World Senior Chess Championship

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The World Senior Chess Championship is an annual chess tournament established in 1991 by FIDE, the World Chess Federation.

Originally, the age limit was 60 years for the men, and 50 for the women. Since 2014, the Senior Championship is split in two different age categories with consequently two male and two female titles: 50+ and 65+, which require the participants to reach the age of 50 and 65 years by December 31 of the year of the event, respectively (these age restrictions are unified across both genders).

The championship is organized as an eleven-round Swiss system tournament. It is an open tournament, and each FIDE member federation may send as many players as desired. A separate women's tournament is held if there are enough participants (at least 10 women from four different FIDE zones).

The men's winner (both categories) is awarded the title of Grandmaster if he did not already have it; the women's winner (both categories) receives the Woman Grandmaster title if she did not already hold it.

A dispute in the 18th World Senior Chess Championship over the tiebreaker rules in use was resolved by FIDE by declaring two players joint winners of the men's section.

So far one World Chess ChampionVasily Smyslov – has gone on to win the World Senior Championship as well (at age of 70 in 1991). He has also been the first Senior World Chess Champion ever.

Julio Ernesto Granda Zuniga of Peru (born in 1967) is the youngest Senior World Chess Champion (in 2017) at age of 50. The oldest World Senior Champion is Viktor Korchnoi who won the title at age of 75 years (in 2006, his only participation).

History[edit]

The 8th World Senior Championship was held 9–23 November 1998 in Grieskirchen, Austria. Vladimir Bagirov (Latvia) won the 200-player men's section on tie-break over Wolfgang Uhlmann (Germany), both with 8.5/11. Ten players tied a half point behind with 8.0/11, including former World Championship Candidates Mark Taimanov and Borislav Ivkov, the first ever World Junior Chess Champion. WGM Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia) won the 24-player women's section outright with 9.5 points.

The 13th World Senior Championship was held 16–29 November 2003 in Bad Zwischenahn, Germany. IM Yuri Shabanov (Russia) won the 272-player men's section 9.0/11 on tie-break over GM Jānis Klovāns (Latvia) and IM Vladimir Bukal (Croatia). Khmiadashvili (Georgia) won the 22-player women's section 7.5/9 on tie-break over WGM Marta Litinskaya-Shul (Ukraine).

The 14th World Senior Championship was held 24 October–5 November 2004 in Halle (Saale), Germany. IM Yuri Shabanov (Russia) defended his championship, winning the 215-player men's section on a tie-break with five players scoring 8.5/11. GM Elena Fatalibekova (Russia) won the 19-player women's section outright with 8.0/9.

The 16th World Senior Chess Championship was held 11–23 September 2006 in Arvier, Italy. Former World Chess Championship challenger and top seed GM Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland) won the 126-player men's section 9.0/11. Competing in his first and sole Seniors' Championship, Korchnoi won his first four games, drew in the fifth round with Jānis Klovāns, and then won the next three again. Entering the ninth round with a full point lead, Korchnoi drew his final three games to take the € 3000 gold medal. WGM Ludmila Saunina (Russia), won the 14-player women's section by a full point, 8.5/11, to earn € 700.

Winners[edit]

# Year City Men's winner Women's winner
1 1991  Bad Wörishofen (Germany)  Vasily Smyslov (Russia)  Eva Ladanyine-Karakas (Hungary)
2 1992  Bad Wörishofen (Germany)  Efim Geller (Russia)  Eva Ladanyine-Karakas (Hungary)
3 1993  Bad Wildbad (Germany)  Mark Taimanov (Russia)  Tatiana Zatulovskaya (Russia)
4 1994  Biel/Bienne (Switzerland)  Mark Taimanov (Russia)  Eva Ladanyine-Karakas (Hungary)
5 1995  Bad Liebenzell (Germany)  Evgeny Vasiukov (Russia)  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia)
6 1996  Bad Liebenzell (Germany)  Alexey Suetin (Russia)  Valentina Kozlovskaya (Russia)
7 1997  Bad Wildbad (Germany)  Jānis Klovāns (Latvia)  Tatiana Zatulovskaya (Russia)
8 1998  Grieskirchen (Austria)  Vladimir Bagirov (Latvia)  Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
9 1999  Gladenbach (Germany)  Jānis Klovāns (Latvia)  Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
10 2000  Rowy (Poland)  Oleg Chernikov (Russia)  Elena Fatalibekova (Russia)
11 2001  Arco (Italy)  Jānis Klovāns (Latvia)  Elena Fatalibekova (Russia)
12 2002  Naumburg (Germany)  Jusefs Petkevich (Latvia)  Marta Litinskaya (Ukraine)
13 2003  Bad Zwischenahn (Germany)  Yuri Shabanov (Russia)  Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
14 2004  Halle, Saxony-Anhalt (Germany)  Yuri Shabanov (Russia)  Elena Fatalibekova (Russia)
15 2005  Lignano Sabbiadoro (Italy)  Liuben Spassov (Bulgaria)  Ludmila Saunina (Russia)
16 2006  Arvier (Italy)  Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland)  Ludmila Saunina (Russia)
17 2007  Gmunden (Austria)  Algimantas Butnorius (Lithuania)  Hanna Ereńska-Barlo (Poland)
18 2008  Bad Zwischenahn (Germany)  Larry Kaufman (USA) and  Mihai Suba (Romania)  Tamara Vilerte (Latvia)
19 2009  Condino (Italy)  Mišo Cebalo (Croatia)  Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia)
20 2010  Arco (Italy)  Anatoly Vaisser (France)  Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia)
21 2011  Opatija (Croatia)  Vladimir Okhotnik (France)  Galina Strutinskaya (Russia)
22 2012  Kamena Vourla (Greece)  Jens Kristiansen (Denmark)  Galina Strutinskaya (Russia)
23 2013  Opatija (Croatia)  Anatoly Vaisser (France)  Yelena Ankudinova (Kazakhstan)
24 2014  Katerini (Greece)  Anatoly Vaisser (France) (65+)
 Zurab Sturua (Georgia) (50+)
 Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
 Svetlana Mednikova (Russia) (50+)
25 2015  Acqui Terme (Italy)  Vladimir Okhotnik (France) (65+)
 Predrag Nikolic (Bosnia and Herzegovina) (50+)
 Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
 Galina Strutinskaia (Russia) (50+)
26 2016  Marianske Lazne (Czech Republic)  Anatoly Vaisser (France) (65+)
 Giorgi Bagaturov (Georgia) (50+)
 Nona Gaprindashvili (Georgia) (65+)
 Tatiana Bogumil (Russia) (50+)
27 2017  Acqui Terme (Italy)  Evgeny Sveshnikov (Russia) (65+)
 Julio Granda (Peru) (50+)
 Tamar Khmiadashvili (Georgia) (65+)
 Elvira Berend (Luxembourg) (50+)
28 2018  Bled (Slovenia)

See also[edit]

References[edit]