Tucker Carlson

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Tucker Carlson
Tucker Carlson (51771495255) (cropped).jpg
Carlson in 2021
Born
Tucker McNear Carlson[1]

(1969-05-16) May 16, 1969 (age 53)
EducationTrinity College (BA)
Occupation
  • Television journalist
  • commentator
  • columnist
  • author
Employers
Television
Political partyRepublican (2020–present)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic[a] (2006–2020)
MovementConservatism
Paleoconservatism[4]
Spouse
Susan Andrews
(m. 1991)
Children4
Parent
WebsiteOfficial website

Tucker Swanson McNear Carlson[5] (born May 16, 1969) is an American television host, conservative political commentator and author who has hosted the nightly political talk show Tucker Carlson Tonight on Fox News since 2016.

Carlson began his media career in the 1990s, writing for The Weekly Standard and other publications. He was a CNN commentator from 2000 to 2005 and a co-host of the network's prime-time news debate program Crossfire from 2001 to 2005. From 2005 to 2008, he hosted the nightly program Tucker on MSNBC. He has been a political analyst for Fox News since 2009, appearing as guest or guest host on various programs before the launch of his current show. In 2010, Carlson co-founded and served as the initial editor-in-chief of the right-wing news and opinion website The Daily Caller, until selling his ownership stake and leaving in 2020.[6] He has written three books: Politicians, Partisans, and Parasites (2003), Ship of Fools (2018), and The Long Slide (2021).

An advocate of former U.S. president Donald Trump, Carlson was described by Politico as "perhaps the highest-profile proponent of 'Trumpism'" and as willing to criticize Trump when he believed that the former president was straying from that ideology.[7] He was said to have influenced some of Trump's decisions as president, including the cancellation of a military strike against Iran in 2019, the firing of John Bolton, and the commutation of Roger Stone's prison sentence in 2020.[8][9][10][11][12] Carlson has been described as a leading voice of white grievance politics.[13][14][15][16] His remarks on race, immigration, and women – including slurs he said on air between 2006 and 2011 (which resurfaced in 2019)[17][18] – have at times been described as racist and sexist, and have provoked advertiser boycotts of Tucker Carlson Tonight.[19][20][21] It is one of the most watched cable news shows in the United States.[22]

Carlson is a vocal opponent of progressivism and critic of immigration, and has been described as a nationalist.[23][4][24] Formerly an economic libertarian, he now supports protectionism.[5][25] In 2004, he renounced his initial support for the Iraq War,[26][27] and has since been skeptical of U.S. foreign interventions.[5][28] Carlson has promoted conspiracy theories about topics such as demographic replacement,[16][29][30] COVID-19,[31][32] and the January 6 United States Capitol attack.[33][34]

Early life and education[edit]

Carlson at the Buckley School in 1975

Carlson was born Tucker McNear Carlson in the Mission District of San Francisco, California, on May 16, 1969.[1][35] He is the elder son of artist and San Francisco native Lisa McNear (née Lombardi) (1945–2011) and Dick Carlson (1941–), a former "gonzo reporter"[1][36][37] who became the director of Voice of America, president of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the U.S. ambassador to the Seychelles.[38] Carlson's brother, Buckley Peck Carlson, later Buckley Swanson Peck Carlson, is nearly two years younger[39] and has worked as a communications manager and Republican political operative.[40][41]

Carlson's paternal grandparents were Richard Boynton and Dorothy Anderson, who were teenagers when they placed his father at The Home for Little Wanderers orphanage where he was fostered by Carl Moberger of Malden, near Boston, a tannery worker of Swedish descent, and his wife Florence Moberger.[42][36][43][44] Carlson's father was adopted at the age of two by upper-middle-class New Englanders, the Carlsons, an executive at the Winslow Brothers & Smith Tannery of Norwood (the oldest tannery in America) and his wife.[43] Carlson's maternal great-great-grandfather Cesar Lombardi immigrated to New York from Switzerland in 1860.[45][46] Carlson is also a distant relative of Massachusetts politicians Ebenezer R. Hoar and George M. Brooks and is a great-great-great-grandson to Californian rancher Henry Miller.[39] Carlson himself was named after his great-great-great-grandfather Dr. J. C. Tucker and his great-great-grandfather George W. McNear.[35] Carlson is of English, German and one sixteenth Swiss-Italian ancestry.[39][46][47]

In 1976, Carlson's parents divorced after the nine-year marriage reportedly "turned sour".[39][48] Carlson's father was granted custody of Tucker and his brother. Carlson's mother left the family when he was six, wanting to pursue a "bohemian" lifestyle.[38][49]

When Carlson was in first grade, his father moved Tucker and his brother to the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, and raised them there.[50][51] Carlson attended La Jolla Country Day School and grew up in a home overlooking the La Jolla Beach and Tennis Club.[52] His father owned property in Nevada, Vermont, and islands in Maine and Nova Scotia.[52][36] In 1984, his father unsuccessfully challenged incumbent Republican Mayor Roger Hedgecock in the San Diego mayoral race.[53]

In 1979, Carlson's father married divorcée Patricia Caroline Swanson, an heiress to Swanson Enterprises, daughter of Gilbert Carl Swanson and niece of Senator J. William Fulbright.[38][54] Though Patricia remained a beneficiary of the family fortune, the Swansons had sold the brand to the Campbell Soup Company in 1955 and did not own it by the time of Carlson's father's marriage.[55]

Carlson was briefly enrolled at Collège du Léman, a boarding school in Switzerland, but said he was "kicked out".[56] He attained his secondary education at St. George's School, a boarding school in Middletown, Rhode Island, where he started dating his future wife, Susan Andrews, the headmaster's daughter.[57] He then went to Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, graduating in 1991 with a BA in history.[38] Carlson's Trinity yearbook describes him as a member of the "Dan White Society", an apparent reference to the American political assassin who murdered San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk.[58][59][60] After college, Carlson tried to join the Central Intelligence Agency, but his application was denied, after which he decided to pursue a career in journalism with the encouragement of his father, who advised him that "they'll take anybody".[38][61]

Media career[edit]

Carlson began his career in journalism as a fact-checker for Policy Review,[38] a national conservative journal then published by The Heritage Foundation and later acquired by the Hoover Institution. He then worked as an opinion writer at the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette newspaper in Little Rock, Arkansas, before joining The Weekly Standard news magazine in 1995.[38][62][63] Carlson sought a role with the publication after hearing of its founding, fearing he would be "written off as a wing nut" if he instead joined The American Spectator.[57]

In 1999, Carlson interviewed then-Governor George W. Bush for Talk magazine. He quoted Bush mocking Karla Faye Tucker (who was executed in Bush's state of Texas) and frequently using the word "fuck".[64][65] The piece led to bad publicity for Bush's 2000 presidential campaign. Bush claimed that "Mr. Carlson misread, mischaracterized me. He's a good reporter, he just misunderstood about how serious that was. I take the death penalty very seriously."[57][66] Among liberals, Carlson's piece received praise, with Democratic consultant Bob Shrum calling it "vivid". Carlson said of the interview, "I thought I'd be ragged for writing a puffy piece. My wife said people are going to think you're hunting for a job in the Bush campaign."[57]

Further into his career in print, Carlson worked as a columnist for New York magazine and Reader's Digest; writing for Esquire, Slate, The Weekly Standard, The New Republic, The New York Times Magazine, The Daily Beast, and The Wall Street Journal.[38][57] John F. Harris of Politico would later remark on how Carlson was "viewed ... as an important voice of the intelligentsia" during this period.[67] While working on a story for New York covering the Taliban, Carlson, alongside his father, was involved in a plane crash as it made its landing on a runway in Dubai on October 17, 2001.[68][69][70] Carlson's 2003 Esquire profile on his journey to Liberia alongside Reverend Al Sharpton and other civil and political rights activists would garner a nomination at the National Magazine Awards.[71][72][73]

In his early television career Carlson wore bow ties, a habit from boarding school he continued on air until 2006.[49][74]

On June 21, 2021, New York Times reporter Ben Smith reported that Carlson was a media source for several journalists and authors including Michael Isikoff, Michael Wolff, Brian Stelter, and others who wrote critically of Donald Trump.[75]

CNN (2000–2005)[edit]

Paul Begala (left) and Thomas McDevitt with Carlson in 2012

In 2000, Carlson co-hosted the short-lived show The Spin Room on CNN.[38] In 2001, he was appointed co-host of Crossfire, in which Carlson and Robert Novak represented the political right (alternating on different nights), while James Carville and Paul Begala, also alternating as hosts, represented the left.[38]

Carlson's 2003 interview with Britney Spears, wherein he asked if she opposed the ongoing Iraq War and she responded, "[W]e should just trust our president in every decision he makes",[76] was featured in the 2004 film Fahrenheit 9/11, for which she won a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress at the 25th Golden Raspberry Awards.[77][78]

Jon Stewart debate[edit]

In October 2004, comedian and The Daily Show host Jon Stewart appeared on Crossfire, ostensibly to promote America (The Book), but he instead launched into a critique of Crossfire, saying the show was harmful to political discourse in the U.S.[38][79] Carlson was singled out by Stewart for criticism, with Carlson in turn criticizing Stewart for being biased toward the left.[38] Carlson and Begala later recalled that Stewart and one of the book's co-authors, Ben Karlin, stayed at CNN for more than an hour after the show to discuss the issues he had raised on the air, with Carlson saying, "It was heartfelt. [Stewart] needed to do this."[80][81] In 2017, The New York Times referred to Stewart's "on-air dressing-down" of Carlson as an "ignominious career [moment]" for Carlson, leading to the show's cancellation.[82] The Atlantic suggested that Stewart's appearance was a turning point leading to how Carlson remade himself.[83]

On January 5, 2005, CNN chief Jonathan Klein told Carlson the network had decided not to renew his contract.[84] CNN announced that it was ending its relationship with Carlson and would soon cancel Crossfire.[85][86] Carlson later said: "I resigned from Crossfire in April [2004], many months before Jon Stewart came on our show, because I didn't like the partisanship, and I thought in some ways it was kind of a pointless conversation."[87]

PBS (2004–2005)[edit]

Carlson was hired to helm a new program for PBS in November 2003, Tucker Carlson: Unfiltered, which ran synchronously with Carlson's Crossfire gig on CNN.[88] The show launched on June 18, 2004, and was, according to The New Yorker, "part of a broader effort to push PBS further to the right ideologically".[89][90]

Carlson announced he was leaving the show roughly a year after it started on June 12, 2005, despite the Corporation for Public Broadcasting allocating money for another show season.[91] Carlson wanted to focus on his new MSNBC show Tucker and said that although PBS was one of the "least bad" instances of government spending he disagreed with, it was still "problematic".[91]

MSNBC (2005–2008)[edit]

Carlson's early evening show Tucker (originally titled The Situation With Tucker Carlson) premiered on June 13, 2005, on MSNBC.[92] Rachel Maddow and Jay Severin featured as guests on a rotating panel.[92] He also hosted a late-afternoon weekday wrap-up for the network during the 2006 Winter Olympics.[93][94] He appeared live from Israel during the 2006 Lebanon War between Israel and Hezbollah in southern Lebanon[95][96] and reported the aftermath of the Virginia Tech shooting and Johnson Space Center shooting in 2007.[97][98][99]

Tucker was canceled by the network on March 10, 2008, owing to low ratings;[100] the final episode aired on March 14, 2008. He remained with the network as a senior campaign correspondent for the 2008 election.[101] Brian Stelter, writing for The New York Times, wrote that "during Mr. Carlson's tenure, MSNBC's evening programming moved gradually to the left. His former time slots, 6:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m., were subsequently occupied by two liberals, Ed Schultz and Rachel Maddow." Carlson said the network had changed a lot and "they didn't have a role for me".[102]

Media outside journalism (2006–2008)[edit]

Carlson was a contestant on season 3 of the reality show Dancing with the Stars, which aired in 2006; he was paired with professional dancer Elena Grinenko. Carlson took four-hour-a-day ballroom dance classes to prepare. In an interview a month before the show began, he lamented that he would miss classes during a two-week-long MSNBC assignment in Lebanon, saying, "It's hard for me to remember the moves."[103] Carlson said he accepted ABC's invitation to perform because "I don't do things that I'm not good at very often. I'm psyched to get to do that."[103] Carlson was the first contestant eliminated, on September 13, 2006.[38]

Carlson had cameo appearances as himself in the Season 1 episode "Hard Ball" of 30 Rock and in a Season 9 episode of The King of Queens.[104][105] He had a cameo appearance in the 2008 film Swing Vote, again playing himself.[106]

Fox News Channel (2009–present)[edit]

Carlson works as a correspondent at a Hillary Clinton campaign rally at Manchester Community College, 2016

In May 2009, Fox News announced that Carlson was being hired as a Fox News contributor. He was a frequent guest panelist on Fox's late-night satire show Red Eye w/Greg Gutfeld, made frequent appearances on the All-Star Panel segment of Special Report with Bret Baier, was a substitute host of Hannity in Sean Hannity's absence, and produced and hosted a special entitled Fighting for Our Children's Minds in September 2010.[107][108][109]

On the eve of then-President Barack Obama's first debate with Mitt Romney in October 2012, Carlson publicized a 2007 video recording of then-Senator Obama criticizing the federal government's response to Hurricane Katrina and complimenting his pastor at the time, Reverend Jeremiah Wright.[110][111][112] Wright's sermons had been a controversy in Obama's 2008 presidential campaign.[112] Portions of the video had been available online since 2007.[112] An anonymous user going by the name "Sore Throwt" (a pun on famous Watergate informant Deep Throat) had been looking for a buyer of the tape for a week before Carlson distributed it.[110][113]

In April 2013, Carlson replaced Dave Briggs as a co-host of Fox & Friends Weekend, joining Alisyn Camerota and Clayton Morris on Saturday and Sunday mornings.[114]

Tucker Carlson Tonight (2016–present)[edit]

On November 14, 2016, Carlson began hosting Tucker Carlson Tonight on Fox News. The premiere episode of the show, which replaced On the Record,[115] was the network's most watched telecast of the year in the time slot, with 3.7 million viewers.[116]

Tucker Carlson Tonight aired at 7:00 p.m. each weeknight until January 9, 2017, when Carlson's show replaced Megyn Kelly at the 9:00 p.m. time slot after she left Fox News. In January 2017, Forbes reported that the show had "scored consistently high ratings, averaging 2.8 million viewers per night and ranking as the number two cable news program behind The O'Reilly Factor in December."[117] In March 2017, Tucker Carlson Tonight was the most watched cable program in the 9:00 p.m. time slot.[118]

On April 19, 2017, Fox News announced that Tucker Carlson Tonight would air at 8:00 p.m. following the cancellation of The O'Reilly Factor.[119] Tucker Carlson Tonight was the third-highest-rated cable news show as of March 2018.[120]

In October 2018, Tucker Carlson Tonight was the second highest-rated cable news show in prime time, after The Sean Hannity Show with Sean Hannity, with 3.2 million nightly viewers.[121] By the end of 2018, the show had begun to be boycotted by at least twenty advertisers after Carlson said immigration makes the country "poorer, dirtier and more divided". According to Fox News, the advertisers only moved their ad buys to other programs.[122]

By January 2019, his show dropped to third with 2.8 million nightly viewers, down six percent from the previous year.[123] The show had lost at least 26 advertisers.[124][125] There were calls to fire Carlson from Fox News in March 2019 after Media Matters resurfaced remarks he had made concerning women (calling them "like dogs" and "extremely primitive") and statutory rape,[17][126] Iraqis, and immigrants he had made over several years to the radio show Bubba the Love Sponge,[127] but his ratings rose eight percent that week despite the boycotts.[20] By August 2019, Media Matters calculated that some companies had fulfilled their media buy contracts and advertising inventory for the time slot and had now begun their purchases for other time slots on Fox News.[128][129] At the close of 2019, Carlson's Nielsen ratings among all viewers 25–54 placed him second only to Fox's The Sean Hannity Show among cable news shows.[130]

In December 2019, Playboy model Karen McDougal sued Fox News after Carlson, in a 2018 episode of his show, accused her of extorting Donald Trump. In September 2020, federal judge Mary Kay Vyskocil[131] dismissed the lawsuit, citing her acceptance of Fox News's defense that Carlson's extortion claims were opinion based and not "statements of fact". The judge also agreed with Fox News's defense that reasonable viewers would have "skepticism" over statements Carlson makes on its show, as he often engages in "exaggeration" and "non-literal commentary", and that Carlson is not "stating actual facts" on its show.[131][132][133]

Beginning the week of June 8–14, 2020, Tucker Carlson Tonight became the highest-rated cable news show in the U.S., with an average of four million viewers, beating out the shows hosted by fellow Fox News pundits Hannity and Ingraham. This came in the wake of Carlson's remarks criticizing the Black Lives Matter movement, which had caused some companies to pull their advertising from the show, including The Walt Disney Company, T-Mobile, and Papa John's.[134]

Carlson at the Student Action summit in West Palm Beach, Florida, 2020

In July 2020, Carlson's head writer Blake Neff resigned after CNN Business reported that he had been using a pseudonym to post remarks that were widely described as racist, sexist, and homophobic on AutoAdmit, a message board known for its lack of moderation of offensive and defamatory content. The incident drew renewed scrutiny to Carlson's program, already under pressure from sponsors because of Carlson's remarks about Black Lives Matter.[135][136] Neff had also previously been a writer on The Daily Caller.[137] Carlson condemned Neff's posts on the second episode of Tucker Carlson Tonight that aired after the posts were initially reported.[138]

By October 2020, Tucker Carlson Tonight averaged 5.3 million viewers, with the show's monthly average becoming the highest of any cable news program in history at that point. In the 25–54 demographic, the show maintained an average viewership of just over a million, with 670,000 being between 18 and 49.[139][140] Carlson's program saw a dip in viewership following the aftermath of the 2020 election, losing out to Anderson Cooper 360° in the 25–54 demographic which Carlson had maintained a hold of the prior month.[141] This coincided with Carlson's distancing himself of Trump's post-election legal fights, in which Carlson said the election was "not fair" but acknowledged that it still would not produce a Trump victory.[142][143] In 2020, Tucker Carlson Tonight and The Sean Hannity Show became the first cable news programs to finish a full year with viewership in excess of four million.[144]

In the week following the inauguration of Joe Biden as president, Tucker Carlson Tonight remained the only cable news program not to see a drop in viewership, slightly increasing from where it stood one week prior and reclaiming its lead among the 25–54 demographic.[145][146] It remained the most-watched news-related cable show as of mid-2021.[147][148][149] Through May 2022 it was a close second to The Five, while leading in the 25-54 demographic.[22]

In February 2021, Carlson announced a multiyear deal with Fox News to host a new weekly podcast and series of monthly specials dubbed Tucker Carlson Originals on sister streaming service Fox Nation, which released on March 29.[150][151][152] In spring of 2021 he began hosting a show on Fox Nation called Tucker Carlson Today.[153]

The Daily Caller (2010–2020)[edit]

On January 11, 2010, Carlson and Neil Patel (a former aide to Dick Cheney, and former college roommate of Carlson)[6] launched a political news website titled The Daily Caller. Carlson served as editor-in-chief, and occasionally wrote opinion pieces with Patel.[154] The website was funded by the conservative activist Foster Friess.[38] By February 2010, The Daily Caller was part of the White House rotating press pool.[155]

In interviews, Carlson said The Daily Caller would not be tied to ideology but rather "breaking stories of importance",[156] and "We're not enforcing any kind of ideological orthodoxy on anyone."[157] Columnist Mickey Kaus quit after Carlson refused to run a column critical of Fox News's coverage of the immigration policy debate due to his contractual obligations to Fox News.[158][38]

In June 2010, The Daily Caller published excerpts from e-mails sent between members of JournoList, an invitation-only liberal forum, consisting of "several hundred journalists, academics and policy experts" launched in 2007 by Ezra Klein.[159] The forum barred media reporters and conservatives.[160] Carlson had earlier attempted to join the forum on May 25, 2010, but was denied by Klein.[160] Klein offered to form a bipartisan forum with Carlson, but Carlson declined.[161] Daily Caller employees later impersonated an editor of the Arkansas Times to gain entry into JournoList.[160] The e-mails leaked by The Daily Caller, which detailed efforts to, according to Carlson, "formulate the most effective talking points in order to defeat Palin and McCain and help elect Barack Obama president",[162] also contained statements by The Washington Post's Dave Weigel "wishing for the death of Rush Limbaugh" among other controversial remarks which The Washington Post considered "untenable", leading to his resignation.[161][159]

In February 2012, The Daily Caller published an "investigative series" of articles co-authored by Carlson, purporting to be an insiders' exposé of Media Matters for America, the liberal watchdog group that monitors and scrutinizes conservative media outlets, and its founder David Brock.[163] Reuters media critic and libertarian Jack Shafer, while commenting "I've never thought much of Media Matters' style of watchdogging or Brock's journalism", nevertheless sharply criticized The Daily Caller piece for relying on conjecture, absence of evidence, and inclusion of "anonymously sourced crap", adding that "Daily Caller is attacking Media Matters with bad journalism and lame propaganda."[164]

In June 2017, the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD), a liberal watchdog organization, said The Daily Caller was paid $150,000 by Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign for its list of subscribers, whom the Trump campaign then emailed at least 25 times. The CMD said Carlson had a conflict of interest and had violated journalistic standards.[165][166]

In June 2020, Carlson sold his one-third stake in The Daily Caller to Patel for an undisclosed amount and said “Neil [Patel] runs it. I wasn’t adding anything. So we made it official".[167]

Writing[edit]

Carlson authored the memoir Politicians, Partisans and Parasites: My Adventures in Cable News, published by Warner Books in September 2003, about his television news experiences.[168] It received favorable reviews from Publishers Weekly and the Washingtonian, who both complimented the book for its humor.[169][168]

In May 2017, Carlson, represented by the literary and creative agency Javelin, signed an eight-figure, two-book deal with Simon & Schuster's conservative imprint, Threshold Editions.[170] His first book in the series, Ship of Fools: How a Selfish Ruling Class is Bringing America to the Brink of Revolution, was released in October 2018,[171] and debuted at No. 1 on The New York Times Best Seller list.[172] His second book, The Long Slide: Thirty Years in American Journalism, was released in August 2021.[173]

Political positions[edit]

Carlson has been described in the media as a conservative[86][174] or paleoconservative[175][176] (however, paleoconservative writer Paul Gottfried objects to the latter).[177] In 2021, Time magazine said Carlson "may be the most powerful conservative in America".[30] Writing for New York magazine's Intelligencer in 2019, Park MacDougald called Carlson a "Middle American radical", which he described as someone who holds populist economic beliefs; hostility to corporatocracy; fervent positions on nationalism, race, and immigration; and a preference for a strong U.S. president. MacDougald identified this form of radicalism as the ideological core of Trumpism.[178]

Political parties[edit]

Carlson with Charlie Kirk in 2018

Carlson is a Republican.[179][180][181] He was previously registered as a Democrat in Washington, D.C., from 2006 to 2020.[182][179] In 2017, Carlson said his registration as a Democrat was to gain the right to vote in the primaries for mayoral elections in the district, and that he nevertheless "sincerely despise[s]" the Democratic party and "always vote[d] for the more corrupt candidate over the idealist" in order to favor the status quo and stem progressivism.[183] Carlson campaigned for Republicans and Republican-affiliated causes during his time as a Democrat.[184][185]

In public correspondence in Slate with Texas Monthly's Evan Smith on November 29, 1999, Carlson agreed with Smith's low opinion of Donald Trump,[186] who was then running for president with the Reform Party. Carlson wrote that Trump was "the single most repulsive person on the planet" and that the Reform Party consisted of "a bunch of wackos".[187][13] Separately, he criticized the party's eventual nominee, Pat Buchanan.[188] In his 2018 book, Ship of Fools, Carlson wrote that he had adopted some of Buchanan's views.[13][189]

Carlson voted for George W. Bush in the 2000 election.[190] Carlson told Salon in 2003 that some Washington conservatives suspected he was "secretly liberal" because he liked John McCain.[191] In 2004, Carlson wrote a commentary in Esquire accusing Bush of weakness after the September 11 attacks and in the invasion of Iraq,[190] and said in an interview, "by my criteria, Bush isn't much of a conservative".[26] Carlson did not vote in the 2004 election, citing his souring on the Iraq War, his disillusionment with the once small-government Republican Party, and his disappointment with President Bush and like-minded conservatives.[26][27]

Carlson was reportedly floated as a potential candidate for the Libertarian nomination in the 2008 presidential election. He was included in polling at the 2008 Libertarian National Convention, with unconfirmed speculation arising that he was personally funding the effort.[192] Carlson spoke at Ron Paul's independent Rally for the Republic convention, opposite the official 2008 Republican National Convention, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which served as a "message of revolt to the Republican Party" and a general celebration of Paul's policy proposals.[193]

He expressed his disappointment with the Republican nominee for the 2012 election, Mitt Romney, and the healthcare reform he signed in 2006 as governor of Massachusetts, which contained an individual mandate, saying, "out of 315 million Americans, the Republican Party managed to find the one guy who couldn't run on Obamacare".[194] In January 2019, Carlson used a Washington Post op-ed by Romney to criticize what he described as the "mainstream Republican" worldview, consisting of "unwavering support for a finance-based economy and an internationalist foreign policy", which he argued was also supported by the bulk of Democrats.[195]

During the Trump presidency,[b] Carlson was described in Politico as "perhaps the highest-profile proponent of 'Trumpism' – a blend of anti-immigrant nationalism, economic populism and America First isolationism".[7] Carlson's commentaries did not uniformly praise Trump, but he had frequent scorn for Trump's critics; some commentators called Carlson an exemplar of "anti-anti-Trump" arguments.[49][196][197]

Following the 2020 election, Carlson reportedly told people he had voted for independent candidate Kanye West, though Politico points out that it was unclear whether Carlson "was serious or merely joking".[179] In July 2021, Carlson told Time magazine that the Republican Party is "inept and bad at governing" and "much more effective as an oppositional force than it is as a governing party".[30][198]

In 2022 Carlson supported the Ohio senate candidacy of Republican J. D. Vance and privately persuaded Donald Trump to endorse Vance in-spite of his past opposition to Trump.[199]

Abortion and death penalty[edit]

Carlson opposes abortion and has said it is the only political issue he considers non-negotiable.[49][200][201] Carlson has described Roe v. Wade as "the most embarrassing court decision handed down in the last century".[202]

Carlson wrote in 2000 that capital punishment "deserves more vigorous debate",[203] and in 2003 told Salon, "I'm opposed to the death penalty as I am adamantly opposed to abortion".[191] After saying on Fox News in 2010 that Michael Vick "should have been executed" for dog fighting, Carlson stated that he is "not comfortable with the death penalty under any circumstances".[204][205]

Colonialism[edit]

After the death of the British monarch Queen Elizabeth II in September 2022, Carlson opined that the British Empire, although "not perfect", had brought civilization to regions it occupied with "decency unmatched by any empire in human history". He was criticized in India by figures such as the politician and historian Shashi Tharoor, who had written a book detailing atrocities by the British Raj.[206][207]

Gun rights[edit]

Carlson has opposed gun control and the assault weapons ban.[208][209][210][211] He has debated several Democrats on gun control.[212][213][214] In 2015 he said Australian gun laws were "insane" and "childish".[215][216] In March 2018 he criticized Donald Trump for comments supporting gun control after the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting.[217][218] In a 2019 interview Carlson said he owns a AR-15 style rifle and said "all my guns are working-class guns".[219]

Economics[edit]

Carlson at a 2007 Ron Paul event

Early in his career, Carlson supported libertarian economics. He supported Ron Paul's 1988 presidential candidacy, when Paul ran as the candidate for the Libertarian Party, along with his 2008 presidential candidacy, when Paul ran as a Republican.[25][220] From 2009 through 2015, Carlson was a senior fellow at the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank.[221][222]

Since 2018, he has promoted more populist economics,[38] attacking libertarianism, saying "market capitalism is not a religion" and portraying some Republicans as "controlled by the banks".[223][25] In an interview, he said that economic and technological change that occurs too quickly can cause widespread social and political upheaval, and praised President Theodore Roosevelt, whose intervention in the economy in the early 1900s may have, in Carlson's view, prevented a communist revolution in the United States.[224] In 2019 on Tucker Carlson Tonight, Carlson said America's "ruling class" are, in effect, the "mercenaries" behind the decline of the American middle class, and "any economic system that weakens and destroys families is not worth having. A system like that is the enemy of a healthy society."[223][225] He cited parallels between the problems of inner cities and rural areas as evidence that the "culture of poverty" cited by conservatives as the cause of urban decline "wasn't the whole story", and that "Certain economic systems allow families to thrive. Thriving families make market economies possible."[195][226][227]

Carlson has criticized hedge funds (singling out the Republican donor Paul Singer in 2019) and private equity (in criticizing Mitt Romney, former CEO of Bain Capital).[228][195] He described the business model of firms like Bain as: "Take over an existing company for a short period of time, cut costs by firing employees, run up the debt, extract the wealth and move on, sometimes leaving retirees without their earned pensions. ... Meanwhile, a remarkable number of the companies are now bankrupt or extinct."[195][229] He attacked payday lenders, saying they "loan people money they can't possibly repay" and "charge them interest that impoverishes them"[195][223][230] He praised Democratic presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren's economic plan and called her book The Two Income Trap "one of the best books I've ever read on economics".[231][232]

Environment[edit]

On his show, Carlson frequently hosts guests who downplay the scientific consensus on climate change,[233] and disagreed with Bill Nye on the subject.[234][235][236][237]

Regulations[edit]

Carlson said in 2004, "I hate all nanny-state regulations, such as seat belt laws and smoking bans."[26]

Foreign policy[edit]

Carlson is skeptical of foreign intervention, has expressed regret for his public support of the U.S. invading Iraq in 2003, and has said "the U.S. ought to hesitate before intervening abroad".[28]

Hungary[edit]

In August 2021, Carlson traveled to Hungary, broadcasting from Budapest. He praised the country and its prime minister, Viktor Orbán, for rejecting asylum seekers on its border, and ridiculed the idea that Orbán was authoritarian.[238][239][240][241] He spoke at a conference sponsored by the Mathias Corvinus Collegium.[242] In January 2022, Carlson released the film Hungary vs. Soros on Fox Nation. According to Vox, the documentary promoted conspiracy theories about Soros and suggested that criticism of the Hungarian government was a function of jealousy from the political left.[243] The Open Society Foundations, a group that was founded by Soros, later called the documentary "anti-American propaganda," and Vice President Laura Silber stated that "Carlson appears to prefer authoritarian rule, state capture of media and the courts, crony corruption and rigged elections."[244][245]

Iraq[edit]

Carlson initially supported the Iraq War. A year after the invasion of Iraq, he began criticizing the war, telling The New York Observer: "I think it's a total nightmare and disaster, and I'm ashamed that I went against my own instincts in supporting it."[246]

Iran[edit]

In July 2017, Carlson said that "we actually don't face any domestic threat from Iran". He asked Max Boot to "tell me how many Americans in the United States have been murdered by terrorists backed by Iran since 9/11?"[247] According to The New York Times, Carlson played an influential role in dissuading Trump from launching military strikes against Iran in response to the shooting down of an American drone in June 2019. Carlson reportedly told Trump that if he listened to his hawkish advisors and went ahead with the strikes, he would not win re-election.[8]

In 2019, Carlson lobbied Donald Trump to fire his national security advisor, John Bolton. Carlson said Bolton was "demented" for seeking a military strike against Iran and accused him of undermining Trump by disagreeing publicly with Trump's decisions.[248][12][11] Trump fired Bolton on September 10, 2019.[11]

Carlson called the 2020 assassination of Qasem Soleimani a "quagmire". He criticized the "chest-beaters" who promote foreign interventions, particularly Senator Ben Sasse (R-NE), and asked, "By the way, if we're still in Afghanistan, 19 years, sad years, later, what makes us think there's a quick way out of Iran?"[249]

Mexico[edit]

Carlson supported Trump's expansion of the Mexico–United States barrier, saying a wall was needed to "restore sovereignty" to the border.[250]

In a July 2018 interview about Russian involvement in U.S. elections, Carlson claimed that Mexico had interfered in U.S. elections "more successfully" than Russia by "packing our electorate" through mass immigration.[251] This assertion was disputed by journalist Philip Bump, who wrote that the number of Mexicans in the U.S. had decreased since 2009 and asked rhetorically: "What good has it done Mexico to have a number of its citizens move to the United States and gain the right to vote?"[252]

In May 2019, Carlson defended Trump's decision to place tariffs on Mexico unless Mexico stopped illegal immigration to the United States. Carlson said, "When the United States is attacked by a hostile foreign power it must strike back, and make no mistake Mexico is a hostile foreign power."[253]

Russia[edit]

Carlson has stated he does not consider Russia a serious threat to the United States.[247] He called for the United States to work with Russia in the Syrian Civil War against a common enemy like the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS).[254][255]

Peter Beinart of The Atlantic said Carlson has been an "apologist for Donald Trump on the Russia scandal".[247] Carlson described the controversy over revelations that Donald Trump Jr. was willing to accept anti-Clinton information from a Russian government official as a "new level of hysteria" and said that Trump Jr. had only been "gossiping with foreigners".[247] In May 2019, after Robert Mueller gave a statement saying the Special Counsel investigation on Russian interference in the 2016 election did not exonerate President Donald Trump of obstruction of justice, Carlson called Mueller "sleazy and dishonest".[256] In February 2020, Carlson called on Trump to pardon Roger Stone, who had been convicted of lying to Congress and witness tampering as a result of the investigation. Trump retweeted a clip of Carlson's segment.[10][257] Trump commuted Stone's sentence on July 10, 2020.[258]

Carlson asserted in December 2019 that "Putin, for all his faults, does not hate America as much as many of these people do", referring to liberals. "They really dislike our country. And they call other people traitors because they're mouthing the talking points of Putin." He was criticized by Michael McFaul, former U.S. ambassador during the Obama administration, who said, "You are wrong Mr. Carlson. Putin does hate America", urging him to "stop attacking Americans & defending Putin".[259][260]

As Russia threatened a military incursion into Ukraine in December 2021, Russian state television broadcast remarks Carlson had made on his program in which he asserted "NATO exists primarily to torment Vladimir Putin", that the United States fomented the 2014 overthrow of the pro-Russia Ukrainian government and that President Joe Biden sought "a hot war with Russia".[261][262] In January 2022, Carlson stated in an interview for Axios that he "could care less [sic] if they call me a pawn of Putin", and also stated that he hoped Republican primary voters in the 2022 United States elections would vote out candidates that "believes Ukraine's borders are more important than our borders".[263] In late February 2022, on the eve of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Carlson described the preceding crisis as a "border dispute" and said it was "not treason, it is not un-American" to support Putin, "it's the whole point of America." He also said his viewers should ask themselves, "Why do I hate Putin so much? Has Putin ever called me a racist? Has he threatened to get me fired for disagreeing with him?"[264] Carlson changed his tone after the invasion, telling his viewers on February 24, 2022, that "what Russia has done is awful" and that Putin "clearly does deserve to be punished" for invading Ukraine, while warning that the conflict could turn into a world war.[265] However, in March 2022, Carlson started to amplify baseless Russian state propaganda that the U.S. and Ukraine were purportedly developing biological weapons in Ukraine.[266][267][268] That month, as reported by Mother Jones,[269] the Kremlin sent a memo to state-friendly media outlets saying it was "essential" to use video clips of Carlson "as much as possible". Mother Jones further observed Carlson was the only Western media pundit the Kremlin adopted in this way.[270][271]

Syria[edit]

Carlson opposes overthrowing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and has downplayed some of the Assad regime's human rights violations in the Syrian Civil War.[247][272] In April 2018, Carlson questioned whether Assad was responsible for the Douma chemical attack that had occurred a few days earlier and killed dozens.[273][274] In November 2019, Carlson repeated this claim and queried whether the attack had happened at all.[275]

Carlson suggested that a similar attack that occurred the year before (the Khan Shaykhun chemical attack), which was attributed to Assad's forces and which the OPCW JIM indicated was carried out with sarin that bore the regime's signature, was a false flag attack perpetrated to falsely implicate the Assad government. Carlson compared Assad's war crimes during the Syrian Civil War to Saudi Arabia's war crimes in Yemen.[273]

North Korea[edit]

When President Trump met the North Korean leader Kim Jong-un at the country's border with the South in June 2019, Carlson, who was touring with Trump, defended Trump's friendship with Kim. Carlson told Fox & Friends that the North Korean regime was "monstrous" and North Korea was a "disgusting place" but "On the other hand, you've got to be honest about what it means to lead a country. It means killing people".[276] Carlson went on to argue that "a lot of countries commit atrocities including a number that we're closely allied with".[277][278][279][280]

China[edit]

Carlson has said normalization of relations with China following President Richard Nixon's 1972 visit led to unforeseen consequences, and that America became progressively worse off for it.[281] He criticized LeBron James for speaking out against Daryl Morey, the latter having tweeted in support of the 2019–2020 Hong Kong protests,[282][283] and referred to the former CEO of The Walt Disney Company, Bob Iger, as a "propagandist" for the Chinese Communist Party.[281]

Immigration and race[edit]

Carlson at the Immigrants' Rights rally in Washington Mall, 2006

Carlson is a frequent critic of immigration,[23] and has been described by multiple writers as demonizing both legal and illegal immigrants.[284][285][286] White grievance politics is a persistent theme in Carlson's commentary.[13] Sources such as CNN and The Washington Post have said Carlson promotes racism,[14][286][19][287][288] a charge he denies, saying in 2018, "I'm not a racist. I hate racism."[38] Carlson has repeatedly promoted a conspiracy theory that Democrats are seeking "demographic replacement" to increase their voter base, and in 2021 he described this as "the Great Replacement", using white nationalist terminology.[289][29][290][288][291] Carlson has described white supremacy as "not a real problem in America".[292] Heidi Beirich of the Southern Poverty Law Center has said that "Carlson probably has been the No. 1 commentator mainstreaming bedrock principles of white nationalism in [the U.S.]."[293] Terry Smith, a law professor at St. Thomas University, has called Carlson's rhetoric an example of white identity politics.[294] University of Michigan professor Alexandra Stern has written that Carlson propagates demographic fear.[295] Neoconservative pundit Bill Kristol described Carlson's commentaries in 2018 as "close now to racism" and "ethno-nationalism of some kind, let's call it".[296]

Bubba the Love Sponge call-ins (2006–2009)[edit]

In call-in segments Carlson made from 2006 to 2009 on the radio show Bubba the Love Sponge, Carlson said Iraq was not worth invading because it was a country made up of "semi-literate primitive monkeys" who "don't use toilet paper or forks".[297] Carlson also stated that he had "zero sympathy" for the people of Iraq. He also criticized "lunatic Muslims who are behaving like animals", and said that any presidential candidate who vowed to "kill as many of them as [they] can" would be "elected king". Recordings of these segments were released online in March 2019 by the progressive nonprofit Media Matters for America. The Washington Post called these comments racist.[18]

Obama administration (2015)[edit]

In a guest appearance with Alex Jones in 2015, Carlson described the Obama administration: "They categorize people by race in a way that, you know, you can't even imagine – 30 years ago you would have said, 'Wait a second, that's like Nazi stuff.'"[298][299]

Trump campaign (2016)[edit]

Writing for Politico in January 2016, Carlson expressed his support for Donald Trump's candidacy and his positions, such as his proposed "Muslim ban", and criticized the other Republican candidates for not similarly making immigration a core issue.[300][185][b]

When Mitt Romney, the 2012 Republican nominee for president, denounced Trump in March 2016, saying Trump made a "disqualifying and disgusting response" by evading questions about former Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard David Duke's support,[301] Carlson criticized Romney and dismissed his speech by suggesting "Obama could have written this."[302][303]

Immigrants and the Great Replacement conspiracy theory (2018–2022)[edit]

In 2018, Carlson described the effects of mass immigration on the United States using the terms dirtier, poorer, and more divided[304][305] and said it "has badly hurt this country's natural landscape".[306] Talking about Hazleton, Pennsylvania, where Hispanics had quickly become a majority of the population, Carlson said it was "more change than human beings are designed to digest".[286] In May 2019 he said, "The flood of illegal workers into the United States has damaged our communities, ruined our schools, burdened our healthcare system and fractured our national unity."[253] In December 2019, he falsely claimed that immigrants were responsible for making the Potomac River "dirtier and dirtier".[307][308]

In April 2021, Carlson argued that the Democratic Party "is trying to replace the current electorate, the voters now casting ballots, with new people, more obedient voters from the Third World". He also said, "Everyone wants to make a racial issue out of it, 'Ooh, the white replacement theory.' No, no, no, this is a voting rights question. I have less political power because they are importing a brand-new electorate. Why should I sit back and take that?" The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) and others said that Carlson was endorsing the Great Replacement, a white nationalist conspiracy theory that claims white people are being systemically replaced through declining white birth rates and high rates of immigration.[29][46][309][310] In an open letter to Fox News, ADL CEO Jonathan Greenblatt called for the network to fire Carlson, arguing that the talk about demographic replacement "was not just a dog whistle to racists – it was a bullhorn".[309]

Fox Corporation CEO Lachlan Murdoch defended Carlson, writing that Carlson had "decried and rejected replacement theory" when he said, "White replacement theory? No, no, this is a voting rights question." Greenblatt responded that Carlson's saying this made it "worse, because he's using a straw man – voting rights – to give an underhanded endorsement of white supremacist beliefs while ironically suggesting it's not really white supremacism".[311]

In September 2021, Carlson again invoked the Great Replacement theory on his program, this time by name. Carlson accused President Joe Biden of "eugenics" and changing "the racial mix of the country", and said, "this policy is sometimes called the Great Replacement – the replacement of legacy Americans, with more obedient people from faraway countries".[290][312] In response, the ADL reiterated its call for Carlson to be fired from the network.[313] Carlson was criticized for abbreviating a clip of Biden in 2015 describing "an unrelenting stream of immigration, nonstop" in U.S. history to remove its context.[314][312]

In May 2022, after the 2022 Buffalo shooting, in which the shooter's manifesto (like those of some previous mass shooters) cited the Great Replacement conspiracy theory, Carlson claimed he was unfamiliar with the conspiracy theory, even though he had previously mentioned it by name on his show, and had alleged the idea of forced demographic change by Democrats over 400 times on his show.[315][316] He accused Democrats and "the left" of "pushing replacement theory", saying "there is a strong political component to the Democratic Party's immigration policy".[315]

South Africa (2018)[edit]

In August 2018, Carlson alleged that the South African government was targeting white farmers because "they are the wrong skin color" and falsely said the country's president had changed the constitution to allow land thefts from whites during ongoing land reform efforts.[317][318][319][320][321] CBS News, Associated Press, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal described Carlson's segment (with guest Marian Tupy of the Cato Institute) as false or misleading, because violence against farmers had reached an all-time low and the reforms had yet to pass and were primarily aimed at land that had fallen into disuse.[322][318][319][323][321][324][325]

Following the Carlson segment, President Trump tweeted that he had instructed Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to "closely study the South Africa land and farm seizure and large scale killing of farmers".[317][318][319] The South African government responded that Trump's tweet was "misinformed" and said it would address the matter through diplomatic channels. AfriForum, a South African non-governmental organization focused mainly on the interests of Afrikaners, took credit for Carlson's and Trump's statements, saying it believed that its campaign to influence American politics had succeeded.[319]

The evening after the segment, Carlson acknowledged that the proposed amendment was still being debated and added that no farms had yet been expropriated, though he did not admit to having made errors. Carlson later said in an interview that his South Africa segment made "an argument against tribalism".[321]

Antifa altercation (2018)[edit]

In November 2018, a group of antifa activists associated with the "Smash Racism D.C." group protested outside Carlson's Washington, D.C., home.[326] Carlson's driveway was vandalized with a spray-painted anarchist symbol and according to Carlson one of the protesters cracked the door of their home after throwing himself against the door.[327]

Ilhan Omar (2019)[edit]

Carlson concluded Tucker Carlson Tonight on July 9, 2019, with a three-minute monologue about Representative Ilhan Omar (D-MN), calling her ungrateful to the United States, where she had been granted asylum, and calling her "living proof that the way we practice immigration has become dangerous to this country". His monologue was described by The Guardian as "racially loaded" and "full of anti-immigrant rhetoric".[328] Congresswoman Omar responded on Twitter, saying that "advertisers should not be underwriting this kind of dangerous, hateful rhetoric".[329] In its July 10 article on the incident, The Daily Beast commented that, mainly because of "right-wing attacks that have then been amplified by members of Congress and the president", Omar has been receiving death threats since she was elected to Congress.[330] According to the article, while Carlson "has devoted numerous segments" of his show to criticizing her, this time Carlson "took his anti-Omar stance even further".[330]

El Paso shooting (2019)[edit]

Several days after the 2019 El Paso shooting, which was committed by a man who released an anti-immigrant manifesto complaining of a "Hispanic invasion", Carlson described white supremacy as a hoax and "a conspiracy theory used to divide the country and keep a hold on power".[289] He asked rhetorically, "the combined membership of every white supremacist group in America – would they be able to fit inside a college football stadium?"[331][332][292] According to The Washington Post, "Carlson's argument is belied by many experts and seemingly contradicted by a recent wave of deadly attacks by men motivated by those views."[333]

Black Lives Matter and George Floyd (2020–2021)[edit]

Carlson cast doubts on the intentions of Black Lives Matter protestors in the wake of the murder of George Floyd by a police officer, saying in June 2020, "it is definitely not about black lives, and remember that when they come for you, and at this rate, they will". Although Fox News said Carlson was referring to Democratic leaders and not protesters, Carlson's comments on Black Lives Matter were met with rebuke. Advertisers including The Walt Disney Company, Papa John's, Poshmark, and T-Mobile stopped advertising on Carlson's program. In other comments, Carlson argued that the unrest following Floyd's killing stemmed from a desire for ideological domination, rather than genuine opposition to police brutality.[334][335][336][337] Carlson aired segments defending Kyle Rittenhouse, a 17-year-old who shot three protesters, killing two, in August 2020 in confrontations during unrest after a police shooting in Kenosha, Wisconsin.[338][339][340][341]

Carlson claimed in 2021 that "there was no physical evidence that George Floyd was murdered by a cop" and "the autopsy showed that George Floyd almost certainly died of a drug overdose", even though two autopsies found that Floyd died from homicide caused by former police officer Derek Chauvin's kneeling on his neck for more than eight minutes. Floyd had drugs in his system when he died, but medical professionals determined this did not cause his death.[342][343][344]

After jurors found Chauvin guilty of murder, Carlson argued that they were threatened into doing so by Black Lives Matter protests rather than being swayed by witness testimony or visceral video of the killing of Floyd. He characterized the protests as "nearly a year of burning and looting and murder by BLM".[345]

Ketanji Brown Jackson Supreme Court nomination[edit]

In February 2022, Carlson criticized President Biden's nomination of Ketanji Brown Jackson to the Supreme Court, calling her "ignorant of the law", in contrast to most legal analysts who have described Jackson as highly qualified. Carlson used language such as defile, humiliate, and degrade in reference to the nomination's effect on the court, likening the nomination to affirmative action and the Rwandan genocide due to Biden's public pledge to nominate a black woman. One commentator, Jennifer Rubin, characterized these remarks as an example of white supremacy.[346]

Responses to allegations of racism and comments about race[edit]

On August 18, 2017, during a debate about whether web hosting companies should do business with racist sites like The Daily Stormer, Carlson said "I'm not defending white supremacy. I don't believe it in. I don't approve of it".[347]

In July 2020, after Tucker Carlson Tonight writer Blake Neff resigned after he was revealed to have posted several racist blogs, Carlson condemned the blog posts on his show saying "It is wrong to attack people for qualities they cannot control. In this country, we judge people for what they do, not for how they were born".[348]

In 2022, in response to The New York Times publishing a report criticizing Carlson and his show, Carlson said that his show did not have a controversial opinion on race, saying "Our view of race is really simple. We believe Martin Luther King Jr. We don't think your skin color is the most important thing about you. We think all people were created by God and should therefore be judged by what they do, not by how they look".[349]

Gender and sexuality[edit]

Carlson is an opponent of feminism.[13][153] In a December 2021 segment despairing the falling labor participation rate of U.S. men, Carlson said, "Men and women are very different, extremely different. Society is built on their differences."[350] He has alleged that feminists want girls to make gains at the expense of boys.[153] He was rebuked by the U.S. military in March 2021 after he ridiculed maternity flight suits for U.S. women soldiers and described a decision by the Chinese military to build ships as "more masculine".[351] He used the words pig and cunt to describe several individual women in remarks from 2006 to 2011 on the radio show Bubba the Love Sponge.[17]

Carlson has highlighted what he considers excesses of LGBT people on the political left.[352] Some of his comments on air have been described as homophobic, including a 2006 radio conversation in which he and Bubba the Love Sponge used the word faggot to describe their affection for each other, and his 2007 description of an incident during high school of beating up a gay man who had made an advance on him in a public bathroom.[18][62] In the same year, he called Democratic primary contenders cowards for not pledging to legalize same sex marriage and stated that he would support that.[353] In 2021, Carlson belittled the paternity leave taken by U.S. Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg, a gay man, joking that Buttigieg could be "trying to figure out how to breastfeed".[354]

COVID-19 pandemic and vaccines[edit]

Carlson aired segments warning about COVID-19 in the first months of 2020, and reportedly influenced then-President Trump to take the virus more seriously.[355][356] But by May 2020, Carlson began to publicly question the severity of the virus[357] and oppose social distancing measures.[358][359] In 2021, he repeatedly aired segments casting doubt on masks and vaccines, and falsely accused National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director Anthony Fauci of contributing to the creation of the virus.[360][361][362][363][31]

Carlson differed with Trump and some of his colleagues at Fox News in early 2020 by saying COVID-19 should be taken more seriously in the U.S.[355][364] On March 9, 2020, Carlson opened his show by saying, "People you trust, people you probably voted for, have spent weeks minimizing what is clearly a very serious problem. ... But they're wrong. It's definitely not just the flu."[365] Sources in the White House said Carlson's statements caused Trump to reconsider his position.[365] Carlson also told Vanity Fair that he spoke to Trump about COVID-19.[356][355] Carlson blamed China for causing the pandemic.[364] However, Carlson also claimed that some U.S. officials were overstating the deadliness of the virus – a claim that PolitiFact called mostly false.[357] Carlson criticized stay-at-home orders brought on by the pandemic, and ridiculed Anthony Fauci.[358] Carlson defended protests against lockdowns in rural areas, saying, "The threat to rural America from this virus is minuscule, so why are we punishing the people who live outside the cities?"[359]

In 2021, Carlson ran segments that misrepresented the safety of COVID-19 vaccines and asserted that U.S. officials were "lying" about them.[366][367][368][369][370][371] He questioned why the CDC was advising vaccinated people to continue mask-wearing and distancing in April 2021, saying, "maybe [the vaccine] doesn't work, and they're simply not telling you that". Fact checks called Carlson's argument misleading, because COVID-19 vaccines are highly effective in protecting against COVID-19 infections and severe symptoms, and universal masking helps prevent unvaccinated people from spreading the virus.[362][360] Fauci called Carlson's remarks a "crazy conspiracy theory".[362] Later Carlson falsely called Fauci "the guy who created Covid".[31][372] In another segment, Carlson misrepresented federal data to claim that in the previous five months around 30 people per day in the U.S. died after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine.[363][373][374] Carlson's argument was called misleading because the federal database he cited, VAERS, consists of unverified public reports, some of which have been false; post-vaccine deaths can be from unrelated causes; and the CDC had found no connection between COVID-19 vaccinations and deaths based on VAERS.[375][363][376][368][377] In July 2021, Carlson said plans by the government to provide door-to-door vaccinations were "the greatest scandal in my lifetime, by far" and falsely described them as an attempt to "force people to take medicine they don't want or need".[378][379] He also likened vaccine passports to segregationist Jim Crow laws.[380][381] He claimed that a vaccine mandate in the U.S. Armed Forces was designed to oust "the sincere Christians in the ranks, the free thinkers, the men with high testosterone levels, and anyone else who doesn't love Joe Biden".[382] On a day when two Fox News hosts, Steve Doocy and Sean Hannity, urged viewers to get vaccinated to protect against the surging Delta variant of the coronavirus, Carlson said, "There are a lot of people giving you medical advice on television and you should ignore them."[371][383] Carlson refused to say whether he has been vaccinated, responding to a reporter, "When was the last time you had sex with your wife and in what position? We can trade intimate details."[384] More than 90% of Fox Corporation's full-time employees had been fully vaccinated by September 2021.[385][386] In May 2022, Carlson described himself as "[against] the vax".[387]

Carlson mentioned the anti-parasite medication ivermectin as a possible COVID-19 treatment, though the FDA warned against its use.[388][389]

Carlson called people wearing masks outdoors "zealots and neurotics", saying that children wearing masks was child abuse and that, "Your response when you see children wearing masks as they play should be no different from your response to seeing someone beat a kid in Walmart ... Call the police immediately, contact child protective services. Keep calling until someone arrives."[390][361][391] In February 2022, Carlson supported the Canada convoy protest against COVID-19 restrictions and called it "the single most successful human rights protest in a generation".[392]

In a January 2022 show, Carlson's guest Alex Berenson made misleading claims that the mRNA vaccines for COVID-19 are "dangerous and ineffective" and "need to be withdrawn from the market now", claims that Carlson left unchallenged.[393][394] Public health officials rejected the claims; CDC Director Rochelle Walensky responded that vaccinated and boosted individuals are 68 times less likely to die of COVID-19 than unvaccinated people.[395] In July 2022, Carlson stated that "it's looking likely that the vaccine might suppress the immune system," citing a widely-criticized review of VAERS data in Food and Chemical Toxicology and a misrepresented data table from a study in The Lancet; the lead author of the latter study, Dr. Peter Nordström, clarified that "[t]he paper we have published [does] not show any of [Carlson's] claims".[396]

2020 election aftermath[edit]

Ahead of the 2020 election, in September, Carlson told viewers that Democrats were promoting mail-in voting to create "uncertainty over the outcome of the election, so they can manipulate the results".[397] After Joe Biden won the election in November, Carlson raised false allegations of fraud in the election.[398][399][400][401] On his show, he mentioned the names of purportedly dead individuals who voted in Georgia; investigative reporting subsequently found that some of the individuals whom he claimed to be dead were in fact alive. Carlson apologized on his show for the error.[402]

Later that month, Carlson cast doubt on unfounded conspiratorial claims made by former federal prosecutor Sidney Powell, who alleged that Venezuela, Cuba and unidentified communist interests had used a secret algorithm to hack into voting machines and commit widespread electoral fraud.[403] Carlson said "what Powell was describing would amount to the single greatest crime in American history", but that Powell became "angry and told us to stop contacting her" when he asked for evidence of widespread voter fraud.[403] Prominent defenders of Trump criticized Carlson for his skepticism, though Powell was dropped from Trump's legal team shortly afterward.[404][405] Carlson later brought on Mike Lindell on January 26, 2021, whose company My Pillow was the largest advertiser on Tucker Carlson Tonight, to criticize Dominion Voting Systems and claim it had "hired hit groups and bots and trolls" to target him following his Twitter account's permanent suspension for promoting unfounded fraud claims.[406][407]

In July 2021, Carlson suggested that "there actually was meaningful voter fraud in Fulton County, Georgia, last November" despite the state's election results being validated via both hand and machine recounts. PolitiFact found that none of the evidence provided by Carlson substantiated his conclusion. For example, because Trump and Biden ballots were sorted into separate piles during the hand recount, tally sheets with votes exclusively for either candidate are not indicative of fraud.[408]

In August 2022, Carlson was along with other Fox news hosts were deposed as part of lawsuit by Dominion Voting Systems against fox news over false claims of voter fraud made about the company.[409][410][411]

2021 storming of the U.S. Capitol[edit]

In February 2021, after attorney general nominee Merrick Garland pledged at his confirmation hearing to supervise the prosecution of "white supremacists and others" involved in the storming of the U.S. Capitol, Carlson alleged, "There's no evidence that white supremacists were responsible for what happened on January 6th. That's a lie."[412] PolitiFact rated Carlson's claim false, because several rioters had known ties to white supremacist groups, according to court records and congressional testimony by law enforcement leaders, and video and photos from the incident showed white supremacist symbols prominently displayed.[413][414] Philip Bump of The Washington Post wrote in an analysis that Carlson was blurring the lines between "being involved" and "being responsible for" to create a strawman in an effort to "undercut the public understanding of what happened and, by extension, to soften the implications for Trump and his supporters".[415] Carlson has also inaccurately stated that "[n]ot a single person in the crowd on January 6 was found to be carrying a firearm."[416]

In June 2021, Carlson promoted a conspiracy theory alleging that the Capitol storming was a false flag FBI operation intended to "suppress political dissent".[33][417][418] He alleged that unindicted co-conspirators in rioters' indictments were government agents, saying, "FBI operatives were organizing the attack on the Capitol on January 6, according to government documents".[419][33] Legal experts said Carlson's claim was unfounded because prosecutors cannot describe an undercover agent as an unindicted co-conspirator.[33][420][421] One of the unindicted co-conspirators was readily identifiable as Stewart Rhodes, founder and leader of Oath Keepers, a far-right anti-government militia; another unindicted co-conspirator was likely the wife of an indicted alleged conspirator.[33][420][422] Carlson's guest, Darren Beattie of Revolver News,[c] whose writing the segment was primarily based on, had been fired as a Trump speechwriter in 2018 after CNN asked the White House about his attendance at a gathering of white nationalists.[33][420] Carlson also said Russian president Vladimir Putin raised "fair questions" when Putin mentioned the fatal police shooting of a rioter inside the Capitol while denying involvement in the poisoning of a Russian politician.[423][424] Republican House members Matt Gaetz and Marjorie Taylor Greene quickly embraced Carlson's story about FBI involvement in the Capitol attack, and Republican congressman Paul Gosar entered the Revolver News story into the Congressional Record during a House Oversight Committee hearing.[417]

In response to Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Mark Milley's defense of studying critical race theory "to understand white rage" as it concerns the storming, Carlson said, "Hard to believe that man wears a uniform. ... He's not just a pig, he's stupid!"[425]

After Carlson criticized Senator Ted Cruz for calling the Capitol storming a "terrorist attack", Cruz appeared on Carlson's show January 6, 2022, the anniversary of the event, and apologized for his words.[426]

Patriot Purge program[edit]

In late October 2021, "Patriot Purge", a three-part series produced by Carlson, was released on the Fox Nation streaming service. Carlson broadcast a trailer that suggested the January 6 attack was a government false flag operation to implicate the right wing, with one speaker asserting that "the left is hunting the right". Carlson stated on-air that the government had "launched a new war" on American citizens and characterized his series as "rock-solid factually".[427] Fact-checkers found the series contained numerous falsehoods and conspiracy theories. Michael Jensen, a senior researcher at the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, called it "political propaganda that is meant to rally a support base that has shown a willingness to mobilize on the basis of disinformation and lies. That's how we got Jan. 6 in the first place."[34][428] Conservative writers Jonah Goldberg and Steve Hayes responded to the series by severing their ties to Fox News, declaring that the series was "a collection of incoherent conspiracy-mongering, riddled with factual inaccuracies, half-truths, deceptive imagery, and damning omissions".[429][430] Bret Baier and Chris Wallace, prominent anchors in the network's news division, raised objections to the series to top executives of the Fox organization.[430]

Alleged surveillance[edit]

In October 2020, Carlson alleged on his show that someone was reading his text messages, after documents he claimed had compromising information on Joe Biden's son, Hunter, were lost by the United Parcel Service and then quickly located.[431][432][433] Carlson did not say what these documents contained.[433] In November 2021, the Daily Mail published emails from a laptop owned by Hunter, which appear to demonstrate a friendship between himself and Carlson.[434]

On June 28, 2021, Carlson said on his program that "a whistleblower within the U.S. government" informed him that the National Security Agency (NSA) was "monitoring our electronic communications and is planning to leak them in an attempt to take this show off the air", adding, "The Biden administration is spying on us. We have confirmed that."[435] That same day, a producer for Carlson filed an unusually broad Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request with the NSA, seeking records, including "any communication between NSA officials regarding journalist Tucker Carlson", dating back to January 2019, before Biden became president.[436][d] On June 29, the NSA tweeted a rare statement of denial,[435][438] stating that Carlson has never been a target of its surveillance and it never had any intent to have his program taken off the air.[439] Carlson responded on-air that the NSA did not deny reading his emails.[440][e] The next day, House Republican leader Kevin McCarthy announced that he had asked House Intelligence Committee ranking member Devin Nunes to investigate.[441] Representative Gaetz called for an inspector general investigation.[442]

Axios reported on July 7 that, shortly before Carlson made his allegation, he had been in contact with U.S.-based Kremlin intermediaries to arrange an interview with Vladimir Putin. The reporter of the Axios exclusive story, Jonathan Swan, later confirmed he had contacted Carlson seeking pre-publication comment, but said he had not told Carlson that anyone had shared the email contents with him.[443][444] On that night's program, Carlson said that he had contacted people about interviewing Putin, but did not mention it to anyone because he did not want to "rattle the Russians, and make the interview less likely to happen". He said that the NSA had unmasked his identity and that "the contents of my emails left that building at the NSA and wound up with a news organization".[445][446] On July 23, cybersecurity news website The Record wrote that Carlson had not been targeted by the NSA but had been unmasked after he was mentioned by third parties who were under surveillance, citing two anonymous sources. Fox News said that it was unacceptable for the NSA to uncover Carlson's name in third-party communications through unmasking.[447] The New York Times observed there was a distinction between Carlson's communications being intercepted by the NSA and intercepts of foreigners who were discussing Carlson.[444] The NSA inspector general's office announced in August 2021 that it was examining Carlson's allegation.[448]

Rhetorical style[edit]

Carlson's rhetorical style and debating tactics have drawn close attention from writers and other public figures.[5][38][49][449][450]

In arguments, Carlson can quickly shift between personas as a devil's advocate and a moralizing truth teller, and simultaneously appear outraged and blasé – employing a "joking/not-joking loophole" that radio shock jocks have often used, according to Lili Loofbourow of Slate.[449] James Carville, a Democratic strategist and friend of Carlson who has appeared on his shows, called Carlson "one of the world's great contrarians", with a gift for making his views sound rebellious even when they are widespread or advantageous.[49]

Carlson has said he especially targets the "moral preening" of people he sees as having a sensibility of "I'm a really good person, and you're not."[5] Carlson presents his perceived opponents "as endlessly cynical and duplicitous", and agitates his audience against them by cherry-picking and misinterpreting information, according to Philip Bump of The Washington Post.[451][452] Charlotte Alter of Time wrote that Carlson "sanitizes and legitimizes right-wing conspiratorial thinking, dodges when you try to nail him down on the specifics, then wraps it all in an argument about censorship and free speech".[30] Elaina Plott in The Atlantic summed up Carlson's style as "a gleeful fuck you" to his opponents.[5]

During remote interviews, Carlson's producers will keep his face close-up onscreen so viewers can watch him react, often in disbelief.[49] His trademark scowl lets viewers "share his disdain" toward opposing views, foreshadowing a "scathing rebuttal".[450][453] Carlson is known to interrupt guests repeatedly with direct demands to answer questions he poses, sometimes focusing on an embarrassing episode or statement from a guest's past.[450] Jack Shafer wrote in Politico that "When the host barks questions in your earpiece, you can't help but jolt to life like a puppet on a string", suggesting that successful guests on Carlson's show must match his quick-wittedness and unflappability.[450] Lyz Lenz of the Columbia Journalism Review wrote that this debate maneuver mirrors Jon Stewart's confrontation of Carlson on Crossfire in 2004, describing Stewart then and Carlson now as both "com[ing] out of the gate with an impossible line of questioning and a disingenuous defense".[38]

Charlotte Alter of Time wrote in July 2021 that Carlson sometimes tells "outright falsehoods", but generally "avoids assertions that are factually disprovable, instead sticking to innuendo". As an example, Alter wrote that Carlson did not endorse Sidney Powell's specific claims of voter fraud in the 2020 election, but he did say, "The people now telling us to stop asking questions about voting machines are the same ones who claim that our phones weren't listening to us".[30] In September 2020, on The Rubin Report, Carlson said that, unlike TV newscasters who he said "systematically lie", he will only lie "if I'm really cornered or something", saying, "I lie. I really try not to. I try never to lie on TV. ... I don't like lying. I certainly do it, you know, out of weakness or whatever."[454][455] Bump argued in 2022 that compared with other television anchors, Carlson is loath to acknowledge factual errors in his commentary.[456]

Carlson's use of hyperbole as a rhetorical device was cited by Fox News in its successful defense in 2020 of a slander lawsuit by Karen McDougal, after Carlson incorrectly argued in 2018 that Donald Trump had been a victim of extortion by McDougal.[457][131][132]

Reception[edit]

According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, Carlson has been "recognized for his success in helping to bring far-right viewpoints and vocabulary into the mainstream of American politics" through his promotion of "extreme positions on a range of political and social issues, for his embrace of white nationalism, for his support of authoritarian leaders of other countries, and for his regular reliance on arguably false or misleading claims, including baseless conspiracy theories" and for "exert[ing] an unusual influence on Republican Pres. Donald Trump, who was a regular viewer of Carlson's show."[16] In 2021, Time said that Carlson could be the most powerful conservative in America, with Republican strategist Jeff Roe adding, "He doesn't react to the agenda, he drives the agenda."[30] Mediaite named Carlson the most influential person in news media in 2021.[458][459]

Tina Brown, the former editor of Vanity Fair and a former colleague of Carlson, said: "Tucker is a tremendously good writer and I always thought it was a real shame that he kind of got sucked into this TV mania thing."[38]

On February 23, 2017, The Atlantic wrote that "Carlson's true talent is not for political philosophizing, it's for televised partisan combat. His go-to weapons—the smirky sarcasm, the barbed comebacks, the vicious politeness—seem uniquely designed to drive his sparring partners nuts, frequently making for terrific television".[27]

On September 19, 2017, journalist Stephen Rodrick wrote in a GQ profile of Carlson: "On his show, Carlson mocks and verbally body-slams those who disagree with him, a passel of easy marks such as Democratic politicians, well-meaning liberal activists, and young reporters. He shares with Donald Trump a deep reluctance to apologize for his mistakes, and he lobs insults that seem suspiciously like subconscious self-assessments: He loves to accuse his guests of "preening", and he derides "pomposity, smugness, and groupthink".[69]

In an interview for a 2021 Time profile of Carlson, a former NewsCorp executive, Alex Azam, described Carlson as having some impunity within Fox News, "because of the signal that touching him would send to the viewers that Fox never wants to lose".[30] In 2021, he was included in the Time 100, Time's annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world.[460]

In April 2022, The New York Times published a three-part 20,000-word investigative series on Carlson called "American Nationalist". The investigative series documents Carlson's rise to prominence and his rhetoric on immigration, race relations and the COVID-19 pandemic.[387][461][15][462][463] Carlson responded by saying that he has not read "American Nationalist" and does not plan to. He also denied allegations from the Times about obsessing over ratings, saying that "I've never read the ratings a single day in my life. I don't even know how. Ask anyone at Fox." and that "Most of the big positions I've taken in the past five years — against the neocons, the vax and the war [in Ukraine] — have been very unpopular with our audience at first."[387]

Personal life[edit]

Carlson is married to Susan Thomson Carlson (née Andrews).[38][464] They met at St. George's School, where she was the headmaster's daughter,[57] and were married on August 10, 1991, in the school chapel.[464] They have four children.[51][465] Carlson is an Episcopalian; according to The New Yorker, he "loves the liturgy, though he abhors the liberals who run the denomination".[49]Carlson is left-handed and dyslexic.[466]

Carlson quit drinking alcohol in 2002.[49] A few years earlier he had quit smoking (he had begun smoking in eighth grade) and replaced cigarettes with nicotine gum, which he buys in bulk from New Zealand and "chews constantly", and oral nicotine pouches.[49][466]

Published works[edit]

  • Carlson, Tucker (2003). Politicians, Partisans, and Parasites: My Adventures in Cable News. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 978-0759508002.
  • Carlson, Tucker (2018). Ship of Fools: How a Selfish Ruling Class Is Bringing America to the Brink of Revolution. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1501183669.
  • Carlson, Tucker (2021). The Long Slide: Thirty Years in American Journalism. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1501183690.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Carlson has stated he was only a registered Democratic voter to be able to vote in Democratic primaries in Washington, D.C.[2][3]
  2. ^ a b Carlson has said he did not vote for Trump in either 2016 or 2020, not voting at all in the former election, and voting for Kanye West in the latter.[179]
  3. ^ Revolver has been promoted by Trump and his administration.[420]
  4. ^ Details of the FOIA were obtained via a separate FOIA filed by The Intercept's Ken Klippenstein; Carlson derided both the website and journalist in a segment on July 8.[437]
  5. ^ By law, the NSA is prohibited from monitoring communications of Americans without a special court order based on concerns an American is a terrorist or an agent of a foreign power, though communications of Americans can be incidentally intercepted if they are communicating with a foreign person who is being monitored.

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