|Intercommunality||Communauté d'agglomération d'Hénin-Carvin|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean-Pierre Corbisez|
|Area1||5.52 km2 (2.13 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||62637 / 62590|
|Elevation||23–33 m (75–108 ft)
(avg. 28 m or 92 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Oignies is a former coalmining town, nowadays a light industrial town, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Lens, at the junction of the D46 and the D160 roads. The A1 autoroute passes through the commune, alongside a wooded and lake-filled parkland area.
The town of Oignies seems to have been inhabited since early Christian times. Then it was known as Ongniacume.
Coal is discovered
In the grounds of the Château of Mme De Clercq on the 7th June 1842 an Engineer, Monsieur Mulot, discovered the presence of coal, an economic godsend for the region which then developed a huge mining industry. This was the first discovery of coal in the region.
The two world wars
During The First World War, the town was occupied by the Germans. Shortly before their retreat from the territory in October 1918 they destroyed the town and coal mines.
Between 28 May 1940 and 2 September 1944, the town was once again occupied by the troops of Nazi Germany. Shortly after they arrived the occupying forces burned 380 houses and killed 80 civilians in revenge for the fierce resistance they met on the bridge of the Battery.
In 1919, Oignies saw the arrival in the town of Georges Clémenceau who came to bestow the "Croix de guerre". In 1948, it was the turn of Vincent Auriol accompanied by François Mitterrand who once again bestowed the cross on the town. He inaugurated a mausoleum remembering those 80 shot on 28 May 1940 and declared Oignies a "Ville Martyre" (martyred town).
End of coal mining
On 21 December 1990, the last truck of coal was hoisted from the shaft 9 of Oignies. This well-publicized event marked the end of coal mining in the whole of the north of France.
|The arms of Oignies are blazoned :
|Census count starting from 1962: Population without duplicates|
- Guy Drut, born here in 1950, an Olympic champion who won gold at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal in the 110m hurdles.
- Michel Jazy, a former French athlete who won the silver medal in the 1500m at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.
- Saint Mary of Oignies, 13th century A.D.
Places of interest
- The church of St. Barthélemy, rebuilt along with most of the town, after the First World War.
- The coalmining museum.
- The chateau, dating from the sixteenth century.
- The war memorial.
- Local history, Oignies town site consulted 10 Jan 09
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oignies.|
- Official town website (French)
- Website of the agglomération d'Hénin-Carvin (French)
- Oignies on the Quid website (French)