Vimy

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This article is about the French town. For the bomber aircraft, see Vickers Vimy. For the First World War battle, see Battle of Vimy Ridge. For the racehorse, see Vimy (horse). For the hamlet in Canada, see Vimy, Alberta.
Vimy
Vimy city hall
Vimy city hall
Vimy is located in France
Vimy
Vimy
Coordinates: 50°22′24″N 2°48′41″E / 50.3733°N 2.8114°E / 50.3733; 2.8114Coordinates: 50°22′24″N 2°48′41″E / 50.3733°N 2.8114°E / 50.3733; 2.8114
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Arras
Canton Vimy
Intercommunality Lens-Liévin
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Lionel Lancry
Area1
 • Land 11.33 km2 (4.37 sq mi)
Population (2006)2
 • Population 4,602
 • Density 406.18/km2 (1,052.0/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62861 / 62580
Elevation 49–146 m (161–479 ft)
(avg. 71 m or 233 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vimy (/ˈvmi/ or /ˈvɪmi/; French pronunciation: ​[vimi]) is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Geography and history[edit]

Vimy is a farming town, situated some 6 miles (9.7 km) north of Arras, at the junction of the D51 and the N17 roads. It is situated on the crest of Vimy Ridge, a prominent feature overlooking the Artois region.

The town was first mentioned in 1183 as Viniarcum and was the scene of much fighting during the fourteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries among the French, English, Dutch and Spanish forces.

The ridge was the scene of fierce fighting in the First World War. Seized by the Germans in 1914, it was the subject of a French assault in 1915. In 1917 the Battle of Vimy Ridge took place southeast of Vimy and was an important battle of the First World War for Canadian military history. The town was practically destroyed during the fighting in the area.

Places of interest[edit]

Canadian National Vimy Memorial Park[edit]

Canadian National Vimy Memorial

Set on the highest point of Vimy Ridge is the Canadian National Vimy Memorial, the largest of Canada's war monuments. In 1922, use of the land for the battlefield park which contains the memorial was granted, in perpetuity, by the French nation to the people of Canada in recognition of Canada's war efforts.[1] 250 acres (100 ha) of the former Vimy Ridge battlefield is preserved as part of the memorial park which surrounds the monument. The grounds of the site are still honeycombed with wartime tunnels, trenches and craters, closed off for public safety.

The memorial took eleven years and $1.5 million to build and was unveiled on 26 July 1936 by King Edward VIII (prior to his abdication and in his capacity as King of Canada), in the presence of President Albert Lebrun of France and 50,000 or more Canadian and French veterans and their families.

The memorial site is tended by Veterans Affairs Canada.

Town of Vimy[edit]

  • The church of St.Martin, rebuilt, along with much of the village, after World War I.
  • The remains of a thirteenth-century castle, destroyed in 1833, now the site of the current town hall.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Vimy
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 3009 3272 3316 3621 4581 4675 4602
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canada Treaty Information". Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. 2002-02-26. Retrieved 2008-01-04. [dead link]

External links[edit]