Salcete

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Not to be confused with Salsette Island, Mumbai.
Salcete

Saxtti

Salcette
Taluka (subdistrict)
Location of Salcete in South Goa, Goa
Location of Salcete in South Goa, Goa
Coordinates: 15°12′45″N 74°04′24″E / 15.212450°N 74.07323°E / 15.212450; 74.07323Coordinates: 15°12′45″N 74°04′24″E / 15.212450°N 74.07323°E / 15.212450; 74.07323
Country India
StateGoa
DistrictSouth Goa
HeadquartersMargao
Settlements (as of 2011)2 cities
11 towns
35 villages
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total2,94,504
Demonym(s)Saxtticar

Salcete (IPA: [/'saːlsɛt/]; Romanised KonkaniSaxtti, IPA: [/'saːʂʈiː/]Goan Konkaniसाष्टी, Sāṣṭī ?), also spelt as Salcette, is a region situated in southern Goa state on the west coast of India.[2][3][4]

In Konkani, the local language, the region is known as Saxtti and the natives are referred to as Saxtticar (IPA: [/'saːʂʈiːkaːɾ/]; साष्टीकारSāṣṭīkār).[5][6]

Salcete is derived from the Sanskrit word "षट-षष्टिṣaṭ-ṣaṣṭi[a] meaning 'Sixty-six'[7], after the tradition that sixty-six settlements were established by the Saraswat Brahmin families who had emigrated to Salcete from northern India.[8]

In 1917, Mormugao seaport along with thirty-one settlements were carved out of Salcete territory to form the Mormugao taluka.[9] The remaining thirty-five settlements encompass the contemporary Salcete taluka of the civil district of South Goa.[10] Margao serves as the administrative headquarters of both Salcete taluka and the South Goa district.[11]

History[edit]

King Viramarmadeva of the Kadamba dynasty issued a copper-plate inscription in 1049 CE concerning a grant of a piece of land called Tudukapura in Kudtarika agrahara of Chhat sathi desha. This inscription suggests that Chhat sathi refers to modern Salcete, known as Sāshṭi in the local language.[12]

Salcete territory[edit]

Environs typical of houses in rural Salcete

The original sixty-six settlements of Salcete are as follows[13]:

  1. Sernabatim
  2. Vanelim
  3. Colva
  4. Seraulim
  5. Gandaulim
  6. Duncolim
  7. Betalbatim
  8. Nuvem
  9. Calata
  10. Gonsua
  11. Majorda
  12. Utorda
  13. Nagoa
  14. Verna
  15. Loutulim
  16. Camurlim
  17. Ambora
  18. Raia
  19. Rachol
  20. Curtorim
  21. Nesai
  22. Macasana
  23. Guirdolim
  24. Chandor
  25. Cavorim
  26. Paroda
  27. Mulem
  28. Sarzora
  29. Talvorda
  30. Veroda
  31. Cuncolim
  32. Betul
  33. Velim
  34. Ambelim
  35. Assolna
  36. Cavelossim
  37. Chinchinim
  38. Deussua
  39. Carmona
  40. Orlim
  41. Varca
  42. Sirlim
  43. Dramapur
  44. Dicarpale
  45. Davorlim
  46. Aquem
  47. Telaulim
  48. Navelim
  49. Margao
  50. Benaulim
  51. Adsuli
  52. Cana
  53. Mormugao
  54. Vadem
  55. Chicalim
  56. Dabolim
  57. Sancoale
  58. Cortalim
  59. Quelossim
  60. Cuelim
  61. Arossim
  62. Cansaulim
  63. Velsao
  64. Pale
  65. Issorcim
  66. Chilcona

Salcete taluka[edit]

Salcete taluka comprises of nine comunidades: Benaulim, Betalbatim, Colva, Curtorim, Loutolim, Margao, Nuvem, Raia, and Verna.

The subdistrict consists of two cities, eleven towns, and thirty-five villages as per the 2011 Census of India.

Salcete Taluka (Census 2011)[1]
# Settlements Population
Municipal Councils
1. Margao 87,650
2. Cuncolim 16,623
Census Towns
1. Davorlim 15,350
2. Curtorim 12,886
3. Navelim 12,323
4. Benaulim 11,919
5. Raia 10,706
6. São José de Areal 10,229
7. Nuvem 9,288
8. Chinchinim 6,908
9. Verna 6,632
10. Aquem 6,511
11. Varca 5,439
Villages
1. Adsulim 214
2. Ambelim 2,853
3. Assolna 3,410
4. Betalbatim 3,551
5. Calata 1,739
6. Camurlim 2,247
7. Cana 494
8. Carmona 3,864
9. Cavelossim 1,955
10. Cavorim 2,228
11 Chandor 707
12. Colva 3,141
13. Deussua 1,479
14. Dicarpale 3,057
15. Dramapur 3,441
16. Duncolim 748
17. Gandaulim 438
18. Gonsua 222
19. Guirdolim 3,622
20. Loutolim 6,121
21. Macasana 1,972
22. Majorda 2,813
23. Mulem 2,799
24. Nagoa 3,873
25. Orlim 2,049
26. Paroda 620
27. Rachol 1,686
28. Sarzora 2,270
29. Seraulim 3,250
30. Sernabatim 1,548
31. Sirlim 845
32. Talaulim 2,911
33. Utorda 2,018
34. Vanelim 1,860
35. Velim 5,955
Total 2,94,504

Explanatory Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Founded by the immigrant Brahmins (circa 4–12 CE), Salcete is the Portuguese corruption of the word Sāṣaṭī, the sixty-six settlements.[14]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chandramouli, C. (2015) [2010–11]. "Salcete Taluka — South Goa". Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Government of India. Census Organization of India. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  2. ^ Halarnakar, Tanaji D. (1990). Gram Panchayats in Goa: A Critical Study. Rajhauns Vitaran. p. 48.
  3. ^ Nambirajan, M. (2007). Coastal Archaeology of Western India: With Special Reference to Goa. Kaveri Books. p. 134. ISBN 9788174790798.
  4. ^ Rodrigues 1990, p. 231
  5. ^ Pandit, Heta; Mascarenhas, Annabel; Koshy, Ashok; Dalvi, Sunita (1999). Houses of Goa (2, illustrated ed.). Architecture Autonomous. p. 15.
  6. ^ Fernandes, Joaquim (15 February 2010). "Saxtti dialect draws the laughs on Konkani stage". The Times of India. The Times Group. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  7. ^ Macdonell, Arthur Anthony (1929). A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. London: Oxford University Press. p. 168.
  8. ^ De Souza, Teotonio R. (1990). De Souza, Teotonio R. (ed.). Goa Through the Ages: An Economic History, Volume II, Issue VI. Goa University Publication. Concept Publishing Company. p. 6. ISBN 9788170222590.
  9. ^ Pinho, Vasco (2007). "Snapshots" of Indo-Portuguese history, Volume 1. p. 122.
  10. ^ Deshpande, Abhijeet. "Exploring Salcete, places near Margao". Indiatimes.com. The Times Group. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  11. ^ Deshpande, Abhijeet. "Margao, the cultural capital of Goa". Indiatimes.com. The Times Group. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  12. ^ Kadamb 2013, pp. 1–14
  13. ^ Rodrigues 1990, p. 245
  14. ^ Kosambi, Damodar Dharmanand (1962). Myth and Reality: Studies in the Formation of Indian Culture (reprint ed.). Popular Prakashan. p. 169. ISBN 9788171548705.

References[edit]

  • Kadamb, S. G. (2013). Sources of History of the Kadambas of Goa: Inscriptions (First ed.). Broadway Publishing House. pp. 1–14. ISBN 9789380837314.
  • Rodrigues, L. A. (1990). "The Peninsula of Salcete". In Kusuman, K. K. (ed.). A Panorama of Indian Culture: Professor A. Sreedhara Menon Felicitation Volume. Mittal Publications. pp. 231–246. ISBN 9788170992141.

External links[edit]