Stellarton

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Stellarton
Town
Foord Street, Stellarton, NS
Foord Street, Stellarton, NS
Nickname(s): 
Stelly[1], StellaRock, Larton City
Motto(s): 
"Spirit, People, Pride"
Stellarton is located in Nova Scotia
Stellarton
Stellarton
Location of Stellarton in Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°33′24″N 62°39′36″W / 45.55667°N 62.66000°W / 45.55667; -62.66000Coordinates: 45°33′24″N 62°39′36″W / 45.55667°N 62.66000°W / 45.55667; -62.66000
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
MunicipalityPictou County
Founded1790s
IncorporatedOctober 22, 1889
Government
 • MayorDanny MacGillivray
 • Governing bodyStellarton Town Council
 • MLAPat Dunn (PC)
 • MPSean Fraser (L)
Area
 (2016)[2]
 • Total8.99 km2 (3.47 sq mi)
Highest elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Lowest elevation
19 m (62 ft)
Population
(2016)[2]
 • Total4,208
 • Density468.1/km2 (1,212/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Stellartonian
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Postal Code
B0K 1S0
Area code(s)902
Telephone Exchanges301, 331, 419, 505, 507, 616, 695, 752, 753, 754, 755, 759, 771, 921, 928, 931, 934, 952
Websitewww.stellarton.ca

Stellarton is a town located in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. It is adjacent and to the south of the larger town of New Glasgow. In pioneer times the area was called Coal Mines Station, and from 1833 until 1870, it was known as Albion Mines.[3] The town was incorporated as Stellarton in 1889 and owes its name to a specific type of torbanite which came to be known as "stellarite" because of the "stars of fire" given off by its sparky flame.[4]

History[edit]

Foord Coal Seam

In the 1790s, coal quickly became a key focus of the local economy. The Foord coal seam (from which the main street of Stellarton derives its name) runs through most of the town and is part of the greater Stellarton Basin/Pictou Coalfield. As part of an area recognized by geologists for its unique oil shales and thick coal seams, the Foord seam is said to be the thickest in the world with estimate of coal seams being as thick as 48 feet.

In the 1820s, the mines were taken over by the General Mining Association which intensified production with new technology including the first steam engine in Nova Scotia for pumping and in 1839 Samson, the oldest railway locomotive in Canada which carried coal to waiting ships.[5]

Samson is now preserved at the Nova Scotia Museum of Industry in Stellarton.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18711,750—    
18811,599−8.6%
18912,410+50.7%
19012,335−3.1%
19113,910+67.5%
19215,312+35.9%
19315,002−5.8%
19415,351+7.0%
19515,575+4.2%
19565,445−2.3%
19615,327−2.2%
19815,433+2.0%
19865,259−3.2%
19915,237−0.4%
19964,968−5.1%
20014,809−3.2%
20064,717−1.9%
20114,485−4.9%
20164,208−6.2%
[6][7] [8]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Stellarton recorded a population of 4,208 living in 1,880 of its 2,018 total private dwellings, a change of −6.2% from its 2011 population of 4,485. With a land area of 8.99 km2 (3.47 sq mi), it had a population density of 468.1/km2 (1,212.3/sq mi) in 2016.[2]

Major employers[edit]

The town is still home to coal mining operations, the Stellarton Surface Coal Mine has been operated by Pioneer Coal since 1980.

The Canadian grocery chain Sobeys is based out of Stellarton, and its corporate offices and grocery subsidiaries provides a fair percentage of the town's employment. Sobeys subsidiaries based in Stellarton include Big 8 Beverages, TRA Cash and Carry, Eastern Sign-Print and Regional Distribution Centre.

One business that did not work out was the Clairtone factory, the brainchild of entrepreneurs Peter Munk and David Gilmour, encouraged by local businessman and politician Frank H. Sobey.

Attractions[edit]

Stellarton is home to the Nova Scotia Museum of Industry, part of the Nova Scotia Museum system. Stellarton is noted for its painted fire hydrants, each adorned with a costumed representative of a town inhabitant or profession.

Stellarton Memorial Ice Rink[edit]

The Stellarton Memorial Rink is a Rink in Stellarton that was made in 1945 to remember the soldiers that died in World War I and World War II that is still used today by the local minor ice hockey club, the Stellarton Royals.

Notable people[edit]

Navigator[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The News". www.ngnews.ca. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  3. ^ "History of Stellarton". Town of Stellarton website. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  4. ^ "Report of Progress - Geological Survey of Canada". Google Books. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  5. ^ *“The Saga Of The Samson: Canada's Oldest Locomotive” Pictou County Historical Society (1968) digitized by Pictou-Antigonish Regional Library
  6. ^ [1], Censuses 1871-1941
  7. ^ Canada, Statistics. "Canada Year Book (CYB) Historical Collection" (PDF). www66.statcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  8. ^ "I:\ecstats\Agency\BRIAN\census2" (PDF). gov.ns.ca. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2018.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]