Camiers

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Camiers
Camiers is located in France
Camiers
Camiers
Coordinates: 50°34′00″N 1°36′52″E / 50.5667°N 1.6144°E / 50.5667; 1.6144Coordinates: 50°34′00″N 1°36′52″E / 50.5667°N 1.6144°E / 50.5667; 1.6144
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Montreuil
Canton Étaples
Area
 • Land1 16.13 km2 (6.23 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 2,252
 • Population2 density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62201 / 62176
Elevation 2–176 m (6.6–577.4 ft)
(avg. 23 m or 75 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Camiers is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in Nord-Pas-de-Calais in France.

Geography[edit]

The area of the commune is 16 km2 (6.2 sq mi). The village of Camiers itself is small and stands just inland from the dunes on the south-west and west-facing coast just north of Étaples. The space between the village and the mouth of the River Canche is occupied by a nature reserve in the dunes. The local solid geology is the Cretaceous plateau of Artois with the Boulonnais just to the north. In its highest part, the commune rises onto the Upper Cretaceous at 176 metres but most lies on the levelled marine sand which in the medieval period, was off-shore.

The coastal road, the D940 now by-passes the village to the west while the main traffic between Calais and Abbeville is carried by the Autoroute A16 on the higher ground to the east. The Autoroute briefly passes through the eastern extremity of the commune.

History[edit]

Camiers belonged to the Lordship of Noailles. However the waters of the lagoon between the dunes and the shore of the solid geology, for many years, presented an obstacle to its development.

During the First World War the flat lands were the site of the huge base depôt of the British army in France. It is usually known nowadays as Étaples camp. Through most of the war, close to it and part of the same complex, Camiers camp was the base depôt, in France, of the Machine Gun Corps. Its home base depôt was at Belton Park, near Grantham.

Demography[edit]

In 1999, there were 2,076 households of which 260 were of one person.

Historical population of Camiers
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999
Population 1764 2088 2064 2093 2176 2252
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Sites and monuments[edit]

  • Camiers mill
  • Saint Gabriel Plage. Location of the Grand Hôtel, which was destroyed by the sea in 1912.
  • Sainte Cécile Plage. Most visitors go there for swimming.
  • Hotel les Cedres - Schools stay there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]