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|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1490s 1500s 1510s – 1520s – 1530s 1540s 1550s|
|Years:||1526 1527 1528 – 1529 – 1530 1531 1532|
|1529 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2282|
|Bahá'í calendar||−315 – −314|
|English Regnal year||20 Hen. 8 – 21 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4225 or 4165
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4226 or 4166
|- Vikram Samvat||1585–1586|
|- Shaka Samvat||1451–1452|
|- Kali Yuga||4630–4631|
|Japanese calendar||Kyōroku 2
|Minguo calendar||383 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2072|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1529.|
- March 7–March 9 – Battle of Shimbra Kure: Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi, with 200 men armed with matchlocks, defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia.
- April 8 – Flensburg Disputation, a debate, attended by Stadtholder Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (later King Christian III of Denmark) between Lutherans (led by Hermann Fast) and the more radical Anabaptists (led by Melchior Hoffman). Johannes Bugenhagen, a close associate of Martin Luther, presides. The Disputation marks the rejection of radical ideas by the Danish Reformation.
- April 19 – At the Diet of Speyer, a group of rulers (German: Fürst) and independent cities (German: Reichsstadt) protest the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms, beginning the Protestant movement.
- April 22 – The Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal, stipulating that the dividing line should lie 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
- May–July – Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, presides over a legatine court at Blackfriars, London, to rule on the legality of King Henry VIII of England's marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
- May 10 – The Turkish army under Suleiman I leaves Constantinople to invade Hungary once again.
- June 21 – War of the League of Cognac: Battle of Landriano: French forces in northern Italy are decisively defeated by Spain.
- July 30 – The only Continental outbreak of English sweating sickness reaches Lübeck, spreading from there into Schleswig-Holstein in the next few months.
- August 5 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Cambrai, or "Ladies' Peace" in the War of the League of Cognac: Francis abandons his claims in Italy, but is allowed to retain the Duchy of Burgundy. Henry VIII of England accedes on August 27.
- September 8
- September 23 – Siege of Vienna: Vienna is besieged by the Ottoman forces of Suleiman the Magnificent.
- October 15 – With the season growing late, Suleiman abandons the Siege of Vienna, a turning point in the Ottoman wars in Europe.
- October 26 – Cardinal Wolsey falls from power in England due to his failure to prevent Habsburg expansion in Europe and obtain an annulment of Henry VIII's marriage. Thomas More succeeds him as Lord Chancellor.
- November 4–December 17 – First sitting of the English Reformation Parliament.
- Aylesbury is granted the county town of Buckinghamshire in England by King Henry VIII.
- Stephen Báthory becomes governor of Transylvania.
- Boromrajathira IV succeeds Rama Thibodi II as king of Ayutthaya.
- Fluorine is first described by Georg Agricola.
- Giorgio Vasari visits Rome.
- Pietro Bembo becomes historiographer of Venice.
- Heinrich Bullinger becomes pastor of Bremgarten, Switzerland.
- Paracelsus visits Nürnberg.
- Paracelsus uses the name Paracelsus for the first time.
- Occultist Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa publishes Declamatio de nobilitate et praecellentia foeminei sexus ("Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female Sex"), a book pronouncing the theological and moral superiority of women.
- Blood libel against the Jewish community of Bosen (formerly in Hungary, today in the Czech Republic), on the first day of Passover. Three Jews are accused and killed, while the boy is discovered alive, kidnapped for the benefit of the scheme.
- February 23 – Onofrio Panvinio, Augustinian historian (d. 1568)
- April 3 – Michael Neander, German mathematician and historian (d. 1581)
- April 25 – Francesco Patrizi, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1597)
- June 7 – Étienne Pasquier, French lawyer, poet and author (d. 1615)
- June 14 – Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, regent of Tyrol and Further Austria (d. 1595)
- December 11 – Fulvio Orsini, humanist historian (d. 1600)
- date unknown
- January 7 – Peter Vischer the Elder, German sculptor (b. 1455)
- February 2 – Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer and diplomat (b. 1478)
- February 4 – Ludwig Haetzer, German Protestant reformer (executed) (b. 1500)
- April 20 – Silvio Passerini, cardinal and lord of Florence (b. 1469)
- June 21 – John Skelton, English poet (b. c. 1460)
- September 6 – George Blaurock, Swiss founder of the Anabaptist Church (b. 1491)
- November 20 – Karl von Miltitz, papal nuncio (b. c. 1490)
- date unknown
- probable – Lo Spagna, Italian painter
- possible – La Malinche, interpreter and translator for Hernán Cortés during the Conquest of Mexico
- Collins, WE (1903) The Scandinavian North, in AW Ward, GW Prothero & Stanley Leathes (eds.) The Cambridge Modern History. Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 599-638.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 142–145. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Christiansen, John (2009). "The English Sweat in Lübeck and North Germany, 1529". Medical History 53: 415–424. doi:10.1017/S0025727300004002.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 204–210. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.