Westville, Nova Scotia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Westville
Town
Official logo of Westville
Logo
Nickname(s): The Gateway to Northern Nova Scotia
Westville is located in Nova Scotia
Westville
Westville
Location within Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°33′N 62°42′W / 45.550°N 62.700°W / 45.550; -62.700Coordinates: 45°33′N 62°42′W / 45.550°N 62.700°W / 45.550; -62.700
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Pictou County
Incorporated August 20, 1894
Government
 • Mayor Roger W. MacKay
 • Governing Body Westville Council
 • MLA Tim Houston (PC)
 • MP Peter MacKay (C)
Area[1]
 • Total 14.39 km2 (5.56 sq mi)
Elevation 70.1 m (230.0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,798
 • Density 264.0/km2 (684/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code span B0K 2A0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 396, 695
NTS Map 011E10
GNBC Code CBOLU
Website westville.ca

Westville is a town in Pictou County, Nova Scotia, Canada. It is located immediately west of Stellarton and about four kilometres southwest of New Glasgow, the major town in the area.

History[edit]

Originally called Acadian Village,[2] the name Westville was chosen because the community was west of the Albion Mines (now Stellarton).[3]

Westville has a long history of coal mining dating back to 1864 when coal was first discovered. The opening of the Acadia Mine followed in 1866. Westville, along with Stellarton, was once home to a thriving coal mining industry. At its peak, during WWI, Westville boasted three underground workings; the Black Diamond, the Acadia, and the Drummond. However, the last underground mine, the Drummond pit, closed in the 1970s. Extensive open-pit mining on the Drummond and Acadia sites was carried out throughout the 1980s and 1990s, by Pioneer Coal Limited of Antigonish, Nova Scotia.

In the early 1900s Westville also boasted the largest natural ice skating rink east of Montreal. Today the miner's monument at Acadia Park honoring those touched by the town's mining disasters, and a community centre is all that remains of its proud coal mining heritage. The war memorial was sculpted by the renowned Emanuel Hahn.

Like many coal towns Westville was a hotbed of sports. Baseball was very popular among the miners. One of the Westville baseball teams was crowned Maritime champion in 1927 and the legendary Babe Ruth visited the town in 1936 and hit a ball over the centre field fence. The town also sponsored championship cricket, lacrosse, football and hockey teams.

Amenities[edit]

The Westville post office was built sometime between 1904 and 1916.

While mainly a bedroom community, Westville's Main Street features banks, shops, restaurants and other amenities. A Nova Scotia highway rest stop was opened at the end of Cowan Street off exit 21 of the Trans-Canada Highway.

One of the largest Canada Day celebrations in Atlantic Canada takes place in Westville. The five-day event includes a county fair, street parade, and annual guest bands from around the world. The year 2007 marked the 100th anniversary of Westville's Canada Day celebrations.

Notable residents[edit]

Westville is the home of Alvah Mayo, seven time Nova Scotia Chess Champion,[4] Kris MacFarlane, the drummer of Great Big Sea, George Canyon country singer, and Russell MacEwan, Lawyer, Member of Parliament and Judge. Lisa Haley of Westville was Assistant Coach of the Canada women's national ice hockey team that won the Gold Medal at the 2014 Sochi Olympics.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1901 3,471 —    
1911 4,417 +27.3%
1921 4,550 +3.0%
1931 3,946 −13.3%
1941 4,115 +4.3%
1951 4,301 +4.5%
1961 4,159 −3.3%
1981 4,522 +8.7%
1986 4,271 −5.6%
1991 4,228 −1.0%
1996 3,976 −6.0%
2001 3,879 −2.4%
2006 3,805 −1.9%
2011 3,798 −0.2%
[6][7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada (Census 2011). "Westville Community Profile". Retrieved 2008-06-18.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Fergusson, C. Bruce (1967). Place Names of Nova Scotia. Canada: Province of Nova Scotia. p. 729. 
  3. ^ Simpson, Doug, ed. (1986). Celebrating Our Heritage; The History of Westville. Antigonish, NS: Scotia Design Publications. p. 12. ISBN 0-920147-00-4. WESTVILLE was chosen because the community was west of the Albion Mines which was the former name of Stellarton. 
  4. ^ Jones, matt (17 July 2007). "The king of Nova Scotia chess". The News. Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  5. ^ MacDonald, Glenn (February 10, 2014). "‘Like Christmas’: Westville native took long coaching road to Olympics". Chronicle Herald (Halifax). Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  6. ^ [1], Censuses 1871-1931
  7. ^ [2], Census 1941-1951
  8. ^ [3], Census 1961
  9. ^ [4], Censuses 1981-2001
  10. ^ I:\ecstats\Agency\BRIAN\census2

External links[edit]