Ti'inik

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Ti'inik
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic تعّنك
Ti'inik is located in the Palestinian territories
Ti'inik
Ti'inik
Location of Ti'inik within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°31′11″N 35°13′16″E / 32.51972°N 35.22111°E / 32.51972; 35.22111Coordinates: 32°31′11″N 35°13′16″E / 32.51972°N 35.22111°E / 32.51972; 35.22111
Palestine grid 170/214
Governorate Jenin
Government
 • Type Village council
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,095
Name meaning sandy[1]

Ti'inik (Arabic: تعّنك‎‎; Hebrew: תיעניכ‎), also transliterated Ta'anakh, Ti’innik or Taanach, is a Palestinian village in the West Bank, located 13 km Northwest of the city of Jenin in the northern West Bank. The neighbouring Israeli region of Ta'anakh is named after the town.

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 1,095 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[2]

Archaeology[edit]

Cultic terracotta found at Tel Taanach, now in the Istanbul Archaeology Museums

Just to the east of Ti'inik is a 40-metre-high mound which was the site of the biblical city Taanach [3] or Tanach,[4] a Levitical city allocated to the Kohathites.[5] Twelve Akkadian cuneiform tablets were found here. Approximately one third of the names on these tablets are of Hurrian origin, indicating a significant northern ethnic presence.[6][7] The main remains visible today are of an 11th-century Abbasid palace.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

Ti'inik, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596, the village appeared as "Ta'inniq”, located in the nahiya of Sara in the liwa of Lajjun. It had a population of 13 households, all Muslim. They paid a taxes on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 7,000 akçe.[9]

In 1870 Victor Guérin found that the village consisted of ten houses.[10] He further described it as: 'Once the southern sides and the whole upper plateau of the oblong hill on which the village stands were covered with buildings, as is proved by the innumerable fragments of pottery scattered on the soil, and the materials of every kind which are met with at every step: the larger stones have been carried away elsewhere. Below the village is a little mosque, which passes for an ancient Christian church. It lies, in fact, east and west, and all the stones with which it is built belong to early constructions ; some of them are decorated with sculptures. Farther on in the plain are several cisterns cut in the rock, and a well, called Bir Tannuk.'[11]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as "A small village, which stands on the south-east side of the great Tell or mound of the same name at the edge of the plain. It has olives on the south, and wells on the north, and is surrounded with cactus hedges. There is a white dome in the village. The rock on the sides of the Tell is quarried in places, the wells are ancient, and rock-cut tombs occur on the north near the foot of the mound."[12]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Ti'inik had a population of 65; all Muslims,[13] decreasing slightly in the 1931 census to 64; still all Muslim, in a total of 15 houses.[14]

In 1945 the population was 100; all Muslims,[15] with 32,263 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[16] 452 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 31,301 dunams for cereals,[17] while a total of 4 dunams were built-up, urban land.[18]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Ti'inik came under Jordanian rule.

post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Ti'inik has been under Israeli occupation.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 153
  2. ^ Projected Mid-Year Population for Jenin Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ e.g. New International Version
  4. ^ e.g. New King James Version
  5. ^ Joshua 21:25
  6. ^ Gustavs, A. (1927) Die Personennamen in den Tontafeln von Tell Ta-annek. ZDPV 50, 1-18.
  7. ^ Glock, A.E. (1971) A New Ta-annek Tablet. BASOR 204, 17-30.
  8. ^ Dave Winter Israel handbook: with the Palestinian Authority areas p644
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 159
  10. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 226
  11. ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 226 -228; as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 68
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 46
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 30
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 71
  15. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 17
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 55
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 99
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 149

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]