Washington Township, Bergen County, New Jersey
Washington Township, New Jersey
|Township of Washington|
Map highlighting the Township of Washington's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of the Township of Washington, Bergen County, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||April 13, 1840|
|Named for||George Washington|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (mayor–council)|
|• Body||Township Council|
|• Mayor||Peter Calamari (R, term ends December 31, 2021)|
|• Administrator||Robert Tovo|
|• Municipal clerk||Susan Witkowski|
|• Total||3.00 sq mi (7.78 km2)|
|• Land||2.95 sq mi (7.65 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2) 1.67%|
|Area rank||334th of 565 in state|
26th of 70 in county
|Elevation||89 ft (27 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||254th of 566 in state|
40th of 70 in county
|• Density||3,128.8/sq mi (1,208.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||208th of 566 in state|
44th of 70 in county
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||0882311|
Washington Township, also known as the Township of Washington, is a township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 9,102, reflecting an increase of 164 (+1.8%) from the 8,938 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 307 (-3.3%) from the 9,245 counted in the 1990 Census.
The Lenape Native Americans first inhabited the township and many names throughout the general area were passed down from the Lenape. Pascack and Kinderkamack are just two of these names. However, after Dutch and other European settlers began arriving in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Lenape population was decimated. It is estimated that by 1750, 90% of the Lenape population in and around present-day New Jersey was killed by European settlement through war and European diseases.
Washington Township was created by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 13, 1840, from the territories between the Hackensack River and Saddle River that had been part of Harrington Township. At the time of its creation, the township encompassed an area of 19,525 acres (79.01 km2), more than 30 square miles (78 km2). The township was named for George Washington, one of more than ten communities statewide named for the first president. It is one of five municipalities in the state of New Jersey with the name "Washington Township". Another municipality, Washington Borough, is completely surrounded by Washington Township, Warren County.
Growth in the area exploded after the Civil War with the completion of the New Jersey and New York Railway through the Pascack Valley, as communities were established near the railroad's stations.
The Borough Act resulted in a flurry of new boroughs created from portions of the township in 1894 as the "Boroughitis" phenomenon swept through the Township of Washington, with Westwood (May 8, 1894), Park Ridge (May 14, 1894), Eastwood (part; created June 6, 1894, borough lasted until 1896), Montvale (part; created August 31, 1894) and Woodcliff (part; created August 31, 1894, name changed to Woodcliff Lake in 1910) formed among the 26 boroughs created that year in the county. Hillsdale Township (now a borough) was created on March 25, 1898. Etna Borough, which ultimately became Emerson, was formed on April 8, 1903. River Vale (part) was the last to leave when it was created on April 30, 1906. The departures have taken the township from over 30 square miles (78 km2) to its current 3-square-mile (7.8 km2) size.
Seven Chimneys is a house with the described seven chimneys, located on Ridgewood Road atop a small hill. George Washington is said to have stayed at the house during the Revolutionary War. Seven Chimneys, the oldest house in the township, is an impressive example of eighteenth-century, regional, domestic architecture and is an important remnant of the community's early settlement period. The house is listed on the State Register and National Register of Historic Places. Notable visitors include Theodore Roosevelt. The house was used as a stop on the Underground Railroad during the Civil War. On November 3, 1968, the Bergen County Historical Society placed a historic-site marker on the property and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.
During the mid-1950s, the completion of the 173-mile (278 km) Garden State Parkway split the township in two. The Parkway created two access routes with Exit 166 on the southern border closest to Paramus and Exit 168 on Washington Avenue. The northernmost toll plaza was built off of East Glen. During the decade after the Parkway was completed, the township dramatically increased in population.
ZIP Code 07677 for Township of Washington was established effective July 2000. Previously, the township had been served by the Westwood post office as ZIP Code 07675.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 3.00 square miles (7.78 km2), including 2.95 square miles (7.65 km2) of land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) of water (1.67%).
The township is located in the northern portion of Bergen County, which in turn is in the far northeastern corner of New Jersey, 15 miles (24 km) northwest of New York City. It is within the Hackensack River watershed, which comprises Musquapsink Brook, Schlegel Lake, Pascack Brook, Oradell Reservoir, Woodcliff Lake Reservoir, and Lake Tappan. The township borders the Bergen County municipalities of Emerson, Hillsdale, Ho-Ho-Kus, Paramus, Ridgewood, Saddle River and Westwood.
Located within the Pascack Valley of north-central Bergen County, elevations rise gradually in an east to west/south to north trajectory, and range anywhere from 50 feet (15 m) or less in the wooded swamplands behind Westwood Regional High School to approximately 360 feet (110 m) just west of Van Emburgh Avenue. Three hills are in the township: at the border of Westwood, west of Pascack Road, and another located west of Van Emburgh Avenue. Being higher in elevation, it is slightly cooler and less prone to flooding than the rest of the valley and other parts of northwestern Bergen County.
The southern end of the township bordering Emerson and Paramus is wooded wetlands at the convergence of Musquapsink Brook and three cemeteries, and has consistently the densest overnight and morning fog in the area.
|Population sources: 1840-1920|
1840 1850-1870 1850
1870 1880-1890 1910-1930
1900-2010 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
The 2010 United States census counted 9,102 people, 3,261 households, and 2,632 families in the township. The population density was 3,128.8 per square mile (1,208.0/km2). There were 3,341 housing units at an average density of 1,148.5 per square mile (443.4/km2). The racial makeup was 90.50% (8,237) White, 1.08% (98) Black or African American, 0.01% (1) Native American, 6.47% (589) Asian, 0.02% (2) Pacific Islander, 0.62% (56) from other races, and 1.31% (119) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.44% (495) of the population.
Of the 3,261 households, 33.1% had children under the age of 18; 71.0% were married couples living together; 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present and 19.3% were non-families. Of all households, 16.9% were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.15.
22.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.1 years. For every 100 females, the population had 91.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.7 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $117,394 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,960) and the median family income was $133,191 (+/- $10,285). Males had a median income of $91,038 (+/- $11,435) versus $56,599 (+/- $4,609) for females. The per capita income for the township was $48,415 (+/- $4,855). About 1.6% of families and 2.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 0.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 8,938 people, 3,219 households, and 2,687 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,071.1 people per square mile (1,185.9/km2). There were 3,245 housing units at an average density of 1,115.0 per square mile (430.6/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 92.07% White, 0.98% African American, 0.04% Native American, 5.57% Asian, 0.44% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.35% of the population.
There were 3,219 households, out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.5% were non-families. 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the township, the population was spread out, with 22.7% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $83,694, and the median income for a family was $88,017. Males had a median income of $67,090 versus $41,699 for females. The per capita income for the township was $39,248. About 1.5% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.
Washington Town Center is a shopping mall located in the center of the township on Pascack Road. Stores include Rite Aid, PNC Bank, a Post Office and several restaurants and shops. It has a movie theater which offers a variety of theatrical films. It was formerly a Bowtie Cinemas chain, but the name branding was dropped in 2016 and became Washington Township Cinemas. The privately held Washington Town Center is the township's single largest tax payer. Through a quirk in the town's tax code, the not-for-profit Washington Township Recreation Club remains the township's second-largest taxpayer.
Parks and recreation
The Township of Washington offers various sports activities - baseball, softball, football, cheerleading, and soccer - which are played at the numerous parks and fields throughout the town. Clark Field includes a little league baseball field with two large dugouts and electronic scoreboard, a basketball court, a playground, sandbox, and a concession stand. The playground has many slides, monkey bars, games, gliders, fire poles, regular swings, baby swings, and a tire swing. Memorial Field is in the major recreation site in the township and provides facilities for multiple uses: baseball, softball, soccer and youth football. Adjacent to the Washington Elementary School, it also includes a recreation building with concession stand and a covered picnic pavilion. There are Other fields too, such as Sherry Field which is close to the border of Westwood and township where it is a baseball field with two playing areas. The other field is Gardener field which is a baseball field and also a playground. Both of these fields include a concession stand.
As the township does not provide for any recreational pool service, the Washington Township Recreation Club (WTRC) fills this void. Membership at the Washington Township Recreation Club, more commonly known as the 'swim club' or 'pool', is not limited to township residents and is open to any individual or family who wishes to join. In addition to the Olympic sized outdoor pool, the WTRC also offers a game room and picnic area. Additional recreational facilities include the Bergen County YJCC, offering fitness programs, indoor swimming and a variety of classes for all denominations. The town also has a privately owned Racquet and Health Club.
Schlegel Lake, once referred to as Schlegel's Pond and commonly referred to as Washington Lake, is a 28-acre (110,000 m2) artificial body of water privately owned and managed by the Washington Lake Association (WLA) since 1947, whose members have exclusive rights to use of the pond and surrounding property. WLA members may enjoy fishing, boating, picnicking, nature observation and other outdoor activities.
The Township of Washington is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government (Plan E), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of January 1, 1970. The township is one of 71 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government. The governing body is comprised of a mayor and a five-member Township Council, all of whom are elected at-large on a partisan basis to four-year terms of office, as part of the November general election. Members of the Township Council are elected to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with three seats up for election together and the other two seats (along with the mayor) up for election two years later in odd-numbered years.
As of 2020[update], the Mayor of the Township of Washington is Republican Peter Calamari, whose term of office ends December 31, 2021. Members of the Township Council are Council President Stacey Feeney (R, 2023), Council Vice President Arthur J. Cumming (R, 2021), Dr. Steven Cascio (R, 2023), Michael DeSena (I, 2021) and Desserie Morgan (R, 2023).
Federal, state and county representation
For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).
For the 2020–2021 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 39th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Holly Schepisi (R, Rivervale) and in the General Assembly by Robert Auth (R, Old Tappan) and DeAnne DeFuccio (R, Upper Saddle River).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the seven-member Bergen County Board of County Commissioners (formerly the Bergen County Board of Chosen Freeholders). The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held every January. Other Bergen County Constitutional Offices include County Clerk, Sheriff, and Surrogate. These offices all have 3 year terms, and are elected on a partisan basis.
County Executive and Board of Commissioners
As of July 2021[update], the County Executive is Democrat James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2022. The current members of the Bergen County Board of Commissioners are Freeholder Chairman Steven A. Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2021), Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2021), Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Dr. Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2023) Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2022), Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2022), Ramon M. Hache, Sr. (D, Ridgewood, 2023), and Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2022),
Other Constitutional Offices
Bergen County's constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021), Sheriff Anthony Cureton (D, Emerson, 2021) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021). </noinclude>
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 6,381 registered voters in the Township of Washington, of which 1,364 (21.4% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,412 (37.8% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 2,601 (40.8% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 70.1% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 91.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 3,036 votes (56.1% vs. 41.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 2,184 votes (40.3% vs. 54.2%) and other candidates with 196 votes (3.6% vs. 4.6%), among the 5,484 ballots cast by the township's 7,010 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.2% (vs. 72.5% in Bergen County). In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 2,883 votes (58.3% vs. 43.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,000 votes (40.5% vs. 54.8%) and other candidates with 33 votes (0.7% vs. 0.9%), among the 4,941 ballots cast by the township's 6,619 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.6% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 3,146 votes (58.1% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,159 votes (39.8% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 42 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 5,418 ballots cast by the township's 6,735 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.4% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 3,207 votes (59.6% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,137 votes (39.7% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 27 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 5,379 ballots cast by the township's 6,582 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.7% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 69.3% of the vote (2,079 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 29.6% (889 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (31 votes), among the 3,067 ballots cast by the township's 6,527 registered voters (68 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,329 votes (56.7% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,475 votes (35.9% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 200 votes (4.9% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 20 votes (0.5% vs. 0.5%), among the 4,110 ballots cast by the township's 6,623 registered voters, yielding a 62.1% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
Public school students in kindergarten through twelfth grade attend the Westwood Regional School District, a comprehensive regional school district serving students from both the Township of Washington and Westwood Borough. The district is the county's only regional district serving grades K-12. As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of six schools, had an enrollment of 2,814 students and 249.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Berkeley Avenue Elementary School (304 students; in grades K-5), Brookside Elementary School (386; K-5), Jessie F. George Elementary School (268; K-5), Washington Elementary School (329; K-5), Westwood Regional Middle School (427; 6-7) and Westwood Regional High School (1,059; 8-12).
Public school students from the township, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack, and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Bergen Tech campus in Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
Immaculate Heart Academy is a parochial, college preparatory, all-girls Catholic high school located on Van Emburgh Avenue, operating under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. The school was founded in 1960 as the first all-girls school operated by the Newark Archdiocese.
The Washington Township Volunteer Fire Department was founded in 1934. The station is located at 656 Washington Avenue and is home to Rescue 40, Tower Ladder 41, Engine 43, and Engine 44.
The Washington Township Volunteer Ambulance Corps was founded in 1957. The station is located at 354 Hudson Avenue and is home to Ambulance 4–6.
The Washington Township Police Department was founded in 1934. The station is located at 350 Hudson Avenue in the municipal complex.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the township had a total of 43.48 miles (69.97 km) of roadways, of which 34.76 miles (55.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 6.90 miles (11.10 km) by Bergen County and 1.82 miles (2.93 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
Located within the New York metropolitan area's arterial network, the township is easily accessible by car. The Garden State Parkway serves the Township with exits 166 (south) and 168 (north). The Parkway's final tool booth, the Pascack toll, is located in the township. County Route 502 also travels through the township, and Route 17 is nearby.
NJ Transit bus route 165 serves nearby Westwood with access to and from the Township of Washington to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan and local service on the 752 route. Westwood train station can also be easily accessed from the township.
Rockland Coaches provides express service from Pascack Road and Washington Avenue via Garden State Parkway Exit 168, with weekday rush-hour service provided to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, heading to New York in the morning and returning to the township weekday evenings on routes 46, 47 and 49.
The Township of Washington has a movie theater in the Washington Township Shopping Center, with three viewing screens. It closed in 2016 as Bowtie Cinemas, but reopened shortly thereafter as an independent cinema.
The Township of Washington has its own TV station, Washington Community Television (WCTV), run entirely by volunteers. The non-profit, community access group is funded by cable franchise fees and provides a 24/7 electronic bulletin board telecast over several cable systems in surrounding towns. WCTV provides live programming and coverage of high school sports, local events and activities on the Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable tv channels as well as the Internet. Its volunteers have been honored for their efforts. Town Meetings are broadcast live and are archived on the WCTVNJ YouTube pages.
The Township of Washington Public Library offers a collection of 48,325 volumes with a circulation of over 80,000 items per year. It is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative Library System. In addition to traditional materials, the library offers an online collection and specialty items not typically found in a library setting, including technology, housewares and hobby equipment. Friends of the Township of Washington Public Library is a small group of dedicated volunteers who strive to improve and enhance the library through donations and special events. Laura Rifkin is the current Library Director.
As the township does not provide residential trash pickup service, residents must pay for trash pickup services through a choice of two private garbage companies.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the Township of Washington include:
- Beverly Bower (1925–2002), operatic soprano.
- Carol Higgins Clark (born 1956), mystery writer.
- Robert Dow (born 1945), fencer who competed in the team sabre event at the 1972 Summer Olympics.
- Thomas Fitzpatrick (1940-2009), pilot known for two intoxicated flights where he flew from New Jersey and landed on the streets of New York City.
- Damon Harrison (born 1988), defensive tackle for the New York Giants.
- Mary Higgins Clark (born 1927), best-selling author of suspense novels.
- Raymond E. Johns Jr. (born 1955), General, Commander Air Mobility Command, United States Air Force.
- Pert Kelton (1907-1968), vaudeville, movie, radio and television actress, who originated the role of Alice Kramden in The Honeymooners with Jackie Gleason.
- John Markert (c. 1930–2011), politician who served as Mayor of the Township of Washington before being elected to the New Jersey General Assembly, where he served three terms representing the 39th Legislative District.
- Miriam Moskowitz (1916-2018) schoolteacher who served two years in prison after being convicted for conspiracy as an atomic spy for the Soviet Union.
- Jeffrey Nordling (born 1962), actor who has appeared in the series Dirt.
- B. J. Raji (born 1986), former NFL nose tackle who played for the Green Bay Packers.
- Corey Raji (born 1988), professional basketball player.
- Bob Schroeder (born 1960), member of the New Jersey General Assembly and former councilmember in the Township of Washington, who was sentenced in 2017 to eight years in state prison for deception, misconduct and passing bad checks.
- 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor & Council, Township of Washington. Accessed March 15, 2020.
- 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Township Administrator, Township of Washington. Accessed March 15, 2020.
- Administrator / Town Clerk, Township of Washington. Accessed March 15, 2020.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 165.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Washington, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Washington township, Bergen County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Washington township Archived November 18, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- QuickFacts for Washington township, Bergen County, New Jersey; Bergen County, New Jersey; New Jersey from Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019), United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Township of Washington, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- Post Office / Town Map, Township of Washington. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Washington, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- About the Lenape - 1600-1750: Fur Traders, Disease, Settlers (see reference material linked therein)
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 88. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Our History, Township of Washington. Accessed December 22, 2013. "We have a number of interesting places in our town, one of which is 'Seven Chimneys' – a large 18th century stone house that stands high on a grassy knoll in the southern portion of the Township. Legend has it; George Washington stayed there a short period of time, which gives our community special history and pride."
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 21, 2015.
- Rondinaro, Gene. "Washington Slept Here And There And. . .", The New York Times, February 17, 1985. Accessed October 21, 2015. "First in war, first in peace and, come tomorrow, first in the hearts of his countrymen, George Washington may be nowhere more fondly remembered than in New Jersey, where 12 communities are named for him. The profusion of such names - six Washington Townships, one each in Bergen, Burlington, Gloucester, Mercer, Morris and Warren Counties; Washington in Warren, Washington Crossing in Mercer, Washington Heights and Washington Park in Middlesex, Washingtonville in Sussex and Washington Valley in Morris - causes problems."
- Wilk, Tom. "Awash in Washingtons: New Jersey has six towns named for the father of our country.", New Jersey Monthly, January 17, 2011. Accessed October 22, 2015. "In New Jersey, Washington can lay claim to another first. He's number one in names selected for the state's 566 municipalities. Bergen, Burlington, Gloucester, Morris and Warren counties all have a Washington Township. Warren also has a Washington Borough surrounded—naturally—by Washington Township. The largest is Gloucester County's Washington, with 52,096 people; the smallest is the Washington in Burlington, with a population of 649. New Jersey had a sixth Washington Township in Mercer County until 2008, when voters there approved a name change to Robbinsville."
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey, p. 11, New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed December 22, 2013. "For a period of sixteen years following the passage of this act few boroughs were organized in the State, only three of them being in Bergen County.... As it was twenty-six boroughs were created in the county from January 23, 1894, to December 18, of the same year."
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 312. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed October 21, 2015.
- "Post Office Changes" in Postal Bulletin, United States Postal Service, April 6, 2000. Accessed November 26, 2020. "Establish a new ZIP Code for a delivery area. Use Woodcliff Lake NJ 07677 as last line of address for a portion of the deliveries previously in ZIP Code 07675."
- Areas touching Washington Township, MapIt. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- Bergen County Map of Municipalities, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
- Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2020.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 19, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 22, 2013.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 240, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 22, 2013. "Washington was formed in 1840 from the western part of Harrington. It is about seven miles long and five wide. Rockland county, New York lies on its north, Harrington on the east, Midland south, and Franklin and Hokokus west. Population in 1850, 1,807; in 1860, 2,273; and in 1870, 2,514."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 22, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 22, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 22, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Bergen County Data Book 2003 Archived July 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Historical Population Trends in Bergen County (1900-2010), Bergen County Department of Planning & Economic Development, 2011. Accessed September 26, 2019.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Washington township, Bergen County, New Jersey[permanent dead link], United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Washington township, Bergen County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 4, 2013.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Washington township, Bergen County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record, August 14, 2011, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 3, 2013. Accessed July 24, 2013.
- Home page, Washington Township NJ Swim Club. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- About us, Bergen County Y, a Jewish Community Center. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Schlegel Lake, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed August 5, 2014.
- Staff. "Vintage homes in lake communities", North Jersey Homes, June 11, 2011. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
- 2019 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Township of Washington. Accessed October 10, 2019.
- 2018 County and Municipal Directory, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed September 26, 2019.
- Bergen County November 5, 2019 General Election Statement of Vote, Bergen County, New Jersey Clerk, updated December 10, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
- Bergen County Statement of Vote General Election 2017, Bergen County Clerk. Accessed May 15, 2018.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
- 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
- Biography, Congressman Josh Gottheimer. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Josh now lives in Wyckoff, New Jersey with Marla, his wife who was a federal prosecutor, and their two young children, Ellie and Ben."
- , United States Senate. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
- . United States Senate. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2020-2021 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed December 15, 2020.
- District 39 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed December 15, 2020.
- County Executive, Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- About the Clerk, Bergen County Clerk. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County Sheriff's Office. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- , Bergen County Surrogate's Court. Accessed July 28, 2021.
- Voter Registration Summary - Bergen, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Presidential November 8, 2016 General Election Results - Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, November 8, 2016. Accessed May 24, 2018.
- Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Bergen County Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- 2008 General Election Results for Washington Township, The Record. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Bergen County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- "Governor - Bergen County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Bergen County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Bergen County Archived December 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Westwood Regional Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades kindergarten through twelve in the Westwood Regional School District. Composition: The Westwood Regional School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of the Borough of Westwood and the Township of Washington."
- About Our District: Community and District Profiles, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020. "The Westwood Regional School District serves the Borough of Westwood (population 10,400) and the Township of Washington (population 9,800). These two communities are located approximately fifteen miles northwest of midtown Manhattan."
- Westwood Regional School District 2016 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 26, 2020. "The Westwood Regional School District is the only K-12 regional school district in Bergen County, serving approximately 2,740 students from the Borough of Westwood and the Township of Washington."
- District information for Westwood Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- School Data for the Westwood Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
- Berkeley Avenue Elementary School, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- Brookside Elementary School, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- Jessie F. George Elementary School, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- Washington Elementary School, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- Westwood Regional Middle School, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- Westwood Regional Junior / Senior High School, Westwood Regional School District. Accessed March 26, 2020.
- New Jersey School Directory for the Westwood Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- About Us, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Admissions, Bergen County Technical Schools. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Bergen County Catholic High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed November 12, 2016.
- Overview, Immaculate Heart Academy. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- Home Page, Township of Washington Volunteer Fire Department. Accessed April 6, 2015.
- About Us, Washington Township Volunteer Ambulance Corps. Accessed April 6, 2015.
- Home Page, Township of Washington Police Department. Accessed April 6, 2015.
- Bergen County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed December 2, 2013.
- Routes by County: Bergen County, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archiveas of January 11, 2010. Accessed March 24, 2012.
- Bergen County System Map, NJ Transit. Accessed September 14, 2016.
- Commuter Routes Archived January 8, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Rockland Coaches. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Schedule Details: Washington Township, NJ to New York, NY, Rockland Coaches. Accessed December 22, 2013.
- Washington Township Cinemas. Accessed November 13, 2016.
- Home Page, Washington Community Television. Accessed August 20, 2013.
- Home Page, Township of Washington Public Library. Accessed March 15, 2020.
- Household Garbage, Township of Washington. Accessed October 21, 2015. "The Twp. of Washington does not collect your regular household garbage; however you have a choice between two collection companies."
- Staff. "Beverly Bower, 76, Soprano Who Sang At the Met", The New York Times, April 13, 2002. Accessed December 22, 2013. "Beverly Bower, an operatic soprano who sang the lead at the first performance in the new Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center, died on March 24 at her home in Washington Township, N.J."
- Rohan, Virginia. "Mystery is in this Jersey writer's blood", The Record, April 10, 2011. Accessed December 22, 2013. "For her 14th Regan Reilly mystery novel, Carol Higgins Clark chose a backdrop she knew well.... Mobbed is the first Regan Reilly book that Clark, who grew up in Washington Township, has set in the Garden State."
- Fremon, Suzanne S. "State Has 13 on Olympic Team", The New York Times, August 13, 1972. Accessed November 22, 2017. "Of all Olympic sports, New Jerseyans are most success ful in fencing. The fencing team of 20 members includes three from the state, Anne O'Donnell of Bayonne, Robert Dow of Westwood, Washington Township, and Jack Keane of East Brunswick."
- "Obituary: Thomas E. Fitzpatrick", The Record, September 16, 2009. Accessed November 22, 2017. "Fitzpatrick Thomas E., 79, of the Township of Washington, NJ, on Monday September 14, 2009."
- Hubbard, Daniel. "NY Giant Damon 'Snacks' Harrison Moves To $1.5M Bergen County Home; Harrison purchased a five-bedroom, six-bathroom house in Washington Township.", Westwood Patch, January 6, 2017. Accessed January 1, 2018. "New York Giant Damon 'Snacks' Harrison now calls Bergen County home.Harrison has purchased a 7,000-square-foot home in Washington Township for more than $1.5 million, said listing broker Dawn Braithwaite."
- Horner, Shirley. "New Jersey Q & A: Mary Higgins Clark; From a Life in New Jersey, Best-Selling Mysteries", The New York Times, October 18, 1992. Accessed December 22, 2013. "Ms. Clark first moved to New Jersey -- to Washington Township -- in 1956."
- Fard, Maggie Fazeli. "Washington Township native named newest four-star general", The Record, December 31, 2009. Accessed December 22, 2013. "Johns Jr., the eldest child of Doris and Raymond Johns Sr., grew up in Township of Washington with his younger brother, Kevin, and sister, Susan. He attended Westwood High School, where he met his future wife, Diana, and discovered what he wanted to do for the rest of his life."
- Staff. "Pert Kelton, Versatile Character Actress, Dead; Made Broadway Debut in '25 in the Musical Sunny Played Gleason's TV Wife Also on Radio Show", The New York Times, October 31, 1968. Accessed July 31, 2018. "Washington Township, N. J., Oct. 30-Pert Kelton, the character actress, was stricken, apparently with a heart attack, while swimming this morning at the Young Men's-Young Women's Hebrew Association in Ridgewood. She was pronounced dead at Valley Hospital. She was 61 years old and lived here with her husband, Ralph Bell, at 112 President Road."
- Clunn, Nick. "Ex-Assemblyman John Markert, 81, served three terms", The Record, June 5, 2011. Accessed December 22, 2013."John Markert, a three-term state assemblyman who began his political career by paving dirt roads in his hometown of Washington Township, died Thursday at his home in Florida."
- Rose, Lisa. "Retired N.J. teacher, 98, loses bid to clear name in McCarthy-era spy case", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 4, 2014. Accessed July 31, 2018. "NPR.org profiled Miriam Moskowitz of Washington Township, who was convicted of conspiracy to obstruct justice in 1950 and served two years in prison."
- Rohan, Virginia. "Sex, Lies and Photographs; Bergen County native's Dirt character reaps what he sows", The Record, January 1, 2007. Accessed August 20, 2013. "Nordling was born 3,000 miles (4,800 km) from the craziness, at Valley Hospital in Ridgewood, and grew up mostly in Washington Township (in the only house on the town's Times Square). When he was 15, the family moved to Saddle River, and Nordling transferred to Ramsey High School, where he became a soccer star."
- Larson, Craig. "Packers choose Raji; UConn's Brown goes to Colts", The Boston Globe, April 26, 2009. Accessed December 22, 2013. "Nestled among a houseful of family and friends in Washington Township, N.J., his 6-foot-2-inch, 332-pound frame resting comfortably, B.J. Raji was sporting a grin from ear to ear."
- Shaughnessy, Dan. "Sibling revelry at BC", The Boston Globe, February 3, 2011. Accessed December 22, 2013. "The Raji boys grew up in Washington Township, N.J., and starred at Westwood High School before earning scholarships to BC. Corey was New Jersey High School Player of the Year in 2006-07 and followed B.J. to Chestnut Hill, choosing BC over Miami and Virginia."
- Benson, Josh. "Worth Noting; Bob Schroeder, He's Not Dead Yet", The New York Times, September 4, 2005. Accessed January 4, 2018. "'I'm just keeping my name in the public,' said Mr. Schroeder, who has served as council president in his hometown, Washington Township."
- Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958
- Clayton, W. Woodford; and Nelson, William. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men., Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
- Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
- Westervelt, Frances A. (Frances Augusta), 1858–1942, History of Bergen County, New Jersey, 1630-1923, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1923.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Washington Township, Bergen County, New Jersey.|