Following the nomination, her public image came under close media scrutiny, particularly regarding her religious perspective on public life, her socially conservative views, and a perceived lack of experience. Palin's experience in foreign and domestic politics came under criticism among conservatives as well as liberals following her nomination. A poll taken by Rasmussen Reports just after the Republican National Convention in the first week of September 2008 found that Palin was more popular than either Barack Obama or John McCain; however, this perception later reversed. At the same time, Palin became more popular among Republicans than McCain. A February 2010 ABC News/Washington Post poll showed 71% of Americans felt Palin lacked the qualifications necessary to be President of the United States.
- 1 Qualifications for higher office
- 2 Impact on the 2008 election
- 3 Perceptions of Palin's political positions
- 4 Perceptions of Palin's political style
- 5 Persona
- 6 Parodies
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Qualifications for higher office
Prior to the Republican National Convention, a Gallup poll found that most voters were unfamiliar with Sarah Palin. 39% said she is ready to serve as president if needed, 33% said she is not, and 29% had no opinion. This was "the lowest vote of confidence in a running mate since the elder George Bush chose then-Indiana senator Dan Quayle to join his ticket in 1988."
Republicans cited her tenure in executive office, high popularity, past focus on ethics and energy issues, her personal life, as well as her command of the Alaska National Guard and Alaska's proximity to foreign countries among reasons for the choice of Sarah Palin.
Suitability for Vice President
Criticism focused on her limited foreign policy experience and work on major policy issues and claims of low amount of actual responsibility as well as alleged misconduct during her time in office. Her readiness to step in should the president be incapacitated was also questioned.
Suitability for President
A February 2010 ABC News/Washington Post poll showed 71% of Americans felt Palin lacked the qualifications necessary to be President of the United States. In a poll from October 2010 the number dropped to 67%, with 27% seeing her as qualified and with self-described Tea party members split evenly.
Foreign policy experience
Sarah Palin cited Alaska's proximity to Russia and her dealings with foreign trade delegations as showing her the importance of foreign policy. Palin later agreed that her comments were "mocked" and reiterated her view that this proximity enhanced her foreign policy credentials. Her interviews and particularly her response to explaining the Bush Doctrine as Bush's "worldview" were criticized. Subsequently, a survey found likely voters were divided on whether Palin had the personality and leadership qualities a president should have.
Impact on the 2008 election
After announcing Palin as the presumptive vice-presidential nominee, the McCain campaign received $7 million in contributions in a single day, and the Obama campaign garnered more than $8 million by the next day. During the campaign, Palin evoked a more strongly divided response than Joe Biden among voters and was viewed both more favorably and unfavorably when compared to her opponent. A plurality of the television audience rated Biden's performance higher at the 2008 vice-presidential debate. Following the presidential election, 69% of Republicans felt Palin had helped John McCain's bid, while 20% felt Palin hurt. In the same poll, 71% of Republicans stated Palin had been the right choice.
Perceptions of Palin's political positions
Energy and environment
Environmental organizations, including the Center for Biological Diversity, the Sierra Club Alaska, and Greenpeace strongly opposed Palin's positions on issues of energy and environment and criticized Palin for her skepticism regarding humans as the cause of global warming and her administration's positions on wildlife, including the attempt to have the federal designation of the polar bear as a threatened species removed. They also criticized Palin's support of oil exploration in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Religion in public life
After being nominated, Palin's religious views came under increasing scrutiny in the media. Palin spoke to a group of graduating ministry students at her former church, where she urged them to pray "that our leaders, our national leaders, are sending [U.S. soldiers] out on a task that is from God," and in the same remarks asserted that "God's will" was responsible for the Alaskan national gas pipeline project.
Following the Republican National Convention, the McCain campaign told CNN that Palin "doesn't consider herself Pentecostal," raising questions in the media about whether she was downplaying her faith. A Rassmussen poll taken after the convention found that Palin was a draw with Catholic voters; the poll found that 54% favor Palin and 42% find her unfavorable, a 12% difference, while Joe Biden was viewed favorably by 49% to 47%.
Republican Jewish Coalition Executive Director Matt Brooks commented, "As governor of Alaska, Palin has enjoyed a strong working relationship with Alaska's Jewish community. She has demonstrated sensitivity to the concerns of the community and has been accessible and responsive." The Republican Jewish Coalition publishes a page on its website debunking what it calls "smears" about Sarah Palin, as well as an endorsement from Governor Linda Lingle, Hawaii's first Jewish and first female governor.
On September 16, 2008, NOW gave its endorsement in the Presidential race to Democratic candidate Barack Obama and his running mate Joe Biden. The Independent reports, "The feminist organisation almost never supports a presidential candidate, but the Alaska governor's Christian fundamentalist faith and her opposition to abortion rights has forced its hand." Gandy explained, "as the chair of NOW's Political Action Committee, I am frequently asked whether NOW supports women candidates just because they are women. This gives me an opportunity to once again answer that question with an emphatic 'No.' We recognize the importance of having women's rights supporters at every level but, like Sarah Palin, not every woman supports women's rights." The conservative magazine the Weekly Standard responded, "the old-fashioned feminists have fallen back on the old theme of false consciousness; that women who don't agree with them aren't really women at all."
According to a CBN blog, Evangelicals did not turn against Palin regarding her daughter's conception of a child outside of wedlock: "First they hear that Sarah Palin chooses the life option even though she had a Downs Syndrome baby and once again the family (and Bristol) has chosen the life option in this recent case... Will there be some turned off by the whole pre-marital sex thing? Of course but this type of story doesn't sink her at all with Evangelicals." Evangelical leader Richard Land said of Palin's seventeen-year-old daughter's pregnancy, "Those who criticize the Palin family don’t understand that we don’t see babies as a punishment but as a blessing."
"Hillary is missing in action from the Palin-hating brigade," opined a writer at the Weekly Standard. Former Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton referred to Palin's VP nomination as "historic," stating, "We should all be proud of Governor Sarah Palin's historic nomination, and I congratulate her and Senator McCain.... While their policies would take America in the wrong direction, Governor Palin will add an important new voice to the debate." Wisconsin Congresswoman Tammy Baldwin expressed a different view: "To the extent that this choice represents an effort to court supporters of Hillary Clinton's historic candidacy, McCain misjudges the reasons so many voters rallied around her candidacy. It was Senator Clinton's experience, skill and commitment to change, especially in the areas of health care and energy policy, that drew such strong support. Sarah Palin's opposition to Roe v. Wade and her support of big oil will not draw Democrats from the Obama-Biden ticket." President of the National Organization for Women (NOW) Kim Gandy said "What McCain does not understand is that women supported Hillary Clinton not just because she was a woman, but because she was a champion on their issues. They will surely not find Sarah Palin to be an advocate for women."
Palin and Clinton were compared and contrasted with one another in the media. A New York Times article explains, "Mrs. Clinton and Ms. Palin have little in common beyond their breakout performances at the conventions and the soap opera aspects of their family lives. Mrs. Clinton always faces high expectations; Ms. Palin faced low expectations this week, and benefited from them. Mrs. Clinton can seem harsh when she goes on the attack; Ms. Palin has shown a knack for attacking without seeming nasty. Mrs. Clinton has a lot of experience; Ms. Palin, not so much. Mrs. Clinton is pantsuits; Ms. Palin is skirts." Guy Cecil, the former political director of Mrs. Clinton's campaign, said it was "insulting" for Republicans to compare Ms. Palin to Mrs. Clinton." The Saturday Night Live skit "A Nonpartisan Message from Governor Sarah Palin & Senator Hillary Clinton" counterpoised Palin, played by Tina Fey, against Hillary Clinton, played by Amy Poehler. The skit pointed out their opposing political views and presented Palin as unversed in global politics, as emphasized by the line: "I can see Russia from my house." Ex-Hewlett-Packard chief executive and former McCain advisor Carly Fiorina blasted the Saturday Night Live sketch in a television interview: "They were defining Hillary Clinton as very substantive and Sarah Palin as totally superficial," and an ABC news blog headline soon after ran, "Now the McCain Campaign's Complaining that Saturday Night Live Skit Was 'Sexist'."
In a September 2008 article, Chad Baus the vice chairman of the Buckeye Firearms Association comments: "Unlike Mitt Romney and John Kerry, Palin is a life-long NRA member and big animal hunter.... In seeking to assuage the concerns of gun owners about his spotty record on guns and rally them to the polls, John McCain couldn't have made a better choice." In its brief, "Sarah Palin and Joe Biden: Worlds Apart," the National Rifle Association says nothing specific about Palin's position on gun legislation but concludes: "Gov. Sarah Palin would be one of the most pro-gun vice-presidents in American history."
On August 7, 2009 Palin released a statement on her Facebook page in which she said, "The America I know and love is not one in which my parents or my baby with Down Syndrome will have to stand in front of Obama's 'death panel' so his bureaucrats can decide, based on a subjective judgment of their 'level of productivity in society,' whether they are worthy of health care." The Associated Press reported: "Palin and other critics are wrong." The provision of the health care bill to which Palin referred (on page 425) merely authorizes Medicare reimbursement for physicians who provide voluntary counseling about such subjects as living wills. Howard Dean, the former Chair of the Democratic National Committee, said that Palin "just made that up. Just like the 'Bridge to Nowhere' that she supposedly didn't support." Republicans were divided. Former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Newt Gingrich agreed with Palin, saying that "there are clearly people in America who believe in establishing euthanasia, including selective standards." Palin's "death panels" comment was selected as the "Lie of the Year" by PolitiFact.com, the fact-checking website of the St. Petersburg Times. Palin was also criticized for having invoked her infant for political purposes.
The ideas for Palin's death panel meme were from the editorial Deadly Doctors, which was written by Betsy McCaughey and published by the New York Post. Palin cited a speech Michele Bachmann gave about the editorial regarding President Barack Obama's health care advisor Dr. Ezekiel Emanuel, which contained what TIME called "selective and misleading quotes" from Emanuel's writings. While Rush Limbaugh called death panels "the reality of what's going to happen"  TIME and ABC described her remarks as false euthanasia claims.
Palin said recommendations that women wait longer to be screened for breast and cervical cancer indicate "rationed care." The guideline from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists on pap smears was begun before Obama was elected. The change in guidelines for mammograms was suggested by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, which, according to Kathleen Sebelius, does not set government policy. It also is not related to cost controls, according to members of the task force.
Perceptions of Palin's political style
Approach to campaigning
Palin was early on accused of dissimulation in her approach to campaigning during the 2008 elections. An Associated Press writer reported, "Day after day she said she had told Congress 'no thanks' to the so-called Bridge to Nowhere, a rural Alaska project that was abandoned when critics challenged its costs and usefulness. For nearly a week, major news outlets had documented that Palin supported the bridge when running for governor in 2006, noting that she turned against it only after it became an object of ridicule in Alaska and a symbol of Congress's out-of-control earmarking... (The campaign) equated lawmakers' requests for money for special projects with corruption, even though Palin has sought millions of dollars in such 'earmarks' this year. The Washington Post reported that "critics, the news media and nonpartisan fact checkers have called [Palin's claim] a fabrication or, at best, a half-truth."
Palin compared herself to Harry Truman, the vice-president who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt, contributing to the impression that for a time the race was between Palin and Obama. Indeed, for many Palin was the main attraction at McCain-Palin rallies; there were often "a sizable number of people making their way towards the exit" after Palin left the podium.
After the McCain-Palin ticket lost the elections, media coverage focused on rumors of infighting within the McCain campaign, reporting that campaign staffers stated Palin had refused preparation for her interview with Katie Couric, was at times emotionally intractable, could not list the three members of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and was unaware that Africa is a continent rather than a country, had scheduled an interview with French President Nicolas Sarkozy which turned out to be a radio station prank, spent far more than the reported amount on her campaign wardrobe, and asked to make her own concession speech on election night. Although Palin disputed the accusations as "foolish," she said she bears no ill will towards the McCain staff who anonymously leaked the accusations to the press. Ultimately the press emphasized Palin's statement that she was sorry if she had cost McCain a single vote.
In March 2010, Palin posted to her Facebook page to seek contributions to SarahPAC to help defeat 20 House Democrats in the 2010 Congressional election. Her post featured a graphic that used gunsight crosshairs to mark the Democrats' districts. She also tweeted to her supporters, "'Don't Retreat, Instead – RELOAD!' Pls see my Facebook page." Palin critics said she was inciting violence. One of the targeted Democrats, Representative Gabrielle Giffords of Arizona, objected to the graphic, saying, "we're in the crosshairs of a gun sight over our district. When people do that, they've got to realize that there are consequences to that action." Palin referred to the targets as "a bullseye icon" in a post-election tweet.
In the immediate aftermath of the 2011 Tucson shooting, where Giffords was among those who were shot, Palin was the subject of press and political criticism about her style of political rhetoric, which was disputed by defenders of Palin in the media. Palin removed the controversial graphic from her website, but later restored it. On Glenn Beck, an e-mail said to be from Palin was read, saying "I hate violence. I hate war. Our children will not have peace if politicos just capitalize on this to succeed in portraying anyone as inciting terror and violence." Following the 2011 Tucson shooting, a Palin aide stated that death threats against the former Alaska governor had risen to "an unprecedented level." As more details of the shooting emerged, the Christian Science Monitor reported: "The suggestion that the shooting of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords Saturday might have been influenced by political 'vitriol' seems less likely as more becomes known about suspect Jared Loughner." Palin released a video denying any link between her rhetoric and the shooting, controversially referring to such suggestions as a blood libel, also saying that, "Acts of monstrous criminality stand on their own. They begin and end with the criminals who commit them."
A public opinion survey commissioned by USA Today and conducted by Gallup January 14–16, 2011, showed that Palin was perceived favorably by 38% of those polled and unfavorably by 53%, the highest unfavorable rating since Palin entered national politics.
Approach to governance
Palin came under fire in congress and the media as a result of her support for the Gravina Island Bridge "Bridge to Nowhere," often called an emblem of pork-barrel spending and excessive earmark requests.
Some media outlets repeated Palin's statement that she "stood up to Big Oil" when she resigned after just 11 months as the head of the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission because of abuses she witnessed involving other Republican commissioners and their ties to energy companies and energy lobbyists, and again when she raised taxes on oil companies as governor; in turn others said that she is a "friend of Big Oil" due to her fervent advocacy of oil exploitation, including her push to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to drilling and effort to de-list polar bears as an Endangered species since this could hinder oil speculation.
Similarly, some called Palin a "small-town foe of 'good old boys' politics and a champion for ethics reform," as evidenced by her run-ins with Ted Stevens, while others argued that Palin's record "undermined arguments that Palin has broken from Alaska's Republican machine, including Stevens." Still others point to nepotistic hiring tendencies and question her firing policies. Controversy arose concerning Palin's dismissal of the Wasilla police chief at the start of her first term as mayor, and her firing of the public commissioner while governor of Alaska (what the media referred to as "troopergate").
In an article entitled "State leaders question Palin's qualifications," the Juneau Empire, one of Alaska's main papers, reported that as governor, Palin was so frequently absent from work at the state capitol that, "someone at the Capitol even printed up buttons asking, ‘Where's Sarah?’"; the article quoted Rep. Andrea Doll, D-Juneau, "At a time when her leadership was truly needed, we didn't know where she was."
Approval rating as Governor
As governor of Alaska, Palin's job approval rating ranged from a high of 93% in May 2007 to 54% in May 2009. In November 2006, the month before Palin took office, Alaska Governor Frank Murkowski's job approval rating was 19%.
|May 15, 2007||93%||Not reported||Dittman Research|
|May 30, 2007||89%||Not reported||Ivan Moore Research|
|October 19–21, 2007||83%||11%||Ivan Moore Research|
|April 10, 2008||73%||7%||Rasmussen Reports|
|May 17, 2008||69%||9%||Rasmussen Reports|
|July 24–25, 2008||80%||Not reported||Hays Research Group|
|July 30, 2008||64%||14%||Rasmussen Reports|
|September 20–22, 2008||68%||Not reported||Ivan Moore Research|
|October 7, 2008||63%||37%||Rasmussen Reports|
|March 24–25, 2009||59.8%||34.9%||Hays Research|
|May 4–5, 2009||54%||41.6%||Hays Research|
|June 14–18, 2009||56%||35%||Global Strategy Group|
In April 2009, SurveyUSA reported job approval ratings for the following U.S. governors: Bob Riley (AL) 54%, Arnold Schwarzenegger (CA) 25%, Chet Culver (IA) 42%, Kathleen Sebelius (KS) 46%, Steve Beshear (KY) 47%, Tim Pawlenty (MN) 46%, Jay Nixon (MO) 56%, Bill Richardson (NM) 46%, David Paterson (NY) 25%, Ted Kulongoski (OR) 40%, Tim Kaine (VA) 50%, Christine Gregoire (WA) 40%, and Jim Doyle (WI) 35%. (Polls taken April 24–26, 2009).
Soon after the RNC, Palin quickly became a favorite subject of satire and derision. According to Lara Spencer, host of the tabloid show The Insider, Palin was part of a big cross-over between politics and pop culture in the 2008 election. During the campaign Spencer conducted the only live broadcast interview with Palin's husband, Todd Palin.
Palin's status as a mother of a child with Down syndrome was initially a focus for some pundits and reporters during the 2008 elections. CNN's John Roberts pondered: "Children with Down's syndrome require an awful lot of attention. The role of vice president, it seems to me, would take up an awful lot of her time, and it raises the issue of how much time will she have to dedicate to her newborn child?"
William Kristol of the Weekly Standard wrote: "There she is: a working woman who's a proud wife and mother; a traditionalist in important matters who's broken through all kinds of barriers; a reformer who's a Republican; a challenger of a corrupt good-old-boy establishment who's a conservative; a successful woman whose life is unapologetically grounded in religious belief; a lady who's a leader."
A great deal of attention was paid to Palin's physical appearance during the 2008 elections. According to Vogue magazine, "Besides being telegenic, [Palin] had a tough-girl Alaskan résumé that most politicians could only dream of—the protein her family eats comes from fish she has pulled out of the ocean with her own hands and caribou she has shot." Others were quick to point out striking resemblances of Palin to actress Tina Fey, who would impersonate her on Saturday Night Live, and Peggy Hill, a character on Fox Network's cartoon series King of the Hill. Regarding her appearance, Palin has said, "I've been taken aback by the nasty criticism about my appearance. I wish they'd stick with the issues instead of discussing my black go-go boots. A reporter once asked me about it during the campaign, and I assured him I was trying to be as frumpy as I could by wearing my hair on top of my head and these schoolmarm glasses."
According to the Los Angeles Times of October 23, 2008 "the news that the Republican National Committee has bought Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin and her family nearly $150,000 worth of clothing since September has fueled charges of hypocrisy by her detractors and sparked questions about the legality of the expenditures [...] Election-law experts are split on whether the RNC's expenditure is allowable under federal laws, which prohibit the use of campaign funds for personal use." Tracey Schmitt, Palin's traveling press secretary responded by saying "It was always the intent that the clothing go to a charitable purpose after the campaign." "I am an Obama supporter, but when I heard that for $150,000, they dressed her, her children and her husband, I thought, 'that's not much,'" said Vicki Sanchez, a costume designer who dressed Geena Davis as the first female U.S. president on the short-lived TV show Commander in Chief." She continues on to say "When you start buying $3,000 suits, boots that cost anywhere from $800 and up, and designer shoes, which cost $500 at least, it goes fast."
A profile in The New Yorker described Palin's oratorical style as "simultaneously chatty and urgent," and noted that "she reinforces her words with winks and nods and wrinklings of her nose that seem meant to telegraph intimacy and ease." The article's author, Philip Gourevitch, characterized Palin as being "high-spirited, irrepressible, and not in the least self-conscious."
Features of the Minnesotan dialect are prominent in the Mat-Su Valley where Palin grew up because the area was settled by farmers from Minnesota during the Great Depression. Palin's dialect is Upper Midwestern, and she speaks with a characteristic North Central American English dialect. Her dialect is often tied in with her persona, and often reinforces her "folksy" image.
In July 2010, amidst the Cordoba House controversy, Palin wrote on her Twitter asking Muslims to "pls refudiate" support for the mosque. She was then mocked by bloggers and media outlets for using "refudiate," which is not a word. Palin later responded on Twitter, saying that "English is a living language." and "Shakespeare liked to coin new words too." According to Michael Shear of The New York Times, the record suggests the original Twitter message was no typo. Just days earlier in a Fox News appearance, Palin had combined "refute" and "repudiate" into "refudiate." The word was chosen as new word of the year for 2010 by the New Oxford American Dictionary, with the statement "From a strictly lexical interpretation of the different contexts in which Palin has used 'refudiate,' we have concluded that neither 'refute' nor 'repudiate' seems consistently precise, and that 'refudiate' more or less stands on its own, suggesting a general sense of 'reject.'"
In June 2009 David Letterman told a joke that Sarah Palin's daughter was "knocked up" by a baseball player during a Yankees game. Palin then issued a public statement condemning Letterman's joke. A campaign then began to have David Letterman fired or to force him to apologize for his actions, with several Republicans organizing a boycott of Letterman sponsors. On June 16, Sarah Palin accepted Letterman's apology. In June 2009, Palin responded to a blogger for posting a photo in which her son Trig's face was altered, calling the change "malicious." The image superimposed was of a local Alaskan right-wing radio show host and was implying that he was her "baby" regarding his positive coverage of her governorship foibles.
Palin and the media
In July 2009, Palin threatened to sue any media outlet that printed rumors that she was being investigated by the FBI on corruption charges involving inappropriate contracts. The head of the FBI in Alaska said that she was not being investigated. Some sources have noted however, that the statute of limitations on the contract incident would have passed. She also criticized the media in an op-ed in The Washington Post in which she said "many in the media would rather focus on the personality-driven political gossip of the day than on the gravity of these [Cap and Trade] challenges. So, at risk of disappointing the chattering class, let me make clear what is foremost on my mind and where my focus will be."
Palin herself, the LA Times, and other commentators have accused Newsweek of sexism for their choice of cover in the November issue discussing Palin's book, Going Rogue: An American Life. The cover depicted her posing in gym-clothes and was captioned "How do you solve a problem like Sarah." "It's sexist as hell," wrote Lisa Richardson for the LA Times. Taylor Marsh of the Huffington Post called it "the worst case of pictorial sexism aimed at political character assassination ever done by a traditional media outlet." David Brody of CBN News stated: "This cover should be insulting to women politicians." The cover came from a photo of Palin used in the August 2009 issue of Runner's World.
In March 2010, Palin starred on a travelogue reality television series on the Discovery Channel called Sarah Palin's Alaska, produced by Mark Burnett. A Palin series on Fox News called Real American Stories generated some controversy since several of the guests shown "interviewed" by her claimed to have never met her: L.L. Cool J and Toby Keith both complained that footage taken from an interview with someone else was recycled for this.
Paul Revere remarks
During a 2011 bus tour, titled "One Nation," across the Northeastern states and paid for by her PAC, Palin visited the Paul Revere House in Boston. When asked what she had learned during her visit, Palin replied with a comment to the effect that Paul Revere had warned the British that Americans would not let them confiscate American arms, and that Revere's warnings involved ringing bells and firing guns.
He who warned, uh, the British that they weren’t gonna be takin’ away our arms, uh, by ringing those bells, and um, makin' sure as he's riding his horse through town to send those warning shots and bells that we were going to be sure and we were going to be free, and we were going to be armed.—Sarah Palin, Los Angeles Times
The remark was widely seen as a gaffe and not accepted by the news media, but she declined to withdraw her assertion. Historian Brendan McConville stated that Palin's account was "essentially right" and Cornell law professor William Jacobson said Palin's critics are the ones in need of a history lesson. "It seems to be a historical fact that this happened, A lot of the criticism is unfair and made by people who are themselves ignorant of history." On the other hand, Revere biographer James Giblin disagreed with some of Palin's remarks, characterizing her comment about warning the British as a "blooper." A director from the Paul Revere House also disagreed with historical descriptions made by Palin. Robert Allison, the chair of the history department at Suffolk University, commented in an interview with NPR that Revere did not personally ring bells nor were gunshots involved, but he did ride as part of the militia warning system, intending the ringing of church bells as a sign of American solidarity and a warning to the British not to impound the colonists' weapons. Allison said that Palin was correct on the whole.
2008 Presidential election
Immediate comic reaction
A Comedy Central writer joked that "she's a pit bull who wears lipstick for some reason!" (in response to her statement at the 2008 Republican National Convention that the difference between a pit bull and a hockey mom was lipstick). In addition, David Harrington's "Sarah Palin Baby Name Generator" generates hunting, industrial, hockey-related, and other idiosyncratic personal names from names that are supplied to it.
Also, comedienne Julie Brown re-wrote her 1980s single "The Homecoming Queen's Got a Gun" as a parody titled "The Ex-Beauty Queen's Got a Gun." Some street art in New York City also parodied Palin before the 2008 election, including one employing Shepard Fairey's Barack Obama "Hope" poster.
Tina Fey and Saturday Night Live
On September 13, 2008, Tina Fey appeared in a comedy skit, "A Nonpartisan Message from Governor Sarah Palin & Senator Hillary Clinton," on Saturday Night Live as Sarah Palin, alongside Amy Poehler as Hillary Clinton. The sketch was written by Poehler, Fey, and head writer and Weekend Update anchor Seth Meyers. The following year Fey won an Emmy in the category of Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her impersonation of Palin.
Due to its popularity, additional sketches with Tina Fey as Sarah Palin were seen in later SNL episodes leading up to the weekend before the election, with Fey ultimately performing her impersonation alongside both the real Palin and John McCain. Palin has said that, before her national prominence, she once dressed up as Fey on Halloween. Palin herself has appeared several times on Saturday Night Live or its primetime specials; a couple skits have featured guest stars mistaking Palin for Fey.
Nicole Parker and MADtv
On September 27, 2008, Nicole Parker portrayed Sarah Palin during a mock Q&A session in a live audience. On October 4, 2008 MADtv aired a Special Election Presidential Special where it featured Parker once again appearing as Palin.
Actress Gina Gershon self-produced and posted several parody videos in which she portrays Palin for the comedy website Funny or Die. In one of the videos, Gershon, as Palin, dons a stars-and-stripes bikini and totes a gun, a reference to a widely circulated, but faked, photograph purporting to be the real Palin in such a scenario.
Live with Regis and Kelly
Kelly Ripa impersonated Palin on the Halloween edition of Live with Regis and Kelly (broadcast October 31, 2008), parodying phrases associated with Palin such a "Say it ain't so, Joe" and "Maverick," wearing Palin's well-known red outfit, and speaking in Palin's accent. Her co-host, Regis Philbin, impersonated Joe Biden.
Following her nomination, Palin was often tagged with the epithet "Caribou Barbie," a play on Malibu Barbie, owing to her background as a beauty pageant contestant in her home state of Alaska. Palin herself uttered this phrase when she made an October 18, 2008 guest appearance on Saturday Night Live, filling in the blank for Alec Baldwin, who could not remember what people called her. Baldwin later referred to Palin as "Bible Spice" in an appearance on the Late Show with David Letterman. The epithet Caribou Barbie has been contrasted with Palin's usage of Mama grizzly to describe herself and later to describe other moms seeking political office.
Country music singer Ray Stevens issued a YouTube music video entitled Caribou Barbie on March 11, 2010 which gently parodies Palin's image but at the same time denounces her critics and urges voters to think of her in 2012 should she decide to run for the U.S. Presidency.
In addition to his career on Star Trek, actor William Shatner is also known for his spoken word performances. On July 27, 2009, Shatner gave a "spoken word" interpretation of Palin's farewell address on The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien. He returned to the Tonight Show on July 29, 2009 and performed a few of Palin's "Tweets" on Twitter. Shatner then appeared on the show on December 11, 2009 to recite Palin's Going Rogue: An American Life, but was followed by an appearance from Palin herself reading excerpts from Shatner's autobiography, Up Till Now.
An American Nightmare versus An American Life
Going Rouge: Sarah Palin An American Nightmare is a collection of essays about Palin with a spoof title and cover design similar to Palin's memoir. The paperback was released on November 17, 2009, the same day that Palin's own hardback Going Rogue: An American Life was released. Both books feature Palin on the front in red, but Going Rouge: An American Nightmare has her against a backdrop of black thunder clouds and lightning, instead of the blue sky with clouds of her actual memoir. Going Rouge is compiled by Richard Kim and Betsy Reed, two editors of the left-leaning weekly The Nation, and includes essays by Katrina vanden Heuvel, Naomi Klein, Katha Pollitt and others.
- Weiss, Joanna (September 5, 2008). "McCain takes stage, turns down heat". Boston Globe. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- Delbridge, Rena (September 3, 2008). "Alaska delegates see more Republican convention attention". newsminer.com. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- John F. Harris and Beth Frerking."Clinton aides: Palin treatment sexist"; Politico, September 11, 2008
- Frum, David (August 29, 2008). "Palin". National Review Online. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
- Will, George (November 3, 2008). "Impulse, Meet Experience". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
- Collins, Britt (September 17, 2008). "Sarah Palin: The ice queen". The Guardian (London). Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- "Palin Power: Fresh Face Now More Popular Than Obama, McCain". Rasmussen Reports. September 5, 2008. Retrieved September 7, 2008.[dead link]
- Romano, Andrew (September 16, 2008). "Palin's Favorability Ratings Begin to Falter". Newsweek.
- "Palin More Popular With GOP Voters Than McCain". Rasmussen Reports. November 4, 2008.
- Mcauliff, Michael. "Poll reads Palin's palm: no chance in 2012; 71% of Americans don't think she's qualified to be prez", The New York Daily News, February 11, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- Page, Susan (August 30, 2008). "Poll: Voters uncertain on Palin". USA Today. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- "Transcript: Gibson Interviews John McCain". ABC News. November 3, 2008. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- Krauthammer, Charles (November 5, 2008). "Palin's Problem". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- Nagourney, Adam (November 29, 2008). "Concerns About Palin's Readiness as Big Test Nears". The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- Zeleny, Jeff (October 19, 2008). "Donation Record as Colin Powell Endorses Obama". The New York Times. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- Langer, Gary (October 29, 2010). "Tea Party or No, Palin's Popularity Still Lags". ABC news. Archived from the original on March 23, 2011.
- "EXCERPTS: Charlie Gibson Interviews Sarah Palin". ABC News. September 11, 2008. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- "Exclusive: Palin On Foreign Policy". CBS Evening News. November 25, 2008. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- Rutenberg, Jim (September 11, 2008). "In First Big Interview, Palin Says, ‘I’m Ready’". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2008.
- Gordon, Michael R. (September 12, 2008). "Analysis: Palin and Foreign Policy". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2008.
- Rhee, Foon (September 27, 2008). "Poll shows Palin might be losing some of her luster". The Boston Globe. Retrieved December 25, 2008.
- Mosk, Matthew (August 30, 2008). "McCain Gets $7 Million Bounce from Palin Pick". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- Luo, Michael (September 21, 2008). "In August, Obama Donations Shatter Records". The New York Times. Retrieved December 25, 2008.
- "Palin Still Viewed More Favorably – And Unfavorably – Than Biden". Rasmussen Reports. November 24, 2008. Retrieved December 25, 2008.[dead link]
- "45% Say Biden Won Debate, 37% Say Palin". Rasmussen Reports. October 4, 2008. Retrieved December 25, 2008.[dead link]
- "69% of GOP Voters Say Palin Helped McCain". Rasmussen Reports. November 7, 2008. Retrieved December 25, 2008.[dead link]
- Doyle, Leonard (September 6, 2008). "Palin: the real scandal". The Independent (London). Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- Lydersen, Kari (August 31, 2008). "Oil Group Joins Alaska in Suing To Overturn Polar Bear Protection". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- Alexi Mostrous. Sarah Palin, the pastor and the prophecy: judgment day is not far away"; Times Online, September 10, 2008
- "Pastor: GOP may be downplaying Palin's religious beliefs"; CNN, September 12, 2008
- Benen, Steve (September 9, 2008). "Palin's beliefs draw closer scrutiny". Washington Monthly.
- "Zogby Poll: Republicans Hold Small Post-Convention Edge". Zogby. September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
- Mozgovaya, Natasha (August 29, 2008). "Jewish Democrats: Palin is out of step with Jewish public opinion". Haaretz. Retrieved December 24, 2008.
- "Smears Debunked: The Truth about Gov. Sarah Palin", Republican Jewish Coalition, September 9, 2008.
- Leonard Doyle.'Hillary's women' reject McCain's VP choice"; The Independent September 17, 2008
- Jon Nichols. "Clinton Praises Palin Pick"; The Nation, August 30, 2008
- Noemie Emery."The Palin Effect "; Weekly Standard, September 2008, Volume 014, Issue 03
- "Palin’s 17-Year-Old Daughter is Pregnant"; CBN News, The Brody File, September 1, 2008
- Sinderbrand, Rebecca (September 2, 2008). "Evangelicals rally behind Palin after pregnancy news". CNNPolitics.com. Retrieved September 19, 2008.
- O'Reilly, Bill (September 3, 2008). "Sarah Palin and the Chaos Zone". The O'Reilly Factor (Fox News). Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- "Palin Thinks Obama Regrets Not Choosing Clinton for VP"; ET, September 12, 2008
- Jon Nichols. "Clinton Praises Palin Pick"; The Nation, August 30, 2008
- Patrick Healey."The Real ’08 Fight: Clinton v. Palin?"; New York Times, September 5, 2008
- "Clinton Advisers: Palin Pick Means Bigger Role For Hillary"; Huffington Post, September 1, 2008
- "Palin imitators flood YouTube with mocking videos"; AFP, September 17, 2008
- Jake Tapper."Now the McCain Campaign's Complaining that Saturday Night Live Skit Was 'Sexist'"; ABC, September 17, 2008
- Chad D. Baus."Morale problem solved: Sarah invigorates army of pro-gun voters"; Buckeye firearms association, 09/05/2008 – 00:10. National Politics NRA News
- "Sarah Palin and Joe Biden: Worlds Apart"; National Rifle Association of America, Institute for Legislative Action, August 29, 2008
- Farber, Daniel (August 8, 2009). "Palin Weighs In on Health Care Reform". CBS News. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- Alonso-Zaldivar, Ricardo (August 15, 2009). "Palin is wrong: There's no 'death panel' in health care bill". Alaska Journal of Commerce.
- Tapper, Jake (August 7, 2009). "Palin Paints Picture of 'Obama Death Panel' Giving Thumbs Down to Trig". ABC News. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- Connolly, Ceci (August 1, 2009). "Talk Radio Campaign Frightening Seniors". The Washington Post.
- Fabian, Jordan (August 9, 2009). "Gingrich: Palin concerns about euthanasia warranted". The Hill.
- Holan, Angie Drobnic (December 18, 2009). "PolitiFact's Lie of the Year: 'Death panels'". PolitiFact.com. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
- Olbermann, Keith (August 10, 2009). "Olbermann: ‘Death Panel’ Palin dangerously irresponsible". MSNBC. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- Who runs gov?: Ezekiel Emanuel, a Washington Post publication, Obama's 'Deadly Doctor'?
- Jim Dwyer, August 25, 2009, Distortions on Health Bill, Homegrown, The New York Times, Distortions on Health Bill, Homegrown, The article states – Ms. McCaughey has been the hammer to Ms. Palin's nail.
- The Rush Limbaugh Show, August 17, 2009, The Bottom Line on "Death Panels"
- TIME, August 12, 2009, Ezekiel Emanuel, Obama's 'Deadly Doctor,' Strikes Back
- David Saltonstall, August 12, 2009, Former Lt. Gov. Betsy McCaughey leads 'death panel' charge writing up talking points, Daily News, Former Lt. Gov. Betsy McCaughey leads 'death panel' charge writing up talking points
- Sarah Palin, August 19, 2009, facebook, Cancer Screenings – Rational Advice or Rationed Care?
- Denise Grady, November 20, 2009, The New York Times, Guidelines Push Back Age for Cervical Cancer Tests
- Alice Park, November 20, 2009, TIME, Mammogram Guidelines: What You Need to Know
- Kevin Sack, November 20, 2009, The New York Times, Screening Debate Reveals Culture Clash in Medicine
- Arthur Caplan, November 19, 2009, NBC, Mammogram advice accurate but not ‘right’
- ABC News, November 21, 2009, Could Mammogram Brouhaha Stymie Health Care Reform?
- "Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Alaska Governor Sarah Palin". 2008 Republican National Convention. September 3, 2008. Retrieved September 8, 2008.
- "Palin Defends 'Bridge to Nowhere' Claims". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 11, 2008.: "In her nomination acceptance speech and on the campaign trail, Palin has often said: "I told the Congress 'thanks, but no thanks,' for that Bridge to Nowhere."
- Romano, Andrew (September 8, 2008). "The Politics of the 'Bridge to Nowhere'". Stumper. Retrieved September 8, 2008.: Although Palin was originally a main proponent of the Gravina Island Bridge, McCain-Palin television advertisements claim Palin "stopped the Bridge to Nowhere." These claims were widely questioned or described as misleading in several newspapers across the political spectrum
- Weisman, Jonathan (September 10, 2008). "As Campaign Heats Up, Untruths Can Become Facts Before They're Undone". Washington Post.
- Rich, Frank (October 4, 2008). "Pitbull Palin Mauls McCain". New York Times.
- Adam Aigner in  First Read
- Kate Snow."Palin Aide Fires Back at Reported McCain Camp Slams"; ABC New November 6, 2008
- The Canadian Press: Knives come out for Sarah Palin The Globe and Mail, Nov 6, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
- Mark Silva."Sarah Palin 'sorry' if she hurt McCain"; Chicago Tribune, November 5, 2008
- Hulse, Carl (March 25, 2010). "After Health Vote, Democrats Are Threatened With Violence". New York Times. p. A.18.
- Palin, Sarah (March 23, 2010). "Commonsense Conservatives & lovers of America". Twitter. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- McCormick, John. "'Don't Retreat, Reload,’ Palin Urges Republicans (Update2)", Bloomberg (April 9, 2010).
- Kelly, Andrea; Bodfield, Rhonda (June 9, 2010). "Her plot will unfold at council meetings". Washington. McClatchy – Tribune Business News.
- Bodfield, Rhonda (March 25, 2010). "Pueblo Politics: Dems to CD8 Republicans: Disavow Tea Party". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- Alberts, Sheldon. "Palin fires back at 'blood libel' critics over Arizona shooting", The Vancouver Sun (January 12, 2011).
- "The news in 140 characters". The Independent (London (UK)). November 5, 2010. p. 18.
- "Twitter / Sarah Palin: Remember months ago "bulls". Twitter. November 4, 2010. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Rutenberg, Jim; Zernike, Kate (January 10, 2011). "Palin, amid criticism, stays in electronic comfort zone". The New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- Krugman, Paul (January 9, 2011). "Climate of Hate". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- "Palin Aide's Inane Bullseye Map Defense". U.S. News & World Report. January 9, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2011.
- Toby Harnden (January 9, 2011). "The unseemly rush to blame Sarah Palin, the Tea Party and Republicans for murder in Arizona". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- Robert Stacy McCain. "Arizona Shootings: 'It Was a Colossal Failure of Journalism'". The American Spectator. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- Howard Kurtz (January 8, 2011). "Should We Blame Sarah Palin for Gabrielle Giffords' Shooting?". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- Byron York (January 9, 2011). "Journalists urged caution after Ft. Hood, now race to blame Palin after Arizona shootings". Washington Examiner. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- "Sarah Palin pulls 'gun crosshairs' graphic targeting Arizona congresswoman who was shot". The Trentonian. January 8, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-25.
- Keach Hagey (January 10, 2011). "Glenn Beck, Rush Limbaugh respond to shooting". Politico. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
- CLAIRE SHIPMAN and HUMA KHAN (January 12, 2011). "Death Threats Against Sarah Palin at 'Unprecedented Level,' Aides Say". ABC News. Retrieved January 13, 2011.
- Jonsson, Patrik. "As portrait of Jared Loughner sharpens, 'vitriol' blame fades; The suggestion that the shooting of Rep. Gabrielle Giffords Saturday might have been influenced by political 'vitriol' seems less likely as more becomes known about suspect Jared Loughner, Christian Science Monitor (January 12, 2011): "one piece of evidence collected so far is a 2007 letter from Giffords's office to Mr. Loughner, thanking him for attending a meet-and-greet event. On it is scrawled a death threat to Giffords. In 2007, Sarah Palin was a little-known Alaska governor and the tea party movement did not exist....a majority of Americans are dismissing the notion that the shooter was set off by a Sarah Palin political map...."
- Balz, Dan. "Palin caught in crosshairs map controversy after Tucson shootings", The Washington Post (January 10, 2010): "there is no known connection between anything Palin said or did and the alleged actions of Jared Loughner."
- Oliphant, James. "Sarah Palin video on Giffords aftermath stays true to who Palin is", Los Angeles Times (January 13, 2011).
- Kurtz, Howard (January 12, 2011). "Palin Goes Nuclear With 'Blood Libel' Speech". TheDailyBeast.com. RTST, Inc. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Page, Susan (January 17, 2011). "Poll: Most want Obama, GOP to work together". USA Today.
- Adams, Richard (January 18, 2011). "Sarah Palin's poll ratings fall after 'blood libel' row". The Guardian (London).
- Kizzia, Tom (August 31, 2008). "Palin touts stance on 'Bridge to Nowhere,' doesn't note flip-flop". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- "Palin sought more taxes and more development from oil companies"; Politifact, Saint Petersburg Times, August 29, 2008
- "Is Palin foe of big oil or a new Cheney?"; Reuters, September 12, 2008
- Apuzzo, Matt. “Campaign money hurts Palin's outsider image”, Associated Press (September 2, 2008)[dead link]
- Becker, Jo; Goodman, Peter S.; Powell, Michael (September 14, 2008). "Once Elected, Palin Hired Friends and Lashed Foes". The New York Times.
- Carlton, Jim et al. (September 4, 2008). "Focus Turns to Palin Record". Wall Street Journal.
- Ken Armstrong and Hal Bernton."Sarah Palin had turbulent first year as mayor of Alaska town"; Seattle Times, September 7, 2008
- Demer, Lisa (August 30, 2008). "'Troopergate' inquiry hangs over campaign". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 5, 2008.: "Monegan said he believes his firing was directly related to the fact Wooten stayed on the job. 'It was a significant factor if not the factor,' Monegan said."
- Grimaldi, James V.; Karl Vick (September 4, 2008). "Palin E-Mails Show Intense Interest in Trooper's Penalty". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 3, 2008.
- Demer, Lisa (September 2, 2008). "Attorney challenges Monegan firing inquiry". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
- Loy, Wesley (September 15, 2008). "Palin accuses Monegan of insubordination". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
- Forgey, Pat (August 31, 2008). "State leaders question Palin's qualifications: Governor's two years of experience raise concerns about vice presidential candidacy". Juneau Empire.
- "APPROVAL RATINGS FOR ALL 50 GOVERNORS AS OF 11/20/06". SurveyUSA website, Retrieved 2010-12-15.
- Cauchon, Dennis (June 21, 2007). "At state level, GOP, Dems learn to get along". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Ayres, Sabra (May 30, 2007). "Alaska's governor tops the approval rating charts". Archived at AccessMyLibrary (Anchorage Daily News). Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- Horton, Carly (November 4, 2007). "Palin ranks among nation's most popular governors". The Alaska Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "Alaska: McCain 48% Obama 43%". Rasmussen Reports. April 10, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.[dead link]
- "Alaska: McCain 50% Obama 41%". Rasmussen Reports. May 17, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.[dead link]
- "Governor Palin is the most popular governor in the country.". St. Petersburg Times. September 3, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
- "Palin approval rating drops in Alaska". Anchorage Daily News. October 1, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-01.
- "McCain Leads By 15 in Alaska". Rasmussen Reports. October 7, 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-24.[dead link]
- Cockerham, Sean (May 7, 2009). "New poll shows slump in Palin's popularity among Alaskans". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
- Cillizza, Chris (July 17, 2009). "Morning Fix: Winners and Losers, Sotomayor Day 4". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
- SurveyUSA "SurveyUSA Job Approval Numbers" (to see, e.g., Schwarzenegger, select 042809 – California Approval Rating Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger). Retrieved 2010-12-15.
- Insider: Public Loves Politics, Pop Culture Mix, Walt Belcher, Tampa Tribune, November 7, 2008, via TBOExtra.com. Retrieved November 13, 2008.
- Kristol, William (September 8, 2008). "Let Palin Be Palin". Weekly Standard 013 (48).
- Johnson, Rebecca (February 2008). "Sarah Palin: Altered State". Vogue (United States: Condé Nast Publications). Archived from the original on April 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
- Abcarian, Robin; Kate Linthicum (October 23, 2008). "A political fashion do or don't?". Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, California, USA: Eddy Hartenstein). ISSN 0458-3035. OCLC 3638237. Archived from the original on April 11, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
The beauty or scandal of Palin's RNC-funded makeover appears to be in the eye of the beholder's party.
- Gourevitch, Philip (September 22, 2008). "The State of Sarah Palin". The New Yorker. pp. 3, 8. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- Jesse Sheidlower (October 1, 2008). "What Kind of Accent Does Sarah Palin Have?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- Pinker, Steven (October 3, 2008). "Op-Ed Contributor – Everything You Heard Is Wrong". New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- Access Hollywood (September 14, 2008). "Tina Fey Plays Sarah Palin In Return To 'SNL'". omg! news on Yahoo!. Retrieved October 5, 2008.
- Harris, Dan; Joel Siegel; Sarah Netter (July 20, 2010). "Sarah Palin Riles Up NYC Mayor Bloomberg Over Tweet to 'Refudiate' Ground Zero Mosque". ABC. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- Sheridan, Michael (July 19, 2010). "Sarah Palin uses Twitter to criticize Ground Zero mosque, gets slammed for poor grammar". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- Shear, Michael D. (December 30, 2010). "‘Refudiate' Was a Typo – Political Revisionism 2010". The New York Times.
- NPR: Refudiate? Repudiate? Let's Call The Whole Thing Off. August 3, 2010.
- Kanalley, Craig (July 20, 2010). "Sarah Palin 'Refudiate' Twitter Remark Causes FLOOD Of #ShakesPalin Tweets". Huffington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2010.
- Howie, Craig (November 15, 2010). "Top of the Ticket: Sarah Palin's 'refudiate' named dictionary's word of the year". Los Angeles Times.
- Andy Barr (June 9, 2009). "Palin: David Letterman 'pathetic'". Politico. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- Self (June 16, 2009). "FireDavidLetterman.com". Self. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- David Baulder (June 16, 2009). "Sarah Palin Accepts David Letterman's Apology". Associated Press. Retrieved June 16, 2009.[dead link]
- Mooney, Alexander (June 25, 2009). "Sarah Palin Attacks Alaskan Blogger". ScienceBlogs. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
- Sean Cockerham (July 5, 2009). "Palin Attorney's decry 'defamatory' rumors". ADN. Retrieved July 5, 2009.
- Sarah Palin (July 14, 2009). "The 'Cap and Tax' dead end". Washington Post. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "Opinion L.A". Los Angeles Times. November 17, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- "Taylor Marsh: What Was Newsweek Thinking? (updated)". Huffington Post. November 18, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Ruler4You (November 16, 2009). "Newsweek Photo of Palin Shows Media Bias and Sexism". Blogs.cbn.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Sarah Palin hates her 'sexist' Newsweek cover. Does she really?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.[dead link]
- Eleanor CliftNovember 16, 2009 (November 16, 2009). "Payback Time: Why Right-Wing Men Rush to Palin's Defense – Newsweek". Blog.newsweek.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Palin angered by 'sexist' Newsweek cover – Yahoo! News". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Wildlife Group urges Discovery to Drop". LA Times. April 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- Gold, Matea (March 30, 2010). "Palin's new Fox show debuts". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-04-15.
- Leonard, Tom (April 2, 2010). "'Guests' say Palin's YV show dishonest". The Telegraph (canada.com).
- Dan Amira (June 3, 2011). "Sarah Palin Reveals Fascinating New Account of Paul Revere's Midnight Ride". New York Magazine. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
... yesterday she revealed some heretofore unknown facts about Paul Revere's midnight ride. Did you know that he was actually warning the British, through the repeated ringin' of bells? ... Sarah Palin: by ringin’ those bells and, um, by makin’ sure that as he's ridin’ his horse through town to send those warnin’ shots and bells...
- Andrew Malcolm (June 3, 2011). "Sarah Palin claims Paul Revere warned the British". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
He who warned, uh, the British that they weren’t gonna be takin’ away our arms, uh, by ringing those bells, and um, makin' sure as he's riding his horse through town to send those warning shots and bells that we were going to be sure and we were going to be free, and we were going to be armed."
- "Palin: I didn't mess up Paul Revere history". Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- "Palin: I didn't mess up Paul Revere history". Fox News. June 5, 2011.
- Cassidy, Chris (June 6, 2011). "Experts back Sarah Palin's historical account". Boston Herald.
Sarah Palin yesterday insisted her claim at the Old North Church last week that Paul Revere "warned the British" during his famed 1775 ride – remarks that Democrats and the media roundly ridiculed – is actually historically accurate. And local historians are backing her up.
- Bishop, Stewart (June 6, 2011). "Palin defends Revere comments". Boston Globe. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Marikar, Sheila (June 6, 2011). "Experts Dispute Sarah Palin's Midnight Ride Account, Agree Paul Revere Did Not Warn the British". ABCNews. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- National Public Radio (June 6, 2011). "How Accurate Were Palin's Paul Revere Comments?". Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Dennis DiClaudio."Sarah Palin, Still Strong on Women's Issues"; ComedyCentral, September 9, 2008
- "Sarah Palin Baby Name Generator", Poli Tsk Tsk Tsk (politsk.blogspot.com). Retrieved October 25, 2008.
- Gene Weingarten, "Chatological Humor", The Washington Post, September 16, 2008; Christie St. Martin, "Soup Landmine Palin", The Los Angeles Times, September 15, 2008; Gilbert Cruz, "Sarah Palin Baby Name Generator", Time, September 23, 2008 (all three Retrieved October 25, 2008)
- "Kanaal van Kielan2154". YouTube. November 17, 2006. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Julie's Blog". Julie Brown. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Sarah Palin is a 'Frightening Prospect'", animalnewyork.com, October 21, 2008
- "Spoofing Shepard Fairey's Obama "Hope" Posters", The Village Voice, n.d.
- Randall Roberts, "Palin 'Frightening Prospect' Posters Everywhere but LA. What gives?", LA Weekly, October 21, 2008 (all three Retrieved March 3, 2009).
- Wallenstein, Andrew (September 18, 2008). "NBC's Web sites see surge in traffic". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 20, 2008.[dead link]
- "Tina Fey Guest Stars On Saturday Night Live Season Premiere As Republican Vice Presidential Candidate Gov. Sarah Palin" (Press release). NBC Universal Media Village. September 14, 2008. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
- "Palin impersonators". snltranscripts.jt.org. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "You betcha — Tina Fey wins Emmy as Sarah Palin on 'SNL'". Los Angeles Times. September 13, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "Sarah Palin reacts to Tina Fey Impersonation". Entertainment Tonight. September 15, 2008. Retrieved September 16, 2008.[dead link]
- "Sarah Palin impersonators". Chicago Tribune. October 24, 2008. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Luchina Fisher, "Will the Real Sarah Palin Please Stand Up?", ABC News, September 15, 2008
- Gina Gershon. "Gina Gershon index page". Funny or Die. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
- Gina Gershon. "Gina Gershon Strips Down Sarah Palin". Funny or Die. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
- Samantha Chang, "The Improper: Sarah Palin Bikini Photos Are Fake", The Improper, September 4, 2008 . Retrieved October 31, 2008.
- "Video: Gina Gershon Spoofs Sarah Palin", US Magazine, September 11, 2008 . Retrieved November 1, 2008.
- David Sarno, "Bikini-clad Gina Gershon spoofs Sarah Palin", Los Angeles Times, September 10, 2008 . Retrieved November 1, 2008.
- CNN (November 3, 2008). "CNN Showbiz Tonight: Funniest Campaign Ever". CNN. Retrieved November 4, 2008. (video)
- Chris Weigant, "My 2008 'McLaughlin Awards'" Huffington Post, December 26, 2008.
- David Freddoso, "‘Caribou Barbie’", National Review Online, September 5, 2008.
- "Tina Fey & Sarah Palin Cross Paths on SNL", People Magazine, October 19, 2008.
- "Late Show – When Alec Baldwin Met Sarah Palin". Late Show with David Letterman. October 29, 2008. CBS. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
- Laird, John (January 11, 2009). "Legislators, grizzlies and Bible verses". The Columbian. p. C.
Mama grizzly or Caribou Barbie? Sarah Palin is on the prowl, snorting that when the media poke fun at her family, it brings out the mama grizzly in her.
- Newman, Craig (July 28, 2009). "Sarah Palin says goodbye – the William Shatner way". Blogs.suntimes.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Mackey, Robert (July 28, 2009). "Shatner Performs Palin's ‘Poetry’". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "Long before Palin speech, William Shatner did Elton John's "Rocket Man"". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. July 28, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Scherer, Michael (July 28, 2009). "William Shatner Reads Sarah Palin". Swampland.blogs.time.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "William Shatner Returns To 'Tonight' To Tackle Sarah Palin's Tweets". Newsroom.mtv.com. July 30, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "William Shatner interprets the Twitter poetry of Sarah Palin". Features.csmonitor.com. July 30, 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- [dead link]
- Tucker, Ken (December 11, 2009). "See Sarah Palin out-Shatner William Shatner on 'The Tonight Show' | Ken Tucker's TV | EW.com". Watching-tv.ew.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- Carter, Bill (December 11, 2009). "Sarah Palin Appears on ‘Tonight Show'". The New York Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Attention, Sarah Palin Bashers: Lookalike book "Going Rogue" is Coming by Thom Geier, Entertainment Weekly, October 21, 2009
- Spoof Biographies look to Spoil Sarah Palin's Book Launch by Alison Flood, The Guardian, October 21, 2009
- "Going Rogue" Spoof: "Nightmare" Stories may have Sarah Palin Seeing "Rouge" by Olivia Smith, New York Daily News, October 21, 2009
- New Yorker: Steve Brodner on Sarah Palin and the politics of perception
- Who is Sarah Palin? – slideshow by Newsweek magazine
- "Palin's Strengths Rooted in Alaska," by Sally Jenkins
- "How Palin governs: She keeps a narrow focus, prefers message to mechanic," by Anchorage Daily News September 28, 2008
- Burkeman, Oliver. "Parody Extravaganza: Twenty US election spoofs you may have missed." The Guardian, October 30, 2008.
- Sarah Palin: The Sound and the Fury by Michael Joseph Gross, Vanity Fair Cover Story, October 2010