Cave Creek, Arizona

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Cave Creek, Arizona
Town
Welcome to Cave Creek Marker
Welcome to Cave Creek Marker
Official seal of Cave Creek, Arizona
Seal
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Cave Creek, Arizona is located in the US
Cave Creek, Arizona
Cave Creek, Arizona
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°50′00″N 111°57′03″W / 33.83333°N 111.95083°W / 33.83333; -111.95083Coordinates: 33°50′00″N 111°57′03″W / 33.83333°N 111.95083°W / 33.83333; -111.95083
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Government
 • Mayor Vincent Francia
Area
 • Total 28.2 sq mi (73.1 km2)
 • Land 28.2 sq mi (73.1 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,126 ft (648 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 5,015
 • Estimate (2014)[2] 5,253
 • Density 173.2/sq mi (66.8/km2)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 85327, 85331
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-11300
GNIS feature ID 24771[3]
Website Official website

Cave Creek is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States.[3] It is 27 mi (43 km) northeast of Phoenix. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 5,015.

There are 2 Cave Creeks in Arizona. The other one is on the eastern face of the Chiricahua Mountains and is a small mountain town. Nearby Maple Grove is known for autumn color of the Canyon Maple tree.

History[edit]

Historic properties and artifacts[edit]

There are various historic properties and artifacts in the town of Cave Creek. Located on the grounds of the Cave Creek Museum are the Tubercular Cabin, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places, the First Church of Cave Creek and Golden Reef Stamp Mill. Two of the historic properties have been converted into restaurants. They are the Cave Creek Service Station, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places and the Cave Creek Inn. Frontier Town which has some of Cave Creeks original structures is also pictured.[4][5][6]

Geography[edit]

Cave Creek is a town in the Sonoran Desert.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 28.2 square miles (73 km2), all land. It is adjacent to the town of Carefree, and shares local landmark Black Mountain with Carefree.

There are two notable streams known as Cave Creek in Arizona. One flows through the Town of Cave Creek and into Phoenix. This may be the origin of the Town's name. The other Cave Creek (Cave Creek Canyon) is in the Chiricahua Mountains, 200 miles to the southeast.

In 2000, the state of Arizona, Maricopa County, and the town of Cave Creek bought Spur Cross Ranch, owned by Tyler Covell, a 2,154-acre (8.72 km2) tract of Sonoran desert just north of Phoenix, for $21 million. It had unusual cacti, stone formations, and hundreds of pre-history Hohokam Indian tribal artifacts, and is now a Maricopa County park.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 1,712
1990 2,925 70.9%
2000 3,728 27.5%
2010 5,015 34.5%
Est. 2015 5,341 [8] 6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2014 Estimate[2]
Quarry opening at Cave Creek, 1893
Cave Creek Recreational Park
Trail markers at Spur Cross Park, north of Cave Creek

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,728 people, 1,571 households, and 1,101 families residing in the town. The population density was 132.0 people per square mile (51.0/km²). There were 1,753 housing units at an average density of 62.1 per square mile (24.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.98% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.60% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.05% of the population.

Out of the 1,571 households some 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 36.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $59,938, and the median income for a family was $76,549. Males had a median income of $50,399 versus $31,607 for females. The per capita income for the town was $38,070. About 6.0% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

In June 2009, Cave Creek attracted media attention when a game of chance was used to break a tie in a vote for Town Council. The drawing of playing cards led to the victory of 25-year-old law student Adam Trenk over incumbent Town Council member Thomas McGuire. The Arizona State Constitution allows a game of chance to be used to break ties.[10]

"Where the Wild West Lives" was adopted as the town motto by the Cave Creek Town Council during a November 2013 meeting.[11]

Education[edit]

The portion of Cave Creek west of longitude 111°59'44.21"W is served by Deer Valley Unified School District and the remainder of the town by Cave Creek Unified School District.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Cave Creek residents use Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport or Mesa Gateway Airport to fly on commercial airlines. Deer Valley Airport, the closest airport to Cave Creek, is a very active general aviation airport.

Notable people[edit]

Historic properties and artifacts of Cave Creek[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-18. 
  2. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Cave Creek
  4. ^ Cave Creek Out Door Exhibits
  5. ^ National Register of Historic Places
  6. ^ Arizona Republic
  7. ^ Greg Gordon (October 27, 2008). "McCain pushed regulators for land swap, despite pledge". McClatchy Newspapers. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ Archibold, Randal C. Election at a Draw, Arizona Town Cuts a Deck, The New York Times, 2009-06-16. Accessed 2009-08-25.
  11. ^ Carcamo, Cindy. (2013, November 7). A showdown between Arizona towns over motto. The Los Angeles Times.
  12. ^ Arizona Republic
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ McLellan, Sarah (2016-10-12). "Hockey, horses constants for Arizona Coyotes' Shane Doan". azcentral. The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2016-10-13. 

External links[edit]