Le Parcq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Le Parcq
Le Parcq is located in France
Le Parcq
Le Parcq
Coordinates: 50°22′48″N 2°06′04″E / 50.38°N 2.1011°E / 50.38; 2.1011Coordinates: 50°22′48″N 2°06′04″E / 50.38°N 2.1011°E / 50.38; 2.1011
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Montreuil
Canton Le Parcq
Intercommunality Communauté de communes de l'Hesdinois
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Louis Magère
Area1 9.27 km2 (3.58 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 752
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62647 / 62770
Elevation 27–113 m (89–371 ft)
(avg. 115 m or 377 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Le Parcq is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Geography[edit]

Le Parcq lies about 18 miles (29 km) southeast of Montreuil-sur-Mer, on the N39 road, in the valley of the Ternoise river.

Administration[edit]

Since 1 January 2007, the canton of Le Parcq has been part of the arrondissement of Montreuil-sur-Mer (Order of 18 October 2006. Previously, Le Parcq was in the arrondissement of Arras.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Le Parcq
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 603 604 586 570 633 702 752
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

History[edit]

The establishment of Le Parcq dates from the founding of a castle (on the current site of Vieil-Hesdin) by Baldwin I of Constantinople or Baudouin IX, Count of Flanders in about 1208. It was a wooden enclosure surrounded by walls within which wild animals were placed in large numbers.

In 1329, portcullises were installed at all the gates of the castle. Unfortunately, in 1335, Edward III destroyed the castle just before the start of the Hundred Years War. This destruction was continued in 1337 by Charles III of Navarre who brought down the walls. In 1395, Philip II of Burgundy restored the castle walls.

Several people were employed daily to feed the animals in the park which also had a vast falconry centre and two fishing lakes. The park totalled 940 hectares with a perimeter of approximately 8 miles (13 km), opening onto the outside world by many gates.

After the destruction of Vieil-Hesdin in) 1553 by Charles V, the park was, at the initiative of Philippe V of France, made the parkland available to those displaced by the fall of the old town, who wished to build new homes on the parkland. To attract more people, tax benefits were given, on February 25, 1586 to all those moving into the area.

Thus, the park became a village, originally known as Parc-lès-Hesdin. The municipality was formally recognized in 1670 and on February 8, 1816, Le Parcq also became chef-lieu of the canton by royal decree.

Places of interest[edit]

  • The Château d'Estruval
  • The sixteenth century church of St.Nicholas.
  • Notre Dame de Bon Secours chapel dating from 1871
  • Notre Dame du Chêne chapel.
  • Château of Vieil-Hesdin dating from the eleventh century.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]