Bert Eriksson

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Armand Albert (Bert) Eriksson (June 30, 1931 – October 2, 2005) was a leading Flemish neo-Nazi and Flemish nationalist.

Biography[edit]

Born in Antwerp to an Eastern Swedish father and Flemish mother, Eriksson became a Nazi at an early age and joined the Hitler Youth before the end of the Second World War. A staunch anti-communist, he went in 1950 to fight in the Korean War.

In 1968 he opened a cafe, 'Den Odal', in Antwerp which became a leading centre for neo-Nazis after the War. He took command of the Vlaamse Militanten Orde (VMO) in the 1971 after it had been disbanded by founder Bob Maes and turned it towards a more extreme right path.[1] After the VMO was outlawed in 1984 he became associated with the Flemish Block, as well as the Odal Group, which presented itself as the successor to the VMO. As VMO leader Eriksson had been brought to trial in 1981 on charges of leading a private army but, although initially found guilty, he was acquitted by the Antwerp court of appeal in June 1982.[2] The VMO itself continued in defiance of the ban although Eriksson's leadership came to an end in 1985 when Jan Eggermont took over.[3] Eriksson had come to attention in 1973 by going to Austria and digging up the remains of Belgian collaborator Cyriel Verschaeve, which he then reburied in Alveringem.[4] He later claimed to have done the same with the remains of Staf De Clercq and Anton Mussert.

Eriksson had been at the heart of the formation of the Flemish Block, setting up a series of talks in 1978 between right wing leaders that ultimately led to the formation of the party.

He also went on to be associated with the Wehrwolf-Verbond, an anti-Semitic group based in Antwerp, and addressed their rally in 1996.[5]

He died in Westdorpe, Netherlands from lung disease, aged 73.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cas Mudde, The Ideology of the Extreme Right, Manchester University Press, 2000, p. 84
  2. ^ Paul Wilkinson, The New Fascists, Pan Books, 1983, pp. 148-149
  3. ^ Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 508
  4. ^ Karen Dale Shelby, Conflicted Nationalism and World War I in Belgium: Memory and Museum Design, ProQuest, 2008, p. 106
  5. ^ [1]

External links[edit]