Tourism in Chile
This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Replace Euronic notation with English notation. (, -> .) (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Since the mid-1990s, tourism in Chile has become one of the main sources of income for the country, especially in its most extreme areas. In 2005, this sector grew by 13.6%, generating more than US$500 million, equivalent to 1.33% of the national GDP.
According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), Chile was the eighth most popular destination for foreign tourists within the Americas in 2010, after the United States, Mexico, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico. That year, 2,766,000 tourists entered the country, generating a revenue of US$1,636 million. The majority of these visitors came from American countries, mainly Argentina; however, the biggest growth in recent years has been in visitors from Europe, especially Germany.
In 2017, a record total of 6,449,993 international tourists visited Chile, a 13.3% increase from 2016. Argentina remained the most common country of origin, followed by Brazil. European tourists were third in terms of total numbers. The average tourist stayed for 10 nights. The Chilean government attributes the rise in tourism to "promotional campaigns, the development of new products and tourist destinations and a renewed diversification of experiences." Chile was recognized as the World's Best for Adventure Travel in 2017 by the World Travel Awards, emphasizing its abundance of natural and eco-tourist attractions.
Tourism for the year 2018 is projected to continue the increase in visitors, with more than 7 million international tourists estimated to travel to Chile. Online guidebook Lonely Planet has listed Chile as its number 1 destination to visit in 2018. Lonely Planet emphasizes visiting the city of Valparaiso, the northern Atacama Desert, and Patagonia to the south.
- Continental Chile comprises a long and narrow strip of land on the west coast of the Southern Cone that extends between the parallels 17°29'57"S and Diego Ramírez Islands at 56°32'12"S, mostly from the southeastern shore of the Pacific Ocean to the Andes, across 4270 km
- Insular Chile corresponds to a set of islands volcanic origin in the South Pacific Ocean: the Juan Fernández archipelago and Desventuradas Islands, belonging to South America, the Salas y Gómez Island and Easter Island, geographically located in the Polynesia.
- The Chilean Antarctic Territory, is an area of Antarctica of 1,250,257.6 km² between meridians 53°W and 90°W on which Chile claims sovereignty, extending its southern boundary to the South Pole. Because of its presence in the Americas, Oceania and Antarctica, Chile describes itself as a tricontinental country.
The latitudinal width of the country, which spans over 39° (over 72° if the Chilean Antarctic Territory is included) its elevation and influence of the Pacific Ocean are the main factors behind the climatic variety and landscape of Chile, which determines the development of the formation of different ecosystems in the country.
The Atacama Giant
The Atacama Desert, the driest desert in the world was picked in October 2014 by Lonely Planet to be among the 10 top travel regions of 2015. The desert, which has been inhabited for several thousand years, makes up the main portion of the Norte Grande. A myriad of geoglyphs, petroglyphs and pictographs attest the presence of ancient cultures in the area. Among the most remarkable are those of Azapa Valley, Lluta Valley, the Atacama Giant and Pintados Geoglyphs, these latter are protected within the Pampa del Tamarugal National Reserve. R. P. Gustavo Le Paige Archaeological Museum and the Archaeological Museum of San Miguel de Azapa are home to the most important collections of artifacts and mummies in Chile, including the famous Chinchorro mummies, the oldest mummies in the world, of the Chinchorro culture buried between 5000 and 1700. C. The extreme aridity of the Atacama has been a key factor in the preservation of such archaeological remains.
The Chuquicamata copper deposit boasts the largest open pit mine in the world and the remains of extractions made from 12,000 and 10,000 years ago in an iron oxide mine, the oldest mine in the continent.
Arica is a coastal city with beautiful beaches and is also a starting point for travelers heading east to Putre for enjoying the majestic Puna landscape of Lauca National Park. Southward from Lauca, Volcán Isluga National Park includes ceremonial sites for the Aymara people.
Inland from Iquique, the desolate pampas are home to a few scattered towns and villages. Among those, the most interesting is the ghost town of Humberstone, declared World Heritage by UNESCO in 2005. In this area the tamarugo forests of the Pampa del Tamarugal break the barren monotony of the landscape.
The altiplano of Norte Grande has a wide variety of natural scenery including salt flats, volcanoes, lakes and geysers. San Pedro de Atacama and surrounding area offer one of the most spectacular combinations of archeology and awe-inspiring natural sights. San Pedro was the cradle of the Atacameño Culture. Villages with interesting cultural past are Caspana, Toconao, Socaire and Chiu Chiu. Notable are also the pre-Hispanic fortresses of Quitor, Lasana and Turi. Antofagasta is the largest city in Norte Grande. La Portada, a stunning natural arch, is located a short drive from Antofagasta.
Pan de Azúcar National Park is a park where sea and desert meet.
Also, there more than a dozen of astronomical facilities, including optical observatories and radio observatories. Among others, the most important are: Paranal (VLT), at an altitude of 2635 meters above sea level, is the world's most advanced and powerful astronomical observatory. the ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter Array), to date the largest astronomical project in the world; and La Silla, all dependent of ESO (European Southern Observatory).
In this area can be seen the flowering desert, a phenomenon that occurs between September and November with normal range rainfall in the desert. In the end of the Norte Grande, near Putre, is the Lake Chungará, one of the highest lakes in the world at 4500 m above sea level, and Parinacota volcano. San Pedro de Atacama is frequently visited by foreign tourists who go to appreciate the architecture of the town, the highland lakes, and the Moon Valley, so named because its landscape resembles the moon.
The Andes of Norte Chico are home to many of the highest volcanoes in the world, the highlight being the Ojos del Salado, the highest active volcano in the world at 6,891.3 meters tall and the highest peak in Chile. It is also the second highest peak in the Southern and Western hemispheres. Apart from Ojos del Salado and other volcanoes, attractions in this portion of the Andes include Nevado Tres Cruces National Park and Laguna Verde.
Norte Chico boasts some of the best beaches and exclusive coastal resorts in the country, such as Bahía Inglesa and those of La Serena, and Coquimbo. These also see an increase in national tourism during the summer months.
The clear skies of Norte Chico and its world-renowned infrastructure have made it ideal for astronomical tourism.
Elqui Valley is a very popular destination. In January 2015, the travel section of The New York Times said the Elqui Valley as the 5th of the 52 places it had to visit in 2015. Here, the dazzling green of the valley floor contrasts nicely with the barren brown slopes of the mountains that flank it.
The syncretism between Aymara tradition and Catholicism has produced festivals and religious traditions, such as those dedicated to Virgen del Carmen in La Tirana and to Virgin of Andacollo, and carnivals. The Baile chino, one of the manifestations of religious fervor, was declared Intangible Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 2014.
This area is home to the main ski resorts in Chile, which attract a significant number of tourists from the northern hemisphere because the reversed alpine skiing season. They are Chapa Verde, Portillo, Valle Nevado and Termas de Chillán. Furthermore, Wine tourism is common in Zona Central, and the Wine Routes of the Casablanca, Cachapoal and Colchagua valleys are some of the finest in Chile.
Apart from the national capital itself and its many attractions, the metropolitan region surrounding Santiago includes several attractions such as the Cajón del Maipo, Pomaire, and some of the oldest vineyards in the country, as well as various archaeological sites.
Due to its proximity to the capital, the coast of the Valparaiso Region has the largest number of tourists during the summer months, primarily on the central coast and in Viña del Mar. The latter city is considered the tourist capital of Chile thanks to its thirteen beaches, its various entertainment centers, one of major casinos in the country, and the International Song Festival of Viña del Mar, the largest and best-known festival of Latin America.
Santiago, the capital and main urban center of Chile, home to many historic sites and heritage. Within the Greater Santiago, there are 174 heritage sites under the custody of National Monuments Council (CMN), among which are archaeological, architectural and historical monuments, in addition to typical or picturesque areas. Of these, 93 are located within the commune of Santiago, considered the historic center of the city Although no Santiagan monument was even declared World Heritage by UNESCO, three have already been proposed by the Chilean government: the Incan sanctuary cerro El Plomo, the church and convent of San Francisco and Palace of La Moneda Meanwhile, in June 2012, the magazine National Geographic listed the Central Market of Santiago as fifth out of the ten best in the world. In January 2011, the travel section of The New York Times listed the city of Santiago as the first of the 41 places it had to visit that year, while TripAdvisor considered it the sixth best destination of South America in 2012.
The O'Higgins Region, south of Santiago, is known as "Huaso country" for its rural criollo culture. Pichilemu, in the O'Higgins Region, is reputed to have the best beaches for Surfing in Chile, if not the world. Other tourist sites in the O'Higgins region include the historically significant city of Rancagua, and the Rio de los Cipreses nature reserve.
Vineyard near the Andes
Araucanía Region is the heartland of the Mapuche people. This area exhibits an incipient development of Indigenous tourism, in different sectors. in the coastal area of Araucania Ethnological tourism is developed on the banks Mapuche Budi Lake.
The Chilean Patagonia, the circuit of the Seven Lakes and various national parks like Conguillío, Vicente Pérez Rosales, the oldest in Chile and most visited of the country in 2011; Puyehue National Park between others.
The Andean sector of Araucania, highlight the great national parks, such as Conguillio National Park the forest of araucarias, Villarrica National Park, huerquehue National Park, Tolhuaca National Park besides the national reserves as Alto Biobio National Reserve, Malalcahuello National Reserve, Nalcas National Reserve, Malleco National Reserve, China Muerta National Reserve.
The capital of Araucania is Temuco, city of different service, hotels, tourist circuits, airport, markets, and the symbolic and historic sectors, the Cerro Ñielol Natural Monument is an icon of this city, and the most important tourist point.
Also in this area of the country are the Lake O'Higgins, the deepest lake of the Americas and fifth in the world with 836 meters; On the other hand, several studies have located the oldest archaeological remains of the current Chilean continental territory in Monte Verde, Los Lagos Region, about 14,800 B.C., at the end of Upper Paleolithic, making it the first known human settlement in the Americas.
The Lake District is characterized by piedmont lakes crowned by snowcapped volcanoes, whose lower flanks are covered with lush forests of native trees. Lovely lake-resort towns and villages dot the lakesides, chiefly Pucón, Villarrica, Frutillar and Puerto Varas. Puerto Montt is the tourist hub of the region; two of them, were considered among the best destinations in South America in 2012 by the specialized tourism site TripAdvisor.
As an added bonus, this zone includes the granite domes of the Cochamó Valley.
Zona Austral is a premier destination for Ecotourism and Adventure travel. It features countless islands and islets, a maze of steep-sided fjords and channels, large glaciers and icefields and exuberant unspoilt temperate rainforests. Turbulent rivers descend from the Andes, chief of those being the Futaleufú River, which is widely considered one of the world's most challenging rivers for whitewater kayaking and rafting. Other opportunities for outdoor recreation, include hiking, cycling, sea kayaking and flyfishing.
Chiloé is characterized by having a rolling green countryside, but is better known for its peculiar wooden architecture and for its culture, which is full of myths and traditions. Also is remarkable its temperate rainforests.
The scenic Carretera Austral crosses or is nearby to many of the most popular destinations in this portion of Chile. Those include Pumalín Park, Yelcho Lake, Queulat National Park, Cerro Castillo National Reserve, General Carrera Lake and Caleta Tortel.
In the ice fields, the Glacier Pío XI (or Brüggen), the longest glacier in the southern hemisphere outside the Antarctic, and one of the few advancing glaciers in the world; and Puerto Williams, the southernmost city in the world
Pío XI or Brüggen Glacier
In the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Easter Island, is world-renowned for its unique cultural and natural heritage. Traditionally called Rapa Nui and previously known as Te pito o te henua ("The navel of the world") and Mata ki te rangi ('eyes looking at the sky'), it is one of the main tourist destinations in Chile because of its natural landscapes and mysterious ancient culture of Rapa Nui people that since time immemorial, developed completely isolated for centuries until it almost became extinct in the mid-19th century. Its most notable feature is the over 1,000 enormous and mysterious statues known as moai, which have been shrouded in mystery since their discovery. To preserve these characteristics, the government has designated, through the National Forestry Corporation (CONAF), the island as Rapa Nui National Park, while UNESCO declared this park as a World Heritage Site in 1995. It is named Easter Island because it was discovered on Easter Sunday in 1722.
Among the activities that can be carried out in Rapa Nui are different excursions and tours, visiting the craft market, the Padre Sebastián Englert Anthropological Museum, the ceremonial center Tahai, the quarries of Puna Pau and Rano Raraku, visiting the different ahus on the beaches of Anakena and Ovahe, seeing the archaeological site of Orongo, witnessing shows with music and island dances, and the annual festival Tapati Rapa Nui, the main artistic and cultural activity of the island, where a series of ceremonies and traditions are performed.
The Juan Fernández archipelago is also well known for its jungles and endemic flora, formed by the islands Robinson Crusoe, Santa Clara and Alexander Selkirk. The geological origin of these islands is volcanic and their subtropical weather is rainy. The activities that can be performed are varied, among them hiking, horseback riding, snorkeling, spearfishing, fishing, and observation of flora and fauna, which is mostly endemic. The Juan Fernández Islands are also known for being inhabited by Alexander Selkirk, the man who inspired the novel Robinson Crusoe. The islands were previously named Island Mas Afuera, and Island Mas a Tierra, but in 1966 the Chilean government renamed the Island Más Afuera to Alejandro Selkirk Island and Island Más a Tierra to Robinson Crusoe Island, in order to promote tourism. Incidentally, Selkirk never set foot on Alejandro Selkirk Island, only on Robinson Crusoe Island. The islands can be accessed by air and sea routes.
Cumberland Bay, Robinson Crusoe Island
Chilean Antarctic Territory
According to information gathered by the National Tourism Service (Sernatur), 35,000 tourists visited the Antarctic in the 2012–2013 season, 32% more than in the 2011–2012 season, when it was visited by 26,500 people. 34% of those visitors were Europeans (34%). Of the total percentage of visitors, 5% were from Chile.
In Chile from June to September it is possible to practice Winter Sports, especially skiing and snowboarding During the Andes, between the regions of Valparaíso and Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica, there are eighteen ski resorts of international quality, as Portillo, the oldest ski resort in South America and home to the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966, and Valle Nevado, which has one of the largest ski areas in South America
Magellanic Penguins in Magdalena.
World Heritage Sites in Chile
As part of the cultural heritage of Chile, there are buildings, objects and sites of archaeological, nature, architecture, handicraft, artistic, ethnographic, folk, historical, religious or technological scattered throughout the Chilean territory. Among them are those assets declared World Heritage by UNESCO, in accordance with the provisions of the Convention the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, of 1972, ratified by Chile in 1980. These cultural sites are:
Ethical Traveler Destination
Chile has been included in the 2010, 2011 and 2012 lists of "The Developing World's 10 Best Ethical Destinations." This is an annual ranking produced by Ethical Traveler magazine, which is based on a study of developing nations from around the world to identify the best tourism destinations among them. The benchmarking uses categories such as environmental protection, social welfare, and human rights.
Within Bicentennial projects, the National Tourism Service (Sernatur), a dependent entity of the Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism, launched in 2011 the first circuit of the touristic project "Rutas Chile", which aims to bring "more distinctive elements [...] in geographical matters, cultural, heritage and tourism [integrating] fundamental elements of national identity, the presence of featured tourist products [...] and the existence of road structure." These tourist routes cover the fifteen regions of Chile and are formed according to a main theme, which is determined by the contents available along the route.
|Tourist circuits of Chile|
|«Route of the desert»|
|«Route of the stars»|
|«Route of the sea»|
|«Great route of the wine»|
|«Route of the coves»|
|«Route of the interlakes»|
|«Route of the islands»|
|«Austral adventure route»|
|«Route of the Chilean Patagonia»|
The availability of hotel beds reaches over 22,500 in Santiago. According to Sernatur, and according to services they offer and the requirements with which they comply, there are ten five star hotels in Chile. Ordered from north to south, those hotels are:
- Hotel Gavina in Iquique.
- Hotel Desierto in Antofagasta.
- Hotel del Mar in Viña del Mar.
- Hotel Kennedy in Santiago.
- Hotel Plaza San Francisco in Santiago.
- Hotel Regal Pacific in Santiago.
- Hotel Santa Cruz Plaza in Santa Cruz.
- Hotel Termas de Puyehue Wellness & Spa in Puyehue.
- Hotel Cumbres Patagónicas in Puerto Varas.
- Hotel Patagónico in Puerto Varas.
- World Tourism Organization (WTO) (2010). "Regional Results: Americas" (PDF). UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2011 Edition. p. 8. Retrieved April 20, 2011.
- National Tourism Service (SERNATUR). "Studies and statistics – Statistics – Arrivals of foreign tourists to Chile – By nationality: Foreign tourists entered by nationality, 2011" (in Spanish). www.sernatur.cl. Archived from the original (PHP) on November 28, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- "Chile received record number of tourists in 2017 – The Santiago Times". santiagotimes.cl. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- "Chile declared World's Best Tourism Destination again – The Santiago Times". santiagotimes.cl. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- "Tourist Arrivals to Rise 8.5% in 2018, Turismo Chile". Turismo Chile (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- "Lonely Planet names Chile world's top travel destination for 2018 – The Santiago Times". santiagotimes.cl. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
- National Statistics Institute (Chile) (INE) (October 2006). "Statistical Compendium 2006 (in Spanish)" (PDF). www.ine.cl. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
- Hudson, Rex A. (1994). "Geography". Chile: A Country Study. Washington DC: GPO for The Library of Congress. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (June 21, 1955). "Decree 1747, 1955 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Retrieved March 20, 2011.
- RAE (2005). "Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of doubts – Antarctica" (in Spanish). buscon.rae.es. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
The etymological form Antártica [...] is most widely used in Chile [...] the way Antártida [...] is the only one used in Spain and the favorite in most of America
- Presidency of the Republic, Ministry General Secretariat of Government (MSGG) (2007). "National Geography: Location, size and extension (in Spanish)" (ASP). www.gobiernodechile.cl. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
- Icarito. "Chile: A tri-continental country (in Spanish)". www.icarito.cl. Archived from the original on June 13, 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
- Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (2011). "Coastline". www .cia.gov. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- Lonely Planet (April 2, 2012). "Destinations – South America – Chile: Overview". www.lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved June 16, 2012.
- Iglesias, Rafael (1987). "Chile – If you plan to visit Chile – Best Buys". Almanaque Mundial 1988 (in Spanish). Panama: Editorial América S.A. p. 252.
- Bolívar Manaut, Luna (November 27, 2006). "A plenty of sun, good is the water". www.dw-world.de. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Lonely Planet (n.d.). "Best in Travel 2015: Top 10 regions – 9. Atacama Desert". www.lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Bittman, B., y J. Munizaga (1976). "The Earliest Artificial Mummification in the World? A Study of the Chinchorro Complex in Northern Chile" (18). Folk. pp. 61–92.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Codelco (n.d.). "Operations – Chuquicamata". www.codelco.com. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- Rodríguez, F. (May 20, 2011). "Study confirms oldest mine in America was in Taltal (in Spanish)". La Tercera. p. 52. Archived from the original on May 24, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- University of Chicago Press Journals (May 20, 2011). "Archaeologists uncover oldest mine in the Americas". ScienceNewsline. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
- "Yepun and the Milky Way". Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- European Southern Observatory (ESO) (n.d.). "ALMA (in Spanish)" (PHP). www.eso.cl. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- ALMA (n.d.). "Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array". www.almaobservatory.org. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- European Southern Observatory (ESO) (n.d.). "La Silla Observatory (in Spanish)" (PHP). www.eso.cl. Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- Agence France-Presse (November 7, 2011). "The Atacama desert flourishes as never in the past 20 years (in Spanish)". www.lasegunda.com. Retrieved June 22, 2013.
- Drews, Carl (August 20, 2010). "The Highest Lake in the World". www.highestlake.com. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- Turrel, Marc & Jorge Velasco (May 18, 2007). "Ojos del Salado, the highest volcano in the world (in Spanish)". desnivel.com. Archived from the original (PHP) on October 15, 2007. Retrieved July 20, 2008.
- The New York Times (January 9, 2015). "52 Places to Go in 2015 – 5. Elqui Valley, Chile". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Glennon, J. A., y R. M. Pfaff. "The extraordinary thermal activity of El Tatio Geyser Field, Antofagasta Region, Chile". www.alanglennon.com. Archived from the original on November 11, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2013.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2014). "Intangible Cultural Heritage – Chile: Baile Chino" (PHP). www.unesco.org. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Arqueologia.cl". Arqueologia.cl. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Inicio – Our city Viña del Mar". www.visitevinadelmar.cl. n.d. Archived from the original on April 12, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Pizarro R., Karen (n.d.). "Crossing Chile – Meet the Viña del Mar Casino (in Spanish)". www.chile.com. Archived from the original (PHP) on May 20, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
- Fortuño, Sergio (January 26, 2002). "Latin – Stage Is Set For Viña Del Mar". Billboard. p. 41.
[...] the best-known music festival in Latin America
- Floras, Stella (February 18, 2013). "Iceland: Hera Björk in the final of Viña del Mar International Song Contest 2013". www.esctoday.com. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
[T]he Viña del Mar International Song Contest [is] the oldest and biggest music festival in Latin America
- CNN México (February 23, 2010). "Paul Anka ended with great success, the first day of Viña del Mar (in Spanish)". mexico.cnn.com. Archived from the original on January 29, 2012. Retrieved May 27, 2013.
The International Song Festival of Viña del Mar is the most important musical event of the continent
- National Monuments Council ( CMN). Search of monuments in the provinces of Santiago Archived 2008-03-31 at the Wayback Machine and Cordillera Archived 2008-03-31 at the Wayback Machine and the commune of San Bernardo Archived 2008-03-31 at the Wayback Machine. URL accessed on December 23, 2007
- National Monuments Council (CMN) (n.d.). "Monuments of the commune of Santiago". www.monumentos.cl. Archived from the original on March 31, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2007.
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (February 23, 2004). "Tentative Lists: Chile". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved December 23, 2007.
- National Geographic (n.d.). "Top 10 Food Markets". travel.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
- The New York Times (January 7, 2011). "The 41 Places to Go in 2011 – 1. Santiago, Chile". travel.nytimes.com. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Top 25 Destinations in South America". www.tripadvisor.com. 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- "About Chile & Its People". O'Higgins Tours. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- "Pichilemu". TurismoLibertador. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Codelco (n.d.). "Operations – El Teniente (in Spanish)". www.codelco.com. Retrieved November 22, 2011.
- Poblete, J. (4 February 2012). "Park Vicente Perez Rosales becomes the most visited in Chile (in Spanish)" (PDF). The Third. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2012. Retrieved February 10, 2012.
- Center for Scientific Studies (CECS) (2010). "Determine that O'Higgins lake is the deepest fifth of the world" (PHP). www .cecs.cl. Retrieved May 23, 2012.
- Dillehay, Tom, C. Ramírez, M. Pino, M. B. Collins, J. Rossen, and J. D. Pino Navarro (May 9, 2008). "Seaweed, Food, Medicine, and the Peopling of South America". Science. 320 (5877). pp. 784–786. Retrieved April 2, 2011.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Organization United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2004). "Monte Verde Archaeological Site". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
The site shows the existence of a group of people that lived there [...] about 14.800 years ago according to the calibrated dates of carbon 14
- Salisbury, David F. (2008). "New Evidence About Earliest Americans Supports Coastal Migration Theory". Vanderbilt University. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
New evidence from the Monte Verde archaeological site [...] confirms its status as the earliest known human settlement in the Americas
- "8th Wonder of the World". www.virtualtourist.com. 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Chile's Torres del Paine National Park Selected as 8th Wonder of the World by VirtualTourist Voters". www.advfn.com. November 1, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- Laboratory of Glaciology (n.d.). "Glacier inventory – Table 1". www.glaciologia.cl. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
- Iglesias, Rafael (1987). "Hispanic World – Wonders Tourist: Tierra del Fuego (Arg./Chi.)". Almanaque Mundial 1988. Panama: Editorial América S.A. p. 92.
- Puerto Williams, located in It is the administrative settlement southernmost of the world – it hosts a governor and provincial capital; however, excluding the military bases and Antarctica, Puerto Toro, located in , is the southernmost permanent human settlement in the world.
- Diamond, Jared (August 1, 1995). "Easter's End". www.dieoff.org. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Calderón A., Enrique (February 17, 2007). "Collapse: Easter Island (in Spanish)" (PHP). La Jornada. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- Van Tilburg; Jo Anne (May 22, 2012). "Easter Island Statue Project – Easter Island heads have great bodies!". Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (2011). "World Heritage Convention – Chile". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
- "Zone 8 Sporadic Islands – Easter Island Sector". Turistel-Tourist Guide Chile – Center (in Spanish) (14th ed.). Santiago, Chile: Cochrane S.A. Turismo y Comunicaciones S.A. 1999. pp. 230–232. ISBN 978-956-7264-45-2.
- Cottages Hinariru Nui (2011). "Data – Tapati Rapa Nui". www.hinarirunui.cl. Archived from the original on December 31, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- Bertín, Ximena (March 20, 2013). "Tourists visiting Antarctica rose by 32% (in Spanish)" (SHTML). www.latercera.com. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
- Valle Nevado (n.d.). "Ski and Snowboard in Andes Mountain in Chile". www.vallenevado.com. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- nevasport.com (2011). "Ski resorts in Chilean Andes". www.nevasport.com. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
- Adriasola C., Lucía (26 July 2014). "From the food that fell from the sky to the gun of Fidel Castro, the 65 years of Portillo". El Mercurio. p. C 18.
- Loftus, Margaret (24 February 2012). "Slope time: 7 underrated ski resorts – Valle Nevado, Chile". edition.cnn.com. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Valle Nevado (n.d.). "The Mountain: Skiable Domain". www.vallenevado.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (n.d.). "States Parties: Ratification Status". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- "Ethical travel destinations unveiled: Argentina, Barbados, Chile". The Independent. Relaxnews. 2010-12-10. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
- Jane Esberg, Jeff Greenwald & Natalie Lefevre. "The Developing World's 10 Best Ethical Destinations". Ethical Traveler. Retrieved 2010-12-11.
- "The Developing World's 10 Best Ethical Destinations: 2012". Ethical Traveler. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- National Tourism Service (Sernatur) (August 12, 2011). "Government launches "capital route" to promote Santiago as a tourist destination (in Spanish)". www.sernatur.cl. Archived from the original on August 25, 2011. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- Sottorff, Sebastián (June 18, 2012). "Thematic routes encourage tourism by regions of the country (in Spanish)". El Mercurio. pp. C 11. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- International Standardization Organization (ISO) (June 30, 2010). "CL Chile / Chili" (PDF). ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-2 (in English and French). p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 28, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- Obregón, Pablo (February 17, 2013). "Santiago is also touristic capital: foreigners leave more than US $ 919 millons.. annual". El Mercurio. p. B7.
- Cáceres, Cristina (February 17, 2013). "Know what requirements must have a five star hotel (in Spanish)". www.emol.com. Retrieved January 5, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tourism in Chile.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chile.|