Spanish general election, 1982

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Spanish general election, 1982
Spain
1979 ←
28 October 1982 → 1986

All 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 208 (of the 254) seats in the Senate
176 seats needed for a majority in the Congress of Deputies
Opinion polls
Registered 26,846,940 Increase0.0%
Turnout 21,469,274 (80.0%)
Increase12.0 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Felipe González 1986b (cropped).jpg Manuel Fraga durante la Transicion (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Felipe González Manuel Fraga Landelino Lavilla
Party PSOE AP UCD
Leader since 13 October 1974 9 October 1976 13 July 1982[1]
Last election 121 seats, 30.4% 11 seats, 6.3%[a] 168 seats, 34.8%
Seats won 202 107 11
Seat change Increase81 Increase97 Decrease157
Popular vote 10,127,392 5,548,108 1,425,094
Percentage 48.1% 26.4% 6.8%
Swing Increase17.7 pp Increase20.1 pp Decrease28.0 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Santiago Carrillo (cropped).jpg Miquel Roca i Junyent (cropped).jpg Adolfo Suarez 03 cropped.jpg
Leader Santiago Carrillo Miquel Roca Adolfo Suárez
Party PCE CiU CDS
Leader since 3 July 1960 1980 29 July 1982
Last election 23 seats, 10.8% 8 seats, 2.7% Did not stand
Seats won 4 12 2
Seat change Decrease19 Increase4 Increase2
Popular vote 846,515 772,726 604,309
Percentage 4.0% 3.7% 2.9%
Swing Decrease6.8 pp Increase1.0 pp New party

Most voted party in each province. Every province is a multi-member district for the Congress.

Prime Minister before election

Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo
UCD

Elected Prime Minister

Felipe González
PSOE

The 1982 Spanish general election was held on Thursday, 28 October, to elect the 2nd Cortes Generales of the Kingdom of Spain. At stake were all 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 208 of 254 seats in the Senate. This was a snap election, since new elections were not due until March 1983.[2]

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party emerged as the largest party, winning 202 of the 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies and 157 of the 254 seats in the Senate.[3] The previous governing party, the Union of the Democratic Centre, was decimated, falling from 168 seats to 11—one of the worst defeats ever suffered by a western European governing party. It was replaced as the main non-socialist party by the People's Alliance. Since then, the PSOE and the AP, now known as the People's Party, have been the dominant parties in Spanish politics.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

Congress of Deputies

The 350 members of the Congress of Deputies were elected in 50 multi-member districts using the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation. Ceuta and Melilla elected 1 member each using plurality voting. Each district was entitled to an initial minimum of 2 seats, with the remaining 248 seats being allocated among the 50 provinces in proportion to their populations. Only lists polling above 3% of the total vote in each district (which includes blank ballots—for none of the above) were entitled to enter the seat distribution.

Senate

For the Senate, each of the 47 peninsular provinces was assigned 4 seats. For insular provinces, such as Baleares and Canarias, districts are the islands themselves, with the larger — Mallorca, Gran Canaria, and Tenerife — being assigned 3 seats each, and the smaller — Menorca, Ibiza-Formentera, Fuerteventura, Gomera, Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma — 1 each. Ceuta and Melilla were assigned 2 seats each, for a total of 208 directly elected seats. In districts electing 4 seats, electors could vote for up to 3 candidates; in those with 2 or 3 seats, for up to 2 candidates; and for 1 candidate in single member constituencies. Electors would vote for individual candidates: those attaining the largest number of votes in each district would be elected for a 4-year term of office.

In addition, the legislative assemblies of the autonomous communities are entitled to appoint at least 1 senator each, as well as 1 senator for every million inhabitants, adding up a variable number of appointed seats to the directly-elected 208 senators.[4] This appointment usually did not take place at the same time that the general election, but when the autonomous communities held their elections.

Eligibility[edit]

Dual membership of both chambers of the Cortes or of the Cortes and regional assemblies was prohibited. Active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals were also ineligible.[5][6]

Parties and coalitions of different parties which had registered with the Electoral Commission could present lists of candidates.[6]

Parties[edit]

The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) presented two different lists of candidates: with the PSOE contesting most of Spain and the PSC only standing in Catalonia. The Communist Party of Spain also presented a different list of candidates in Catalonia, called the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia.

Opinion polls[edit]

Congress of Deputies results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Spanish Congress of Deputies election results
Spanish Congress of Deputies election, 1982 results.svg
Party Vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 10,127,392 48.11 Increase17.71 202 Increase81
People's Alliance-People's Democratic Party (AP-PDP)[a] 5,548,107 26.36 Increase20.10 107 Increase96
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 1,425,093 6.77 Decrease28.07 11 Decrease157
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 846,515 4.02 Decrease6.75 4 Decrease19
Convergence and Union (CiU) 772,726 3.67 Increase0.98 12 Increase4
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 604,309 2.87 New 2 Increase2
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ-PNV) 395,656 1.88 Increase0.23 8 Increase1
People's Unity (HB) 210,601 1.00 Increase0.04 2 Decrease1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 138,118 0.66 Decrease0.03 1 ±0
New Force (FN) 108,746 0.52 Decrease1.59 0 Decrease1
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 103,133 0.49 New 0 ±0
Basque Country Left (EE) 100,326 0.48 ±0.00 1 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia-Andalusian Party (PSA-PA) 84,474 0.40 Decrease1.41 0 Decrease5
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 47,249 0.22 New 0 ±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc-Galician Socialist Party (B-PSG) 38,437 0.18 Decrease0.16 0 ±0
Canarian People's Union (UPC) 35,013 0.17 Decrease0.16 0 Decrease1
Left Nationalists (EN) 30,643 0.15 New 0 ±0
Spanish Solidarity (SE) 28,451 0.14 New 0 ±0
United Extremadura (EU) 26,148 0.12 New 0 ±0
Spanish Communist Workers' Party (PCOE) 25,830 0.12 New 0 ±0
Canarian Convergence (CC) 25,792 0.12 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 24,044 0.11 Increase0.16 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist) (PCE (m-l)) 23,186 0.11 New 0 ±0
Galician Left (EG) 22,192 0.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 98,438 0.47 Increase0.15
Total 21,050,038 100.00 350 ±0
Valid votes 21,050,038 98.05 Decrease0.48
Invalid votes 419,236 1.95 Increase0.48
Votes cast / turnout 21,469,274 79.97 Increase11.93
Abstentions 5,377,666 20.03 Decrease11.93
Registered voters 26,846,940
Source: Ministry of the Interior
Vote share
PSOE
  
48.11%
AP-PDP
  
26.36%
UCD
  
6.77%
PCE
  
4.02%
CiU
  
3.67%
CDS
  
2.87%
EAJ-PNV
  
1.88%
HB
  
1.00%
ERC
  
0.66%
EE
  
0.48%
Others
  
3.72%
Blank ballots
  
0.47%
Parliamentary seats
PSOE
  
57.71%
AP-PDP
  
30.57%
CiU
  
3.43%
UCD
  
3.14%
EAJ-PNV
  
2.29%
PCE
  
1.14%
CDS
  
0.57%
HB
  
0.57%
ERC
  
0.29%
EE
  
0.29%

Results by region[edit]

Election results by province.

Senate results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Elected Regional Total
PSOE-PSC 134 23 157 +83
People's Alliance 54 13 67 +64
Union of the Democratic Centre 4 3 7 –112
Basque Nationalist Party 7 2 9 –1
Catalonia to the Senate 7 2 9 +9
Communist Party of Spain 0 1 1 +1
Assembly of the Isle of Fuerteventura 1 0 1 +1
Independents 1 2 3 –2
Invalid/blank votes 386,815
Total 10,052,406 100 208 46 254 +36
Registered voters/turnout 26,846,940 37.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Post-election[edit]

Investiture voting[edit]

Candidate Date Vote PSOE AP UCD CiU PNV PCE CDS HBa ERC EE Total
Felipe González
(PSOE)
2 Dec 1982
Majority required:
Absolute (176/350)
YesYYes 200b 4 2 1
207 / 350
No 104c 12
116 / 350
Abst. 12 8 1
21 / 350
Source: Historia Electoral - Spanish General Election 28 October 1982

a All 2 HB MPs missed the voting.
b 2 PSOE MPs missed the voting or did not cast a vote.
c 2 AP MPs missed the voting.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b People's Alliance results are compared to the combined totals of Democratic Coalition, Regionalist Aragonese Party and Navarrese People's Union in the 1979 election.

References[edit]

External links[edit]