The territory of Goa in south India was a colony of Portugal. Fr. Antonio Alvarez who was a Roman Catholic priest at the time, opposed the ‘Concordat’ of the Pope and interference of the Government in Church administration. His pro-Independence periodicals which were also critical of the Roman Catholic Church were banned. He was excommunicated, stripped naked and paraded through the streets. He left the Church with some hundreds of Goan Catholic families and joined the Malankara Orthodox Church, and the Brahmavar community has come into existence since then as a part of the Indian Orthodox Church.