Russian All-People's Union

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Russian All-People's Union
Росси́йский общенаро́дный сою́з
LeaderSergey Baburin
FoundedOctober 26, 1991 (1991-10-26)
IdeologyRussian nationalism
Right-wing socialism
Social conservatism
Political positionEconomic: Left-wing
Social: Right-wing

Russian All-People's Union (Russian: Росси́йский общенаро́дный сою́з, abbreviation ROS) is a Russian nationalist political party, formed in October 1991, in 2001 it merged into Narodnaya Volya. In 2008 it was reorganized when the People's Union Dissolved itself. Its leader is Sergey Baburin.

The organization was founded by Russian nationalist-oriented members of the CPSU (dubbed 'Russian platform of the CPSU'). It was launched on 26 October 1991 by Russian Supreme Soviet deputies of the faction 'Rossiya'. According to Nikolai Pavlov, one of the ROS leaders, the party was established as a 'patriotic and democratic' force with the aim of uniting parties of socialist orientation. Pavlov also claimed that they had similar positions with more centrist organizations, like the Cadet party of Mikhail Astafyev, Christian Democratic Party of Aksyuchits and the Democratic Party of Russia. However, one of the ROS member organizations in 1992 was the Stalinist Russian Party of Communists, led by A.Kryuchkov. The ROS was part of the United Opposition and later National Salvation Front, arguably belonging to the 'FNS right'.[1] Besides socialist tendencies, the ROS had connections with traditional Russian nationalists and monarchists and promoted pan-Slavist policies, including support for Serbia's expansion.[2]

The party published newspaper Vremya (Russian: Time/Era). The ROS took part in the 1995 legislative election within the bloc Power to the People!, led by Baburin and Nikolai Ryzhkov. It won 1.6% of votes, failing to pass the 5% barrier, the ROS nevertheless got nine seats, all from majoritarian districts. The party co-operated with other formations of nationalist-communist orientation, e.g. the Communist Party of Russian Federation, whose candidate Gennady Zyuganov (supported by the Russian All-People's union) was defeated on the 1996 presidential election by Yeltsin.

In 2001, the ROS joined with three other nationalist parties to form the Narodnaya Volya. In 2008 ROS was reorganized when Narodnaya Volya dissolved itself.

On 22 December 2017 the Russian All-People's Union nominated Sergey Baburin as its presidential candidate for the Russian presidential election, 2018.[3] On 24 December Baburin filed registration documents with the CEC.[4] The CEC rejected Baburin’s bid on 25 December because it identified violations in the information provided regarding 18 of his party’s 48 representatives.[5] Baburin resubmitted the documents and they were approved by the CEC.[6]

Popular support and electoral results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate First Round Second Round
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
1996 Supported Gennady Zyuganov 24,211,686 #2 32.0 30,104,589 #2 40.7
2018 Sergey Baburin 479,013 #8 0.7

Parliamentary elections[edit]

State Duma
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1995 1,112,873(#13) 1.61
9 / 450
Increase 9
Sergey Baburin

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hahn, G. M. (1994). "Opposition politics in Russia." Europe-Asia studies 46(2). p. 308
  2. ^ Hahn, G. M. (1994). "Opposition politics in Russia." Europe-Asia studies 46(2). p. 309
  3. ^ ""Российский общенародный союз" выдвинул Бабурина кандидатом в президенты". РИА Новости (in Russian). 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  4. ^ "Бабурин подал в ЦИК документы для выдвижения в президенты от своей партии". РИА Новости (in Russian). 2017-12-24. Retrieved 2017-12-25.
  5. ^ ЦИК предложил трем потенциальным кандидатам устранить процедурные нарушения
  6. ^ ЦИК разрешил Бабурину открыть избирательный счет и начать сбор подписей

External links[edit]