Guadalupe County, New Mexico
|Guadalupe County, New Mexico|
Guadalupe County Courthouse in Santa Rosa
Location in the state of New Mexico
New Mexico's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 26, 1891|
|Largest city||Santa Rosa|
|• Total||3,032 sq mi (7,853 km2)|
|• Land||3,030 sq mi (7,848 km2)|
|• Water||1.1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.04%|
|• Density||1.5/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Guadalupe County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,687, making it the fifth-least populous county in New Mexico. Its county seat is Santa Rosa.
Guadalupe County was named after Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (Our Lady of Guadalupe) or after the Mesita de Guadalupe (Guadalupe Plain). The county was created from the southern portion of San Miguel County February 26, 1891 by an act of the New Mexico Territorial Legislature. The original county seat was Puerto De Luna, but was moved north to Santa Rosa in 1903. That same year, after the popular Spanish–American War of 1898, the name of the county was changed to Leonard Wood County after the Presidential physician, Major-General in the Rough Riders, and winner of the Medal of Honor. The name was later changed back to Guadalupe County. The County contains whole, or parts of, several previous Spanish land grants to include the Aqua Negra, the Jose Perea, the Anton Chico, and the Preston Beck land grants.
- San Miguel County – north
- Quay County – east
- De Baca County – south
- Lincoln County – southwest
- Torrance County – west
Whereas according to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau:
- 70.4% White
- 1.7% Black
- 1.9% Native American
- 1.3% Asian
- 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- 3.3% Two or more races
- 21.4% Other races
- 79.6% Hispanic or Latino (of any race)
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,680 people, 1,655 households, and 1,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,160 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 54.06% White, 1.32% Black or African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 39.06% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. 81.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,655 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.50% were married couples living together, 14.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 121.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $24,783, and the median income for a family was $28,279. Males had a median income of $22,463 versus $18,500 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,241. About 18.10% of families and 21.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.10% of those under age 18 and 19.40% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Bowden, J. J. "Guadalupe County". Office of the State Historian. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- "Guadalupe Co. History". The New Mexico GenWeb Project. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
||San Miguel County|
|Torrance County||Quay County|
|Lincoln County||De Baca County|