683 series

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683 series
JRW 683 Series01.JPG
683-2000 series on Shirasagi service, July 2007
In service 2001–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo
Family name A-train
Replaced 485 series
Constructed 2001–2011
Number built 270 vehicles
Number in service 261 vehicles (JR West)
9 vehicles (Hokuetsu Express)
Formation 3/5/6/9 cars per trainset
Operator JR West (2001–)
Hokuetsu Express (2005–)
Depot(s) Kyoto, Kanazawa
Line(s) served Tokaido Main Line, Kosei Line, Hokuriku Main Line, Nanao Line, Shinetsu Main Line, Joetsu Line, Hokuetsu Express Hokuhoku Line
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium alloy, double-skin
Maximum speed 160 km/h (100 mph) (683-4000/5000/8000 series)
130 km/h (80 mph) (683-0/1000/2000/3000 series)[1]
Traction system Variable frequency (3-level IGBT)
Electric system(s) 20 kV AC 60 Hz / 1,500 V DC overhead
Current collection method WPS27C scissors-type pantograph
WPS28D single-arm pantograph (683-4000/5000 series)
Braking system(s) Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes, snow-resistant brake
Safety system(s) ATS-SW, ATS-P
Multiple working 681 series
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 683 series (683系?) is a dual-voltage electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) and Hokuetsu Express on limited express services in Japan since 2001.

Variants[edit]

  • 683-0 series (Thunderbird)
  • 683-1000 series (Thunderbird)
  • 683-2000 series (Shirasagi and Thunderbird)
  • 683-3000 series (Shirasagi and Thunderbird)
  • 683-4000 series (Thunderbird)
  • 683-5000 series (Thunderbird)
  • 683-8000 series (Hokuetsu Express Hakutaka)

Operations[edit]

JR West[edit]

Hokuetsu Express[edit]

JR Central[edit]

  • Home Liner Ōgaki rapid service
  • Home Liner Sekigahara rapid service


Formations[edit]

The various formations are configured as follows.

3-car sets[edit]

Thunderbird sets[edit]

Designation Tpc M T'c
Numbering KuHa 682-500 MoHa 683-1300 KuHa 683-700
Designation Tpc T Mc
Numbering KuHa 682-2700 SaHa 683-2400 KuMoHa 683-3500

Shirasagi sets[edit]

Designation Mc T Tpc
Numbering KuMoHa 683-3500 SaHa 683-2400 KuHa 682-2700

Hakutaka sets[edit]

Designation T'c M Tpc
Numbering KuHa 683-8700 MoHa 683-8000 KuHa 682-8500

The KuHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

5-car sets[edit]

Shirasagi sets[edit]

Designation Mc T Tp M Tpsc
Numbering KuMoHa 683-3500 SaHa 683-2500 SaHa 682-2200 MoHa 683-3400 KuRo 682-2000

The SaHa 682 and KuRo 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

6-car sets[edit]

Thunderbird sets[edit]

Designation Tsc Tp M T Tp Mc
Numbering KuRo 683 SaHa 682 MoHa 683-1000 SaHa 683-300 SaHa 682 KuMoHa 683-1500

Hakutaka sets[edit]

Designation Mc Tp T M Tp Tsc
Numbering KuMoHa 683-8700 SaHa 682-8000 SaHa 683-8000 MoHa 683-8300 SaHa 682-8000 KuRo 683-8000

The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

9-car sets[edit]

Thunderbird sets[edit]

Designation Tsc Tp M Tp M T T Tp Mc
Numbering KuRo 683-4500 SaHa 682-4300 MoHa 683-5400 SaHa 682-4400 MoHa 683-5000 SaHa 683-4700 SaHa 683-4800 SaHa 682-4300 KuMoHa 683-5500

The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one single-arm pantograph.

Interior[edit]

Future developments[edit]

All of the 683 series trainsets used on Thunderbird limited express services are scheduled to undergo a programme of refurbishment from autumn 2015 until the end of fiscal 2018.[3]

References[edit]

  • オールガイド 681・683系 [Full Guide: 681/683 Series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 49 (577): 56–65. May 2009. 
  • 北越急行681・683系 [Hokuetsu Express 681/683 Series]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 49 (577): 46–55. May 2009. 
  • JR電車編成表 '07冬号 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9. 
  1. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006] (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 4-7770-0453-8. 
  2. ^ "Railnews". Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd.) 55 (647): p.171. March 2015. 
  3. ^ より快適に!北陸~近畿を結ぶ特急「サンダーバード」、車両リニューアルへ [Rolling stock to be refurbished for Thunderbird limited express trains linking Hokuriku and Kinki] (in Japanese). Japan: Tetsudo Shimbun. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2015.