Shanghai Masters (tennis)
|2016 Shanghai Rolex Masters|
|Tour||ATP World Tour|
|Venue||Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena|
|Category||ATP World Tour Masters 1000|
|Current champions (2016)|
|Men's singles||Andy Murray|
|Men's doubles|| Jack Sock
The Shanghai Masters (also known as Shanghai Rolex Masters for sponsorship reasons) is a professional men's tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts, and held annually in early October at the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena in the Minhang District of Shanghai, People's Republic of China. The Shanghai Masters is chronologically the eighth out of the nine ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments on the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour season, and is the only one not played in Europe or North America.
Matches in the singles and doubles main draws are played over eight days, from one Sunday to the next (in 2013, competition was held from October 6 to October 13, and this year competition will be held from October 11 to October 18). Qualifying matches for the singles main draw will be played in the week-end preceding the first complete week of competition (in 2012, on Saturday, October 5 and Sunday, October 6).
The singles main draw features 56 different players (six rounds of play to the title for all competitors but the top 8 seeds), including 44 or 45 direct acceptances, 7 qualifiers, 4 wild cards, and 1 eventual special exempt. The singles qualifying draw features 28 different players (two rounds of play to qualification for all competitors including the 14 seeds), with 24 direct acceptances, and 4 wild cards. The doubles draw, finally, features 24 different teams (five rounds of play to the title for all competitors but the 8 seeded teams), including 22 direct acceptances (16 in advance, 6 on-site), and 2 wild cards.
The entry deadline for direct acceptance comes twenty-one days prior to the first Monday of the tournament week for the singles main and qualiyfing draws, and fourteen days prior to the first Monday of the tournament week, with six spots reserved for on-site entries, for the doubles draw. Players and teams on the acceptance list are sorted according to their position in the computerized ATP Rankings in the week preceding competition, to enter the main draws, the qualifying draw (in singles) or to be kept as alternates (in doubles).
The singles and doubles draws are set first by selecting the eight seeds in both the singles and doubles competition, according to the most recent ATP rankings in the week preceding competition. After the seeds and byes are placed, the remaining players, including wild cards, qualifiers and special exempts (in singles) are placed in the rest of the draw, from top to bottom.
Points and prize money
As an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event, the tournament distributes up to 1000 ATP Rankings points to the singles and doubles champions. For the 2016 edition, a total of US$3,849,445 were shared between the singles and doubles competitors. This is a table detailing the points and prize money allocation for each round of the 2016 Shanghai Masters:
|Event||W||F||SF||QF||Round of 16||Round of 32||Round of 64||Q2||Q1|
The venue was originally built in 2004 and 2005 to host the Tennis Masters Cup, after the ATP awarded the tournament to Shanghai for a three-year contract (2005–2007), later extended to a fourth year. The site was conceived to become the largest tennis venue in Asia, with a 15,000-seats main stadium featuring a retractable roof of eight steel panels representing Shanghai's city flower, the magnolia. As of 2013, the Arena's Grand Stand Court 1 stands in fifth place in the list of tennis stadiums by capacity, alongside Beijing's National Tennis Stadium (built for the 2008 Summer Olympics) and Wimbledon's Centre Court.
In preparation of the first edition of the Shanghai Masters, the venue was expanded with several new stadiums and courts constructed by August 2009, including a Grand Stand Court 2, with a seating capacity of 5,000 spectactors, and a Grand Stand Court 3, with a seating capacity of 3,000 spectators.
The Shanghai ATP Masters 1000 was established to fulfill the desire of the ATP World Tour and the Chinese Tennis Association to develop the market for tennis in China and Asia in general. In 2010 following a sponsorship deal the tournament was renamed the Shanghai Rolex Masters.
In 1996, a professional tournament was held for the first time in Shanghai, the largest city in China. The inaugural Shanghai Open was won by Russian Andrei Olhovskiy over Mark Knowles of the Bahamas. In 2002 the year-end championships, then called the Tennis Masters Cup. were held in the city. The success of the 2002 Tennis Masters Cup, won by World No. 1 Lleyton Hewitt from Australia, prompted the ATP, which had abandoned the idea of a touring Tennis Masters Cup, to award Shanghai the right to hold the tournament from 2005 to 2007.
While the ATP International Series tournament of Shanghai was held two more years in 2003 and 2004 at the Shanghai New International Expo Center created for the 2002 Tennis Masters Cup, a new facility, the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena, was built to host the year-end championships starting from 2005. The ATP eventually extended the three-year deal to a fourth year in 2006, allowing the Tennis Masters Cup to increase its success in Shanghai. Over the four years spent at the Qizhong venue, the tournament saw Swiss World No. 1 Roger Federer reach three finals, losing the first in 2005 to Argentine David Nalbandian before winning the following two in 2006 and 2007, and Novak Djokovic of Serbia taking the 2008 title.
In March 2007, the ATP announced that their 2009 rebranding would also be the occasion to use the Qizhong facility and the Shanghai Tennis Masters Cup organisation to host an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event in the city, the equivalent of what were then the ATP Masters Series. Shanghai was eventually given the October spot in the calendar, previously held by the Mutua Madrileña Masters Madrid indoor hard courts event. The new Mutua Madrileña Madrid Open moved to outdoor red clay courts during the spring European clay court season. The Tennis Masters Cup became the ATP World Tour Finals and moved to the O2 arena in London, United Kingdom.
Organized by Juss International Sports Event Management Company directed by Jiang Lan, the event was formally presented in a press conference on November 13, 2008, during the season's Tennis Masters Cup tournament, where the choice of the draw sizes, of the surface, and the building of additional courts were announced. Rolex, the Swiss watch company, was also revealed as the official sponsor of the event. The promotional campaign for the tournament started in early 2009, with the presentation of its slogan, "Simply The Best", and the event was officially launched on May 5, 2009. Expecting nearly 150,000 spectators during the tournament, the Shanghai Rolex Masters was introduced as the flagship of an Asian swing in the 2009 ATP World Tour calendar after the late September ATP World Tour 250 Thailand Open of Bangkok and Malaysian Open of Kuala Lumpur, and then early October ATP World Tour 500 Japan Open Tennis Championships of Tokyo and China Open of Beijing. with Novak Djokovic the current champion
In singles, Novak Djokovic (winner in 2012–13, 2015) and Andy Murray (winner in 2010–2011, 2016) hold the record for most titles with three each. In singles, Djokovic, Andy Murray and Magnus Norman share the records for most consecutive titles (two). Murray holds the record for most finals (four). In doubles, Leander Paes (winner in 1998, 2010, 2012) holds the record for most titles (three), and no player has collected back-to-back titles yet.
Novak Djokovic and Andy Murray hold the record for most singles titles, with three each.
|↓ ATP International Series ↓|
|1996||Andrei Olhovskiy||Mark Knowles||7–6(7–5), 6–2|
|1997||Ján Krošlák||Alexander Volkov||6–2, 7–6(7–2)|
|1998||Michael Chang||Goran Ivanišević||4–6, 6–1, 6–2|
|1999||Magnus Norman||Marcelo Ríos||2–6, 6–3, 7–5|
|2000||Magnus Norman||Sjeng Schalken||6–4, 4–6, 6–3|
|2001||Rainer Schüttler||Michel Kratochvil||6–3, 6–4|
|2002||Tennis Masters Cup|
|2003||Mark Philippoussis||Jiří Novák||6–2, 6–1|
|2004||Guillermo Cañas||Lars Burgsmüller||6–1, 6–0|
|Tennis Masters Cup|
|↓ ATP World Tour Masters 1000 ↓|
|2009||Nikolay Davydenko||Rafael Nadal||7–6(7–3), 6–3|
|2010||Andy Murray||Roger Federer||6–3, 6–2|
|2011||Andy Murray||David Ferrer||7–5, 6–4|
|2012||Novak Djokovic||Andy Murray||5–7, 7–6(13–11), 6–3|
|2013||Novak Djokovic||Juan Martín del Potro||6–1, 3–6, 7–6(7–3)|
|2014||Roger Federer||Gilles Simon||7–6(8–6), 7–6(7–2)|
|2015||Novak Djokovic||Jo-Wilfried Tsonga||6–2, 6–4|
|2016||Andy Murray||Roberto Bautista Agut||7–6(7–1), 6–1|
- "Shanghai Wins ATP Award, Announces Title Sponsorship". ATP World Tour. ATP Tour, Inc. Retrieved 2014-10-14.
- "2009 ATP World Tour Rulebook". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- "DecoTurf Tennis Surface Selected for Shanghai ATP Masters 1000". DecoTurf. 2011-10-09.
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- "Shanghai ATP Masters 1000 Officially Launched". atpworldtour.com. 2009-05-05.
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- "Ascendant Majoli overcomes challenge of Sanchez Vicario". The Independent. 1996-02-05. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
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- "Shanghai to make Masters Cup a success, says ATP officer". Xinhua News Agency (XNA). 2002-11-11. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- "Federer unveils new stadium". people.com.cn. 2005-10-04. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- Kamakshi Tandon (2008-11-06). "Posing 10 ATP questions for 2009". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- Martyn Herman (2007-03-28). "Shanghai to get Masters Series tournament in 2009". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
- Sandra Harwitt (2008-11-18). "Esoteric round-robin format has its share of flaws". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- ""Simply The Best" Campaign Slogan For Shanghai". atpworldtour.com. 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-06-13.
|Awards and achievements|
|ATP World Tour Masters 1000 Tournament of the Year
2009 – 2013