National Film Award for Best Music Direction

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National Film Award for Best Music Direction
Type National
Category Indian Cinema
Description Best Music Direction and background score for a feature film of the year
Instituted 1967 (Songs)
1994 (Background Score)
First awarded 1967 (Songs)
1994 (Background Score)
Last awarded 2013
Total awarded 47 (Songs)
6 (Background Score)
Awarded by Directorate of Film Festivals
Cash award INR50,000 (US$820)
Medal Rajat Kamal (Silver Lotus)
First awardee(s) K. V. Mahadevan
Recent awardee(s) Kabir Suman (Songs)
Shantanu Moitra (Background Score)

The National Film Award for Best Music Direction, is an honour (Silver Lotus Award) presented annually at the National Film Awards by the Directorate of Film Festivals to a musician who has composed the best score for films produced with in the Indian film industry. The award was first introduced at the 15th National Film Awards in 1967. At the 42nd National Film Awards, an award for "Best Background Score" was instituted. It was however discontinued after that and it was not until the 2009 that the category was re-introduced. Throughout the past 46 years the Government of India has presented a total of 53 awards—including award for Best Background score—to 40 different composers.

Although the Indian film industry produces films in around 20 languages and dialects,[1] the recipients of the award include those who have worked in seven major languages: Hindi (17 awards), Telugu (7 awards), Malayalam (7 awards), Tamil (6 awards), Bengali (6 awards), Kannada (4 awards) and Marathi (2 awards).

The first recipient of the award was K. V. Mahadevan who was honoured for his composition in the from Tamil film Kandan Karunai (1967).[2] A. R. Rahman and Ilaiyaraaja are the most frequent winners having won the awards four times.[a] Jaidev is the second-most winner with three awards.[3] Five musicians—B. V. Karanth, Mahadevan, Satyajit Ray, Johnson and Vishal Bhardwaj—have won the award twice each. Ilaiyaraaja is the only composer to have won the award for working in three different languages—Telugu, Tamil and Malayalam—while Rahman won the award for performing in two different languages—Tamil and Hindi—including one for his debut film Roja (1992).[4][b]

Johnson won the first inaugural "Best Background Score" award—for Sukrutham—in 1994. When the award was reinstated in 2009, Ilaiyaraaja won it for the Malayalam film Pazhassi Raja.[7] Kabir Suman and Shantanu Moitra are the most recent recipients of the award for "Best Score" and "Best Background Score" for their work in Jaatishwar and Na Bangaaru Talli respectively.

Winners[edit]

dagger Indicates winner for Best Background Score
List of award recipients, showing the year (award ceremony), film(s), language(s) and citation
Year Image Recipient(s) Film(s) Language Citation
1967
(15th)
 – K. V. Mahadevan[8] Kandan Karunai Tamil  –
1968
(16th)
 – Kalyanji Anandji[9] Saraswatichandra Hindi  –
1969
(17th)
 – S. Mohinder[10] Nanak Nam Jahaz Hai Punjabi  –
1970
(18th)
 – Madan Mohan[11] Dastak Hindi  –
1971
(19th)
 – Jaidev[12][13] Reshma Aur Shera Hindi  –
1972
(20th)
 – Sachin Dev Burman[14] Zindagi Zindagi Hindi  –
1973
(21st)
SatyajitRay.jpg Satyajit Ray[15] Ashani Sanket Bengali  –
1974
(22nd)
 – Ananda Shankar[16] Chorus Bengali  –
1975
(23rd)
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Assam, India.jpg Bhupen Hazarika[17] Chameli Memsaab Assamese  –
1976
(24th)
 – B. V. Karanth[18] Rishya Shringa Kannada  –
1977
(25th)
 – B. V. Karanth[19] Ghatashraddha Kannada
1978
(26th)
 – Jaidev[20] Gaman Hindi
1979
(27th)
 – K. V. Mahadevan[21] Sankarabharanam Telugu  –
1980
(28th)
SatyajitRay.jpg Satyajit Ray[22] Hirak Rajar Deshe Bengali
1981
(29th)
Khayyam.jpg Khayyam[23] Umrao Jaan Hindi
1982
(30th)
 – Ramesh Naidu[24] Meghasandesam Telugu
1983
(31st)
Ilaiyaraaja BHung.jpg Ilaiyaraaja[25] Saagara Sangamam Telugu
1984
(32nd)
 – Jaidev[26] Ankahee Hindi  –
1985
(33rd)
Ilaiyaraaja BHung.jpg Ilaiyaraaja[27] Sindhu Bhairavi Tamil
1986
(34th)
Bmk.JPG M. Balamuralikrishna[28] Madhavacharya Kannada
1987
(35th)
 – Vanraj Bhatia[29] Tamas Hindi
1988
(36th)
Ilaiyaraaja BHung.jpg Ilaiyaraaja[30] Rudra Veena Telugu
1989
(37th)
 – Sher Chowdhary[31] Wosobipo Karbi
1990
(38th)
Hridaynath-Mangeshkar-2008.JPG Hridaynath Mangeshkar[32] Lekin... Hindi
1991
(39th)
 – Rajat Dholakia[33] Dharavi Hindi
1992
(40th)
AR Rahman-2.jpg A. R. Rahman[34] Roja[b] Tamil
1993
(41st)
Johnson (composer).jpg Johnson[35] Ponthan Mada Malayalam
1994
(42nd)
 – Ravi (Bombay)[36]  • Sukrutham
 • Parinayam
Malayalam
1994
(42nd)
Johnson (composer).jpg Johnson[36] dagger Sukrutham Malayalam
1995
(43rd)
Hamsalekha.jpg Hamsalekha[37] Sangeetha Sagara Ganayogi Panchakshara Gavai Kannada
1996
(44th)
AR Rahman-2.jpg A. R. Rahman[38] Minsara Kanavu Tamil
1997
(45th)
 – M. M. Keeravani[39] Annamayya Telugu
1998
(46th)
Vishal Bhardwaj 2010 - still 110691 crop.jpg Vishal Bhardwaj[40] Godmother Hindi
1999
(47th)
Ismail Darbar at Vestoria fashion show (19).jpg Ismail Darbar[41] Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam Hindi
2000
(48th)
Anu Malik 2009 - still 88210 crop.jpg Anu Malik[42] Refugee Hindi
2001
(49th)
AR Rahman-2.jpg A. R. Rahman[43] Lagaan Hindi
2002
(50th)
AR Rahman-2.jpg A. R. Rahman[44] Kannathil Muthamittal Tamil
2003
(51st)
Shankar Ehsaan Loy.jpg Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy[45] Kal Ho Naa Ho Hindi
2004
(52nd)
 – Vidyasagar[46] Swarabhishekam Telugu
2005
(53rd)
 – Lalgudi Jayaraman[47] Sringaram Tamil
2006
(54th)
 – Ashok Patki[48] Antarnad Konkani
2007
(55th)
 – Ouseppachan[49] Ore Kadal Malayalam
2008
(56th)
Ajay-Atul 1.jpg Ajay-Atul[50] Jogwa Marathi
2009
(57th)
Amit Trivedi.jpg Amit Trivedi[51] Dev.D Hindi
2009
(57th)
Ilaiyaraaja BHung.jpg Ilaiyaraaja[51] dagger Pazhassi Raja Malayalam
2010
(58th)
Vishal Bhardwaj 2010 - still 110691 crop.jpg Vishal Bhardwaj[52] Ishqiya Hindi
2010
(58th)
 – Isaac Thomas Kottukapally[52] dagger Adaminte Makan Abu Malayalam
2011
(59th)
 – Neel Dutt[53] Ranjana Ami Ar Ashbona Bengali
2011
(59th)
 – Mayookh Bhaumik[53] dagger Laptop Bengali
2012
(60th)
 – Shailendra Barve[54] Samhita Marathi
2012
(60th)
 – Bijibal[54] dagger Kaliyachan Malayalam
2013
(61st)
 – Kabir Suman[55] Jaatishwar Bengali
2013
(61st)
Shantunu moitra.jpg Shantanu Moitra[55] dagger Na Bangaaru Talli Telugu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ilaiyaraaja's four awards include one for best background score.
  2. ^ a b The jury of the 40th National Film Awards were tied between Rahman and Ilaiyaraaja—for Thevar Magan—before Balu Mahendra, the chairman voted in favour of Rahman.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About National Film Awards". Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Narayanan, Arjun (13 December 2009). "Much more than the name of a raga". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  3. ^ Parvez, Amjad (21 December 2010). "Jaidev and his unforgettable music". Daily Times (Pakistan). Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Nagarajan, Saraswathy (16 June 2006). "Of rhythm and soul". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Mathai, Kamini (2009). A.R. Rahman: The Musical Storm. Penguin Books India. pp. 99–100. ISBN 978-0-670-08371-8. 
  6. ^ Moviebuzz (15 July 2011). "Everybody wants a piece of ARR!". Sify. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Karthikeyan, D. (15 July 2011). "Three gems who changed the course of cinema". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "15th National Film Awards" (PDF). International Film Festival of India. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "16th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "17th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "18th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Jaidev@downmelodylane". Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Jaidev Awards@IMDB". Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "20th National Film Awards". International Film Festival of India. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "21st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "22nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 1 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "23rd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  18. ^ Murali, Janaki (6 September 2002). "Trust plans all round tribute to B.V. Karanth". The Hindu (Bangalore). Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "25th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  20. ^ "26th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  21. ^ Narayanan, Arjun (13 December 2009). "Much more than the name of a raga". Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  22. ^ "28th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  23. ^ "29th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  24. ^ "30th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  25. ^ "31st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  26. ^ "32nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  27. ^ "33rd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  28. ^ "34th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 7 January 2012. 
  29. ^ "35th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  30. ^ "36th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  31. ^ "37th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 29 January 2012. 
  32. ^ "38th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  33. ^ "39th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 27 February 2012. 
  34. ^ "40th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  35. ^ "41st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  36. ^ a b "42nd National Film Awards (PDF)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 6-7. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  37. ^ "43rd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  38. ^ "44th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 9 January 2012. 
  39. ^ "45th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
  40. ^ "46th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  41. ^ "47th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  42. ^ "48th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  43. ^ "49th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  44. ^ "50th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  45. ^ "51st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  46. ^ "52nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 28 January 2012. 
  47. ^ "53rd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  48. ^ "54th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  49. ^ "55th National Film Awards (PDF)" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. p. 14-15. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  50. ^ "56th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  51. ^ a b "57th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 28 March 2012. 
  52. ^ a b "58th National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  53. ^ a b "59th National Film Awards for the Year 2011 Announced". Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  54. ^ a b "60th National Film Awards Announced" (PDF) (Press release). Press Information Bureau (PIB), India. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  55. ^ a b "61st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. 16 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014. 

External links[edit]