SketchUp

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SketchUp
Original author(s)@Last Software, Google
Developer(s)Trimble Inc.[1]
Initial releaseAugust 2000; 22 years ago (2000-08)
Stable release(s)
Windows, 64-bit22.0.1
macOS22.0

January 5, 2019; 3 years ago (2019-01-05)[2]

Operating systemWindows 11 and Windows 10
macOS 12+ (Monterey)
macOS 11+ (Big Sur) and macOS 10.15+ (Catalina) [3]
Available inEnglish, French, Italian, German, Spanish, Korean, Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional)
Type3D computer graphics
LicenseSubscription
Websitewww.sketchup.com Edit this on Wikidata

SketchUp is a suite of subscription products that include SketchUp Pro Desktop, a 3D modeling computer program for a broad range of drawing and design applications — including architectural, interior design, industrial and product design, landscape architecture, civil and mechanical engineering, theater, film and video game development.

Owned by Trimble Inc., the program is currently available as a web-based application, SketchUp Free,[4] and three paid subscriptions, SketchUp Shop, SketchUp Pro, and SketchUp Studio, each with increasing functionality.[5][6][7]

The program includes drawing layout functionality, surface rendering in different "styles", and enables placement of its models within Google Earth.[8][9]

History[edit]

@Last Software[edit]

SketchUp logo
SketchUp logo

SketchUp was developed by startup company @Last Software of Boulder, Colorado, co-founded in 1999 by Brad Schell and Joe Esch.[10][11] SketchUp was created in August 2000 as a 3D content creation tool and was envisioned as a software program for design professionals.[3] The program won a Community Choice Award at its first tradeshow in 2000.[12] The first macOS release of SketchUp won a "Best of Show" at Macworld in 2002.[13]

Google[edit]

Image showing an architecture model created using SketchUp
Lund + Slaatto project designed in SketchUp
Many different 3D and 2D exporters are available in SketchUp for uses such as rendering. This C-130 Hercules model was made in SketchUp and rendered with Kerkythea.

Google acquired @Last Software on March 14, 2006,[14] attracted by @Last Software's work developing a plugin for Google Earth.[15][16][17] On January 9, 2007, Google announced Google SketchUp 6, a free downloadable version of SketchUp, including integrated tools for uploading content to Google Earth and to the Google 3D Warehouse.[18]

Google SketchUp Pro 6 introduced a beta version of Google SketchUp LayOut which includes 2D vector tools and page layout tools allowing presentations to be produced without the need for a separate presentation program.[19]

On November 17, 2008, SketchUp 7 was released with integration of SketchUp's Component Browser with Google 3D Warehouse, LayOut 2 and dynamic components that respond to scaling.[3]

On September 1, 2010, SketchUp 8 was released with model geolocation with Google Maps and Building Maker integration.[20] Mac OS X Tiger was no longer supported.[3] SketchUp version 8 use under Wine has been rated "Gold".[21] Geolocation information is always stored in the KMZ file.[22] The building designs themselves are saved in SKP.

Trimble[edit]

Trimble Navigation (now Trimble Inc.) acquired SketchUp from Google on June 1, 2012 for an undisclosed sum.[23] In 2013, SketchUp 2013 was released. A new site was provided, Extension Warehouse, hosting plugins and extensions for SketchUp.[24]

Subscriptions[edit]

SketchUp comes in three subscription options:[25][26][27]

Subscription offerings and their characteristics
Subscription Desktop or web-based Commercial or Personal Use Extensible
Studio Desktop & web Commercial Yes
Pro Desktop & web Commercial Yes
Shop Web-only Commercial No
Free Web-only Personal or hobbyist use No

Studio[edit]

Sefaira daylight analysis in SketchUp
Daylight visualization using SketchUp's daylight analysis tool.

Everything in the pro plus professional rendering via Chaos' V-Ray for SketchUp and point cloud import and management via Trimble's Scan Essentials.[28]

Pro[edit]

Interior designed in SketchUp
Interior designed in SketchUp.

SketchUp Pro subscription includes the eponymous desktop 3D modeler, plus importers and exporters to common 2D and 3D formats, access to SketchUp's repository of pre-built 3D models (3D Warehouse), access to its extension library (Extension Warehouse), access to LayOut (2D documentation software) and Style Builder (create custom edge styles for SketchUp models).[28][29] SketchUp Pro 2016 has native integration with Trimble Connect, treat 3D Warehouse models as references, a rebuilt Generate Report and now LayOut offers web-friendly reference objects as well as a new LayOut API.[30]

SketchUp Pro licensing is dual-platform and works on Windows and Mac machines.

Go[edit]

Go, formally known as Shop, is a SketchUp offering that includes the following: web and mobile modelers, SketchUp for Web and SketchUp for iPad; Trimble Connect Business, a cloud collaboration tool for viewing, sharing, and accessing project information from anywhere; and access to SketchUp's model library, 3D Warehouse.

SketchUp's ipad modeler on site.
SketchUp's ipad modeler on site.

SketchUp Go is aimed at design and construction professionals who are stakeholders in the design, review, and presentation process, as well as for DIY designers. It has a feature set designed to meet the specific needs of users on the go. For example, users can model and mark up 3D models digitally using Apple Pencil and touch. They can take iPad to construction project sites and coordinate in 3D. [Reference: https://www.sketchup.com/plans-and-pricing/sketchup-go] SketchUp Go does not include the desktop modeler, a downloadable application that can be used offline. Currently, only Pro and Studio plans feature this modeler.

Free[edit]

In November 2017, SketchUp Free was released as a web-based application which replaces SketchUp Make.[31] Drawings can be saved to the cloud, saved locally as a native SKP file, or exported as an STL file. Compared to Make, SketchUp Free does not support extensions, creation and editing of materials. The product is not for commercial use.[32]

License[edit]

On June 4, 2020, Trimble announced that SketchUp would transition to a subscription business model. After November 4, 2020, SketchUp no longer sells perpetual licenses and maintenance & support plans.[33][34]

3D Warehouse[edit]

3D Warehouse is an open library in which SketchUp users may upload and download 3D models to share.[35] The models can be downloaded right into the program without anything having to be saved onto your computer's storage. File sizes of the models can be up to 50 MB. Anyone can make, modify and re-upload content to and from the 3D warehouse free of charge.[36] All the models in 3D Warehouse are free, so anyone can download files for use in SketchUp or even other software such as AutoCAD, Revit and ArchiCAD - all of which have apps allowing the retrieval of models from 3D Warehouse. Since 2014 Trimble has launched a new version of 3D Warehouse where companies may have an official page with their own 3D catalog of products. Trimble is currently investing in creating 3D developer partners in order to have more professionally modeled products available in 3D Warehouse. According to the Trimble, 3D Warehouse is the most popular 3D content site on the web. SketchUp designers may visit 3D Warehouse to discover new products or for inspiration when designing their own.

Patents[edit]

SketchUp holds U.S. Patent 6,628,279, granted in September 2003, on its "Push/Pull" technology.[37]

Software extensions[edit]

SketchUp 4 and later support software extensions written in the Ruby programming language, which add specialized functionality. Many such extensions are available to others on the Trimble Extension Warehouse[38] and many other 3rd party websites as well. SketchUp has a Ruby console, an environment which allows experimentation with Ruby.[39]

SketchUp Free, the web-based version, does not support extensions which severely limits the functionality of the tool.

Model viewers[edit]

SketchUp Viewer[edit]

SketchUp Viewer is an app released by Trimble.[40] It is available on Desktop, iOS, Android, and Microsoft HoloLens. While the app is free to install and use on all platforms, AR and XR features use the freemium model.

Cubits[edit]

Cubits for iPad and iOS is a 3D interactive model viewer/renderer.[41] It can view .kmz files from SketchUp either as attachments through e-mail or via Dropbox.

IrisVR Prospect[edit]

Kubity[edit]

Kubity — the first mixed reality multiplex, is a system to instantly visualize 3D models on multiple devices: desktop computers, smartphones, tablets, augmented reality gear and virtual reality glasses. They also developed rvt2skp, a free plugin to export any Revit project to a .skp file.[42]

The Wild[edit]

The Wild is a collaboration software program that allows architecture and design teams to experience their SketchUp models together in virtual and augmented reality.[43]

File formats[edit]

SketchUp
SketchUp-Logo.png
Filename extension
.SKP
Developed byTrimble Inc.
Type of formatBinary[citation needed]

SketchUp supports its own .skp file extension.[44]

It supports the following 3D modlling formats: .3DS, .DAE, .DEM, .DDF, .DXF, .DWG, .IFC (.IFCZIP), .KMZ, .STL, PDF (Mac Only). SketchUp Export: SKP, 3DS, DAE, DWG, DXF, FBX, IFC, OBJ, KMZ, STL, WRL, XSI SketchUp Export images: JPG, PNG, TIF, PDF (Mac Only ), EPS

Layout formats[edit]

LayOut Import: SKP, BMP, GIF, JPEG, JPG, PNG, TIF, TIFF, RTF, TXT, DWG, DXF, CSV, TSV, XLSX.[44]

LayOut Export: PNG, JPG, PDF, DWG, DXF.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trimble Navigation to Buy Google's SketchUp". Reuters. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Work smarter, not harder in 2022 with LayOut and SketchUp Pro". blog.sketchup.com. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d "SketchUp Hardware and Software Requirements". Trimble. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
  4. ^ "Home". my.sketchup.com.
  5. ^ "Download SketchUp | Free Trial of 3D Modeling Software". SketchUp. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  6. ^ "Download All". SketchUp. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  7. ^ "SketchUp Subscriptions Overview". help.sketchup.com. Retrieved March 29, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Features: Context Modeling". SketchUp.com. Trimble Navigation. 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Add Location in SketchUp". SketchUp Help Center. Retrieved 2022-03-29.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "Brad Schell Sells Software Company to Google | College of Engineering and Applied Science | University of Colorado Boulder". Archived from the original on 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
  11. ^ n"@Last Gets 'Googled'". IT.TMCNet.com. March 15, 2006. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  12. ^ "DigitalMediaNet Announces DigitalCAD Community Choice Award Winners". DigitalCAD.com. November 16, 2000. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  13. ^ "IDG's Macworld Announces Best of Show Awards". idg.com. July 18, 2002. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
  14. ^ Martin, Jeff (2006-03-14). "A New Home for @Last Software". GoogleBlog.BlogSpot.com. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
  15. ^ Kawamoto, Dawn. "Google acquires @Last Software". CNET. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  16. ^ "Google acquires SketchUp maker @Last Software". Macworld. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  17. ^ "SketchUp Is Google's First Divestment In Years, And It Made A Profit". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  18. ^ James. "Beautiful model created with sketchup 6!". 3dwarehouse.sketchup.com. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  19. ^ "Free Download: Google SketchUp 6 3D Model Design Tool with Free Upgrade for Pro". 12 January 2007.
  20. ^ "Google SketchUp 8 Released". www.architectmagazine.com. Retrieved 2021-07-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ Zhao, James. "SketchUp 8.x". AppDB.WineHQ.org. Retrieved 2015-07-01.
  22. ^ "Can I Export My SketchUp Models to Other Programs or Formats?". SketchUp.Google.com. February 19, 2010. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  23. ^ "Trimble to Enhance its Office-to-Field Platform with the Acquisition of Google's SketchUp 3D Modeling Platform". PR Newswire. Sunnyvale, California: Trimble Navigation. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  24. ^ "What's New In SketchUp Pro 2013?". SoftwareParadise.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 May 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  25. ^ "SketchUp Free vs Pro: The Differences – Simply Explained". All3DP. 2019-02-07. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  26. ^ Sky-Shop.pl, Viasoft pl-działa na oprogramowaniu sklepów internetowych. "Sketchup Studio vs Sketchup Pro - Sklep Viasoft.pl". www.viasoft.pl (in Polish). Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  27. ^ Charles (2020-09-10). "SketchUp Free vs Pro - What's The Difference?". Scan2CAD. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  28. ^ a b "SketchUp Subscriptions Overview | SketchUp Help". help.sketchup.com. Retrieved 2022-03-29.
  29. ^ "SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro". Archived from the original on September 21, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
  30. ^ "Introducing SketchUp Pro 2016". Trimble. Retrieved November 17, 2015.
  31. ^ "SketchUp for Web | SketchUp Help". help.sketchup.com. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  32. ^ "TRIMBLE SKETCHUP WEB TERMS OF SERVICE". app.sketchup.com.
  33. ^ Systems, Wordtext; Inc. "Same SketchUp you love, new way to buy – Wordtext Systems, Inc. – Philippine IT distributor". Archived from the original on 2021-07-24. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  34. ^ "It's Happened. SketchUp Goes Completely Subscription". SolidSmack. 2020-06-10. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
  35. ^ "The SketchUp 3D Warehouse Is No Longer Compliant with 2020 Design". Public Support Articles. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  36. ^ "3D Warehouse". 3dwarehouse.sketchup.com. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  37. ^ "Vectorworks 2022—Powerful New Core Technology and Modern Chip Support". Architosh. 22 October 2021.
  38. ^ "Extension Warehouse".
  39. ^ SketchUp Ruby Documentation.
  40. ^ "3D Modeling Online Free | 3D Warehouse Models". SketchUp. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  41. ^ "Cubits › Home". cubitsapp.com. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
  42. ^ Iqbal, Kashif (11 October 2019). "SKP File Format - SketchUp Document File". docs.fileformat.com.
  43. ^ "The Wild Promotes VR/AR Collaboration as a Path to Better SketchUp and Revit Designs | Cadalyst". www.cadalyst.com. Retrieved 2020-01-03.
  44. ^ a b "What file types can I import/export with the SketchUp Pro subscription?". June 23, 2020.

External links[edit]