|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2009)|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Alain Chevalier|
|• Land1||8.37 km2 (3.23 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||62811 / 62129|
|Elevation||31–116 m (102–381 ft)
(avg. 38 m or 125 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Thérouanne is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France. It is located 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Aire-sur-la-Lys and 13 km (8.1 mi) south of Saint-Omer, on the D157 and D341 road junction.
|From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
At the time of the Gauls, Tarwanna or Tervanna was the capital of the Belgian tribe of the Morini. After the Romans conquered Gaul, they too made the city the capital of the Civitas Morinorum district.
In the 7th century, probably around 639, Saint Audomar (Saint Omer) established the bishopric of Terwaan or Terenburg, the diocese of Thérouanne, which during the Middle Ages controlled a large part of the left bank of the river Scheldt. Territorially it was part of the county of Artois which belonged to the county of Flanders.
Thanks to that ecclesiastical control of some of the most prosperous cities north of the Alps, like Arras and Ypres, the bishopric was able to build a cathedral which was at the time the largest in France.
The town was captured by the Emperor Maximilian and Henry VIII from the French in 1513 after the battle of the Spurs. In 1553 Charles V besieged Thérouanne, then a French enclave in the Holy Roman Empire, in revenge for a defeat by the French at Metz. After he captured the city he ordered it to be razed, the roads to be broken up, and the area to be ploughed and salted.[dubious ] Only a small commune which lay outside the city walls, then named Saint-Martin-Outre-Eaux, was left standing, and later (probably around 1800) took over the name Thérouanne. Part of the portal of the cathedral was acquired by Saint-Omer; a colossal statue of Christ is all that is left of it these days.
- Saint Audomar, founder, 637-c.670
- Hunfrid of Prüm (d. 871)
- A certain Adam, 1213–1229 List of religious leaders in 1220
- Antipope Clement VII, 1361–1368
- John, Cardinal of Lorraine (d. 1550)
Places of interest
- The church of Saint Martin, dating from the nineteenth century.
- The archaeological site, remains of the medieval city.
- Eustace Grenier (d. 1123), crusader lord and Constable of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
- The football manager Gérard Houllier was born in Therouanne.
- Jeff Rider and Benoît-Michel Tock (editors). 2010. Le Diocèse de Thérouanne au Moyen Age. Arras: Commission départementale d’Histoire et d’Archéologie du Pas-de-Calais. ISBN 9782900643242.
- INSEE commune file
- salting is mentioned in Elise Whitlock Rose, Cathedrals and Cloisters of Northern France, p. 8, but this is not a reliable historical source.
- Thérouanne on the Quid website (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thérouanne.|