Rafael Hernández Airport
|Rafael Hernández Airport|
|Owner||Puerto Rico Ports Authority|
|Serves||Aguadilla, Puerto Rico|
|Location||Aguadilla, Puerto Rico|
|Elevation AMSL||237 ft / 72 m|
Rafael Hernández Airport (IATA: BQN, ICAO: TJBQ, FAA LID: BQN) is a joint civil-military airport located in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico. It is named after the Puerto Rican composer Rafael Hernández Marín and is the second largest international airport in Puerto Rico in the region of Porta del Sol, Puerto Rico's west coast. It is also home to Coast Guard Air Station Borinquen. Rafael Hernandez Airport mainly serves Puerto Rican westerners living in the Eastern Region of the United States. The airport previously served as a focus city for PAWA Dominicana.
In the past, the airport has been served by major carriers like Capitol Air, Pan Am, Kiwi International Air Lines, TWA, American Airlines, and Delta Connection. Taesa flew in 1996 from Benito Juarez International Airport in Mexico City.
Until 1974, the airport was an active military installation, Ramey Air Force Base, under the operational control of Strategic Air Command (SAC). Following its closure, it was converted into a civilian airport. It used to receive domestic commercial flights by Prinair as well as service from JFK International Airport in New York City with Capitol Air, and 707 passenger flights from Miami with Southeast Airlines. It is also noted for being the place that the large clothing company, Wrangler Jeans used to land their planes filled with company-related cargo.
In the mid and late 1970s, the Ahrens Aircraft Corporation attempted to set up operations at former USAF industrial facilities at the airport in order to manufacture the Ahrens AR 404 regional airliner, a short takeoff and landing (STOL) turboprop aircraft, with financial incentives promised by the Puerto Rican government for development. However, a subsequent government investigation over these incentives ensued and the project was cancelled after only two AR 404s were built at Rafael Hernandez Airport.
In 2004, the Puerto Rico Ports Authority announced that it would be remodeling and expanding BQN to accommodate more flights and passengers. An expansion of the terminal building and a new parking lot were among the projects in mind, with said expansion being inaugurated on July 12, 2005.
Since the closure of Ramey AFB in 1974, the airport's control tower had remained standing, but was non-operational, limiting the airport to UNICOM communication as an uncontrolled airport. Following refurbishment of the former USAF control tower in 2006 and 2007, the newly renovated control tower became operational on July 5, 2007.
The capacity of the airport and its role as the main gateway to Porta del Sol has led local officials to take the position that the airport is extremely underserved in a region which accounts for one third of Puerto Rico's total population, with the mayor of Aguadilla asking for the airport to be transferred to the city on several occasions.
On February 20, 2012, it was announced by both the mayor of Aguadilla and the U.S. Secretary of Commerce that the airport will be designated a "free trade zone" (FTZ), as are many other airports in the U.S., a move that is believed will improve the development of the airport and surrounding areas.
On April 10, 2014, Lufthansa Technik announced the creation of a maintenance, repair and overhaul center (MRO) at the airport. This will create operations for maintenance of Lufthansa Aircraft flying on the Americas, starting with 2 reconditioning lines by C and D checks for the Airbus A320, with plans to expand up to 5 reconditioning lines.
In 1988, Carnival Airlines and ATA began passenger jet service. In the 1990s, American Airlines, joined those two airlines, followed by Pan Am (2) and TWA. This was followed by Carnival Airlines, which provided Airbus A300 service to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, New Jersey and Fort Lauderdale International Airport in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. In the early 1990s, Carnival Airlines also operated the first intra-Puerto Rican jet service from the airport to Ponce with Boeing 727s and Airbus A300s. Another carrier, Prinair, also conducted operations at Rafael Hernández Airport.
In 2000, North American Airlines reopened passenger service with a non-stop flight to New York JFK three times a week. Later, Continental Airlines joined North American with a daily flight to their hub in Newark. Continental has since merged with United Airlines, and the latter airline has continued to provide service. Boston-Maine Airways began service to Orlando Sanford International Airport in Florida and to Santo Domingo.
In 2005 Jet Blue Airways began a daily flight to their hub at New York JFK. Soon after the arrival of JetBlue, North American ceased operations. As a result, JetBlue announced that it would add a second daily flight to New York JFK.
In 2006, Delta Connection began regional jet service to Atlanta, Georgia five times a week, although this service ended on January 20, 2007 as part of Delta's restructuring plan. Later in 2007, JetBlue Airways began service to Orlando International Airport in Florida.
In the summer of 2007 Spirit Airlines announced plans to begin service from the airport to their hub in Fort Lauderdale, Florida with a flight five times a week during the summer. It then reduced its service frequency to a flight two times a week.
Spirit increased their flight frequency to daily to/from Fort Lauderdale. In addition, Spirit added a daily non-stop service to Orlando in February 2008. JetBlue continued to have two daily flights to New York City after the holiday season, adding a second daily flight to/from Orlando on May 1, 2008. On June 2, 2008, Pan Am World Airways Dominicana restored service between the airport and Santo Domingo-Las Americas as well as to Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic.
Rafael Hernández Airport covers an area of 1600 acres. The airport and its runway were originally built in 1940 as part of the Borinquen Field complex, a U.S. Army Air Corps, later U.S. Army Air Forces installation. With the establishment of an independent United States Air Force in 1947, the complex was renamed Ramey Air Force Base in 1948. Ramey AFB was home to a Strategic Air Command bombardment wing and housed a number of B-36 Peacemaker intercontinental bombers. The B-36s were later B-52 Stratofortress heavy bombers and KC-135 Stratotanker aerial refueling aircraft, while a tenant weather reconnaissance squadron operated WB-47 Stratojet and WC-130 Hercules aircraft. Due to the size and weight of the B-36, the runway at Ramey had to be built to a length of 11,702 ft and a width of 200 ft, added an 870 ft Blast Pad at each end and a 50 ft shoulder on each side.
The north side of the airport consists of a passenger terminal with an international side capable of handling flights of over 200 passengers. It also hosts the Main Cargo Terminal, the FedEx Terminal, and the General Aviation Terminal. The north side also houses the Copeca Jet Center Executive Terminal, as well as five service hangars. The military side of the airport is also located on the north side, housing Coast Guard Air Station Borinquen, a United States Coast Guard facility, as well as the 141st Air Control Squadron (which operates at the Punta Borinquen Radar Station), a non-flying unit of the Puerto Rico Air National Guard.
The south side of the airport is the largest portion of the airport, but is currently undeveloped. Since the airport was transferred from the U.S. Air Force and the General Services Administration (GSA) to Puerto Rico Port Authority in 1973, the south side has been the object of various disputes and competing political campaign promises by local elected officials and local political candidates. Despite such promises over the past four decades, the south side remains undeveloped. Under the administration of Sila M. Calderón and Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, a master plan was conceived to turn the south side into an air cargo hub for the Caribbean, but local residents objected to the use of the south side for cargo rather than a modern passenger terminal.
The passenger terminal was recently[when?] upgraded to include air conditioning, more space for modern airline ticket counters and car rental counters. It consists of two gates, Gate 14 and Gate 15. Gate 15 is use for departures while Gate 14 is use for arrivals. The terminal is divided into two sections, domestic and the international, with the domestic side equipped with a United States Department of Agriculture facility, while the international side contains a United States Customs inspection facility capable of handling up to 200 passengers at any one time.
The cargo section of the airport is divided in two sections, the Main Terminal and the FedEx Terminal. The FedEx Terminal is home to FedEx and its local affiliates. Talks are currently going for FedEx to increase their operations at Rafael Hernandez Airport and turn Aguadilla in a hub and distribution center for the Caribbean. The remaining Cargo Carriers are located in the Main Terminal.
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approved a master plan to redevelop the Rafael Hernández Airport in Aguadilla that will involve an investment of $1 billion over the next 20 years. The Aguadilla airport currently has two commercial passenger gates. The master plan calls for a total of 30 commercial passenger gates.
There are plans to expand the road that give access to the airport.
Airlines and destinations
|JetBlue Airways||Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK, Orlando|
|Spirit Airlines||Fort Lauderdale|
JetBlue studied expansion for the 3 main airports in Puerto Rico for 2011 (Aguadilla, Ponce, and San Juan) and is now the only airline that operates in all three airports. In the past American Airlines offered service to their hub in Miami from Rafael Hernandez Airport. Miami, as well as other popular routes, currently lacks service from the airport. These markets include but are not limited to Houston, Dallas, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston, Hartford, and Baltimore. These cities are home to some of the largest Puerto Rican communities in the United States, many of whom have ties to Aguadilla and the surrounding region.
This table shows the continuous growth of passenger traffic at the airport since 2001, but affected in 2009 by the lack of new flights: For year 2007 the airport transported 400,473 passengers, nearly a 500% increase in five years. Rafael Hernández Airport has an average of 47 regular passengers flights per week.
|Carrier||Passengers (arriving and departing)|
|1||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||Fort Lauderdale – Hollywood International Airport (FLL)||87,000|
|2||New York City, New York||John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK)||69,000|
|3||Orlando, Florida||Orlando International Airport (MCO)||62,000|
|4||Newark, New Jersey||Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR)||53,000|
The airport can be accessed via two highways from PR-2.
- Arecibo and Points East including Isabela and Camuy are connected to the airport via PR-110.
- Mayagüez and Points south including downtown Aguadilla, Rincon, and Cabo Rojo are connected to the airport via PR-107.
Accidents and incidents
- On April 26, 1991, Douglas DC-3C N136FS of Four Star Air Cargo was destroyed when a fire broke out in the cockpit whilst the aircraft was taxiing for take-off on a mail flight to Cyril E. King Airport, Charlotte Amalie, United States Virgin Islands.
- On February 3, 1992, a C-54 of Dominican airline Aerolineas Mundo-AMSA had a runway collision with a Lockheed Super Constellation, suffering a fire and being damaged beyond repair.
- A flight involving a C-130 Hercules had taken off from this airport before crashing in Caguas, killing all 10 occupants.
- On August 30, 2013, a Martinair Cargo MD-11 aircraft, taking off for a flight to London Stansted Airport, suffered an engine fire and had to abort the takeoff. There were no injuries to the plane's crew, but the airplane suffered substantial damage to the number one engine, nacelle and aircraft's structure.
- FAA Airport Master Record for BQN ( PDF), retrieved April 15, 2014
- Air Traffic Activity System
- "MEXI96intro". www.departedflights.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- "CL120182". www.departedflights.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- "La Floridiana by William Moriaty - Nolan's Pop Culture Review #219". www.crazedfanboy.com. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
- Lufthansa Press Release, Apr 10, 2014 New overhaul site in Puerto Rico for short/medium-haul aircraft
- "FedEx looks to make Aguadilla airport Caribbean distribution hub". www.caribbeanbusinesspr.com. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- "Caribbean Business Pr.". www.caribbeanbusinesspr.com. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- "Camaradere Presentantes" (PDF). www.camaraderepresentantes.org. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
- "Partnering with private sector for major projects". www.caribbeanbusinesspr.com. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- Passenger Movement Through Regional Airports 2001–2006 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Passenger Movement Through Regional Airports 2002–2007 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Rafael Hernández Airport – Passenger Traffic 2008–2009 Puerto Rico Ports Authority
- Carga y pasajeros aéreos y marítimos Instituto de Estadísticas de Puerto Rico
- "Aguadilla, PR: Rafael Hernández (BQN)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), U.S. Department of Transportation. June 2017. Retrieved August 2, 2017.
- "N136FS Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
- Hradecky, Simon (April 27, 2009). "Accident: Four Star Cargo DC3 at San Juan on Apr 26th 2009, cockpit burned off airframe". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
- Resources for this airport: