|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1940s 1950s 1960s – 1970s – 1980s 1990s 2000s|
|Years:||1973 1974 1975 – 1976 – 1977 1978 1979|
|Ab urbe condita||2729|
|British Regnal year||24 Eliz. 2 – 25 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4672 or 4612
— to —
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4673 or 4613
|- Vikram Samvat||2032–2033|
|- Shaka Samvat||1897–1898|
|- Kali Yuga||5076–5077|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 51
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 65
|Thai solar calendar||2519|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1976.|
1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (dominical letter DC) of the Gregorian calendar, the 1976th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 976th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1970s decade.
- 1 Events
- 2 Births
- 3 Deaths
- 4 Nobel Prizes
- 5 In fiction
- 6 References
- January – The Cray-1, the first commercially developed supercomputer, is released by Seymour Cray's Cray Research.
- January 5 – The Pol Pot regime proclaims a new constitution for Democratic Kampuchea.
- January 11 – The 1976 Philadelphia Flyers–Red Army game results in a 4–1 victory for the National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers over HC CSKA Moscow of the Soviet Union.
- January 15 – Would-be Gerald Ford presidential assassin Sara Jane Moore is sentenced to life in prison.
- January 16 – The trial against jailed members of the Red Army Faction begins in Stuttgart, West Germany.
- January 18
- January 19 – Jimmy Carter wins the Iowa Democratic Caucus.
- January 21 – The first commercial Concorde flight takes off.
- January 27
- January 29 – Twelve Provisional Irish Republican Army bombs explode in the West End of London.
- January 30 – Live from Lincoln Center debuts on PBS.
- February 4
- February 5 – Nearly 2,000 students become involved in a racially charged riot at Escambia High School in Pensacola, Florida; 30 students are injured in the 4-hour fray.
- February 9 – The Australian Defence Force is formed by unification of the Australian Army, the Royal Australian Navy and the Royal Australian Air Force.
- February 11 – Clifford Alexander, Jr. is confirmed as the first African American Secretary of the United States Army.
- February 13 – General Murtala Mohammed of Nigeria is assassinated in a military coup.
- February 15 – The 1976 Constitution of Cuba is adopted by national referendum.
- February 24 – Cuba's current constitution is enacted.
- February 26 – The Spanish Armed Forces withdraw from Western Sahara.
- February 27 – The Polisario Front, Western Sahara's national liberation movement, declares independence of the territory under the name "Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic".
- February 28 – Madagascar becomes the first country to recognise the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
- March 1
- March 2 – Vietnam recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- March 4
- March 6 – Algeria recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- March 9 – A cable car disaster in Cavalese, Italy leaves 42 dead.
- March 9 – March 11 – Two coal mine explosions claim 26 lives at the Blue Diamond Coal Co. Scotia Mine, in Letcher County, Kentucky.
- March 11 – Angola and Benin recognize the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- March 13 – Mozambique recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- March 14 – After eight years on NBC, The Wizard of Oz returns to CBS, where it will remain until 1999, setting what was likely then a record for the most telecasts of a Hollywood film on a commercial television network. That record is broken by The Ten Commandments in 1996, which began its annual network telecasts on ABC in 1973 and is still (as of 2016) telecast by that network.
- March 15 – Guinea-Bissau recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- March 16
- March 17
- March 20 – Patty Hearst is found guilty of armed robbery of a San Francisco bank.
- March 24
- March 26 – The Toronto Blue Jays are created.
- March 27 – The first 4.6 miles of the Washington Metro subway system open.
- March 29 – The military dictatorship of General Jorge Videla comes to power in Argentina.
- March 31 – The New Jersey Supreme Court rules that coma patient Karen Ann Quinlan can be disconnected from her ventilator. She remains comatose and dies in 1985.
- April 1
- Apple Computer Company is formed by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak.
- Conrail (Consolidated Rails Corporation) is formed by the U.S. government, to take control of 13 major Northeast Class-1 railroads that had filed for bankruptcy protection. Conrail takes control at midnight, as a government-owned and operated railroad until 1986, when it is sold to the public.
- The Jovian–Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by astronomer Patrick Moore.
- Rwanda recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).
- April 2 – Norodom Sihanouk is forced to resign as Head of State of Kampuchea by the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot and is placed under house arrest.
- April 3 – The Eurovision Song Contest 1976 is won by Brotherhood of Man, representing the United Kingdom, with their song "Save Your Kisses for Me".
- April 5
- James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- Tiananmen Incident: Large crowds lay wreaths at Beijing's Monument of the Martyrs to commemorate the death of Premier Zhou Enlai. Poems against the Gang of Four are also displayed, provoking a police crackdown.
- Segovia prison break: in Spain's largest prison break since the Spanish civil war, 29 political prisoners escape from Segovia prison.
- April 10 – Frampton Comes Alive!, the multi-platinum selling live album by English rock musician Peter Frampton hits #1 in the Billboard 200 and remains there for 10 weeks, becoming the best-selling album of the year.
- April 13
- April 16 – As a measure to curb population growth, the minimum age for marriage in India is raised to 21 years for men and 18 years for women.
- April 21 – The Great Bookie Robbery in Melbourne: Bandits steal A$1.4 million in bookmakers' settlements from Queen Street, Melbourne.
- April 23
- April 25 – Portugal's new constitution is enacted.
- April 29 – Sino-Soviet split: A concealed bomb explodes at the gates of the Soviet embassy in China, killing four Chinese. The targets were embassy employees, returning from lunch, but on that day they returned to the embassy earlier.
- May 1 – Neville Wran becomes Premier of New South Wales.
- May 4
- May 6 – An earthquake hits the Friuli area in Italy, killing more than 900 people and making another 100,000 homeless.
- May 9 – Ulrike Meinhof of the Red Army Faction is found hanged in an apparent suicide, in her Stuttgart-Stammheim prison cell.
- May 11
- May 21 – The Yuba City bus disaster, the worst bus crash in U.S. history to date, with 28 students and one teacher killed.
- May 24 – Washington, D.C. Concorde service begins.
- May 25 – U.S. President Gerald Ford defeats challenger Ronald Reagan in 3 Republican presidential primaries: Kentucky, Tennessee and Oregon.
- May 30 – Indianapolis 500-Mile Race: Johnny Rutherford wins the (rain-shortened) shortest race in event history to date, at 102 laps or 255 miles (408 km).
- May 31 – Syria intervenes in the Lebanese Civil War in opposition to the Palestine Liberation Organization, whom it had previously supported.
- June 1 – The UK and Iceland end the Cod War.
- June 2
- June 4
- The Boston Celtics defeat the Phoenix Suns 128–126 in triple overtime in Game 5 of the NBA Finals at the Boston Garden. In 1997, the game is selected by a panel of experts as the greatest of the NBA's first 50 years.
- English punk rock group The Sex Pistols perform the first of two concerts to an audience of 35-40 people at the 150-capacity Manchester Lesser Free Trade Hall. Audience members go on to form the groups Joy Division, New Order, The Smiths, Simply Red, The Fall, Buzzcocks, and Magazine (band), and the record label Factory Records.
- June 5 – The Teton Dam collapses in southeast Idaho in the U.S., killing 11 people.
- June 6 – The Double Six Crash, a plane crash in Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, kills everyone on board, including Sabahan Chief Minister Tun Fuad Stephens.
- June 12 – Alberto Demicheli, a jurist, is inaugurated as a civilian de facto President of Uruguay after Juan María Bordaberry is deposed by the military.
- June 13 – Savage thunderstorms roll through the state of Iowa, spawning several tornadoes, including an F-5 tornado that destroys the town of Jordan, Iowa.
- June 14 – The trial begins at Oxford Crown Court of Donald Neilson, the killer known as the Black Panther.
- June 16 – The Soweto uprising in South Africa begins.
- June 17 – The National Basketball Association and the American Basketball Association agree on the ABA–NBA merger.
- June 20
- June 25 – Strikes start in Poland (Ursus, Radom, Płock) after communists raise food prices; they end on June 30.
- June 26 – The CN Tower is built in Toronto; the tallest free-standing land structure opens to the public.
- June 27
- June 29
- Seychelles gains independence from the United Kingdom.
- The Conference of Communist and Workers Parties of Europe convenes in East Berlin.
- July 2 – North Vietnam dissolves the Provisional Government of South Vietnam and unites the two countries to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
- July 3 – Gregg v. Georgia: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual and is a constitutionally acceptable form of punishment overturning the Furman v. Georgia case of 1972.
- July 3 – The great heat wave in the United Kingdom, which is currently suffering from drought conditions, reaches its peak.
- July 4
- United States Bicentennial: From coast to coast, the United States celebrates the 200th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.
- Entebbe Raid: Israeli airborne commandos free 103 hostages being held by Palestinian hijackers of an Air France plane at Uganda's Entebbe Airport; Yonatan Netanyahu and several Ugandan soldiers are killed in the raid.
- July 6 – The first class of women is inducted at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.
- July 7
- July 10
- July 12
- July 15 – Jimmy Carter is nominated for U.S. President at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.
- July 16 – July 20 – Albert Spaggiari and his gang break into the vault of the Societe Generale Bank in Nice, France.
- July 17
- July 18 – Nadia Comăneci earns the first of 7 perfect scores of 10 at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
- July 19 – Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created.
- July 20 – Viking program: The Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.
- July 21 – A bomb kills Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to the Irish Republic.
- July 26 – In Los Angeles, Ronald Reagan announces his choice of liberal U.S. Senator Richard Schweiker as his vice presidential running mate, in an effort to woo moderate Republican delegates away from President Gerald Ford.
- July 27
- The United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with its former colony Uganda in response to the hijacking of Air France Flight 139.
- Delegates attending an American Legion convention at The Bellevue-Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia, US, begin falling ill with a form of pneumonia: this will eventually be recognised as the first outbreak of Legionnaires' disease and will end in the deaths of 29 attendees.
- July 28 – The Tangshan earthquake flattens Tangshan, China, killing 242,769 people, and injuring 164,851.
- July 29 – In New York City, the "Son of Sam" pulls a gun from a paper bag, killing 1 and seriously wounding another, in the first of a series of attacks that terrorize the city for the next year.
- July 30 – In Santiago, Chile, Cruzeiro from Brazil beats River Plate from Argentina and are the Copa Libertadores de América champions.
- July 31
- August 1
- August 2 – A gunman murders Andrea Wilborn and Stan Farr and injures Priscilla Davis and Gus Gavrel, in an incident at Priscilla's mansion in Fort Worth, Texas. T. Cullen Davis, Priscilla's husband and one of the richest men in Texas, is tried and found innocent for Andrea's murder, involvement in a plot to kill several people (including Priscilla and a judge), and a wrongful death lawsuit. Cullen goes broke afterwards.
- August 5 – The Great Clock of Westminster (or Big Ben) suffers internal damage and stops running for over 9 months.
- August 6 – Former UK Postmaster General John Stonehouse is sentenced to 7 years' jail for fraud, theft and forgery.
- August 7 – Viking program: Viking 2 enters into orbit around Mars.
- August 8 – As part of the American Basketball Association–National Basketball Association merger, a dispersal draft was conducted to assign teams for the players on the two ABA franchises which had folded.
- August 11 – A sniper rampage in Wichita, Kansas on a Holiday Inn results in 3 deaths while 7 others are wounded.
- August 14
- August 16 – The Ramones make their first "professional" performance at CBGB.
- August 18 – At Panmunjom, North Korea, two United States soldiers are killed while trying to chop down part of a tree in the Korean Demilitarized Zone which had obscured their view.
- August 19 – U.S. President Gerald Ford edges out challenger Ronald Reagan to win the Republican Party presidential nomination in Kansas City.
- August 24 – In Uruguay, the army captures Marcelo Gelman and his pregnant wife. Marcelo is later killed and his wife (and unborn child) disappear.
- August 25
- August 26
- August 30 – James Alexander George Smith "Jags" McCartney is sworn in as the first Chief Minister of the Turks and Caicos Islands.
- September 1
- September 3 – Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars, taking the first close-up color photos of the planet's surface.
- September 6
- Cold War: Soviet Air Force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko lands a MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate, on the island of Hokkaidō in Japan, and requests political asylum in the United States.
- Frank Sinatra brings Jerry Lewis's former partner Dean Martin onstage, unannounced, at the 1976 Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon in Las Vegas, reuniting the comedy team for the first (and only) time in over 20 years.
- September 9 – Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, dies of a heart attack.
- September 10
- September 13 – The Muppet Show is broadcast for the first time on ITV.
- September 16
- September 17 – The space shuttle Enterprise is rolled out of a Palmdale, California hangar.
- September 20 – The International Organization of Space Communications (Intersputnik) is founded.
- September 20 – September 21 – The semi-legendary 100 Club Punk Festival ignites the careers of several influential punk and post-punk bands, arguably sparking the punk movement's introduction into mainstream culture.
- September 21
- September 24 – Patty Hearst is sentenced to 7 years in prison for her role in a 1974 bank robbery (an executive clemency order from U.S. President Jimmy Carter will set her free after only 22 months).
- September 25 – The Irish rock band U2 is formed after drummer Larry Mullen, Jr. posts a note seeking members for a band on the notice board of his Dublin school.
- September 28 – American singer Stevie Wonder releases his hit album Songs in the Key of Life.
- October 4 – The brand new InterCity 125 high-speed train is introduced in the United Kingdom.
- October 6
- Cubana de Aviación Flight 455 crashes due to a bomb placed by anti-Fidel Castro terrorists, after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados; all 73 people on board are killed.
- Students gathering at Thammasat University in Bangkok, Thailand are massacred, while protesting the return of ex-dictator Thanom Kittikachorn by a coalition of right-wing paramilitary and government forces, triggering the return of the military to government.
- In San Francisco, during his second televised debate with Jimmy Carter, U.S. President Gerald Ford stumbles when he declares that "there is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe" (there is at the time).
- The Cultural Revolution in China concludes upon the capture of the Gang of Four.
- October 8 – Thorbjörn Fälldin replaces Olof Palme as Prime Minister of Sweden.
- October 10 – Taiwan Governor Hsieh Tung-min is injured by a letter bomb from a pro-independence activist.
- October 12 – The People's Republic of China announces that Hua Guofeng is the successor to Mao Zedong, as Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
- October 13 – The United States Commission on Civil Rights releases the report, Puerto Ricans in the Continental United States: An Uncertain Future, that documents that Puerto Ricans in the United States have a poverty rate of 33 percent in 1974 (up from 29 percent in 1970), the highest of all major racial-ethnic groups in the country (not including Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory).
- October 18 – Ford officially launches volume production of the Fiesta car at its Valencia plant.
- October 19
- October 20 – The Mississippi River ferry MV George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing from Destrehan, Louisiana to Luling, Louisiana, killing 78 passengers and crew.
- October 22 – Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh, the 5th President of Ireland, resigns after being publicly insulted by the Minister for Defense.
- October 25 – Clarence Norris, the last known survivor of the Scottsboro Boys, is pardoned.
- November 2 – U.S. presidential election, 1976: Jimmy Carter defeats incumbent Gerald Ford, becoming the first candidate from the Deep South to win since the Civil War.
- November 15 – The first megamouth shark is discovered off Oahu in Hawaii.
- November 19 – Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.
- November 24 – At least 3,840 are killed in a Richter scale magnitude 7.3 earthquake of Van and Muradiye in Turkey.
- November 25 – In San Francisco, The Band holds its farewell concert, The Last Waltz.
- November 26
- December 1
- Angola joins the United Nations.
- José López Portillo takes office as President of Mexico.
- The Sex Pistols achieve public notoriety, as they unleash several 4-letter words live on Bill Grundy's early evening TV show.
- Sir Douglas Nicholls is appointed the 28th Governor of South Australia, the first Australian Aboriginal appointed to vice-regal office.
- December 3
- December 6 – The Viet Cong is disbanded, and its former members become a part of the Vietnam People's Army.
- December 8
- The Congressional Hispanic Caucus is established by the 5 Latinos in the United States Congress: Herman Badillo of the Bronx, E. de la Garza and Henry B. Gonzalez of Texas, Edward R. Roybal of California, and the nonvoting Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico, Baltasar Corrada del Río.
- Hotel California by the Eagles is released.
- December 10
- December 15
- December 20 – Richard J. Daley, Mayor of Chicago for 21 years, dies.
- December 23 – A new volcano, Murara, erupts in eastern Zaire.
- December 28 – Legendary guitarist Freddie King dies.
- In late March 1976, the first truly complete recording of the opera Porgy and Bess is released in a 3-LP set, by Decca Records in England and by London Records in the U.S. It stars Willard White and Leona Mitchell. The orchestra is the Cleveland Orchestra conducted by Lorin Maazel.
- Random breath testing is introduced in Victoria (Australia).
- The first laser printer is introduced by IBM (the IBM 3800).
- California's sodomy law is repealed.
- The term memetics is first proposed by Richard Dawkins in his book The Selfish Gene.
- Diffie–Hellman key exchange cryptography is proposed.
- Plans to move the Nigerian capital from Lagos to Abuja are approved.
- The New Jersey Legislature passes legislation legalizing casinos in the shore town of Atlantic City commencing in 1978. After signing the bill into law, Governor Brendan Byrne declares "The mob is not welcome in New Jersey!" referring to the Mafia's influence at casinos in Nevada.
- The Early Academic Outreach Program (EAOP) is established by the University of California (UC) in response to the State Legislature's recommendation to expand post-secondary opportunities to all of California’s students including those who are first-generation, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and English-language learners.
- Marc Brown's Arthur's Nose is published
- January 2
- January 4 – Shiro Amano, Japanese manga artist/writer
- January 5 – Shintarō Asanuma, Japanese voice actor
- January 6
- January 7
- January 8
- January 10 – Adam Kennedy, American baseball player
- January 13
- January 19 – Marsha Thomason, English actress
- January 20
- January 21 – Emma Bunton, English musician (Spice Girls)
- January 22
- January 23
- January 27 – Clint Ford, American actor and writer
- January 28
- January 30 – Andy Milonakis, American Internet and MTV star
- January 31
- February 1 – Muteba Kidiaba, Congolese football goalkeeper
- February 2
- February 3
- February 4 – Cam'ron, African-American rapper
- February 5
- February 6 – Kim Zmeskal, American Olympic gymnast
- February 9 – Charlie Day, American actor
- February 10 – Lance Berkman, American baseball player
- February 11 – Brice Beckham, American actor
- February 12
- February 14 – Erica Leerhsen, American actress
- February 15 – Brandon Boyd, American rock musician (Incubus)
- February 16 – Kyo, Japanese rock musician (Dir En Grey)
- February 17 – Svein Berge, Norwegian musician (Röyksopp)
- February 20
- February 21 – Michael McIntyre, British stand-up comedian
- February 23 – Jeff O'Neill, Canadian hockey player
- February 24 – Zach Johnson, American golfer
- February 25 – Rashida Jones, American actress, writer, model, and musician
- February 27 – Yukari Tamura, Japanese voice actress and songwriter
- February 28
- February 29 – Ja Rule, African-American rapper
- March 1 – Luke Mably, English actor
- March 3 – Fraser Gehrig, Australian rules footballer
- March 4
- March 5 – Šarūnas Jasikevičius, Lithuanian basketball player
- March 6 – Ken Anderson, American professional wrestler (Mr. Anderson)
- March 8
- March 9 – Yamila Diaz-Rahi, Argentinean model
- March 10
- March 12 – Zhao Wei, Chinese singer and actress
- March 13 – Danny Masterson, American actor
- March 14
- March 16
- March 17
- March 19
- March 20 – Chester Bennington, American singer (Linkin Park)
- March 21
- March 22
- March 23
- March 24
- March 25 – Wladimir Klitschko, Ukrainian world heavyweight boxing champion
- March 26
- March 27 – Carl Ng, Hong Kong/British actor and model
- March 29
- March 30
- March 31 – Vice Ganda, Filipino actor and singer
- April 1 – David Oyelowo, English actor
- April 2
- April 3 – Will Mellor, English actor
- April 4 – James Roday, American actor, director and screenwriter
- April 5 – Henrik Stenson, Swedish golfer
- April 6 – Candace Cameron, American actress
- April 9 – Kris Radlinski, English rugby league player
- April 10 – Jan Werner Danielsen, Norwegian singer (d. 2006)
- April 12 – Andrei Lipanov, Russian ice skater
- April 13 – Yoo Ji-tae, South Korean actor
- April 13
- April 14 – Anna DeForge, American basketball player
- April 15
- April 16 – Shu Qi, Taiwanese actress and singer
- April 17 – Kim Young-oh, South Korean illustrator
- April 18
- April 20
- April 21 – Rommel Adducul, Filipino basketball player
- April 22 – Michał Żewłakow, Polish footballer
- April 23 – Darren Huckerby, English footballer
- April 25
- April 29 – Jay Orpin, Swedish composer and record producer
- Shiho Kawaragi, Japanese voice actress
- May 3
- May 4 – Jason Michaels, American baseball player
- May 7
- May 8
- May 10 – Udo Mechels, Belgian singer
- May 14 – Martine McCutcheon, British actress and singer
- May 15
- May 17 – Daniel Komen, Kenyan athlete
- May 19 – Kevin Garnett, American basketball player
- May 20 – Ramón Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
- May 22
- May 25
- May 26 – Paul Collingwood, English cricketer
- May 28
- May 31
- June 1 – Angela Perez Baraquio, Miss America 2001
- June 2
- June 3 – Jamie McMurray, American race car driver
- June 5 – Ian Bavitz (Aesop Rock), American hip-hop artist
- June 6
- June 8 – Lindsay Davenport, American tennis player
- June 9 – Ameesha Patel, Indian actress
- June 10
- June 11 – Gran Naniwa, Japanese professional wrestler
- June 13
- June 14 – Alan Carr, English comedian
- June 17 – Peter Svidler, Russian chess grandmaster
- June 18 – Blake Shelton, American singer
- June 20 – Juliano Haus Belletti, Brazilian footballer
- June 21 – Antonio Cochran, American football player
- June 23
- June 26 – Chad Pennington, American football quarterback
- July 1
- July 2 – Krisztián Lisztes, Hungarian footballer
- July 3
- July 4 – Daijiro Kato, Japanese motorcycle racer (d. 2003)
- July 5 – Nuno Gomes, Portuguese footballer
- July 5 – Rufus Johnson, American rapper also known as Bizarre
- July 7 – Bérénice Bejo, Argentine actress
- July 8 – Ellen MacArthur, English yachtswoman
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11 – Eduardo Nájera, Mexican basketball player
- July 12 – Tracie Spencer, American R&B singer
- July 13 – Lisa Riley, British actress and presenter
- July 15 – Diane Kruger, German actress
- July 16
- July 17
- July 19
- July 20 – Alex Yoong, Malaysian race car driver
- July 23 – Judit Polgár, Hungarian chess player
- July 25
- July 26 – Martha Roby, American U.S. Representative for Alabama's 2nd congressional district
- July 27 – Susanne Georgi, Danish singer who lives and works in Andorra
- July 28
- July 31
- August 1
- August 2 – Sam Worthington, English-born Australian actor
- August 3 – Troy Glaus, American baseball player
- August 6
- August 8
- August 9
- August 11 – Will Friedle, American actor and comedian
- August 12
- August 14
- August 15 – Boudewijn Zenden, Dutch football player
- August 18
- August 19 – Michael M. Wartella, American underground cartoonist
- August 24 – Yang Yang, Chinese short track skater
- August 27
- August 30
- September 1
- September 3
- September 4 – Brian Myrow, American baseball player
- September 5 – Carice van Houten, Dutch actress
- September 6 – Naomie Harris, British actress
- September 7 – Stevie Case, American video game celebrity
- September 8 – Sjeng Schalken, Dutch tennis player
- September 9 – Lúcia Moniz, Portuguese singer and actess
- September 10 – Gustavo Kuerten, Brazilian tennis player
- September 12 – Maciej Żurawski, Polish footballer
- September 16 – Tina Barrett, English singer (S Club 7)
- September 17 – Kristian Kiehling, German-Latvian actor
- September 19
- September 20
- September 22 – Ronaldo, Brazilian footballer
- September 23 – Rob James-Collier, British actor and model
- September 24 – Stephanie McMahon-Levesque, American wrestling promoter
- September 25
- September 26 – Michael Ballack, German footballer
- September 27 – Francesco Totti, Italian footballer
- September 28 – Fedor Emelianenko, Russian mixed martial arts fighter
- September 29 – Andriy Shevchenko, Ukrainian footballer
- October 4
- October 6
- October 7
- October 9 – Nick Swardson, American actor and stand-up comedian
- October 10
- October 11 – Emily Deschanel, American actress
- October 14 – Chang Chen, Taiwanese actor
- October 15 – Yoon Son-ha, South Korean actress
- October 18 – Galder, Norwegian musician
- October 19
- October 20 – Plamen Goranov, Bulgarian photographer, mountain climber and a Varna-based local protest leader (d. 2013)
- October 21 – Jeremy Miller, American actor
- October 23
- October 25 – Steve Jones, Northern Irish footballer
- October 26
- October 29 – Stephen Craigan, Northern Irish footballer
- November 1 – Chad Lindberg, American actor
- November 5 – Sean Brown, Canadian ice-hockey player
- November 6
- November 7
- November 8 – Brett Lee, Australian cricket player
- November 9
- November 11 – Mike Leon Grosch, German singer
- November 12 – Mirosław Szymkowiak, Polish footballer
- November 16 – Mario Barravecchia, Italian singer
- November 17 – Diane Neal, American actress
- November 18 – Shagrath, Norwegian black metal musician (Dimmu Borgir)
- November 19
- November 20
- November 22
- November 24
- November 25 – Grégory Havret, French golfer
- November 26 – Maia Campbell, American actress and singer
- November 27 – Jaleel White, African-American actor
- November 28 – Monster, guitarist (Mayday)
- November 29
- November 30 – Marco Castro, Peruvian-American director and cinematographer
- December 1 – Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (d. 1998)
- December 3
- December 4 – Kristina Groves, Canadian speed skater
- December 6 – Alicia Machado, Venezuelan beauty queen, Miss Universe 1996
- December 7
- December 8 – Dominic Monaghan, English actor
- December 13 – Radosław Sobolewski, Polish footballer
- December 14 – Leland Chapman, American bail bondsman
- December 15 – Baichung Bhutia, Indian footballer
- December 17 – Takeo Spikes, American football player
- December 18
- December 23
- December 24 – Ángel Matos, Cuban taekwondo athlete
- December 25
- December 26 – Nadia Litz, Canadian actress and producer
- December 27 – Fernando Pisani, Canadian ice-hockey player
- December 28 – Joe Manganiello, American actor
- December 29 – Danny McBride, American actor and comedian
- Bozorgmehr Hosseinpour, Iranian cartoonist
- January 5
- January 6 – Martha Walter, American impressionist painter (b. 1875)
- January 8 – Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (b. 1898)
- January 10 – Howlin' Wolf, African-American musician (b. 1910)
- January 12 – Agatha Christie, English writer (Murder On The Orient Express) (b. 1890)
- January 13 – Margaret Leighton, English actress (b. 1922)
- January 15 – Gengo Hyakutake, Japanese admiral (b. 1882)
- January 19 – Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (b. 1886)
- January 21 – John Gould Moyer, American naval officer, 31st Governor of American Samoa (b. 1893)
- January 23 – Paul Robeson, African-American actor, singer, writer, and activist (b. 1898)
- January 26
- January 27 – Kaneko Daiei, Japanese Buddhist philosopher of the early 20th century (b. 1881)
- January 29 – James Edmonson, American vaudevillian and comedian (b. 1910)
- January 30
- January 31 – Ernesto Miranda, American defendant in the court case Miranda v. Arizona (b. 1941)
- February 1
- February 2 – Zlatyu Boyadzhiev, Bulgarian painter (b. 1903)
- February 4 – Roger Livesey, Welsh actor (b. 1906)
- February 6 – Vince Guaraldi, American musician (Linus and Lucy) (b. 1928)
- February 7 – Eliyahu Kitov, Jewish political activist (b. 1912)
- February 9 – Percy Faith, Canadian-born musician and composer (b. 1908)
- February 10 – Eddie Moore, American profession baseball player; 1925 World Series Champion (Pittsburgh Pirates) (b. 1899)
- February 11
- February 12 – Sal Mineo, American actor (b. 1939)
- February 13
- February 17
- February 18 – Joseph Henabery, American actor (b. 1888)
- February 20
- February 22 – Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (b. 1943)
- February 23 – L. S. Lowry, British artist (b. 1887)
- February 26 – Joseph Weil, American con man; nicknamed the "Yellow Kid" (b. 1875)
- February 29 – Grover Loening, American aircraft manufacturer (b.1888)
- March 4 – Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (b. 1886)
- March 5
- March 6
- March 7
- March 8 – Alfons Rebane, Estonian military commander (b. 1908)
- March 10
- March 13 – Ernst Friedrich Löhndorff, German sailor, adventurer, and writer (b. 1899)
- March 14 – Busby Berkeley, American choreographer and director (b. 1895)
- March 17 – Luchino Visconti, Italian theatre and film director (b. 1906)
- March 19
- March 24
- March 25 – Josef Albers, German-American artist (b. 1888)
- March 28 – Richard Arlen, American actor (b. 1899)
- March 31 – Paul Strand, American photographer (b. 1890)
- April 1 – Max Ernst, German artist (b. 1891)
- April 4 – Harry Nyquist, American information theory pioneer (b. 1889)
- April 5 – Howard Hughes, American aviation pioneer, film director, and eccentric (b. 1905)
- April 9
- April 12
- April 14 – Maudie Prickett, American actress (b. 1914)
- April 18 – Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
- April 22 – Michael Hole, American jockey (b. 1941)
- April 24
- April 25
- April 26 – Sid James, South African actor (b. 1913)
- April 28 – Hilde Hildebrand, German actress (b. 1897)
- May 1 – T. R. M. Howard, African-American civil rights leader and surgeon (b. 1908)
- May 3 – Ernie Nevers, American football player (Chicago Cardinals) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1902)
- May 9
- May 11 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (b. 1898)
- May 14 – Keith Relf, British rock musician (The Yardbirds) (b. 1943)
- May 20
- May 23 – Henry Cecil Leon, British novelist and lawyer (b. 1902)
- May 26
- May 27 – Ruth McDevitt, American actress (b. 1895)
- May 28 – Steffan Danielsen, Faroese painter (b. 1922)
- May 30
- May 31
- June 2
- June 6
- June 7
- June 9 – Sybil Thorndike, British actress (b. 1882)
- June 10 – Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born film producer (b. 1873)
- June 11
- June 14 – Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark (b. 1900)
- June 15 – Jimmy Dykes, American baseball player and manager (b. 1896)
- June 17 – Francisco Urondo, Argentine writer (b. 1930)
- June 23 – DeHart Hubbard, American Olympic athlete (b. 1903)
- June 24 – Imogen Cunningham, American photographer (b. 1883)
- June 25 – Johnny Mercer, American songwriter (b. 1909)
- June 28 – Stanley Baker, British actor (b. 1928)
- June 30
- July 1
- July 4
- July 5 – Harold F. Loomis, American botanist and myriapodologist (b. 1896)
- July 6 – Zhu De, Head of State of China, China Red Army Commander-in-Chief (b. 1886)
- July 7
- July 8 – James Liston, 7th Roman Catholic Bishop of Auckland, New Zealand (b. 1881)
- July 11 – León de Greiff, Colombian poet (b. 1895)
- July 12
- July 13
- July 15 – Paul Gallico, American novelist, short story and sports writer (b. 1897)
- July 16 – Carmelo Soria, Spanish diplomat (assassinated by the Chilean DINA) (b. 1921)
- July 17 – Arthur Hornblow, Jr., American film producer (b. 1893)
- July 18 – Charles Howson, English professional footballer (b. 1896)
- July 20 – Max Maxudian, French stage and film actor (b. 1881)
- July 21 – Earle Combs, American baseball player (New York Yankees) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1899)
- July 22 – Sir Mortimer Wheeler, British archaeologist (b. 1890)
- July 24 – Afro Basaldella, Italian painter (b. 1912)
- July 29 – Mickey Cohen, American gangster (b. 1913)
- July 30 – Rudolf Bultmann, German Lutheran theologian (b. 1884)
- August 2
- August 3
- August 4 – Enrique Angelelli, Argentine bishop (assassinated in the "Dirty War") (b. 1923)
- August 6
- August 10
- August 19 – Alastair Sim, Scottish actor (b. 1900)
- August 22 – Juscelino Kubitschek, President of Brazil (b. 1902)
- August 25 – Eyvind Johnson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1900)
- August 26
- August 27 – Mukesh, Indian singer (b. 1923)
- August 28 – Anissa Jones, American actress (b. 1958)
- September 2 – Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish writer (b. 1934)
- September 5 – Arthur Gilligan, English cricket captain (b. 1894)
- September 9
- September 10 – Dalton Trumbo, American screenwriter, one of the Hollywood Ten (b. 1905)
- September 14 – Prince Paul of Yugoslavia (b. 1893)
- September 15 – Josef Sudek Czech photographer, best known for his photographs of Prague (b. 1896)
- September 19 – Choe Yong-gon, North Korean general and defense minister (b. 1900)
- September 21 – Orlando Letelier, Chilean former minister of Salvador Allende (assassinated in Washington, D.C.) (b. 1932)
- September 25 – Red Faber, American baseball player (Chicago White Sox) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1888)
- September 26 – Lavoslav Ružička, Croatian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1887)
- September 27 – Ivan Donald Margary, American historian (b. 1896)
- September 28 – Raymond Collishaw, Canadian World War I fighter ace (b. 1893)
- September 30 – Paul Dehn, British screenwriter (b. 1912)
- October 4 – Leo Eloesser, American thoracic surgeon (b. 1881)
- October 5
- October 6 – Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)
- October 9 – Troy H. Middleton, American general and educator (b. 1889)
- October 11
- October 14 – Edith Evans, British actress (b. 1888)
- October 15 – Augusta Stevenson, writer of children's literature and a teacher (b. 1869)
- October 25 – Raymond Queneau, French poet and novelist (b. 1903)
- October 28 – Máire Drumm, Irish nationalist politician (assassinated) (b. 1919)
- October 31 – Eileen Gray, Irish furniture designer (b. 1878)
- November 6 – David Marine, American pathologist (b. 1888)
- November 7 – Grace Stone Coates, wrote short stories, novels, poetry, and news articles (b. 1881)
- November 8 – Gottfried von Cramm, German tennis champion (b. 1909)
- November 9 – Billy Halop, American actor (b. 1920)
- November 10 – Syd Coventry, Australian footballer (b. 1899)
- November 11 – Alexander Calder, American sculptor (b. 1898)
- November 12 – Walter Piston, American composer (b. 1894)
- November 15 – Jean Gabin, French actor (b. 1904)
- November 18 – Man Ray, American artist (b. 1890)
- November 19 – Wayne Millner, American football player (Washington Redskins) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame (b. 1913)
- November 20 – Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biologist and agronomist of Ukrainian origin (b. 1898)
- November 21 – Walter Stuart Diehl, American naval officer and aeronautical engineer (b. 1893)
- November 23 – André Malraux, French writer and statesman (b. 1901)
- November 25 – Boris Zakhava, Russian theatre director, actor and acting coach (b. 1896)
- November 28
- November 29
- December 2 – Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player and manager (b. 1917)
- December 3
- December 4
- December 6 – João Goulart, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
- December 7 – Frank Forest, American operatic tenor and actor (b. 1896)
- December 8 – Henryk Jasiczek, Polish writer and political activist (b. 1919)
- December 9 – Mohamed El-Tabii, Egyptian political writer, journalist and a pioneer (b. 1896)
- December 12 – Jack Cassidy, American actor of stage, film, and screen (b. 1927)
- December 15 – Grégoire Kayibanda, former President of Rwanda (b. 1924)
- December 18 – Ned Harris, American baseball outfielder for Detroit Tigers (b. 1916)
- December 20 – Richard J. Daley, American Mayor of Chicago (b. 1902)
- December 21 – Thomas Simpson Crawford, Australian politician (b. 1875)
- December 24 – Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1907)
- December 25
- December 26 – Phil Hart, U.S. Senator (b. 1912)
- December 28 – Katharine Byron, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1903)
- December 29 – Albert Salomon, German surgeon at the Royal Surgical University Clinic in Berlin (b. 1883)
- December 31 – Teohari Georgescu, Romanian politician (b. 1908)
- Physics – Burton Richter, Samuel Chao Chung Ting
- Chemistry – William Nunn Lipscomb, Jr
- Physiology or Medicine – Baruch S. Blumberg, D Carleton Gajdusek
- Literature – Saul Bellow
- Peace – Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan
- Economics – Milton Friedman
- Юрий Уфимцев. "Красный" Китай против советских ревизионистов (in Russian). Конкурент.Ru. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- "35 years later: Houston's deadly ammonia truck disaster". Houston Chronicle. 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- "1976 ammonia truck disaster". Houston Chronicle. 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2011-05-26.
- "Holiday Inn Sniper Up for Parole". May 17, 2007.
- "Cuba 'plane bomber' was CIA agent". BBC News. May 11, 2005.
- University of California EAOP, 2003 in Review. University of California, 2009–10 Budget for Current Operations Budget Detail, as Presented to the Regents for Approval.