Richard Burr

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Richard Burr
Richard Burr official portrait.jpg
Official portrait, 2015
United States Senator
from North Carolina
Assumed office
January 3, 2005
Serving with Thom Tillis
Preceded byJohn Edwards
Ranking Member of the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee
Assumed office
February 3, 2021
Preceded byPatty Murray
Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 – May 15, 2020
Preceded byDianne Feinstein
Succeeded byMarco Rubio (acting)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 5th district
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2005
Preceded byStephen L. Neal
Succeeded byVirginia Foxx
Personal details
Richard Mauze Burr

(1955-11-30) November 30, 1955 (age 65)
Charlottesville, Virginia, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Brooke Fauth
(m. 1984)
EducationWake Forest University (BA)
WebsiteSenate website

Richard Mauze Burr (born November 30, 1955) is an American businessman and politician who is the senior United States Senator from North Carolina, serving since 2005. A member of the Republican Party, Burr was previously a member of the United States House of Representatives. He is the dean of North Carolina's congressional delegation.

Born in Charlottesville, Virginia, Burr is a graduate of Wake Forest University. Before seeking elected office, he was a sales manager for a lawn equipment company.[1] In 1994, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for North Carolina's 5th congressional district as part of the Republican Revolution.

Burr was first elected to the United States Senate in 2004. From 2015 to 2020, he chaired the Senate Intelligence Committee. In 2016, he announced that he would not seek reelection in 2022.[2] Burr temporarily stepped down as chair of the Intelligence Committee on May 15, 2020, amid an FBI investigation into allegations of insider trading during the COVID-19 pandemic.[3] On January 19, 2021, the Department of Justice announced that the investigation had been closed, with no charges against Burr.[4]

Burr was one of seven Republican senators to vote to convict Donald Trump of incitement of insurrection in his second impeachment trial.[5]

Early life, education, and business career[edit]

Burr was born on November 30, 1955, in Charlottesville, Virginia, the son of Martha (Gillum) and Rev. David Horace White Burr.[6][7][8] He graduated from Richard J. Reynolds High School in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, in 1974 and earned a B.A. from Wake Forest University in 1978.[9] In college, Burr played defensive back for the Wake Forest Demon Deacons football team.[10] He is a member of the Kappa Sigma fraternity.[11]

Before running for Congress, Burr worked for 17 years as a sales manager for Carswell Distributing Company, a distributor of lawn equipment.[1] He is a member of the board of Brenner Children's Hospital and the West Point Board of Visitors.[12]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

In 1992, Burr ran against incumbent Representative Stephen L. Neal for the seat in the Winston-Salem-based 5th District and lost.[10] He ran again in 1994 after Neal chose not to seek reelection, and was elected in a landslide year for Republicans.[10]

In the House, Burr authored the FDA Modernization Act of 1997.[13] He also helped create the National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, he successfully sponsored amendments to improve defenses against bioterrorism.[13]

As a representative, Burr co-sponsored, with Senator Kit Bond, an amendment to the Energy Policy Act of 2003 relaxing restrictions on the export of specific types of enriched uranium that were first enacted in the Schumer Amendment to the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The original Schumer amendment placed increased controls on U.S. civilian exports of weapons-grade highly enriched uranium (HEU) to encourage foreign users to switch to reactor-grade low-enriched uranium (LEU) for isotope production. HEU is attractive to terrorists because it can be used to create a simple nuclear weapon, while LEU cannot be used directly to make nuclear weapons. Burr's amendment allowed exports of HEU to five countries for creating medical isotopes.[14][15]

Burr was reelected four times with no substantial opposition.[13] He never received less than 62% of the vote, and ran unopposed in 2002.

United States Senate[edit]



In July 2004, Burr won the Republican primary to seek the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by John Edwards, who had retired from the Senate to run for vice president with presidential nominee John Kerry in the 2004 election, which they lost to incumbent president George W. Bush. He faced Democratic Party nominee Erskine Bowles and Libertarian Tom Bailey. Burr won the election by five percentage points.[16]


Burr defeated the Democratic nominee, North Carolina Secretary of State Elaine Marshall, with 55% of the vote. He is the first Republican since Jesse Helms to be reelected to the United States Senate from North Carolina. He also broke the "curse" that his seat held, being the first senator reelected to the seat since 1968 (when Sam Ervin won his final term).


Burr defeated Democratic nominee Deborah K. Ross, 51%–45%.[17] Burr was an advisor for Donald Trump's presidential campaign.[18]

Burr received campaign donations from Saudi Arabian lobbyists.[19]


On July 20, 2016, during his reelection campaign, Burr announced that, should he win that year's election (which he did), he would not seek reelection to a fourth term in 2022.[20]

Tenure and political positions[edit]

Burr with President George W. Bush, July 2004

In 2007, Burr ran for chair of the Senate Republican Conference, but lost to Senator Lamar Alexander of Tennessee by a vote of 31 to 16.[21][22] In 2009, Senator Jon Kyl of Arizona, the Senate Republican Whip, appointed Burr Chief Deputy Whip in the 111th Congress.[23] In 2007, Burr was named a deputy whip.[13] In 2011, he announced his intention to seek the post of minority whip, the number two Republican position in the Senate,[24] but he dropped out of that race in 2012.[25]

As of March 2020, Burr had voted with Trump about 92.2% of the time.[26] He rarely votes against the majority of his party (in about 1.5% of votes).[27] The American Conservative Union's Center for Legislative Accountability gives Burr a lifetime rating of 86.[28]

Campaign finance[edit]

Burr opposes the DISCLOSE Act, which would require political ads include information about who funded the ad. He supports the U.S. Supreme Court decision Citizens United, which allowed political action committees to spend an unlimited amount of money during elections so long as they were not in direct coordination with candidates.[29]


Burr has been critical of financial regulations; he strongly opposed, and voted against, the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 and the creation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.[30] In 2018, he voted for legislation that partly repealed the Dodd–Frank reforms.[26]

In fall 2008, during the global financial crisis, Burr said he was going to an ATM every day and taking out cash because he thought the financial system would soon collapse.[31][32] In 2009, in response to press about his experience, Burr said that he would do the same thing again next time.[33]

Burr is a signatory of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge, a pledge vowing to oppose to tax increases for any reason.[34] He opposes raising taxes on businesses or high-income people to fund public services.[29]

In 2013, Burr criticized Senator Ted Cruz and other Republican colleagues for filibustering the passage of the fiscal year 2014 federal budget (thereby precipitating a federal government shutdown) in an effort to defund the Affordable Care Act.[35][36] Burr called the approach of Cruz and allies "the height of hypocrisy" and the "dumbest idea I've ever heard."[35]

Burr opposed ratification of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)[37] and supported the adoption of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement.[26]

In March 2015, Burr voted for an amendment to establish a deficit-neutral reserve fund to allow employees to earn paid sick time.[38] He opposes raising the federal minimum wage.[37]

In 2016, Burr said he supports the privatization of Social Security.[29]

Environment and climate change[edit]

U.S. Senators Bob Corker, Richard Burr, Lamar Alexander, Kay Hagan, and Congressman John Duncan among others at the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in 2009

Burr was one of 20 senators to vote against the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009, a public land management and conservation bill.[39] He supported renewal of the 1965 Land and Water Conservation Fund.[40][41]

Burr does not accept the scientific consensus on climate change; he acknowledges that climate change is occurring, but has expressed doubt that it is caused by human activity.[29][42][43] He opposes regulations to limit greenhouse gas emissions, and opposed federal grants or subsidies to encourage the productions of renewable energy.[29] In 2015, he voted against a measure to declare that climate change is real, human-caused, creating problems, and that the U.S. must shift from fossil fuels to sustainable energy.[44][45] In 2013, Burr voted for a measure expressing opposition to a federal tax or fee on carbon emissions.[46] He voted in favor of the Keystone XL pipeline.[47]

In 2017, Burr voted to repeal the Stream Protection Rule as well as rules requiring energy companies to reduce waste, reduce emissions, and disclose payments from foreign governments.[26] In 2019, he voted to repeal an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rule regarding emissions.[26] He has supported the lowering of federal taxes on alternative fuels and the initiation of a hydropower project on the Yadkin River in Wilkes County, North Carolina.[40] In 2011, Burr voted to abolish the EPA and merge it with the U.S. Department of Energy.[48]

In 2019, Burr was one of nine Republican lawmakers to found the Roosevelt Conservation Caucus, a conservation-focused group of Republican members of Congress.[49]


In 2017, Burr voted to confirm Betsy DeVos as U.S. education secretary; she was confirmed by 51–50, with Vice President Mike Pence casting a tie-breaking vote after the Senate deadlocked.[50] DeVos's family donated $43,200 to Burr's reelection campaign against Democrat Deborah Ross.[51] Burr typically votes against any increased funding for federal education projects,[52] and in 2016 said he opposed increasing Pell Grants, other forms of student financial aid, and any new subsidies that would help students refinance their loans.[29] He supports the goals of charter schools and has voted to allow school prayer.[52] He voted for the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.[52]

Foreign policy[edit]

Burr's foreign policy views have been described as hawkish at times.[53] In 2002, he voted for the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution, which authorized the U.S. invasion of Iraq.[54] Burr supported President Bush's troop surge in Iraq in January 2007, saying that the effort to counter the insurgency would increase "security and stability" in Iraq.[13] In February 2019, he voted for a measure disapproving of the withdrawal of U.S. military forces from Afghanistan and Syria.[26] In February 2020, Burr voted against a measure restricting Trump from initiating military action against Iran without Congressional approval.[26]

In 2017, Burr co-sponsored the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (s. 720), which would make it a federal crime for Americans to encourage or participate in boycotts against Israel and Israeli settlements in the West Bank if protesting actions by the Israeli government.[55][56]

In 2018 and 2019, Burr opposed legislation to prohibit U.S. arms sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and to end U.S. military assistance to the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[26][57]

Gun policy[edit]

Burr has a perfect score from the National Rifle Association for NRA-supported legislation, and the NRA has extensively supported Burr's campaigns.[58] In the 2016 election, the NRA spent nearly $7 million to support Burr against his Democratic rival Deborah K. Ross; over his career, Burr received more help from the NRA than all but one other member of Congress.[58] Burr used the same media consultant as the NRA for ads.[59]

In 2013, Burr voted against gun control measures, including extended background checks to internet and gun show weapons purchases[60][61] and an assault weapons ban.[62] He sponsored legislation to stop the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs from adding the names of veterans to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) if the department has assigned a financial fiduciary to take care of their finances due to mental incompetence, unless a judge or magistrate deems them to be a danger. People added to the NICS system are barred from purchasing or owning a firearm.[63] Burr voted against Senator Dianne Feinstein's "no fly no buy" bill,[60][64][65] but supported a Republican alternative measure by Senator John Cornyn that "proposed a 72-hour delay on gun sales to people whose names have been on a federal terror watch list within the past five years."[60]

Speaking privately on the topic of guns to a group of Republican volunteers in Mooresville, North Carolina, Burr joked that a magazine cover of Hillary Clinton ought to have had a bullseye on it.[66] He quickly apologized for the comment.[67]

Health policy[edit]

Burr voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in December 2009,[68] and against the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.[69] In 2014, Burr and Senator Orrin Hatch sponsored the Patient Choice, Affordability, Responsibility and Empowerment Act, a bill that would repeal and replace the ACA.[70] In 2017, Burr voted for the Republican legislation to replace major parts of the ACA; the legislation failed in the Senate on a 50–49 vote.[26]

In 2012, Burr co-sponsored a plan to overhaul Medicare; his bill would have raised the eligibility age from 65 to 67 over time and shifted more seniors to private insurance.[71][72] The proposal would have begun "a transition to a system dominated by private insurance plans."[73]

Burr opposed legislation to allow the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate the tobacco industry, which is economically important in North Carolina,[74] and unsuccessfully tried to filibuster the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009.[53] In 2010, he introduced the National Uniformity for Food Act, unsuccessful legislation that would have banned states from forcing manufacturers to include labels other than those required by the FDA on consumables and health and beauty products.[75]

Social issues[edit]

In 2018, Burr voted in favor of legislation to ban abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy.[26] He supports parental notification laws and efforts to restrict federal funding of Planned Parenthood.[76] He voted to define a pregnancy as carrying an "unborn child" from the moment of conception.[77] He voted to prevent minors who have crossed state lines from getting an abortion, as well as to ensure parents are notified if their child does get an abortion.[78][79] He voted to extend the federal prohibition on tax dollars being used for abortions by preventing the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services from giving grants to any organization that performs abortions at any of its locations.[80]

Burr opposes the legalization of cannabis for both medical and recreational use. He stated that there should be greater enforcement of current anti-cannabis federal laws in all states, even when cannabis is legal as a matter of state law.[29][81]

Burr voted for the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, the only Southern Republican senator to do so.[82][83][84][85][86][87] The bill repealed the Defense Department's don't ask, don't tell policy of employment discrimination against openly gay individuals. Burr and John Ensign were the only senators who voted against cloture but for passage;[88] Burr said he opposed taking up the issue of DADT repeal amid wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, but voted in favor of the bill anyway, becoming one of eight Republicans who backed the final repeal bill.[85]

Burr supported a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage,[89] but in 2013 said that he believed the law on same-sex marriage should be left to the states.[90] In 2013, he voted against the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, a bill to extend federal employment discrimination protections to LGBT persons.[89][91] In 2015, Burr was one of 11 Senate Republicans to vote in favor of allowing same-sex spouses to have access to federal Social Security and veterans' benefits.[92][93]

Burr thinks that bathroom access should be regulated by sex listed on birth certificates, but has also sought to distance himself from H.B. 2, North Carolina's controversial "bathroom legislation."[37][94][95]

Burr voted to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act in 2013.[96]

Burr voted against earmarking money to reduce teen pregnancy (via a requirement that health insurers have equitable birth control coverage, increased funding for family planning services, and funding for education programs that teaches vulnerable teens about contraceptives).[97] He has stated he supports giving employers the right to restrict access to birth control coverage of employees if it is for moral reasons.[29]

In December 2018, Burr was one of 12 Republican senators to vote against the cloture motion on the First Step Act, a criminal justice reform measure altering federal sentencing laws,[98][99] but ultimately voted for the law.[26]


In 2016, Burr and other Republican Senators opposed holding hearings on President Obama's nomination of Judge Merrick Garland to a vacancy on the Supreme Court of the United States, and refused to have a customary meeting with Garland.[100] He said that if Hillary Clinton were elected president, he would try to block her from ever filling the vacancy, saying that if Clinton won, "I am going to do everything I can do to make sure four years from now, we still got an opening on the Supreme Court."[66][101] Burr voted to confirm Trump's Supreme Court nominees Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh,[26] issuing a statement in favor of Kavanaugh's nomination two days before the testimony of Christine Blasey Ford, who accused Kavanaugh of sexually assaulting her while in high school,[102][103] and indicating he would support Kavanaugh's confirmation regardless of the hearing.[102]

In 2016, Burr blocked consideration of Patricia Timmons-Goodson's nomination to fill a vacancy on U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina; Obama nominated Timmons-Goodson to fill the seat, which had been vacant for more than 11 years.[104][100] He has expressed pride at creating the longest federal court bench vacancy in U.S. history by blocking the appointment of a judge Obama nominated.[66]

Privacy and surveillance[edit]

Some provisions of the Patriot Act, including those enabling the bulk collection of metadata for private telephone records by the National Security Agency, were scheduled to expire at the end of May 2015. As chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Burr proposed extending the provisions for two years, but his amendments were defeated. After the provisions expired, the Senate passed the USA Freedom Act, which instead allowed the NSA to subpoena the data from telephone companies.[105][106]

In 2016, following the FBI–Apple encryption dispute, Burr and Senator Dianne Feinstein circulated a draft bill (subsequently leaked) that would create a "backdoor" mandate, requiring technology companies to design encryption so as to provide law enforcement with user data in an "intelligible format" when required to do so by court order.[107][108][109][110]

President Trump[edit]

Burr was a national security adviser to the Trump campaign.[53] He stated that Trump "aligns perfectly" with the Republican Party. When asked on the campaign trail about Trump's offensive remarks about women, Burr said Trump should be forgiven a few mistakes and given time to change.[66]

In 2017, Burr said of Trump's firing of FBI Director James Comey, "I have found Director Comey to be a public servant of the highest order."[111]

As chair of the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, Burr led that chamber's investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.[53] In March 2017, Comey briefed congressional leaders and Intelligence Committee heads on the ongoing investigation into Russian interference in the election. That briefing included "an identification of the principal U.S. subjects of the investigation." The Mueller Report found that Burr had then corresponded with the Trump White House a week later about the Russia probes, with the White House Counsel's office, led by Don McGahn, apparently receiving "information about the status of the FBI investigation."[112]

In December 2019, amid an impeachment inquiry into Trump over the Trump-Ukraine scandal (Trump's request that Ukraine announce an investigation into his political rival Joe Biden), Burr pushed the debunked conspiracy theory that Ukraine meddled in the 2016 election. Burr said, "There's no difference in the way Russia put their feet, early on, on the scale—being for one candidate and everybody called it meddling—and how the Ukrainian officials did it."[113] During Trump's first impeachment trial, Burr said he would oppose removing Trump from office even if a quid pro quo was confirmed.[114] He opposed calling Trump's former National Security Adviser John Bolton as a witness at the Senate trial; Bolton had written that Trump had tied U.S. security aid to Ukraine to the country's taking action against Biden.[114] Burr voted to acquit Trump on the two charges of obstruction of Congress and abuse of power.[26]

On February 13, 2021, Burr was one of seven Republicans to vote to convict in Trump's second impeachment trial.[115] On February 16, the North Carolina Republican Party censured him for the vote.[116]

Insider trading allegations[edit]

In early February 2020, Burr sold between $628,000 and $1.72 million of stock in 33 transactions during a period when, as head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, he was being briefed daily regarding potential health threats from COVID-19.[117][118] The stocks sold included several that are considered vulnerable to economic downturns, such as hotel chains.[117] Burr was one of only three senators to oppose the STOCK Act of 2012, which prohibits members of Congress and congressional staff from using nonpublic information in securities trading.[117]

Two weeks later, Burr warned a private organization in North Carolina about the dangers of the virus, likely containment steps, and their extreme economic impacts on stocks and businesses; the advice contradicted his comments in a Fox News op-ed with Lamar Alexander on February 7, and he remained silent while media[119][120][121] and elected officials such as Bill de Blasio[122][123] and Nancy Pelosi[124] were downplaying the virus's potential for societal disruption in the U.S.[125][126] The organization he spoke to was Tar Heel Circle, a nonpartisan club of businesses and organizations in North Carolina that costs between $500 and $10,000 to join and assures members "enjoy interaction with top leaders and staff from Congress, the administration, and the private sector."[127]

When asked in March for a comment about Burr's stock sale, a spokesperson first responded "lol" and then said, "As the situation continues to evolve daily, he has been deeply concerned by the steep and sudden toll this pandemic is taking on our economy."[127] The editorial board of the Raleigh News & Observer criticized Burr's conduct: "Burr had a clear grasp of the danger ahead. Why did he only share it with a group whose member companies… contributed more than $100,000… to Burr’s last re-election campaign? Why didn’t Burr provide his assessment to all the constituents he is supposed to serve, as well as the national media?"[128] Fox News pundit Tucker Carlson called for Burr's resignation in the face of the allegations.[129]

The Department of Justice, in coordination with the Securities and Exchange Commission, launched a formal probe into the stock sales made during the early days of the coronavirus epidemic by several legislators, including Burr.[130] Burr was also sued by a shareholder for alleged STOCK Act violations.[131][132]

On May 13, the FBI served a search warrant on Burr at his Washington residence, and seized his cellphone.[133] He temporarily stepped down as chair of the Intelligence Committee the next day, taking effect on May 15.[3][134]

On January 19, 2021, the Justice Department informed Burr that it would not pursue charges against him.[4]

2021 storming of the United States Capitol[edit]

On May 28, 2021, Burr abstained from voting on the creation of an independent commission to investigate the 2021 United States Capitol attack.[135]

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus membership[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Burr's iconic 1973 VW Thing, front
Rear, showing campaign bumper stickers of fellow Republicans

Burr's car, a 1973 Volkswagen Thing, is "something of a local celebrity" on Capitol Hill.[137] Burr has a known aversion to reporters, once even climbing out of his office window while carrying his dry cleaning to avoid them.[53] Burr is a member of the United Methodist Church.[138]

Burr has been married to Brooke Fauth Burr, a real estate agent, since 1984, and they have two sons, Tyler and William.[139][6] Both work for tobacco companies.[140] He is a distant relative of 19th century vice-president Aaron Burr, as a descendant of one of Aaron Burr’s brothers.[141]

Electoral history[edit]

North Carolina's 5th congressional district: Results 1992–2002[142]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct
1992 Stephen L. Neal 117,835 53% Richard Burr 102,086 46% Gary Albrecht Libertarian 3,758 2%
1994 A. P. "Sandy" Sands 63,194 43% Richard Burr 84,741 57%
1996 Neil Grist Cashion Jr. 74,320 35% Richard Burr 130,177 62% Barbara J. Howe Libertarian 4,193 2% Craig Berg Natural Law 1,008 <1%
1998 Mike Robinson 55,806 32% Richard Burr 119,103 68% Gene Paczelt Libertarian 1,382 1%
2000 (no candidate) Richard Burr 172,489 93% Steven Francis LeBoeuf Libertarian 13,366 7%
2002 David Crawford 58,558 30% Richard Burr 137,879 70%
North Carolina Senator (Class III): Results 2004–2016[142]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct
2004 Erskine Bowles 1,632,527 47% Richard Burr 1,791,450 52% Tom Bailey Libertarian 47,743 1%
2010 Elaine Marshall 1,145,074 43% Richard Burr 1,458,046 55% Mike Beitler Libertarian 55,682 2%
2016 Deborah Ross 2,128,165 45% Richard Burr 2,395,376 51% Sean Haugh Libertarian 167,592 4%
U.S. Senate Republican primary election in North Carolina, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Richard Burr 302,319 88%
Republican John Ross Hendrix 25,971 8%
Republican Albert Lee Wiley Jr. 15,585 5%
U.S. Senate Republican primary election in North Carolina, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % +%
Republican Richard Burr (inc.) 627,263 61%
Republican Greg Brannon 257,296 25%
Republican Paul Wright 86,933 9%
Republican Larry Holmquist 50,500 5%


  1. ^ a b "Richard M. Burr (R)". The Washington Post.
  2. ^ Campbell, Colin (July 20, 2016). "US Sen. Richard Burr says 2016 will be his last run for elected office". The Charlotte Observer.
  3. ^ a b Herb, Jeremy; Raju, Manu; Zaslav, Ali (May 14, 2020). "Richard Burr to step down as Intelligence Committee chairman". CNN. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Fandos, Nicholas; Benner, Katie (January 20, 2021). "Justice Dept. Ends Stock Trade Inquiry Into Richard Burr Without Charges" – via
  5. ^ Murphy, Brian (February 13, 2021). "Burr votes guilty in Trump impeachment trial, Tillis votes not guilty". The News & Observer.
  6. ^ a b Burton, Danielle (May 22, 2008). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Richard Burr". U.S. News & World Report.
  7. ^ "Richard Burr's mother, 77, dies". Wilmington Star News. Associated Press.
  8. ^ "Senator Burr".
  9. ^ "BURR, Richard M. (1955-)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  10. ^ a b c Stuart Rothenberg (May 5, 2015). "How Much Trouble Is Richard Burr in?". Roll Call.
  11. ^ "Prominent Alumni: Government and Politics". Kappa Sigma Fraternity.
  12. ^ "Senator Burr". Office of U.S. Senator Richard Burr. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e Almanac of American Politics 2008, p. 1219.
  14. ^ Kuperman, Alan J. (October 9, 1998). "Civilian Highly Enriched Uranium". Nuclear Control Institute. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  15. ^ Kuperman, Alan J. (November 8, 2005). "Weaker U.S. Export Controls on Bomb-Grade Uranium: Causes, Consequences, and Prospects" (PDF). Nuclear Control Institute. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  16. ^ Politics, NC
  17. ^ Campbell, Colin (August 12, 2016). "NC's US Senate contest is becoming a closer race, national rankings show". The News & Observer. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
  18. ^ Douglas, Anna (October 12, 2016). "N.C. Senate debate tonight; expect Clinton and Trump to show up, at least in spirit". The Courier-Tribune. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  19. ^ Farivar, Masood (October 30, 2018). "Report Says Saudi-hired Lobbyists Give Millions to Influence US Congress". VOA News. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  20. ^ Campbell, Colin (July 20, 2016). "US Sen. Richard Burr says 2016 will be his last run for elected office". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  21. ^ John Rodgers (December 6, 2007). "Alexander elected to GOP's No. 3 spot". Nashville City Paper. Archived from the original on March 31, 2009.
  22. ^ Anu Raju (September 20, 2011). "Alexander quitting leadership post". Politico.
  23. ^ "Burr Named Chief Deputy Whip". (Press release). January 14, 2009. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  24. ^ Drucker, David M. (November 9, 2011). "Burr Counts on His Record in Whip Race". Roll Call. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  25. ^ Raju, Manu (March 30, 2012). "Richard Burr won't seek Republican whip". Politico.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Tracking Congress in the Age of Trump: Richard Burr, Republican senator for North Carolina". FiveThirtyEight. January 30, 2017. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  27. ^ Derek Willis, Allison McCartney & Jeremy B. Merrill. "Richard M. Burr (R-N.C.)". Represent Project. ProPublica.
  28. ^ "Sen. Richard Burr". American Conservative Union Foundation. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h Campus Election Engagement Project (October 11, 2016). "Richard Burr vs. Deborah Ross: Nonpartisan Candidate Guide For 2016 North Carolina Senate Race". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  30. ^ Gutiérrez, Bertrand M. (September 25, 2016). "U.S. Sen Richard Burr has backed GOP effort to rein in federal watchdog agency behind Wells Fargo fine". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  31. ^ James Shea (April 14, 2009). "Sen. Burr speaks on economy". Times-News.
  32. ^ Beckwith, Ryan Teague. "As crisis loomed, Burr told wife: Empty ATM" News and Observer April 16, 2009. Retrieved 2017-12-29.
  33. ^ Zimmermann, Eric (May 1, 2009). "Burr on bank flap: I'd do it again". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 2, 2011.
  34. ^ "The Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers" (PDF). Retrieved February 13, 2012.
  35. ^ a b Blake, Aaron (September 27, 2013). "GOP Sen. Richard Burr: Cruz's filibuster strategy 'the height of hypocrisy'". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  36. ^ Weisman, Jonathan; Parker, Ashley (October 17, 2013). "Republicans Back Down, Ending Crisis Over Shutdown and Debt Limit". The New York Times. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  37. ^ a b c J.D. Walker. "U.S. Senate race: Richard Burr, Deborah Ross". The Courier-Tribune. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  38. ^ Sullivan, Sean (March 27, 2015). "Senate passes budget after lengthy, politically charged 'Vote-a-rama'". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  39. ^ "H.R.146 - Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009, 111th Congress (2009-2010)". March 30, 2009.
  40. ^ a b Douglas, Anna (August 2, 2016). "Clean energy PAC backs Sen. Richard Burr, other Republicans". McClatchyDC. Archived from the original on August 4, 2016.
  41. ^ "Secretary Zinke Announces $94.3 Million to States for Parks and Outdoor Recreation through Land and Water Conservation Fund". (Press release). Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  42. ^ "How the House voted on H.R. 404". National Journal. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. Retrieved October 2, 2016.
  43. ^ Sturgis, Sue (August 25, 2016). "Duke Energy invests in keeping a climate science-rejecting U.S. Senate". Facing South. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  44. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 114th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 11, January 21, 2015".
  45. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 114th Congress - 1st Session, Vote Number 12, January 21, 2015".
  46. ^ "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 1st Session, Vote Number 59, March 22, 2013".
  47. ^ "Burr Statement on Obama's Veto of Keystone XL" (Press release). U.S. Senator Richard Burr of North Carolina. December 17, 2012.
  48. ^ Johnson, Brad (May 7, 2011). "Richard Burr introduces bill to abolish the EPA". Grist. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  49. ^ Nicol, Ryan (July 10, 2019). "Matt Gaetz, Brian Mast join new GOP conservation caucus". Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  50. ^ Wang, Amy X. (February 7, 2017). "Betsy DeVos has won Senate confirmation—after an unprecedented intervention". Quartz. Retrieved February 9, 2017.
  51. ^ Morrill, Jim (January 31, 2017). "Burr votes to confirm a Cabinet member – and big donor". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  52. ^ a b c "Richard Burr on Education". Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  53. ^ a b c d e Flegenheimer, Matt (May 14, 2017). "Richard Burr Leads Russia Inquiry, Whether He Likes It or Not". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  54. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 455, H.J.Res. 114 (107th Congress): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq.
  55. ^ "Cosponsors - S.720 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Israel Anti-Boycott Act". March 23, 2017.
  56. ^ Levitz, Eric (July 19, 2017). "43 Senators Want to Make It a Federal Crime to Boycott Israeli Settlements". Intelligencer.
  57. ^ Maza, Cristina (November 29, 2018). "Republican Senators Who Tried to Kill Yemen War Resolution Were Paid By Saudi Lobbyists". Newsweek.
  58. ^ a b Morrill, Jim; Murphy, Brian (October 4, 2017). "NC senators got more money from the NRA than most lawmakers. Here's why". News & Observer.
  59. ^ Morgan Gstalter (January 11, 2019). "Three GOP Senate candidates, NRA may have illegally coordinated ads: report". The Hill. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  60. ^ a b c Douglas, Anna (June 21, 2016). "Senators Richard Burr, Thom Tillis of North Carolina join Senate Republican majority in defeating gun control measures". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  61. ^ Weisman, Jonathan (April 17, 2013). "Senate Blocks Drive for Gun Control". The New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  62. ^ Lochhead, Carolyn (April 18, 2013). "Feinstein assault-weapons ban defeated". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  63. ^ "Veterans' gun rights a sticky issue in defense bill". Fox News. December 3, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  64. ^ Camp, Jon (June 22, 2016). "I-Team report: NRA has spent mightily on Sen. Tillis". WTVD. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  65. ^ Ybarra, Maggie (August 25, 2016). "How should the feds limit gun sales? One Senate race reveals the issue's deep divide". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  66. ^ a b c d Raju, Manu (September 1, 2015). "Richard Burr quips about gun owners shooting Hillary Clinton". CNN. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  67. ^ DiBlasio, Natalie. "Burr jokes about gun owners putting a 'bull's-eye' on Clinton". USA Today. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  68. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  69. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Retrieved August 29, 2010.
  70. ^ Martin, Aaron. "Burr, Hatch introduce alternative to Affordable Care Act" Archived January 31, 2014, at, Ripon Advance. January 28, 2014. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
  71. ^ "Burr vs. Ross: Close U.S. Senate race begins to take shape". The Times-News. the Associated Press. August 26, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  72. ^ Herzog, Rachel (July 13, 2016). "US Senate candidate Deborah Ross holds policy discussion in Charlotte". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  73. ^ Gutiérrez, Bertrand M. (August 5, 2016). "NC Democrats rally in Winston-Salem against Sen Richard Burr's Medicare plan". Winston-Salem Journal.
  74. ^ Craver, Richard (November 10, 2008). "Burr, Hagan promise to work for N.C." Winston-Salem Journal. Archived from the original on November 13, 2008.
  75. ^ "S.3128 - National Uniformity for Food Act of 2006, 109th Congress (2005-2006)".
  76. ^ Levintova, Hannah (September 16, 2016). "Anti-Abortion Activists Can't Count on Trump. So They're Getting Creative". Mother Jones. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
  77. ^ "Senate Votes on 08-S081". Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  78. ^ "Senate Votes on 08-S071". Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  79. ^ "Senate Votes on 2006-216". Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  80. ^ "Senate Votes on 2007-379". Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  81. ^ JustSayNowVideos (August 10, 2010), Richard Burr (R-NC): Would enforce federal laws against medical marijuana, retrieved December 29, 2017
  82. ^ Foley, Elise (December 18, 2010). "Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Passes Senate 65-31". The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  83. ^ Camia, Catalina (December 18, 2010). "Senate passes 'don't ask,' sends repeal to Obama". Tucson Citizen. Archived from the original on October 9, 2011.
  84. ^ Keyes, Bob (December 18, 2010). "Snowe, Collins join majority in repeal of 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". Kennebec Journal. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011.
  85. ^ a b Toeplitz, Shira (December 18, 2010). "8 GOPers back 'don't ask' repeal". Politico. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  86. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". United States Senate. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
  87. ^ "Senate Vote 281 – Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  88. ^ H.R. 2965
  89. ^ a b Douglas, Anna (April 20, 2016). "GOP's Burr supports Senate's potential 1st openly gay Republican". McClatchyDC.
  90. ^ Morgan, Debra (March 27, 2013). "Q&A: Burr talks gun rights, sequester, same-sex marriage". Retrieved August 4, 2013.
  91. ^ Liebelson, Dana (November 7, 2013). "Meet the 32 Senate Republicans Who Voted to Continue LGBT Discrimination in the Workplace". Mother Jones. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  92. ^ Johnson, Chris (March 27, 2015). "11 Senate Republicans vote for benefits for same-sex couples". Washington Blade. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  93. ^ Schoof, Renee (March 27, 2015). "Tillis and Burr vote for same-sex marriage benefits". The News & Observer. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  94. ^ Milbank, Dana (October 7, 2016). "One governor's defeat could be a watershed moment for gay rights". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  95. ^ Rogin, Ali (October 13, 2016). "NC Senator Richard Burr Stands by Donald Trump in Battleground-State Debate". ABC News. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  96. ^ "Senate roll vote on Violence Against Women Act". Yahoo News. February 12, 2013. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  97. ^ "Senate Votes on 2005-75". Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  98. ^ Carney, Jordain (December 17, 2018). "Senate votes to end debate on criminal justice reform bill". The Hill. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  99. ^ Frey, Kevin (December 17, 2018). "Senate Set to Take Key Vote on Criminal Justice Reform Legislation This Week". Spectrum News 1. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  100. ^ a b Gordon, Greg (March 24, 2016). "NC's senators won't meet with Supreme Court nominee". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  101. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (November 1, 2016). "Republican talk of holding a Supreme Court seat vacant for four years is without precedent". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  102. ^ a b Leslie, Laura; Fain, Travis (September 26, 2018). "Burr supporting Kavanaugh; Tillis to keep an open mind". WRAL. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  103. ^ Barrett, Mark. "Burr, Tillis vote for Kavanaugh as fair and qualified, decry Democrats' tactics". The Citizen-Times. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  104. ^ Tiberii, Jeff (June 8, 2016). "Judicial Seat In NC's Eastern District Remains Open After More Than A Decade". WUNC. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  105. ^ DeBonis, Mike (May 23, 2015). "Senate rejects compromise bill on surveillance". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
  106. ^ Volz, Dustin; Mimms, Sarah; Fox, Lauren (June 2, 2015). "Senate Passes Major NSA Reform Bill". National Journal. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  107. ^ Volz, Dustin; Hosenball, Mark (April 8, 2016). "Leak of Senate encryption bill prompts swift backlash". Reuters. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  108. ^ Geller, Eric (April 8, 2016). "Senate bill effectively bans strong encryption". The Daily Dot. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  109. ^ Vitka, Sean (April 8, 2016). "'Leaked' Burr-Feinstein Encryption Bill Is a Threat to American Privacy". Vice. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  110. ^ Masnick, Mike (April 8, 2016). "Burr And Feinstein Release Their Anti-Encryption Bill... And It's More Ridiculous Than Expected". Techdirt. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  111. ^ Martinez, Peter (May 9, 2017). "Reaction pours in over sudden firing of FBI Director James Comey". CBS News. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  112. ^ Everett, Burgess; Levine, Marianne (April 18, 2019). "Mueller report ropes in Senate GOP". Politico. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
  113. ^ Costa, Robert; Demirjian, Karoun (December 3, 2019). "GOP embraces a debunked Ukraine conspiracy to defend Trump from impeachment". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  114. ^ a b Murphy, Brian; Dumain, Emma (January 27, 2020). "Richard Burr opposes removing Trump from office even if there was a quid pro quo". News & Observer. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  115. ^ Murphy, Brian (February 13, 2021). "Burr votes guilty in Trump impeachment trial, Tillis votes not guilty". Retrieved February 13, 2021.
  116. ^ "North Carolina GOP censures Sen. Burr for impeachment vote". NBC News. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  117. ^ a b c Faturechi, Robert; Willis, Derek (March 19, 2020). "Senator Dumped Up to $1.7 Million of Stock After Reassuring Public About Coronavirus Preparedness". ProPublica. Retrieved March 22, 2020.
  118. ^ "eFD: Home". Retrieved March 22, 2020.
  119. ^ Ropeik, David (January 31, 2020). "How our brains make coronavirus seem scarier than it is". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  120. ^ Bernstein, Lenny (February 1, 2020). "Get a grippe, America. The flu is a much bigger threat than coronavirus, for now". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  121. ^ Specia, Megan; Méheut, Constant; Schuetze, Christopher F. (February 18, 2020). "In Europe, Fear Spreads Faster Than the Coronavirus Itself". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  122. ^ NYC Mayor's Office (February 13, 2020). "There are ZERO confirmed cases of coronavirus in New York City, and hundreds of Chinese restaurants that need your business!". Twitter. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  123. ^ de Blasio, Bill (March 2, 2020). "Since I'm encouraging New Yorkers to go on with your lives + get out on the town despite Coronavirus, I thought I would offer some suggestions. Here's the first: thru Thurs 3/5 go see "The Traitor" @FilmLinc. If "The Wire" was a true story + set in Italy, it would be this film". Twitter. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  124. ^ "Nancy Pelosi Visits San Francisco's Chinatown Amid Coronavirus Concerns". NBC Bay Area. February 24, 2020. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  125. ^ Oprusko, Caitlin (March 19, 2020). "Recording shows Senate intel chair warned of coronavirus disruption in private weeks ahead of time". Politico. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  126. ^ Wagner, John (March 19, 2020). "Sen. Burr offered a dire warning about the coronavirus at a private luncheon three weeks ago". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  127. ^ a b Mak, Tim (March 19, 2020). "Intelligence Chairman Raised Virus Alarms Weeks Ago, Secret Recording Shows". NPR. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  128. ^ Editorial Board (March 19, 2020). "Richard Burr told a small group what he knew about COVID-19. Why not the rest of us?". Raleigh News & Observer. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  129. ^ Shepherd, Katie (March 20, 2020). "'There is no greater moral crime': Tucker Carlson calls for Sen. Richard Burr's resignation over stock sell-off". The Washington Post.
  130. ^ Shortell, David; Perez, Evan; Herb, Jeremy; Scannell, Kara (March 30, 2020). "Exclusive: Justice Department reviews stock trades by lawmakers after coronavirus briefings". CNN. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
  131. ^ Mak, Tim (March 25, 2020). "Sen. Richard Burr Faces Lawsuit Over Timing Of Stock Sale". NPR. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  132. ^ Jacobson v. Burr (United States District Court for the District of Columbia March 23, 2020).Text
  133. ^ Wilber, Del Quentin; Haberkorn, Jennifer (May 13, 2020). "FBI serves warrant on senator in investigation of stock sales linked to coronavirus". Los Angeles Times. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 14, 2020.
  134. ^ Benner, Katie; Fandos, Nicholas (May 14, 2020). "Richard Burr Steps Back From Senate Panel as Phone Is Seized in Stock Sales Inquiry". The New York Times. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  135. ^ "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". Washington Post. May 28, 2021.
  136. ^ "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
  137. ^ Barron-Lopez, Laura (September 20, 2011). "The Thing on the Hill". Roll Call. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
  138. ^ Communications, United Methodist. "114th Congress has 43 United Methodists - The United Methodist Church". The United Methodist Church. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  139. ^ Maffucci, Samantha (May 22, 2020). "Who Is Richard Burr's Wife? Everything To Know About Brooke Burr," Your Tango. Retrieved April 13, 2021.
  140. ^ Kaplan, Sheila (March 22, 2021). "Menthol Cigarettes Kill Many Black People. A Ban May Finally Be Near". New York Times. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  141. ^ Morrow, Brendan (June 8, 2017). "Is Richard Burr Related to Aaron Burr?". Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  142. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 25, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2007.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Stephen L. Neal
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by
Virginia Foxx
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lauch Faircloth
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from North Carolina
(Class 3)

2004, 2010, 2016
Most recent
Preceded by
John Thune
Senate Republican Chief Deputy Whip
Succeeded by
Mike Crapo
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John Edwards
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from North Carolina
Served alongside: Elizabeth Dole, Kay Hagan, Thom Tillis
Preceded by
Larry Craig
Ranking Member of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Richard Blumenthal
Preceded by
Dianne Feinstein
Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee
Succeeded by
Marco Rubio
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Lindsey Graham
United States senators by seniority
Succeeded by
John Thune