1943 in poetry
|List of years in poetry (table)|
|... 1933 . 1934 . 1935 . 1936 . 1937 . 1938 . 1939 ...
1940 1941 1942 -1943- 1944 1945 1946
... 1947 . 1948 . 1949 . 1950 . 1951 . 1952 . 1953 ...
In literature: 1940 1941 1942 -1943- 1944 1945 1946
|Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...|
- September 12 – Abraham Sutzkever, a Polish Jew writing poetry in Yiddish, escapes the Vilna Ghetto with his wife and hides in the forests. Sutzkever and fellow Yiddish poet Shmerke Kaczerginsky, fight against the Nazis as partisans. During the Nazi era, Sutzkever wrote more than eighty poems, whose manuscripts he manages to save for postwar publication.
- Babi Yar in poetry: poems are written about the 1941 Babi Yar massacres by Mykola Bazhan (Микола Бажан) of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ("Babi Yar"); Sava Holovanivskyi ("Avraam" (Abraham)) and Kievan poet Olga Anstei (Ольга Николаевна Анстей) ("Kirillovskie iary"; "Kirillov Ravines", another name for Babi Yar). She defects this year from the Soviet Union to the West with her husband
- Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels closes theaters and publishers in Germany.
- Ezra Pound, still in Italy, is indicted for treason by the United States Attorney General.
- Ottawa native Elizabeth Smart moves permanently to England.
- Philip Larkin graduates from the University of Oxford and obtains his first post as a librarian.
- Focus magazine founded in Jamaica.
- Poetry Scotland magazine founded in Glasgow.
- Publication of a new comprehensive edition of Friedrich Hölderlin's complete works (Sämtliche Werke, the "Große Stuttgarter Ausgabe"), begins.
Works published in English
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Archibald Lampman, At The Long Sault, edited by Duncan Campbell Scott and E.K. Brown, a selection from Lampman's unpublished manuscripts; posthumous edition
- Wilson MacDonald, Greater Poems Of The Bible: metrical versions, biblical forms, and original poems
- E.J. Pratt, Still Life and Other Verse, Toronto: Macmillan.
- A.J.M. Smith, News of the Phoenix and Other Poems. Toronto: Ryerson Press. Governor General's Award 1943.
- Ralph Gustafson, editor, Canadian Poets, published by New Directions
- A.J.M. Smith, The Book of Canadian Poetry anthology - introduction identified modern poets in Canada as either in "The Native Tradition" or "The Cosmopolitan Tradition";
- Sunderrao Rama Rao Dongerkery, The Ivory Tower ( Poetry in English ), Baroda: East and West Book House
- Punjalal, Lotus Petals ( Poetry in English ), Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo Ashram
- Krishna Shungloo, The Night is Heavy ( Poetry in English ), Lahore: Free India Publications
- K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar, Indo-Anglian Literature, a pioneering literary history
- Kenneth Allott, The Ventriloquist's Doll
- Lilian Bowes Lyon, Evening in Stepney
- Cecil Day-Lewis, Word Over All
- Keith Douglas, Selected Poems
- Lawrence Durrell, A Private Country
- T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets (first collected, in U.S.)
- David Gascoyne, Poems 1937–1942
- Geoffrey Grigson, Under the Cliff, and Other Poems
- Michael Hamburger, Friedrich Hölderlin: Poems
- J. F. Hendry, The Orchestral Mountain
- Sidney Keyes, The Cruel Solstice
- Rudyard Kipling, A Choice of Kipling's Verse, edited by T. S. Eliot
- John Pudney, Beyond This Disregard
- Kathleen Raine, Stone and Flower, with drawings by Barbara Hepworth
- Keidrych Rhys, pen name of William Ronald Rhys Jones, editor, More Poems From The Forces, anthology
- William Soutar, But the Earth Abideth
- Dylan Thomas, New Poems, Welsh
- Terence Tiller, The Inward Animal
- Leonard Bacon, Day of Fire
- Stephen Vincent Benet, Western Star
- Kenneth Fearing, Afternoon of a Pawnbroker
- Robert Fitzgerald, A Wreath for the Sea
- Langston Hughes, Freedom's Plow
- Weldon Kees, The Last Man
- Archibald MacLeish, Colloquy for the States
- Edna St. Vincent Millay, Collected Lyrics
- Kenneth Patchen, Cloth of the Tempest
- Carl Sandburg, Home Front Memo
- Delmore Schwartz, Genesis: Book One
- Yvor Winters, The Giant Weapon, New Directions
- Elinor Wylie, Last Poems
Other in English
Works published in other languages
Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:
- Louis Aragon, Le Musee Grevin
- Lanza del Vasto, Le Pèlerinage aux sources
- Andrée Chedid, On the Trails of my Fancy
- Robert Desnos, État de veille
- Luc Estang, Mystère apprivoisé
- André Frénaud, Les Rois Mages, Anthony Hartley called this book, "probably the best book of verse published at this time"; first edition (revised edition, 1966)
- Jean Follain, Usage de temps
- Francis Jammes, Elégies et poésies diverses
- André Pieyre de Mandiargues, Dans les années sordides
- Jules Supervielle, Poèmes de la France malheureuse
- Raymond Queneau, Les Ziaux
Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:
- Abdul Shakoor, Daur-i jadid ke cand muntakhab Hindu shu'ara, short biographical sketches and reviews of Hindu poets in the Urdu language
- Acharya Bhagvat, Jivan Ani Sahitya, essays in Marathi, mostly translated from Bengali and Gujarati, including some on which are on Rabindranath Tagore; criticism
- Akhtarul Imam, Girdab, Urdu-language
- Balvantrai Thakore, Navin Kavita Vise Vyakkyano, published lectures in Gujarati by this poet and critic on the forms of Gujarati poetry; criticism
- Bawa Balwant Juala Mukhi, Punjabi
- D. R. Bendre, Meghaduta, translation into Kannada from the Sanskrit of Kalidasa's Meghaduta; the translation is in a modified ragale meter; one of the most popular translations of that poet into the Kannada language
- D. V. Gundappa, Mankuthimmana Kagga, "Song of Mankutimma", Kannada
- G. V. Krishna Rao, Kavya Jagattu, on Marxism, Freudian thought and Indian poetics; Telugu; criticism
- Gauri Shankar Bhadrawahi, Srimad Bhagvadgita, translation into Dogri–Badrawahi from the Sanskrit original
- Lutif Allah Badvi, Tazkira-Elutfi, first volume of a Sindhi-language history of Sindhi poetry (see also Volume 2, 1946, Volume 3 1952)
- Makhan Lal Chaturvedi, Sahitya Devata, essays in literary criticism; Hindi
- Narayan Bezbarua, Mahatmar Maha Prayanat, Indian, Assamese-language
- Agyeya, Tar Saptak, groundbreaking Hindi anthology of seven previously unpublished poets which began the Prayogvad ("Experimentalism") movement; that, in turn, grew into the Nayi kavita ("New Poetry") movement in Hindi poetry. "The importance of Tar Saptak to the development of Hindi verse cannot be overstated", according to Ludmila L. Rosenstein. The movement got its name as a derisive term coined by critics who noted the constant use of the word prayog ("experimentalism") in Agyeya's introduction. That introduction and later writings by Agyeya made him one of the chief literary critics in India in the rest of the 20th century. The anthology was reprinted in new editions, with the sixth appearing in 1996. The seven poets in this edition: Agyeya, Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh, Shamsher Bahadur Singh, Raghuvir Sahay, Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, Kunwar Narain and Kedarnath Singh.
- Vijayrai Vaidya, Gujarati Sahityani Ruprekha, a Gujarati history of the literature in that language; scholarship
- Chairil Anwar, "Aku" ("Me"), Indonesian
- Odysseus Elytis, Sun the First, Greek
- Gerardo Diego, Poemas adrede ("Purposeful Poems");Spain
- Sorley MacLean, Dàin do Eimhir agus Dàin Eile, Scottish Gaelic
- Eugenio Montale, Finisterre, a chapbook of poetry, smuggled into Switzerland by Gianfranco Contini; Lugano: the Collana di Lugano (June 24); second edition, 1945, Florence: Barbèra; Italy
- César Moro, pen name of César Quíspez Asín, Le château de grisou, Peru
- Luis Rosales and Luis Felipe Vivanco, editors, Sonetos à la piedra ("Sonnets to Stone"), anthology of heroic poetry; Spain
- Ole Sarvig, Grønne Digte ("Green Poems"), the author's first book of poems; Denmark
Awards and honors
- Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Allen Tate appointed this year. He would serve until 1943.
- Frost Medal: Edna St. Vincent Millay
- Governor General's Award, poetry or drama: News of the Phoenix, A.J.M. Smith (Canada) 
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- April 22 – Louise Glück, American poet
- May 11 – Michael Palmer, American poet, translator, and winner of 2006 Wallace Stevens Award.
- June 7 – Nikki Giovanni, African American poet, activist and author
- July 21 – Tess Gallagher, American poet, essayist, novelist, and playwright.
- September 12 – Michael Ondaatje, Canadian-Sri Lankan novelist and poet whose Booker Prize winning novel, The English Patient, was adapted into an Academy-Award-winning film
- October 2 – Franklin Rosemont (died 2009), American Surrealist poet, labor historian and co-founder of the Chicago Surrealist Group
- December 8:
- December 9 – Michael Krüger, German poet, writer, publisher and translator
- John Balaban, American poet and translator
- Alan Bold (died 1998), Scottish
- Alfred Corn, American poet and essayist
- Emanuel di Pasquale
- Tridib Mitra, Bengali poet associated with the 1961–1965 Hungryalism (or "Hungry Generation") movement
- Ron Smith, Canadian poet, author, playwright and publisher
- Frederick Turner (poet), English poet, critic and academic in the United States; former editor of The Kenyon Review
- Ellen Bryant Voigt, American
- Bill Zavatsky
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 3 – F. M. Cornford, 68 (born 1874), English classical scholar and poet
- February 27 – Kostis Palamas, Greek
- March 10 – Lawrence Binyon, 72 (born 1869), English poet, dramatist and art scholar
- March 13 – Stephen Vincent Benét, 44 (born 1898), American poet
- March 19 – Tsugi Takano 鷹野 つぎ (born 1890), Japanese novelist and poet (a woman; surname: Takano)
- April 29 – Sidney Keyes (born 1922), English poet killed in action in Tunisia
- October 7 – Marguerite Radclyffe-Hall, 63, English poet and author of the lesbian novel The Well of Loneliness
- October 24 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau (born 1912), Canadian considered "Quebec's first truly modern poet"
- November 26 – Charles G. D. Roberts (born 1860), Canadian poet and writer known as the "Father of Canadian Poetry" because he served as an inspiration for other writers of his time; also known as one of the "Confederation poets" (together with his cousin Bliss Carman, William Wilfred Campbell Archibald Lampman and Duncan Campbell Scott)
- December 2
- Guido Mazzoni, Italian poet
- Sanjayan, pen name of M. R. Nayar (born 1903), Indian, Malayalam-language poet and academic
- K. V. Simon, (born 1883), Indian, Malayalam-language poet
- William Soutar, leading poet of the Scottish Literary Renaissance. Bedridden from 1930, he eventually contracted and died of tuberculosis.
- "Первые стихи о Бабьем Яре. Людмила Титова". Babiy-Yar.Livejournal.com. 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- Beevor, Antony (2011). A Writer at War: Vasily Grossman with the Red Army. Random House. ISBN 0307363783.
- Shrayer, Boston College, 2010, p. 78, retrieved 2013-02-20, "Section II."
- "Literature and Music (see: Ol'ga Anstei)". Kiev Gubernia, Ukraine. JewishGen Kehilalinks. 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2013-02-21.
- Ackroyd, Peter (1980). "Chronology". Ezra Pound. London: Thames and Hudson Ltd. p. 118.
- "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii and following pages, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 978-0-313-31747-7, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009
- Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
- Search results: Wilson MacDonald, Open Library, Web, May 10, 2011.
- "Bibliography", Selected Poems of E. J. Pratt, Peter Buitenhuis ed., Toronto: Macmillan, 1968, 207-208.
- Gnarowsky, Michael, "Poetry in English, 1918-1960", article in The Canadian Encyclopedia, retrieved February 8, 2009
- Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0-391-03286-0, ISBN 978-0-391-03286-6), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 319, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
- Vinayak Krishna Gokak, The Golden Treasury Of Indo-Anglian Poetry (1828-1965), p 322, New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi (1970, first edition; 2006 reprint), ISBN 81-260-1196-3, retrieved August 6, 2010
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- Cox, Michael, ed. (2004). The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860634-6.
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press
- Richard Ellmann and Robert O'Clair, editors, The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, W. W. Norton & Company, 1973, ISBN 0-393-09357-3
- Allen Curnow Web page at the New Zealand Book Council website, accessed April 21, 2008
- Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0-394-52197-8
- Brée, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
- Hartley, Anthony, editor, "Introduction", p li, The Penguin Book of French Verse: 4: The Twentieth Century, Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1967
- Web page titled "POET Francis Jammes (1868–1938)", at The Poetry Foundation website, retrieved August 30, 2009. Archived 2009-09-03.
- Hartley, Anthony, editor, The Penguin Book of French Verse: 4: The Twentieth Century, Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1967
- Rosenstein, Ludmila L., New poetry in Hindi: an anthology, translated by the author, Anthem Press, 2004, p 8, ISBN 1-84331-124-0, ISBN 978-1-84331-124-9, retrieved via Google Books on June 10, 2009
- Debicki, Andrew P., Spanish Poetry of the Twentieth Century: Modernity and Beyond, University Press of Kentucky, 1995, ISBN 978-0-8131-0835-3, retrieved via Google Books, November 21, 2009
- "Poetical Works". Sorley MacLean. Retrieved 2011-04-01.
- Eugenio Montale, Collected Poems 1920-1954, translated and edited by Jonathan Galassi, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998, ISBN 0-374-12554-6
- Fitts, Dudley, editor, Anthology of Contemporary Latin-American Poetry/Antología de la Poesía Americana Contemporánea Norfolk, Conn., New Directions, (also London: The Falcoln Press, but this edition was "Printed in U.S.A.), 1947, p 621
- "Danish Poetry" article, p 273, in Preminger, Alex and T. V. F. Brogan, et al., The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993. New York: MJF Books/Fine Communications
- "Cumulative List of Winners of the Governor General's Literary Awards", Canada Council. Web, Feb. 10, 2011. http://www.canadacouncil.ca/NR/rdonlyres/E22B9A3C-5906-41B8-B39C-F91F58B3FD70/0/cumulativewinners2010rev.pdf
- Paniker, Ayyappa, "Modern Malayalam Literature" chapter in George, K. M., editor, ' 'Modern Indian Literature, an Anthology' ', pp 231–255, published by Sahitya Akademi, 1992, retrieved January 10, 2009