Symphony No. 57 (Haydn)
The Symphony No. 57 in D major, Hoboken I/57, is a symphony by Joseph Haydn. The symphony was composed in 1774, under the auspices of Nikolaus Esterhazy, for whom he would compose symphonies for until 1789. It is scored for two oboes, two horns and strings.
Daniel Heartz has noted Haydn's use of a "repeated D motif", from the very beginning of the symphony throughout the work. The second movement is structured as a theme with four variations. The finale is based on a traditional melody which was also used by Baroque composer Alessandro Poglietti in his composition "Canzona and Capriccio on the Racket of Hen and Rooster". Here, the melody is adapted to a tarantella/saltarello dance rhythm similar to the previous Symphony No. 56.
- Daniel Heartz, Haydn, Mozart, and the Viennese School, 1740-1780 (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1995) (ISBN 0393965333), pp. 368–71.
- H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols, (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976– ) v. 2: "Haydn at Eszterhaza, 1766–1790".[page needed]
- A. Peter Brown, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2) (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002) (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 157–159.
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