Symphony No. 42 (Haydn)
The work is in four movements:
- Moderato e maestoso, 2
- Andantino e cantabile, 3
8 in A major
- Menuet & Trio: Allegretto, 3
- Finale: Scherzando e presto, 2
The first movement "is marked by the lively acciaccature that appear in the first bar." Generally in this period the winds were tacet for the slow movement, and here they are silent at first, but they come in later. The last movement has been described as a "novel use of the rondo form," and H. C. Robbins Landon even goes so far as to call it a "characteristic Haydnesque rondo" and perhaps the first such rondo, though others point out that it is not the sonata rondo that has come to be associated with Haydn. Poundie Burstein has discussed Haydn's use of cadence in this symphony.
- Keith Anderson, "About This Recording", Naxos 8.570761 (Haydn, J., Symphonies, Vol. 33 (Nos. 25, 42, 65))
- William E. Grim, Haydn's Sturm und Drang Symphonies: Form and Meaning. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press (1990): 52.
- H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, Vol. 2. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press (1976): 301
- Grim (1990): 53
- Burstein, Poundie (March 2010). "Mid-Section Cadences in Haydn's Sonata-Form Movements". Studia Musicologica. 51 (1/2): 91–107. JSTOR 25746242.