Tower of the Americas
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|Tower of the Americas|
|Location||San Antonio, Texas, U.S.|
|Construction started||August 9, 1966|
|Opening||April 6, 1968|
|Owner||City of San Antonio|
|Management||City of San Antonio and Landry's Restaurants|
|Antenna spire||750 ft (230 m)|
|Roof||622 ft (190 m)|
|Top floor||579 ft (176 m)|
|Design and construction|
The Tower of the Americas is a 750-foot (229-meter) observation tower-restaurant located in the Hemisfair district on the southeastern portion of Downtown San Antonio, Texas, United States. The Tower was designed by San Antonio architect O'Neil Ford and was built as the theme structure of the 1968 World's Fair, HemisFair '68. It was named as a result of a Name the Tower contest created by the executive committee. 68 people submitted the name the Tower is now known by.
It was the tallest observation tower in the United States from 1968 until 1996, when the Las Vegas Stratosphere Tower was completed. The Tower is the tallest building in San Antonio, and it is the 30th-tallest building in Texas.
The Tower is located in the middle of the former HemisFair '68 site and has an observation deck that is accessible by elevator for a fee. There is also a lounge and revolving restaurant at the top of the Tower that provides panoramic views of the city.
Construction of the Tower began on August 9, 1966 and cost $5.2 million. The top house of the building was constructed at ground level and hoisted to the top of the poured concrete shaft. As the top house was being hoisted into place, on October 30, 1967 some of the cables used to hoist it snapped, leaving it resting and precariously tilted on the Tower's shaft. Eventually, oil field pipes were used in lieu of cables to complete the job. It was completed in approximately 18 months, though not quite in time for the fair's opening ceremonies held on April 6, 1968. It was opened to the public five days later on April 11. The top house still had not been finished, with construction materials and lumber strewn about.
In 2004, Landry's Restaurants, Inc. won the bid for a 15-year lease to manage and operate the property for its owner, the City of San Antonio. Landry's undertook an extensive $8 million renovation of the existing restaurant and lounge and observation deck and added a 4-D film "ride" called "Skies Over Texas," that gives the history of Texas in a film format. Additionally, Landry's spent another $4 million to add approximately 200% more space for ground level attractions such as a gift shop and cafe. Renovations were completed and the Tower re-opened with the new Eyes Over Texas Restaurant, Bar 601 and the Flags Over Texas observation deck on June 21, 2006. The restaurant rotates slowly, and observation deck entry is included in the cost of a tower ticket.
Prior to Landry's, Frontier Enterprises (owner of San Antonio-based Jim's Restaurants) operated the Tower of the Americas' restaurant for more than three decades.
- 750 ft (229 m) to top of the antenna.
- 622 ft (190 m) to top of roof.
- 579 ft (176 m) to indoor observation deck.
- 560 ft (170 m) to outdoor observation deck.
- 550 ft (168 m) to restaurant and stationary level.
Since 1970 the roof has hosted a 30-meter-tall (98 ft) tapered steel mast, used as support for three FM antennas; 101.9 KQXT (then known as KCOR-FM), 102.7 KJXK (then KTFM), and 104.5 KZEP (then KITE-FM). In 2007, the three individual antennas were replaced by a 16-bay master antenna that radiates all three FM signals including the HD signal for KQXT. Clear Channel Radio and Electronics Research Inc. headed up the project along with their contractors and involved the City of San Antonio and Landry's Restaurants. The new antenna system improved coverage for all three radio stations. An option existed for several years to add facilities for a move in signal on 97.7 (requiring rearrangement of ten other stations) to share the site. This was organized by Bret Huggins and David Stewart of Rawhide Radio, LLC (partly owned by Hispanic Broadcasting now Univision radio).
Transmitters are located between the public areas of the observation deck and the revolving restaurant in equipment bays along with air conditioners and plumbing.
The fastest recorded time up the Tower's 952 steps is 5 minutes 18 seconds on January 29, 1981.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tower of The Americas, San Antonio, Texas.|
- "A Guide to the San Antonio Fair, Inc., Records, 1963-1995 (Bulk 1964-1968)". Texas Archival Resources Online. Retrieved Feb. 9, 2006.
- Gerem, Yves (2001). A Marmac Guide to San Antonio. Gretna: Pelican Publishing Company. p. 271. ISBN 1-56554-821-3.
- Danini, Carmina (April 5, 2018). "It was McComb's towering achievement". San Antonio Express-News. pp. A1, A11. Retrieved April 8, 2018.
- "Tower of the Americas". Emporis.com. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Tower of the Americas". Planeteyetraveler.com. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "A top draw at the Tower could be at the bottom". San Antonio Express-News. February 14, 2008. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved October 11, 2009.
- San Antonio Express News, January 30, 1981, page 12-A
- History of the Tower of the Americas research guide with archival photographs
- Tower of the Americas restaurant
- Emporis: Tower of the Americas
- Tower of the Americas at Structurae
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