1787 in science
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|List of years in science (table)|
|... 1777 . 1778 . 1779 . 1780 . 1781 . 1782 . 1783 ...
1784 1785 1786 -1787- 1788 1789 1790
... 1791 . 1792 . 1793 . 1794 . 1795 . 1796 . 1797 ...
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- January 11 - William Herschel discovers Titania and Oberon, the first moons of Uranus found.
- Caroline Herschel is granted an annual salary of £50 by King George III of Great Britain for acting as assistant to her brother William in astronomy.
- William Curtis begins publication of The Botanical Magazine; or Flower-Garden Displayed in London. As Curtis's Botanical Magazine, it will still be published into the 21st century.
- Spanish physician Francisco Xavier Cid publishes Tarantismo Observado en España, a study of tarantulas and the tarantella as a cure for their bite.
- King George III of Great Britain, writing as Ralph Robinson of Windsor, contributes to Arthur Young's Annals of Agriculture.
- Guyton de Morveau, Jean-Henri Hassenfratz, Antoine François, Antoine Lavoisier, Pierre Adet and Claude Berthollet publish Méthode de nomenclature chimique in Paris.
- Jacques Charles proposes Charles's law, a corollary of Boyle's law, describes relationship between temperature and volume of a gas.
- Antoine Lavoisier publishes Méthode de nomenclature chimique.
- Ernst Chladni publishes Entdeckungen über die Theorie des Klanges, demonstrating modes of vibration.
- June - William Symington patents improvements to the Watt steam engine.
- c. July - John Wilkinson launches an iron barge in the English Midlands.
- August 27 - Launching a 45-foot (14 m) steam-powered craft on the Delaware River, John Fitch demonstrates the first United States patent for his design.
- December 3 - James Rumsey demonstrates a water-jet propelled boat on the Potomac.
- First production of all-iron edge rail (for underground colliery rail transport), at Plymouth Ironworks, Merthyr Tydfil, South Wales.
- First introduction of a plateway, underground at Sheffield Park Colliery, Yorkshire, England, by John Curr.
- William Chapman designs a segmental skew arch at Finlay Bridge, Naas, on the Kildare Canal in Ireland.
- January 24 - Christophe-Paulin de La Poix de Fréminville (died 1848), French explorer and naturalist.
- March 6 - Joseph von Fraunhofer (died 1826), Bavarian physicist.
- March 8 - Karl Ferdinand von Graefe (died 1840), Polish-born German surgeon.
- March 16 - Georg Ohm (died 1854), German physicist.
- March 28 - Claudius James Rich (died 1821), British archaeologist and anthropologist.
- March 29 - Carl Philipp Sprengel (died 1859), German botanist.
- April 24 - Mathieu Orfila (died 1853), Spanish-born French physician and chemist.
- May 27 - Benjamin Valz (died 1867), French astronomer.
- June 2 - Nils Gabriel Sefström (died 1845), Swedish chemist and mineralogist.
- June 3 - Auguste Le Prévost (died 1859), French geologist, philologist, archaeologist and historian.
- June 4 - Constant Prévost (died 1856), French geologist.
- June 7 - William Conybeare (died 1857), English geologist.
- June 27 - Thomas Say (died 1834), American naturalist.
- August 16 - Jean Michel Claude Richard (died 1868), French botanist.
- August 24 - James Weddell (died 1834), Flemish-born Anglo-Scots seal hunter and Antarctic explorer.
- September 5 - François Sulpice Beudant (died 1850), French mineralogist et geologist.
- September 15 - Guillaume-Henri Dufour (died 1875), Swiss engineer et topographer.
- November 5 - John Richardson (died 1865), Scottish naturalist, explorer and surgeon.
- November 9 - Johann Natterer (died 1843), Austrian naturalist.
- November 18 - Louis Daguerre (died 1851), French inventor.
- December 17 (or 18) - Jan Evangelista Purkinje (died 1869), Czech anatomist et neurophysiologist.
- February 13 - Ruđer Bošković, Ragusan physicist, mathematician and astronomer (born 1711)
- May 10 - William Watson, English physician, botanist and physicist (born 1715)
- Ogilvie, Marilyn Bailey (1986). Women in Science: Antiquity through the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. pp. 97–98. ISBN 0-262-65038-X.
- "Jacques Alexandre César Charles". Centennial of Flight. U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. 2001. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- Harvey, W. S.; Downs-Rose, G. (1980). "The Improved Atmospheric Engine". William Symington, inventor and engine builder. London: Northgate Publishing. pp. 19–32. ISBN 0-85298-443-X.
- "John Wilkinson (1728 - 1808)". History - Historic Figures. BBC. Retrieved 2011-06-29.
- van Laun, John (2001). Early Limestone Railways. London: Newcomen Society. pp. 203–4. ISBN 0-904685-09-8.
- Occasional Paper (Railway and Canal Historical Society, Early Railway Group). 184,192.
- McCutcheon, W. Alan (1984). The Industrial Archaeology of Northern Ireland. Belfast: HMSO. p. 16. ISBN 0-8386-3125-8.