From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1550s 1560s 1570s – 1580s – 1590s 1600s 1610s|
|Years:||1580 1581 1582 – 1583 – 1584 1585 1586|
|1583 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2336|
|English Regnal year||25 Eliz. 1 – 26 Eliz. 1|
— to —癸未年十一月十八日
|- Vikram Samvat||1639–1640|
|- Shaka Samvat||1505–1506|
|- Kali Yuga||4684–4685|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||583–584|
|Japanese calendar||Tenshō 11
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||329 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2126|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1583|
- January 18 – François, Duke of Anjou, attacks Antwerp.
- March 10 – The Queen Elizabeth's Men troupe of actors is founded.
- May – Battle of Shizugatake: Shibata Katsuie is defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
- July – Spanish admiral Santa Cruz defeats the Portuguese, French, and English off Terceira.
- August 5 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert, in what is now the city of St John's, Newfoundland, claims the island of Newfoundland on behalf of England, marking the beginning of the British Empire.
- August 19 – Petru Cercel enters Bucharest, and becomes Prince of Wallachia.
- Toyotomi Hideyoshi commences construction of Osaka Castle in Japan.
- King James VI of Scotland signs a charter creating Tounis College (now the University of Edinburgh). For some unknown reason, the charter is dated a year earlier, as 1582.
- The first documented battle of India's independence against a European colonial ruler is fought by the Desais of Cuncolim in Goa, against the Portuguese.
- The world's oldest, intact, still-surviving amusement park, Dyrehavsbakken, is founded.
- The Bunch Of Grapes pub is built on Narrow Street, London. Referred to by Charles Dickens in Our Mutual Friend as The Six Jolly Fellowship Porters, it still stands today renamed The Grapes
- January 8 – Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian (d. 1643)
- March 3 – Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, English diplomat, poet, and philosopher (d. 1648)
- April 10 – Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (d. 1645)
- June 16 – Axel Oxenstierna, Lord High Chancellor of Sweden (d. 1654)
- June 20 – Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
- July 2 – Dodo Knyphausen, German soldier (d. 1636)
- September – Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer (d. 1643)
- September 24 – Albrecht von Wallenstein, Austrian general (d. 1634)
- November 24 – Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)
- December 17 – Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey, English adventurer and soldier (d. 1642)
- December 25 – Orlando Gibbons, English composer (d. 1625)
- date unknown
- Hendrick Jacobszoon Lucifer, Dutch pirate and buccaneer (d. 1627)
- Johann Heinrich Alting, German divine (d. 1644)
- John Beaumont, English poet (d. 1627)
- Bonaventura Elzevir, Dutch printer (d. 1652)
- Stanisław Lubomirski, Polish nobleman (d. 1649)
- Philip Massinger, English dramatist (d. 1640)
- Hayashi Razan, Japanese neo-Confucianist scholar (d. 1657)
- March 18 – King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
- April – Lucas David, Prussian historian (b. 1503)
- May 6 – Zacharias Ursinus, German theologian (b. 1534)
- June 6
- June 9 – Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1525)
- June – Oda Nobutaka, Japanese samurai (b. 1558)
- July 1 – Sakuma Morimasa, Japanese samurai and warlord (beheaded)
- July 6 – Edmund Grindal, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1519)
- September 9 – Humphrey Gilbert, English explorer (born c. 1537)
- September 16 – Catherine Jagiellon, queen of John II of Sweden (b. 1526)
- November 11 – Gerald Fitzgerald, 15th Earl of Desmond, Irish rebel
- November 24 – René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
- December 14 – Ivan Fyodorov, Russian printer
- December 31 – Thomas Erastus, Swiss theologian (b. 1524)
- date unknown
- "The London Charles Dickens Knew", walksoflondon.co.uk.