Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 2
This is a list of selected July 2 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 2, 2018 featured article or the July 2, 2018 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|963 – The Eastern forces of the Byzantine army proclaimed Nicephorus Phocas to be Byzantine Emperor on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.||needs more footnotes|
|1839 – Over fifty African slaves mutinied on the slave ship La Amistad off the coast of Cuba.||refimprove|
|1890 – The U.S. Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, the first United States government action to limit monopolies.||expansion|
|1900 – The first Zeppelin flight occurred over Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.||refimprove sections|
|1997 – The Thai baht rapidly lost half of its value, marking the beginning of the Asian financial crisis.||unreferenced sections|
|2000 – In the Mexican general election, Vicente Fox was elected to be the first President of Mexico from an opposition party in 71 years.||refimprove section|
- 706 – In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang interred the final bodies in the Qianling Mausoleum, which remained unopened until the 1960s.
- 1881 – U.S. President James A. Garfield was fatally shot at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station in Washington, D.C.
- 1950 – A mentally ill Buddhist monk set fire to the Golden Pavilion at Kinkaku-ji, destroying what is now one of the most popular tourist destinations in Japan.
- 1962 – The first Walmart store, now the largest retailer in the world, opened in Rogers, Arkansas, U.S.
- 1964 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act into law, outlawing segregation in schools, at the workplace, and other facilities that served the general public.
- 1976 – More than a year after the end of the Vietnam War, North and South Vietnam officially united under communist rule to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
- 2002 – American aviator Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon, completing an almost 14-day trip after landing in Queensland, Australia.
- Born/died: · Ernest Hemingway (d. 1961)
- 626 – During the Xuanwu Gate Incident, Prince Li Shimin led his forces to assassinate his rival brothers in a coup for the imperial throne of the Tang dynasty.
- 1644 – The combined forces of the Scottish Covenanters and the English Parliamentarians defeated the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor, one of the decisive encounters of the English Civil War.
- 1816 – The French frigate Méduse ran aground off the coast of today's Mauritania, with the survivors escaping on a makeshift raft, which was depicted in Théodore Géricault's painting The Raft of the Medusa.
- 1917 – White residents of East St. Louis, Illinois, burned sections of the city and shot black inhabitants as they escaped the flames.
- 1937 – Aviation pioneer Amelia Earhart (pictured) and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the Pacific Ocean during an attempt to make a circumnavigational flight.