|7th Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation|
September 4, 2013
|Deputy||Sean M. Joyce
Mark F. Giuliano
|Preceded by||Robert Mueller|
|United States Deputy Attorney General|
December 9, 2003 – August 15, 2005
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Larry Thompson|
|Succeeded by||Robert McCallum (Acting)|
|United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York|
January 7, 2002 – December 15, 2003
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Mary Jo White|
|Succeeded by||David Kelley|
|Born||James Brien Comey, Jr.
December 14, 1960
Yonkers, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||College of William and Mary
University of Chicago Law School
He was the United States Deputy Attorney General, serving in President George W. Bush's administration. As Deputy Attorney General, Comey was the second-highest-ranking official in the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) and ran the day-to-day operations of the Department, serving in that office from December 2003 through August 2005. He was U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York prior to becoming Deputy Attorney General.
In December 2003, as Deputy Attorney General, Comey appointed the U.S. Attorney in Chicago, close friend and former colleague Patrick Fitzgerald, as Special Counsel to head the CIA leak grand jury investigation after Attorney General John Ashcroft recused himself. In August 2005, Comey left the DOJ and he became General Counsel and Senior Vice President of Lockheed Martin. In 2010, he became General Counsel at Bridgewater Associates. In early 2013, he left Bridgewater to become Senior Research Scholar and Hertog Fellow on National Security Law at Columbia Law School. He also joined the London-based board of directors of HSBC Holdings.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early career (1985–2001)
- 3 Bush years (2002–2005)
- 4 Post-Bush years (2005–present)
- 5 FBI Director
- 6 Government surveillance oversight
- 7 Personal life
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Early life and education
Born in Yonkers, New York, Comey grew up in Allendale, New Jersey. His father worked in corporate real estate and his mother was a computer consultant and homemaker. Comey is of Irish heritage. He attended Northern Highlands Regional High School in Allendale. Comey graduated from the College of William and Mary (1982), majoring in Chemistry and Religion. His senior thesis analyzed the liberal theologian Reinhold Niebuhr and the conservative televangelist Jerry Falwell, emphasizing their common belief in public action. He received his Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Chicago Law School.
Early career (1985–2001)
After law school, Comey served as a law clerk for then-United States District Judge John M. Walker, Jr., in Manhattan. Then, he was an associate for Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher in their New York Office. He joined the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York, where he worked from 1987 to 1993. While there, he served as Deputy Chief of the Criminal Division. He helped prosecute the Gambino crime family.
From 1996-2001, Comey served as Managing Assistant U.S. Attorney in charge of the Richmond Division of the United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. He was the lead prosecutor in the case concerning the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia. While in Richmond, Comey served as an Adjunct Professor of Law at the University of Richmond School of Law.
Bush years (2002–2005)
He was the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, from January 2002 to the time of his confirmation as Deputy Attorney General on December 11, 2003. In November 2002, he led the prosecution of three men involved in one of the largest identity fraud cases in American history. The fraud had lasted two years and resulted in thousands of people across the country collectively losing well over $3 million. He also led the indictment of Adelphia Communications founder John Rigas of bank fraud, wire fraud, and securities fraud. His sons: Timothy J. Rigas and Michael J. Rigas as well as executives James Brown and Michael Mulcahey were also charged with participation in these crimes. Rigas was convicted of the charges in the summer of 2004 and on June 27, 2005, was sentenced to 15 years in federal prison. Adelphia Corporation was forced to file for bankruptcy after it acknowledged it took $3.1 billion in false loans. It was "one of the most elaborate and extensive corporate frauds in United States history."
In February 2003, Comey led the prosecution of Martha Stewart who was considered for the charges of securities fraud, obstruction of justice, and lying to an FBI agent. She sold 3,928 shares of ImClone Systems, making $227,824. The next day, the Food and Drug Administration refused to accept the company's application for Erbitux. In March 2003, he led the indictment of ImClone CEO Samuel Waksal, who pled guilty to avoiding paying $1.2 million in sales taxes on $15 million worth of contemporary paintings. The works were by Mark Rothko, Richard Serra, Roy Lichtenstein, and Willem de Kooning. In April 2003, he led the indictment of Frank Quattrone. It was alleged that in 2000, he urged subordinates to destroy evidence sought by investigators looking into his investment banking practices at Credit Suisse First Boston. In November 2003, he led the prosecutions in "Operation Wooden Nickel", which resulted in complaints and indictments against 47 people involved in foreign exchange trading scams.
Deputy Attorney General
Martha Stewart case
Comey is credited as the main prosecutor in Martha Stewart's 2004 conviction for obstruction of justice, stating, "This criminal case is about lying—lying to the FBI, lying to the SEC, lying to investors."
NSA domestic wiretapping
In early January 2006, The New York Times, as part of its investigation into domestic surveillance by the National Security Agency, reported that Comey, who was Acting Attorney General during the March 2004 surgical hospitalization of John Ashcroft, refused to "certify" the legality of central aspects of the NSA program at that time. The certification was required under existing White House procedures to continue the program.
After Comey's refusal, the newspaper reported, Andrew H. Card Jr., White House Chief of Staff, and Alberto R. Gonzales, then White House counsel and future Attorney General, made an emergency visit to the George Washington University Hospital to attempt to win approval directly from Ashcroft for the program. According to the 2007 memoir of Jack Goldsmith, who had been head of the Office of Legal Counsel at the time, Comey went to the hospital to give Ashcroft support to withstand the pressure from the White House.
Comey confirmed these events took place (but declined to confirm the specific program) in testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee on 16 May 2007. FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III, like Comey, also supported Ashcroft's decision; both men were prepared to resign if the White House ignored the Department of Justice's legal conclusions on the wiretapping issue. FBI director Mueller's notes on the March 10, 2004, incident, which were released to a House Judiciary committee, confirms that he "Saw [the] AG, John Ashcroft in the room. AG is feeble, barely articulate, clearly stressed." Comey withdrew his threat to resign after meeting directly with President Bush, who gave his support to making changes in the surveillance program.
Post-Bush years (2005–present)
In April 2005, Comey announced that he was leaving the Department of Justice in the fall. In August 2005, it was announced that Comey would enter the private sector, becoming the General Counsel and Senior Vice President for Lockheed Martin, the U.S. Department of Defense's largest defense contractor. Comey's tenure took effect on October 1, 2005,. serving in that capacity until June 2, 2010, when he announced he would leave Lockheed Martin to join the senior management committee at Bridgewater Associates, a Connecticut based investment management firm. On February 1, 2013, after leaving Bridgewater, he was appointed by Columbia University Law School as a Senior Research Scholar and Hertog Fellow on National Security Law. He was also appointed to the board of directors of the London-based financial institution HSBC Holdings, to improve the company's compliance program after its $1.9 billion settlement with the Justice Department for failing to comply with basic due diligence requirements for money laundering regarding Mexican drug cartels and terrorism financing. Since 2012, he has also served on the Defense Legal Policy Board.
Testimony before congressional committees
|Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy|
In May 2007, Comey testified before both the Senate Committee on the Judiciary, and the House Judiciary subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law on the U.S. Attorney dismissal scandal. His testimony contradicted that of former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales, who said the firings had been due to poor performance on the part of some of the dismissed prosecutors. Comey stressed that the Justice Department had to be perceived as nonpartisan and nonpolitical in order to function.
|“||The Department of Justice, in my view, is run by political appointees of the President. The U.S. attorneys are political appointees of the President. But once they take those jobs and run this institution, it's very important in my view for that institution to be another in American life, that—because my people had to stand up before juries of all stripes, talk to sheriffs of all stripes, judges of all stripes. They had to be seen as the good guys, and not as either this administration or that administration.||”|
Supreme Court consideration
Politico reported in May 2009 that White House officials pushed for Comey's inclusion on the short list of names to replace Associate Justice David Souter on the U.S. Supreme Court. Politico later reported liberal activists were upset about the possibility of Comey's name being included. John Brittain of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law stated, "[Comey] came in with the Bushies. What makes you think he'd be just an inch or two more to the center than Roberts? I'd be greatly disappointed."
In May 2013, it was reported, and in June 2013 it was made official, that President Barack Obama would nominate Comey to be the next Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, replacing outgoing director Robert Mueller. Comey was reportedly chosen over finalist Lisa Monaco, who had overseen national security issues at the Justice Department during the attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi, Libya, on September 11, 2012.
Holocaust comment controversy
In April 2015, Comey spoke at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, arguing in favor of more Holocaust education. After The Washington Post printed a version of his speech, Comey was criticized by some commentators who argued that he suggested Poles and Hungarians share responsibility on equal terms with Germans for the atrocities of Holocaust. His speech was also criticized by Polish authorities and Stephen D. Mull, the US Ambassador in Poland, was called to the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Writing on this episode in The Washington Post (April 21, 2015), Laurence Weinbaum, Chief Editor of The Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, claimed: "The transmission of history requires knowledge but also nuance. Nowhere is this more evident than when examining the torturous relations between Jews and the local people among whom they lived in Poland and elsewhere in German-occupied Europe. Sadly, the carelessly drafted, though presumably well-intentioned, words of FBI Director James Comey displayed neither.
Comey’s reference to 'the murderers and accomplices of Germany, and Poland,' in a speech that was given at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and adapted for an op-ed in The Post last week, suggested that in terms of responsibility for the Holocaust, Poles are somehow to be compared with the Germans (never mind the Austrians, whom Comey failed to even mention). Poland was the first nation in Europe to resist the German onslaught — and it did so, ferociously, both at home and in exile, from the first day of the war in 1939 when it was invaded until the last. Hopelessly outmanned and outgunned, Poles suffered staggering losses in blood and property. The Germans on the other hand were the architects and executors of the Final Solution — a state policy carried out with murderous efficiency — and nothing can alter that reality.
However, the furious reactions to Comey’s remarks by at least some of Poland’s spirited defenders would also suggest a lack of knowledge and nuance, or something more disturbing — a disinclination to confront certain chilling truths about their country’s wartime history, as recently revealed by Polish scholars of the post-Communist generation… Certainly, the repetition of sweeping characterizations based on widespread misunderstanding and even appalling ignorance of the past can only inflame passions and lead to a lamentable distortion of history. Sadly, the pronouncements of Comey and some of his more sanctimonious detractors have done just that".
Government surveillance oversight
In his July 2013 FBI confirmation hearing, Comey said that the oversight mechanisms of the U.S. government have sufficient privacy protections. In a November 2014 New York Times Magazine article, historian Beverly Gage reported that Comey keeps on his desk a copy of the FBI request to wiretap Martin Luther King, Jr., "as a reminder of the bureau's capacity to do wrong." 
Comey and his wife Patrice are the parents of five children. He is a Roman Catholic of Irish descent. At 6' 8", he is the tallest member of the Obama administration, and the tallest FBI director in history.
- SHAWN BOBURG. "FBI nominee Comey was held captive as a Bergen teen". NorthJersey.com.
- McCaffrey, Shannon. "For new deputy attorney general, a department under fire", The Boston Globe, December 14, 2003. Accessed August 21, 2011. "As a teenager, he got a frightening taste of what it's like to be a crime victim when an intruder broke into his home in Allendale, N. J., while his parents were out and held his brother and him hostage at gunpoint. The captor fled and never was apprehended."
- Alexandra Wolfe (June 16, 2003). "Meet Martha’s Prosecutor". The New York Observer. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
James Comey grew up in a middle-class family in Yonkers and Bergen County, N.J. His father worked in corporate real estate; his mother was a homemaker and computer consultant. He attended the College of William & Mary and got his law degree at the University of Chicago.
- Michael S. Schmidt (February 12, 2015). "F.B.I. Director Speaks Out on Race and Police Bias". The New York Times. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
- Weiser, Benjamin. "Man in the News; Reputation for Tenacity; James Brien Comey", The New York Times, December 2, 2011. Accessed August 21, 2011. "EDUCATION: Northern Highlands Regional High School, Allendale, N.J.; B.S., College of William and Mary; J.D., University of Chicago Law School."
- "Mr. Comey Goes To Washington", New York magazine, October 2003. Retrieved May 21, 2007.
- "a-worthy-new-york-prosecutor", Op-Ed, New York Times, December 1, 2001.
- Deputy Attorney General James B. Comey The White House. (no date). Retrieved May 18, 2007.
- wired.com, 2002/11.
- "adelphia-indict", usatoday.com, 2002-09-23.
- "martha", CNNMoney.com, 2003/02/06.
- "waksal", usatoday.com, 2003-03-03.
- "quattrone", money.cnn.com, 2003/04/23.
- "forex_031119", cbc.ca, 2003/11/19.
- "Prosecuting Martha Stewart: The overview", New York Times, June 5, 2003
- LIchtblau, Eric; Risen, James (January 1, 2006). "Justice Deputy Resisted Parts of Spy Program". New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2010.
- Comey Senate Judiciary Committee Transcript, May 16, 2007. Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
- Isikoff, Michael; Evan Thomas (June 4, 2007). "Bush's Monica Problem: Gonzales, the president's lawyer and Texas buddy, is twisting slowly in the wind, facing a vote of no confidence from the Senate". Newsweek (The Washington Post Company). Archived from the original on 2007-06-01. Retrieved 2007-05-29.
- (Editorial) (May 16, 2006). "Mr. Comey's Tale: A standoff at a hospital bedside speaks volumes about Attorney General Gonzales.". Washington Post. pp. A14. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Eggen, Dan; Amy Goldstein (May 18, 2007). "No-Confidence Vote Sought on Gonzales". Washington Post. pp. A03. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Congressional Quarterly (May 15, 2007). Transcript: Senate Judiciary Hearing "Senate Hearing on U.S. Attorney Firings (Transcript, Part 1 of 5)". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Lichtblau, Eric (January 2, 2006). "Bush Defends Spy Program and Denies Misleading Public". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-05-25.
- Eggen, Dan (August 17, 2007). "FBI Director's Notes Contradict Gonzales's Version Of Ashcroft Visit". Washington Post.
- Eggen, Dan; Kane, Paul (May 16, 2007). "Gonzales Hospital Episode Detailed". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- Carrie Johnson, Griff Witte (August 8, 2005). "Lockheed Puts Faith In Tough Lawyer". washingtonpost.com.
- "Lockheed Martin Names James B. Comey General Counsel; Succeeds Frank H. Menaker, Who Will Retire". lockheedmartin.com. August 4, 2005.
- David Johnston (June 2, 2010). "Comey Leaving Lockheed for Hedge Fund". mainjustice.com.
- Columbia University School of Law (January 30, 2013). "Print Former Deputy Attorney General Joins Columbia Law School as Hertog Fellow in National Security Law James B. Comey Has Served as U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York and as General Counsel of Bridgewater Associates and the Lockheed Martin Corporation.". law.columbia.edu.
- Howard Mustoe (January 30, 2013). "HSBC Hires Tax, Anti-Terror Chiefs for Controls Panel". bloomberg.com.
- Aruna Viswanatha, Brett Wolf (December 11, 2013). "HSBC to pay $1.9 billion U.S. fine in money-laundering case". reuters.com.
- "HSBC money laundering report: Key findings HSBC operates in more than 80 countries around the world Failure after failure at HSBC led to the London-based bank being used as a conduit for "drug kingpins and rogue nations", a 300-page report compiled for a US Senate committee and has found.". bbc.co.uk. December 11, 2012.
- Lesley Clark; McClatchy News Service (June 20, 2013). "President Obama to name Jim Comey as FBI director". mcclatchydc.com.
- James B. Comey. Testimony Transcript. Hearing of the Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law. House Committee on the Judiciary. May 3, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2007.
(Congressional Quarterly transcripts, via the Washington Post.)
- "James Comey pushed for Supreme Court", Politico.com, May 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009
- "Some on left souring on Obama", Politico.com, May 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009.
- "the-pro-freedom-republicans-are-coming-131-sign-gay-marriage-brief", thedailybeast.com, 2013/02/28.
- Associated Press (May 29, 2013). "AP sources say ex-Bush official James Comey to be Obama’s nominee to head FBI". washingtonpost.com.
- Steve Holland (May 29, 2013). "Obama expected to pick James Comey as next FBI chief: source". reuters.com.
- Pickler, Nedra, "Obama's FBI pick: James Comey, challenged wiretapping by Bush White House", AP via mercurynews.com, June 21, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- "Obama-to-pick-james-b-comey-to-lead-fbi", New York Times, May 30, 2013.
- "AP Sources: Obama Preparing To Name Comey To FBI", AP via NPR, May 29, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
- "Now voting on confirmation of Comey nomination (FBI)". Democrats.senate.gov. 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- "FBI — James B. Comey Sworn in as FBI Director". Fbi.gov. 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2014-07-14.
- Simio, Molly (13 February 2015). "In Rare Move, FBI Head Addresses Race Relations". Newspaper (The Hoya). Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- Comey, James B. (February 12, 2015). "Hard Truths: Law Enforcement and Race". Washington, D.C.
- Comey, James B. (April 16, 2015). "Why I require FBI agents to visit the Holocaust Museum". Washington Post.
- "Poland fury at Holocaust comment by FBI's James Comey". News Website (19 April 2015) (BBC News). Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "Poland summons U.S. ambassador over FBI head's Holocaust remarks". Reuters. April 19, 2015.
- "Laurence Weinbaum. "Confronting chilling truths about Poland’s wartime history"". The Washington Post. 21 April 2015.
- Ackerman, Spencer. "James Comey defends US surveillance practices at FBI confirmation hearing", The Guardian. July 9, 2013; retrieved July 10, 2013.
- Gage, Beverly (November 11, 2014). "What an Uncensored Letter to M.L.K. Reveals". New York Times.
- Profile, northjersey.com; accessed October 5, 2014.
- Profile, irishcentral.com; accessed October 5, 2014.
- Sarlay, Benjy (June 21, 2013). "James Comey (6"8) supplants Arne Duncan (6"5) as Official Administration Tall Person". Retrieved December 4, 2014.
- Harmacinski, Jill. "FBI Director: Agency working to choke off supply of heroin". Retrieved December 4, 2014.
- "james-comey-fbi", politico.com, 2013/05.
- Ackerman, Spencer. "James Comey remained at Justice Department as monitoring went on." The Guardian. June 27, 2013.
- Murphy, Laura. "Let's check James Comey's Bush years record before he becomes FBI director." The Guardian. Friday June 21, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James B. Comey.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Comey|
- Department of Justice Farewell Address
- James B. Comey White House Biography]
- New York Magazine, October 2003
- James B. Comey Professional Biography, United States Department of Justice
- Eric Lichtblau and James Risen, "Justice Deputy Resisted Parts of Spy Program", New York Times, January 1, 2006
- "Palace Revolt", Newsweek, February 6, 2006
- "Former Supervisor Extols Fired Prosecutors", Washington Post, May 4, 2007
- "Loyal to Bush but Big Thorn in Republicans’ Side", New York Times, May 17, 2007
- Transcript of James Comey's testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee, May 15, 2007
- "Intelligence Under the Law", a speech delivered by James Comey to the National Security Agency on Law Day, May 20, 2005
- January 1, 2008 Corporate Counsel article - "Attention Must Be Paid"
- Profile on Columbia Law School
|Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation