National sport

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A national sport is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation. Some sports are de facto (not established by law) national sports, as sumo is in Japan and Gaelic games are in Ireland and field hockey in Pakistan, while others are de jure (established by law) national sports, as taekwondo is in South Korea.

De jure national sports[edit]

Sports declared as national sport by a law:

Country Sport Year defined as
national sport
Basis Reference
 Argentina Pato 1953 Argentina Decree Nº 17468 [1]
 Canada Lacrosse (summer)
Ice hockey (winter)
1994 National Sports of Canada Act [2]
 Chile Rodeo 1962 Official letter No. 269 of the Consejo Nacional de Deportes and Chilean Olympic Committee [3]
 Colombia Tejo 2000 Colombia Law 613 [4]
 India None N/A [5]
 Mexico Charrería 1933 Presidential decree by Abelardo L. Rodríguez [6]
   Nepal Volleyball 2017 Cabinet of Nepal decision [7]
 Philippines Arnis 2009 Republic Act No. 9850 [8]
 Puerto Rico (United States) Paso Fino horse riding 1966 Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000 [9]
 South Korea Taekwondo 2018 National Sport Designation Act for Taekwondo [10][11]
 Uruguay Destrezas Criollas
(Creole [i.e. gaucho] Skills[12])
2006 National Law Nº 17958 [13]

De facto national sports[edit]

Country Sport
 Afghanistan Buzkashi[14]
 Anguilla Boat racing[15]
 Antigua and Barbuda Cricket[16]
 Australia Cricket
 Austria Alpine skiing[17]
 Bangladesh Kabaddi[18]
 Barbados Cricket[19]
 Basque Country Basque pelota[20]
 Bermuda Cricket[21]
 Bhutan Archery[22][23]
 Brazil Capoeira[24]
 Cuba Baseball[25][26][27]
 Dominican Republic Baseball[28]
 England Cricket[29][better source needed]
 Estonia Basketball (summer), Ice hockey (winter)[30]
 Fiji Rugby Union[31]
 Finland Pesäpallo[32]
 Georgia Rugby union[33]
 Grenada Cricket[34]
 Guyana Cricket[35][36]
 Haiti Association football[37]
 India Field hockey[5]
 Indonesia Pencak Silat[38]
 Iran Wrestling
 Ireland Gaelic games[39][40][41]
 Jamaica Cricket[42]
 Japan Sumo[43]
 Latvia Ice hockey[44]
 Lithuania Basketball[45][46]
 Madagascar Rugby union[47][48]
 Malaysia Sepak takraw[49][50]
 Mauritius Association football[51]
 Mongolia Archery, Mongolian wrestling, Horse racing[52][53]
 Montenegro Water polo[54]
   Nepal Dandi Biyo,[55] Kabaddi[7]
 New Zealand Rugby union[56][57]
 Norway Cross-country skiing (winter)[58][59]
 Pakistan Field hockey[60][61]
 Panama Baseball[60][61]
 Papua New Guinea Rugby league[62][63]
 Peru Paleta Frontón[64]
 Philippines Sipa,[65] Basketball[66][67]
 Poland Motorcycle speedway[68]
 Romania Oina[69]
 Russia Bandy[70]
 Scotland Golf[71]
 Serbia Basketball[72][73][74][75]
 Slovenia Alpine skiing,[76]
 Spain Football[77]
 Taiwan Baseball[78]
 Tajikistan Gushtigiri[79]
 Turkey Oil wrestling[80] & Cirit[81]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Cricket[82]
 United States Baseball[83][84][85]
 Venezuela Baseball[86]
 Wales Rugby union[87]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Argentina Decree Nº 17468 of 16 September 1953". Federación Argentina de Pato. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
  2. ^ "National Sports of Canada Act S.C. 1994, c. 16". Justice Laws Website. 12 May 1994. Retrieved 28 June 2021. The game commonly known as ice hockey is hereby recognized and declared to be the national winter sport of Canada and the game commonly known as lacrosse is hereby recognized and declared to be the national summer sport of Canada.
  3. ^ Moreira Recchione, Alberto (December 2007). "La Medialuna: un edificio para Chile". Revista de Urbanismo (in Spanish) (17). ISSN 0717-5051. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008. A reconocerse, en 1962, el rodeo como deporte nacional y oficial [10 de enero de 1962, oficio N°269 del Consejo Nacional de Deportes y Comité Olímpico de Chile]
  4. ^ "Colombia Law 613 of 4 September 2000". Global Legal Information Network. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  5. ^ a b "Fact Check: Is Field Hockey The National Game Of India?". Republic Worldt. 16 July 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2020.
  6. ^ "La Charrería "Nuestro Deporte Nacional"" (in Spanish). Mexican Department of Tourism. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008. El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional.
  7. ^ a b "It's official: Volleyball is the national sport of Nepal". OnlineKhabar. 23 May 2017. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. The government on Monday decided to recognize volleyball as the national sport of Nepal.
  8. ^ "Republic Act No. 9850: An Act declaring Arnis as the national martial art and sport of the Philippines". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
  9. ^ "Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000, S.B. 1856" (PDF). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico. 11 April 2000. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 14 July 2008. In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the "paso fino" horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico.
  10. ^ "Taekwondo designated as South Korea's flagbearing national sport". insidethegames. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Taekwondo is Korea's national martial art - now by law". The Korea Times. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2021. The National Assembly on Friday passed a revised act on taekwondo promotion, which states that the sport is the South Korean national martial art. / Taekwondo has customarily been perceived as the national martial art but wasn't officially recognized by the law.
  12. ^ Aeberhard, Danny; Andrew Benson; Lucy Phillips; et al. (2001). The Rough Guide to Argentina. p. 198. ISBN 978-1-85828-569-6. displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas)
  13. ^ "Uruguay Law 17958 of 21 April 2006". Global Legal Information Network. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
  14. ^ "Buzkashi: The National Game of Afghanis". Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  15. ^ "Boat Racing Season Officially Opens". The Anguillian. 3 March 2007. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, […] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development.
  16. ^ "Antiguans and Barbudans". Retrieved 10 July 2008. Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda.
  17. ^ "Teurer Pistenspaß: Das kostet unser Nationalsport".
  18. ^ Faroqi, Gofran (2012). "Kabadi". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.
  19. ^ "Barbados: Sports". Government of Barbados. Archived from the original on 13 November 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The national sport of Barbados is cricket
  20. ^ Garai, José Ramón (2006). "Basque pelota: the sport of a nation shared with the world" (PDF). Euskal Etxeak. 74: 32.
  21. ^ Luke, Will (March 2007). "Cricket by association". The Wisden Cricketer. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport.
  22. ^ Bisht, Ramesh Chandra (January 2008). International Encyclopaedia of Himalayas. Mittal Publications. p. 134. ISBN 978-81-8324-265-3. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  23. ^ "In Bhutan, archery is a national sport with a difference | DW | 01.03.2011". DW.COM. Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 28 June 2021. However, it (archery) was only declared as a national sport in 1971
  24. ^ Lowell, John (1992). Ring of Liberation: Deceptive Discourse in Brazilian Capoeira. University of Chicago Press. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-226-47683-4. In 1972, capoeira was officially proclaimed a Brazilian national sport, under the jurisdiction of the Federacao Barsileiro de Pugilismo
  25. ^ Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto (1999). "A Cuban Belle Époque". The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press. pp. 76. ISBN 978-0-19-514605-9. Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution.
  26. ^ Mckinley, James C., Jr (26 March 1999). "Baseball; Clash of Cultures, Pride and Passion". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 July 2008. Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation.
  27. ^ Castro, Fidel (13 August 1999). "Speech at a meeting with Pan American Games delegation members". Retrieved 24 July 2008. the game that […] is […] our national sport […] I am talking of baseball
  28. ^ "Some facts about the Dominican Republic". Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. Retrieved 22 July 2008. Baseball is the Dominican Republic's national sport.
  29. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  30. ^ Lonely Planet Eastern Europe (9 ed.). Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 319. Basketball is the unofficial national sport
  31. ^ "Sport". rugby (or Rakavi) is the national sport
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  33. ^ There is far more to savour in European rugby union than just the Six Nations The Guardian
  34. ^ "Batting For Grenada". Grenada Life. Grenada Board of Tourism. March 2007. p. 38. Retrieved 21 July 2008. in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada.[permanent dead link]
  35. ^ "Games". Guyana Tourism Authority. Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana's national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana.
  36. ^ Wagg, Stephen; Andrews, David L., eds. (2007). East Plays West: Sport and the Cold War. London/New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35926-9. [E]ven though soccer football was and is considered the Hungarian national pastime
  37. ^ Graves, Kerry A. (August 2006). Haiti. Capstone. ISBN 978-0736869614.
  38. ^ "Pencak Silat: More Than Just A Fight". Indonesia Expat. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  39. ^ "RTÉ Secures Comprehensive GAA Championship Coverage Until 2010". RTÉ Online. 19 February 2008. Archived from the original on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2009. Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms.
  40. ^ "Adjournment Matters. - Eurathlon Programme". Seanad Éireann. 22 November 1995. pp. Volume 145. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  41. ^ Farrelly, Hugh (15 September 2009). "The most progressive team in Ireland". Retrieved 17 September 2009. It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig.
  42. ^ "History of Jamaica". Jamaican Embassy, Washington. Archived from the original on 20 June 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways […] the game of cricket is the national sport.
  43. ^ "What Is Sumo?". Kids Web Japan sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
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  54. ^ "Water Polo Is The Most Popular Sport in Montenegro". Total Waterpolo. 5 November 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
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  58. ^ Mølster, Odd (1996). "Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity – part 2". News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington. Retrieved 21 July 2008. the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course
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  75. ^ "Svečana akademija Košarkaškog saveza Srbije za pamćenje!". Basketball Federation of Serbia. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 16 July 2019. Today we celebrate 95 years since the first basketball match in Serbia and the 70th birthday of the national federation, which fans of the game all over Europe and the world, describe as "Land of basketball".
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