Symphony No. 42 (Haydn)

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The Symphony No. 42 in D major, Hoboken I/42, is a symphony by Joseph Haydn. The symphony was composed by 1771. It is scored for two oboes, two bassoons, two horns and strings.

The work is in four movements:

  1. Moderato e maestoso, 2
    2
  2. Andantino e cantabile, 3
    8
    in A major
  3. Menuet & Trio: Allegretto, 3
    4
  4. Finale: Scherzando e presto, 2
    4

The first movement "is marked by the lively acciaccature that appear in the first bar."[1] Generally in this period the winds were tacet for the slow movement, and here they are silent at first, but they come in later.[1] The last movement has been described as a "novel use of the rondo form,"[2] and H. C. Robbins Landon even goes so far as to call it a "characteristic Haydnesque rondo" and perhaps the first such rondo,[3] though others point out that it is not the sonata rondo that has come to be associated with Haydn.[4] Poundie Burstein has discussed Haydn's use of cadence in this symphony.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Keith Anderson, "About This Recording", Naxos 8.570761 (Haydn, J., Symphonies, Vol. 33 (Nos. 25, 42, 65))
  2. ^ William E. Grim, Haydn's Sturm und Drang Symphonies: Form and Meaning. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press (1990): 52.
  3. ^ H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, Vol. 2. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press (1976): 301
  4. ^ Grim (1990): 53
  5. ^ Burstein, Poundie (March 2010). "Mid-Section Cadences in Haydn's Sonata-Form Movements". Studia Musicologica. 51 (1/2): 91–107. Retrieved 2016-12-28.