Újpest

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4th District of Budapest
Budapest IV. kerülete
Újpest
District of Budapest
District IV
Flag of 4th District of Budapest
Flag
Coat of arms of 4th District of Budapest
Coat of arms
Location of District IV in Budapest (shown in grey)
Location of District IV in Budapest (shown in grey)
Coordinates: 47°34′N 19°05′E / 47.567°N 19.083°E / 47.567; 19.083Coordinates: 47°34′N 19°05′E / 47.567°N 19.083°E / 47.567; 19.083
Country Hungary
Region Central Hungary
City Budapest
Established 1 January 1950
Quarters[1]
Government
 • Mayor Zsolt Wintermantel (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area[2]
 • Total 18.82 km2 (7.27 sq mi)
Area rank 8th
Population (2016)[2]
 • Total 101,558
 • Rank 6th
 • Density 5,396/km2 (13,980/sq mi)
Demonym(s) negyedik kerületi (“4th districter”)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 1041 ... 1048
Website www.ujpest.hu

Újpest (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈuːjpɛʃt]; German: Neu-Pest, English: New Pest)[3][4] is the 4th District in Budapest, Hungary. It is located on the left bank of the Danube River. The name Újpest means "new Pest" because the city was formed on the border of the city of Pest, Hungary in 1838.[4] Újpest was a village for 6 decades until 1907 when it became a town. In 1950, the town was unified with Budapest to form Greater Budapest. Since 1950, Újpest is the 4th District of Budapest.

The football club Újpest FC is named after the area, since they were formed in the district in 1885, and have played there since.

District[edit]

The district is composed of six parts. Újpest is the largest, but the district also includes Megyer, Káposztásmegyer, Istvántelek, Székesdűlő and the northern tip of the island Népsziget.[5]

History[edit]

Isaac Lowy owned a shoe factory that he wanted to move to Pest but was unable to attain a settlement permit because he was Jewish.[3] In 1835, he decided to create a new town where he would build the factory.[3] North of Pest, there was an empty tract of land that was owned by the Károlyi nobles.[3] Lowy bought the land; the deed included the right of religious freedom, the right to self-government, and the right to engage in business.[3] By 1838, 13 Jewish families lived in Újpest; soon thereafter Christians began moving in.[4]

Famous statues, like Wesselényi Monument, Matthias Corvinus Monument, were cast in bronze by the workshops of Alexander Matthias Beschorner from Újpest.

Twin towns[edit]

Újpest is twinned with:

Sport[edit]

Famous residents[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "94/2012. (XII. 27.) Főv. Kgy. rendelet - a közterület- és városrésznevek megállapításáról, azok jelöléséről, valamint a házszám-megállapítás szabályairól" (in Hungarian). 
  2. ^ a b "A fővárosi kerületek, a megyei jogú városok, a városok területe, lakónépessége és a lakások száma" [The area of districts of the capital, of the towns with county's rights, resident population and number of dwellings]. Magyarország közigazgatási helynévkönyve 2016. január 1 [Gazetteer of Hungary 1st January, 2016] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 2016. p. 21. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Patai, Raphael (1996). The Jews of Hungary. 265: Wayne State University Press. p. 730. ISBN 978-0-8143-2561-2. 
  4. ^ a b c d Valley, Eli (1999). The Great Jewish Cities of Central and Eastern Europe: A Travel Guide and Resource Book to Prague, Warsaw, Crakow, and Budapest. Jason Aronson. p. 538. ISBN 0-7657-6000-2. 
  5. ^ Tamás S Kiss. "Workers' town revisited". Budapest Sun. Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  6. ^ "Julies Dessauer". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  7. ^ Jack Roth (1949-04-06). "DP Rabbi, Family Dock, Full of Joy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  8. ^ Yitzchak Levine (2006-12-06). "Hooked On American Jewish History". Jewish Press. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  9. ^ profile Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in Hungarian). Retrieved on 2008-01-03.
  10. ^ Alexander Rado, Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved on 2008-01-03
  11. ^ Ferenc Szusza, imdb.com. Retrieved on 2008-01-03.
  12. ^ Isidore Singer. "Ludwig Venetianer". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 

External links[edit]